dynamic & stative

Download Dynamic & stative

Post on 31-Oct-2014




0 download

Embed Size (px)


Learn all about dynamic and stative verb usage


  • 1. Live Free / Speak Free

2. Introduction Firstly, what do "stative" and "dynamic" mean?All verbs in English are classified as either stative or action verbs (also referred to asdynamic verbs). Action verbs describe actions we take (things we do) or things thathappen. Stative verbs refer to the way things are - their appearance, state ofbeing, smell, etc. The most important difference between stative and action verbs isthat action verbs can be used in continuous tenses and stative verbs can not be usedin continuous tenses.Stative = having a state, or existing. Dynamic = moving or changing. Continue 3. Dynamic Verbs vs. Stative VerbsD Dynamic Verbs Learn and study all about dynamic verbs and their usage. Then go on to stative verbs.S Learn and study all about stative verbs and their usage. Stative Verbs Then go on to both.B Learn and study all about verbs that can be both dynamic & Bothstative. Then go on to the exercises.EExercises Practice the exercises to improve your understanding. 4. Dynamic Verbs"Dynamic" is an adjective which means something is moving or changingDynamic verbs are verbs that describe an action, not a state and are theopposite of stative verbs. They express a real action.For example, "They are crossing the street." John cries. 5. Example sentences:They swam to the other side. She hit me on the head! Open the window, please.The dynamic verbs can be used in the progressive tenses. Correct: He is drinking water. Correct: He drinks water.In English grammar a "dynamic verb" means that the verb describes anaction rather than a state. Dynamic verbs are sometimes known as"action verbs." "Joe is chasing the bus." 6. First, here is a list of some Dynamic verbs. You can see that they are all usedto describe an action, change, or process. Most of them are used to describean activity which has a start and an end.Examples of dynamic verbs:Eat, walk, learn, grow, sleep, talk, write, run, read, become, go, act,build, complete, design, develop, draw, fix, gather, handle, head, help,improve, interview, introduce, justify, listen, lead, measure, narrate,negotiate, orchestrate, originate, outline, perform, persuade, predict,regulate, record, save, show, study, target, transform, travel, treat,uncover, unveil, use, validate, value, visualize, widen, write, zap,zoom... These words can all be used in the progressive form. 7. Example sentences with dynamic verbs:"I cant talk right now, Im eating dinner."Present progressive used to describe an action happening now."Sorry, Im out of breath because Ive been running."Present perfect progressive used to describe an action that startedin the past, continued for some time and has results now."I didnt steal the necklace! I was sleeping when someone brokeinto the shop!"Past progressive used to talk about an action that was happening ata particular time in the past. 8. Stative Verbs"Stative" is an adjective which describes something as having a state, orexisting (this is a very uncommon adjective).In English grammar a "stative verb" means that the verb describes a staterather than an action.Stative verbs are sometimes known as "state verbs.""Kevin wants some ice-cream." So now you know the meaning of the terms, lets look at some examples! 9. Here is a list of some of the Stative verbs. Some of these describerelationships between things or people (for example, own) and somedescribe emotions or states of mind.Examples of stative verbs: doubt, seem, know, own, understand, want, know, have (when it means possession), think (when it means opinion), like, love, hate, need, prefer, agree, sound, hear disagree, wish, look (when it mean seem), smell, include, be.... Emily is sad. 10. Examples sentences:She is a great wife.He seems rather strange.He wanted to see you.That sounds awesome!We have enough things to do.Stative verbs are usually not used in the progressive tenses.Examples:Incorrect: He is wanting to see you.Correct: He wants to see you.Incorrect: I am knowing what to do.Correct: I know what to do.Incorrect: They are seeming nice.Correct: They seem nice. 11. Here are some examples, showing that these words cannot be used inthe progressive form.Correct: "I like chocolate, but I prefer cake."Incorrect: "Im liking chocolate but Im preferring cake."Correct: "I dont understand you when you speak quickly."Incorrect: "Im not understanding you when you speak quickly." 12. However, if the same verb is used to describe an actual action (not astate) than it can be used in the progressive tenses.Example:When the verb "have" means "own" it is a state. So we do not use itin the progressive tenses. Incorrect: I am having a laptop. Correct: I have a laptop.When the verb "have" means "eat" it is an actual action. So we can useit in the progressive tenses. Correct: I am having lunch with Kate. Correct: I have lunch with Kate. 13. You cannot say:I am knowing the truth.I am liking pizza.It is sounding like a great idea.You may say this even though it is grammatically incorrect.But you must say: I know the truth. I like pizza. It sounds like a great idea. 14. Generally, stative verbs fall into four groups:Verbs Showing Thought or Opinions Verbs Showing Sensesknowhearbelieve smellunderstandseerecognize feelVerbs Showing PossessionVerbs Showing Emotionhaveloveown hatebelongwantpossess need 15. If you are unsure of whether a verb is an action verb or a stative verb askyourself the following question: Does this verb relate some sort of process or a state?If it relates a process, then the verb is an action verb. If it relates a state,the verb is a stative verb. The main thing to consider is these words cant be used in continuous tenses. INCORRECT Examples:I am loving baseball.I was wanting pizza for dinner.I am needing ten dollars. 16. There are also some verbs that can be either dynamic or stative,depending on their meaning and context in the sentence. Imsure you know by now that there are many words in English thatcan have more than one meaning!All this may seem complicated, but if you read and listen to asmuch English as you can, you will soon start to know which verbssound right in the progressive. If you keep the basic idea ofdynamic verbs vs static verbs in the back of your mind, it will helpyou greatly.Reminder:Actions that are in progress now => present progressiveExample: We are walking right now.States that occur now => simple presentExample: We want to walk now. 17. Dynamic and StativeSome verbs can be both action verbs and dynamic verbs depending on theirmeaning: 1. Bebe = it is usually used as a stative verb - stativeHes an excellent guitarist.be = when it means behave or act, it can be used as a an actionverb in the continuous form. - dynamicYou are being silly. 18. 2. Think think = to express an opinion, to believe - stative I think its a fantastic idea. think = consider, to reason about or reflect on, ponder, to have or formulate in the mind - dynamic I am thinking about my friend3. Have have = to possess, to own - stative He has a beautiful car have = when it doesnt mean own or possess - dynamic Hes having lunch. 19. 4. Seesee = to perceive with the eye, to understand - stativeI see what you mean.see = to meet, to be in the company of, to escort, to attend - dynamicHes been seeing the same woman for eight years.Some stative verbs can be used actively in special situations:BeThink You are annoying.I think studying history is important. You are being annoying.I am thinking about my girlfriend. 20. Have Feel I have a dog. I am not feeling well. I am having a party.I feel that the test is difficult. I am having a good time. Senses Ears Listen is active and hear is stative. I am listening to the radio. I am hearing the radio. (Incorrect) 21. EyesWatch and look are active and see is stativeI am watching television.I am looking at the news paper.I am seeing the bird. (Incorrect)Watch is used for things that move or show actions.(Television, sports, etc.)Look is for things that do not move.(Art, Books, etc.) 22. Nose Smell can be active or stative depending on the situation. I am smelling This describes the action of smelling. I smell something burning. This is more common and is used to describe what you smell. Mouth Taste can also be active or stative.I am tasting the soup. This describes the action you are doing. However, it is better to say I am trying the soup.I taste salt in this soup. This describes what you taste. 23. Exercises 24. Dynamic Verbs and Stative Verbs Exercise 1Put the verbs in brackets in their correct form. Some verbs are stative verbsand some are dynamic verbs. Use the simple present or present progressivetense.Press "Check" to check your answers. 1. Actually, that (sound) wonderful.1. sounds 2. We(cook) right now.2. are cooking 3. I (promise) to be back soon. 3. promise 4. Frank and his wife(disagree) on this 4. disagree matter. Check Answers 25. 5. He(own) several large companies.5. owns6.you (hear) Richards 6. Dohearvoice now?7.you (study) at the 7. Arestudyingmoment?8. I(mean) to hurt you.8. dont mean9.you (mind) taking out 9. Do.mindthe garbage?10. I seriously (doubt) it.10. doubtCheck Answers 26. Dynamic Verbs and Stative Verbs Exercise 2Put the verbs in brackets in their correct form. Some verbs are stative verbs andsome are dynamic verbs. Use the simple present or present progressive tense.Press "Check" to check your answers. 1.you(recognize) this 1. Do.recognize painting now? 2. He(appear) a bit snobbish. 2. appears 3. She (not wash) the dishes now. 3. is not washing 4. it really (matter) now?4. Does.matter Check Answers 27. 5. Right now it (seem) cold 5. seemsoutside.6. I(suppose) we could do 6. supposethat, too.7. Janet(not realize) how 7. does not realizemuch he loves her.8.this dog (belong) 8. Does..belongto you?9. It(rain) right now.9. is raining10. I(not know) the right 10. dont knowanswer right now. Check Answers 28. Dynamic Verbs and Stative Verbs Exercise 3Put the verbs in brackets in th


View more >