early-late middle ages: power in england & france

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Early-Late Middle Ages: Power in England & France. 476-1500. Anglo-Saxon & Norman England. Kings & lords struggled for power T ried to control nobles S truggle for power the kingdoms of England & France K ingdoms became supreme. Anglo-Saxon England. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Early-Late Middle Ages: Power in England & France476-1500Anglo-Saxon & Norman EnglandKings & lords struggled for powerTried to control noblesStruggle for power the kingdoms of England & FranceKingdoms became supreme

Kings & lords often struggled for powerSome lords were as powerful as kings and served the kings when they wishedSome kings tried to control noblesFrom this struggle for power the kingdoms of England and France emergedOver time the power of monarchs in these kingdoms became supreme

2Anglo-Saxon EnglandGermanic tribes moved into the islandCulture= Anglo-Saxon after two of the tribesSeveral independent kingdomsDivided kingdoms into govt districts= shiresGoverned by a shire-reeve

By 450 Roman rule in Britain ended and Germanic tribes moved into the islandThe culture that emerged from this Germanic settlement was name Anglo-Saxon after two of the tribesOvertime the Anglo-Saxons formed several independent kingdoms in EnglandEventually they divided these kingdoms into governmental districts called shiresA shire was governed by a shire-reeve, which became the word sheriff

3Alfred the Great800s, kings of Wessex controlled most of EnglandChallenged by Vikings871, Alfred the Great= determined to drive the Danes (Vikings) out886, the Danes were exhausted & sued for peaceTreaty allowed them to live in parts of England

By the early 800s the kings of Wessex controlled almost all of EnglandThere power was challenged by the Viking raidersIn 871 Alfred the Great came to the throne of Wessex determined to drive the Danes (Vikings) from the islandIn 876 he attacked the Danes, by 886 the Danes were exhausted and weakened and sued for peaceThey signed a treaty allowing them to live in parts of England

4Danish Rule900s, successors took more territoryUnified the country, & spread Christianity1013, Danes gain control1016, King Canute of Denmark took the throne (England & most of Scandinavia)1042, line died out & the Anglo-Saxon nobles chose Edward the Confessor

During the 900s Alfreds successor won back more territory from the DanesThey also unified the country, and spread ChristianityBy 1013 the Danes again controlled the entire country1016 King Canute of Denmark took the throne of England and most of ScandinaviaBy 1042 the Danish line had died out and the Anglo-Saxon nobles chose Edward the Confessor as their new king

5Norman ConquestEdward was part Anglo-Saxon & part Norman, died w/out an heir1066, Duke William of Normandy claimed the English throneAnglo-Saxons refused to recognize his claim, wanted Harold of WessexWilliam was determined to win the throne

Edward the Confessor was part Anglo-Saxon and part NormanHe died without leaving an heir in 1066Duke William of Normandy, a distant relative, claimed the English throneAnglo-Saxons refused to recognize his claimInstead they selected Edwards brother-in-law, Harold of Wessex, to be kingDuke William was determined to win the throne of England

6William the ConquerorHe crossed the English Channel w/ Norman knightsDefeated the Anglo-Saxon army at Hastings in 1066William was crowned KingOvercame Anglo-Saxon resistanceEngland combined Anglo-Saxon & Norman cultures

Duke William crossed the English Channel with a powerful force of Norman knightsWilliam defeated Harolds Anglo-Saxon army at Hastings in 1066William was crowned King of England that very same yearWilliam, known as William the Conqueror, soon overcame armed Anglo-Saxon resistance to his ruleSoon England grew to combine elements of both Anglo-Saxon and Norman cultures

7

William the ConquerorWilliam ruled from 1066-1087FeudalismKing= supreme authorityNobles loyalty to the kingScattered fiefsSet foundations of a centralized govt & strong monarchy

William ruled England from 1066 to 1087 bringing with him from France, feudalismWilliam made the king, not the nobles, have the supreme authority in EnglandHe made nobles swear loyalty to the king, making the lords vassals to the kingHe scattered fiefs throughout England to make sure the nobles would not unite against himThis set foundations of a very strong centralized government and a strong monarchy in England

9William the ConquerorSent royal commissioners to all parts of the kingdomTask: to count each shires people, assess landholdings, & measure type & value of propertyResults= helped set up an accurate, central tax systemRecords= Doomsday Book

William also sent royal commissioners around to all parts of his kingdomTheir task was to count each shires people, assess landholdings, and measure type and value of propertyThe results of this great survey helped the king to set up an accurate, central tax systemThe records that were gathered became known as the Doomsday Book

10Quick ReviewHow did Anglo-Saxon culture form?

Who is responsible for pushing the Vikings out of England?

How did William the Conqueror receive his nickname?

Explain King Williams improvements on the kingdom throughout his reign.

Activity: Doomsday Book DialoguePartnersPretend to be feudal lords discussing their opinions of the Doomsday book and William the conqueror.At least 20 lines (10 lines per person)