Early Industry and Inventions
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DESCRIPTIONEarly Industry and Inventions. Steamboat. Robert Fulton designed a steam engine for a steamboat that could move against the current of a river or against the wind. The steamboat created more opportunities for trade and transportation on rivers. . Coal for Steam Engines. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Early Industry and Inventions
Early Industry and Inventions1SteamboatRobert Fulton designed a steam engine for a steamboat that could move against the current of a river or against the wind. The steamboat created more opportunities for trade and transportation on rivers.
2Steam engines needed large amounts of fuelWood scarceCoal mining industryChanging landscapesDangers of mining Coal for Steam EnginesFirst successful steam engine in 1712 Innovations by James WattSteam power versus water powerSteam locomotivesSteamships Robert FultonDevelopment of Steam EngineSteam Powers the Revolution3Answer(s): major impact; used in textile mills, factories could be located away from rivers, powered locomotives and ships, led to development of coal as a resource, more factories built near northern coal mines
Make GeneralizationsWhat impact did the steam engine have on the growth of industry?
The TelegraphThe telegraph was invented by Samuel Morse.
This machine sent long and short pulses of electricity along a wire. Signaling system that uses combinations of long and short sounds, flashes of light or electrical pulsesWith the telegraph, it took only seconds to communicate with another city.The invention of the steamboat and telegraph brought the people of the nation closer to each other.
A U. S. Navy seaman sends Morse code signals
Still used in Navy navigation, air traffic control.
What does SOS mean :
SAVE OUR SOULShttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=snkwsU98QlQ
John DeereJohn Deere desired to meet the farmers needsBecame convinced that a highly polished properly shaped moldboard could turn itself1837 used steel from broken saw blade and field tested this new plowDeeres Self-Polishing Plow was the answer to many farmers needsFarmers were able to till more fertile soilDemand was high for Deeres PlowDeere knew this innovation would be adopted and diffused quickly
In 1793, He invented the cotton gin. This machine removed the seeds from the cotton.Cotton was then sold more cheaplyThe USA did better in selling cloth to other countries.Because cotton could be cleaned in a shorter period of time, the South prospered in this industry.The gin took the seeds out of the cotton, which was much faster than doing it by hand.The cotton gin also greatly expanded the need for slaves. By using the cotton gin, one man could clean ten times as much cotton as he could have on his own.
The Importance of the Cotton Gin
With new farm equipment, Midwestern farmers grew food to feed Northeastern factory workers.Midwestern farmers became a market for Northeastern manufactured goods.The growth of the textile factories increased the demand for Southern cotton.This led to the expansion of slavery. New Technologies help nation grow11James Watt- made improvements to steam engine that saved a significant amount of energy. Invented concept of horsepower. SI unit of power named after him, the WATT
Charles Goodyear- volcanized rubber. Discovered by accident
Alexander Graham Bell-telephone
Other inventorsActivitywrite a short paragraph about the connections between a modern day invention and one from the Industrial RevolutionOr
Create your own invention.