earths changing surfaces
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DESCRIPTIONEarths Changing Surfaces. By Denise Bannard & Jaqueline Geary Fall 2009; 713.22 MST Inquiry Unit. Table of Content . Lesson 1: Travel Through Geological Time Lesson 2: Breaking It Down Lesson 3: The Grand Canyon Lesson 4: Shaky Ground Lesson 5: Lava Mountain Lesson 6: The Water Cycle. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Earths Changing Surfaces By Denise Bannard & Jaqueline GearyFall 2009; 713.22MST Inquiry Unit
Table of Content Lesson 1: Travel Through Geological TimeLesson 2: Breaking It DownLesson 3: The Grand CanyonLesson 4: Shaky Ground Lesson 5: Lava MountainLesson 6: The Water Cycle
MST STANDARDS Standard 1: Students will use mathematical analysis, scientific inquiry, and engineering design, as appropriate, to pose questions, seek answers, and develop solutionsStandard 2: Students will access, generate, process, and transfer information using appropriate technologies.Standard # 4 Students will understand and apply scientific concepts, principles and theories pertaining to the physical setting and living environment and recognize the historical development of ideas in science. Standard 5: Students will apply technological knowledge and skills to design, construct, use, and evaluate products and systems to satisfy human and environmental needs.
Geologic Time Scale
Breaking It Down Scavenger HuntDirections: Use the websites provided to look up the answers to the questions.
Questions 1 & 2 go to Kidsgeo.com: http://www.kidsgeo.com/geology-for-kids/0059-introduction-to-erosion.php1.What is Chemical Erosion? Chemical erosion brakes down the bonds that hold the rocks together. Chemical erosion is most common where there is water.2.What is Mechanical Erosion? Mechanical erosion is when rocks are torn apart by physical force. An examples of this is when earths crust moves.
Questions 3 & 4 are about Landslides: http://science.howstuffworks.com/landslide3.htm 3.What causes landslides? Landslides occur when gravity overcomes the force of friction. A common landslide is when rain mixes with soil on a down sloping hill.
4.Explain what a submarine landslide is? Where does this occur? A submarine landslide is a landslide under water. Submarine landslides trigger tidal waves.
Questions 5 &6 are from National Geographic: http://science.nationalgeographic.com/science/earth/the-dynamic-earth/weathering-erosion-article.html5. What plants benefit from erosion? Explain how? Linchens and Mosses can squeeze into cracks of rocks. As the plants grow they also cause the rocks crack to grow larger. 6.What forms glaciers? Explain. Glaciers are formed by snow and ice built up. The glaciers way down the rock and cause it to sink.Question 7 watch Pet Rock Theatre: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FCbgA9nY2bI7. According to the video what causes rocks to smooth out? Sand, wind, and rain cause rocks to smooth after millions of years.
Questions 8, 9, & 10 learn about different types of rocks: http://www.learner.org/interactives/rockcycle/types.html8. What is a sedimentary rock? Explain using details. Sedimentary Rocks are formed from sand, shells, and pebble particles. They accumulate layers which causes them to harden into rocks. These rocks are usually soft enough to break easily.9.What is a metamorphic rock? Explain using details Metamorphic rocks are formed under the surface of the earth from intense heat and pressure. These rocks are usually shiny on the surface. 10.What is a igneous rock? Explain using details. Igneous rocks are formed by magma. Those rocks are not shiny and some have small holes from gas bubbles.
Weathering and Erosion YouTube VideoCreated by Study Jam: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lyysL02ZvQ8
THE GRAND CANYONFilamentality Website:http://www.kn.att.com/wired/fil/pages/listchangingde.html
What you know?
What would you like to know?
What did you learn?
-The Grand Canyon is in Arizona
-It is very big
-It is very old
-How was it formed?
-Are there different colors?
-Did animals live there?
-The Grand Canyon was formed by erosion.
-There are 10 layers of the Grand Canyon
-Different layers are different colors.
-Continental drift and the Colorado River played a part in forming the Grand Canyon.
-There are fossils of different animals in different layers of the Grand Canyon.
Earthquake Line Graph
Museum Website: http://www.mnh.si.edu/earth/main_frames.html
Layers of the Earth:Inner core Outer core Lower mantle Upper mantle Crust
Parts of a Volcano
Volcano Bar Graph
The Water Cycle
Including Diverse LearnersActive learnersGroup workVisual learningUse different manipulatives