e- voting & online voting

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E- Voting & Online Voting. For : Prom 2010 From : Javier Hernandes & Nelson Amaya. Online Voting. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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E-Voting & Online Voting

E-Voting & Online Voting For: Prom 2010From: Javier Hernandes& Nelson AmayaOnline VotingOnline voting is different from E-Voting, because Online voting is where you can actually vote from the commodity of your house, and do not have the necesity to actually go out to voting centers to cast your vote.

Social & Ethical IssuesFor each issue I will be stating whether the issue is positive or negative (Also the challenges that online voting faces).Increased accuracy One of the main aims of online voting. Many people have concerns on whether counting the votes manually one by one is accurate. Online voting could possibly solve this problem. PositiveIncreased participation Another main aim of online voting is the fact that there will be more people partaking in the elections, since people wont have to do a massive queue to vote; its much more faster to vote this way than with the typical manual method of voting. Positive

Lower costs of running of elections Since machines do the work rather than people, the costs of running the elections are lower since you wont have to spend as much money on staff as you used to. This money can be then better spent on benefits for society. E.G. A public hospital to improve health care or a public school to improve education. Clearly a positive issue.Faster counting of the votes The efficiency of vote counting is much faster than actually counting them manually. You would get the results faster and would decrease the amount of suspense people feel during the long wait people used to do. Clearly a positive issue.

Data Manipulation There is a big concern on who has access to the information regarding the amount of votes each side has. Are they trustworthy? The ethical issue regarding corruption arises, because there could be dishonest people which could easily be deceived by a few thousand dollars. Not really positive or negative, its more of a challenge.

Bandwidth Possibly tens of thousands of people, perhaps hundreds of thousands of people will be voting at the same time, plus other visitors which are not necessarily voting too. What if the website doesnt have enough bandwidth to support all the people visiting it? The website will collapse and itll delay the final results. Challenge; if not approached in a sensible way it could become a negative issue.

Internet Security / Hackers Clearly, if a professional malicious hacker gained access to an administrator account of the online-voting center, not only would it be humiliating for the government but it would create mass hysteria and anger among the general public. Also, it would delay the final results of the elections, ironically since faster presentation of the results is one of the aims of online voting. Negative Challenge online voting faces.Digital Gap If paper-voting was completely eliminated, how would people without Internet access vote? Challenge and negative issue.Identity theft How would people be identified? What if someone impersonated you and you lost the right to vote due to impersonation? You would feel pretty upset that you didnt have your vote and there would be a certain degree of unfairness as some political parties could lose a significant amount of votes by these impersonators. Negative Challenge online voting faces.StakeholdersThe GovernmentCitizens of the country where online voting has been implemented.Political partiesOther countries they may want to take a look at how online voting works for neighbour countries and consider adopting this method for their future elections.Real life Examples of Online VotingIn 2002 Estonia started developing online voting. In 2005 it was tested in some for some local elections. In 2007 they held their general elections in an online way (Meaning people had the choice to vote in a normal way or to do an online vote).15% of the voters casted their votes using this online method.http://euinside.eu/en/faces/for-or-against-e-voting-the-example-of-estonia

California gives their citizens the choice to vote online; its done by voting by mail, and people have to apply in a website to be able to do this. The following website is the official website where citizens from California actually go to to follow instructions and to send their applications:

http://www.sos.ca.gov/elections/elections_m.htm

In March, www.election.com conducted the first binding online U.S. election in the Arizona Democratic primary.

http://www.pcworld.com/article/17514/evoting_steps_closer.htmlE-Voting Electronic VotingIts when people go to specialized voting kiosks where the vote it Directly recorded Electronically into a voting systemVoting Process RegistrationPolling DayChoosing a CandidateVote going to a Counting CenterCount of votes of Counting centers Result DeclaredWhy it was introduced?Advancing means using technology, countries want to be up to date with technology and the want to enjoy the advanteges of this (see advantages ) and in some cases the advantages weigh more than the disadvantages IssuesElectoral Fraud this is to change the numer of votes, increasing the number of votes for the favored Candidate. Methods Improper vote counting Mechanical failures - Touch screens may cause to leave uncounted votesHackers Some one can Voting twice or moreAdvantagesAccuracy increases If every vote is recorded correctly there are not going to be errors meaning that is more accurate than voting in paper ballotsFaster Count of votes Sometimes people become desperate to know who the winner is, E- Voting will give results faster and more reliable (assuming everything works correctly)Less impact over the environment No wasted of paper therefore theres no contribution to deforestation and E-voting machines are Energy efficient so they reduce carbon emitions. Can encourage people to vote This is a new system and people may feel like trying it so people are going to be wanting to try it, therefore the result can be showing the reality of favouritism to one party. Transparency of the parties and government is needed this can lead to people being content with the government they have and to the idea of Your vote counts16Disadvantages Technology isnt too reliable Technology can have imperfections leading to an erratic result that can affect the whole nation leading to an extra investment for re-electionsPeople dont completely trust the new technology This can create people to feel uncertain about the reliability of the final resultFast count can lead to loss of time for media This is because they are not going to have anything to cover anymore.Obvious Security concerns Like, has there been complete and entire accuracy taking back to the issue of a possible electoral fraud. How can it be sure that some people are not voting more than onceHow would people be sure if their vote was recorded correctly? Digital Gap People whove never used this may be afraid of how it may work. SolutionsUntil theres no complete transparency (that can be achieved by a free software for everyone called an Open Source) the government should also be having as a second resource for reliabilty paper ballots too. Try the software for E- Voting in insignificant trails to clear any imperfection. Make people more aware of what this is and how it works with the purpose of eliminating a Digital Gap. Where has it been used?E - voting examples have taken place in USA in Florida in the 2000 Presidential Elections, Brazil, Canada, Estonia, the European Union, France, Germany, India, Ireland, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Romania, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and Venezuela.

Also see video.Videohttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0UpFQY76wUYA sample case to Clarify any misunderstandings