Early Greek Literature

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Early Greek Literature. Homer and Hesiod. The Oral Tradition. Techniques to memorizing hundreds of lines of poetry and reciting them orally Formulaic - repeated words or sets of words - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


<ul><li><p>Early Greek LiteratureHomer and Hesiod </p></li><li><p>The Oral Tradition Techniques to memorizing hundreds of lines of poetry and reciting them orallyFormulaic - repeated words or sets of words Set-scenes - 8 or 9 lines of verse always used to describe a particular occurrence or similar scenes (sacrifices)Similes used to flesh out stories and descriptions </p></li><li><p>Homer Foundation for literature Epics used as educational tool in Greece and Rome Milman Perry discovered these oral techniques in the text of the Iliad and the Odyssey Set scenes, formulaic composition Wise OdysseusCloud-gathering Zeus </p></li><li><p>Homer1st word of the Iliad: menin = wrath Central theme to whole composition 1st word of the Odyssey: andra = manBoth are 24 books Tim: honor; something material earned based on your actions Arete: virtue; acquired recognition/paymentKleos: glory; not obtained in underworld, so do things in life </p></li><li><p>The Odyssey Return from Troy (nostoi - homecoming) Important Characters: Odysseus - Trojan war hero, protagonist of epicZeus/Jupiter king of the gods Athena/Minerva protector of Aeneas Kalypso/Calypso goddess who detains OdysseusPoseidon hates Odysseus for blinding the Cyclops Telemachus son of Odysseus, now 20 Penelope - faithful wife of Odysseus Antinoos one of the main suitors Phaiakians - sea peoples who care for Odysseus Scylla, Charybdis, and the Sirens </p></li><li><p>The OdysseyImportant Questions: What sort of man must a hero be?What is the ideal family?How should the gods act? What kind of gods do we need?Themes/Concepts: Guest-friendship (xenia) Ideal hero, son, wifeHusband-wife relationship </p></li><li><p>Travels of OdysseusKikonians - Odysseus sacks and kills people Lotus-eaters - no longer want to seek home *Cyclops - nobody trick, some ships destroyed Aeolus - give wind to get home (guest-friendship)Almost Ithaca - men open up bag, driven away *Aeolus - wont give them more wind *Laistrygones - Giants, kill men and destroy ships (all except O)*Circe - turns men into pigs *Underworld - sees heroes of Trojan war (Agamemnon story) Helios - men kill cattle*Kalypso - keeps Odysseus for three years *Phaikians - sea-peoples, help Odysseus out, bring him home Ithaca - deals with suitors, gets back wife </p></li><li><p>Hesiod Didactic Poetry/Wisdom Poetry Common to all types of illiterate societiesWritten down between 750-700 BCFormulaic elements (reminiscent of oral poetry) Teachings about gods, morality, how to live your life well </p></li><li><p>Writings of HesiodTheogony birth of the gods Similar to Genesis, but doesnt talk about the creation of manStories: Prometheus, Titanomachy, Pandora Works and Days Practical and moral teachings on daily life Hard work is important, gods dont favor those who try to avoid workBrother cheated him out of his inheritance</p></li></ul>