dutch masters rubens, hals, and vermeer. the dutch baroque southern portion under control of spain...

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Dutch MastersRubens, Hals, and Vermeer1The Dutch BaroqueSouthern portion under control of SpainNorthern half fought Spain and remained freeVigorous commerce and political independence in the NetherlandsChurches bare, but public halls decorated with paintingsDemand for paintings eliminated need for patrons

Twice as many painters than bakers and four times as many butchers.Peter Paul Rubens 1577 1640Born in Netherlands, lived in Germany, worked in ItalyApprenticed with ManneristsFull bodied peopleThemes of aristocracyHuntingHistoryMythologyPortraits

Peter Paul RubensRaising of the Crossca. 1609Lower left baby stops breast feeding to look up. Red dress draws you in.Foreshortening on the right. Horses head and prisoners legs.Diagonals down from left up to Christ, down Christ and up through peopleChrist is framed by blue, red and purple4

Peter Paul RubensRape of the Daughters of Leucippusca. 1618Oil on canvas7 ft. 3 in. x 6 ft. 10 in.The lyricism, eloquence and sensuality that characterise his entire oeuvre are already apparent in Rubens' mythological compositions of 1600-1620. These are often vigorous, earthy works, such as the Rape of the Daughters of Leucippus. The two daughters of King Leucippus were betrothed to a set of twins, cousins of Castor and Pollux. But the latter pair carried the maidens off and had sons by them. Armed warriors are seen in the act of seizing the naked maidens and bearing them away on horseback. The composition of this painting opens upward like the flowering of a bouquet. The two divergent diagonals rise from the base of the painting, where the feet of captive and aggressor are placed side by side. The volumes ascend from this point, harmoniously residing on successive points of equilibrium, while the luminous white forms of the nude victims contrast with the tanned, caparisoned bodies of their hirsute rapists. Here Rubens' classicising and Baroque tendencies are completely reconciled.

Castor and Polydeuces abducted and married Phoebe and Hilaeira, the daughters of Leucippus. In return, Idas and Lynceus, nephews of Leucippus (or rival suitors), killed Castor. Polydeuces was granted immortality by Zeus, and further persuaded Zeus to share his gift with Castor.[1]

Peter Paul Rubens, The Lion Hunt, 1617 1618Oil on canvasThe Lion Hunt, 1616, also commissioned by Maximilian, depicts a similar scene to the Hippopotamus and Crocodile Hunt, but has one fundamental difference, the image of a Knight. The Knight is shown riding into the fight, triumphing over the defeated natives and jabbing his spear into the back of the lion that is viciously biting into and pulling the native from his horse. It was common in Rubens hunting scenes for an Englishmen (usually a Knight) to be victorious over the savage animals were the natives (Arabs, Moors and Turks) were not.[viii] Again in this painting Rubens uses diagonals to dramatize the moment of pure danger and fierceness of the actions that draw the viewer back into the center of the composition. The background is so dark and the colors are so vivid that the hunters stand out within the background and apart from the animals. The Knight also stands out because of his armor and the feather on his hat (it seems slightly out of place for a hunting scene, but it pronounces the identification of the knight). The energy through motion is extremely present in this scene and it feels like at any moment the battle between man and beast will spring forth and continue right before your eyes.6Frans Hals1581 1666No patronsSpecialized in portraitsOne of the most prosperous portrait painters in HollandHis art is said to look like candid photographs7

Frans HalsThe Merry Drinkerc. 1630Oil on canvasCould be an inn keeper who owned 4 other Hals paintings.Hes offering the glass to us.Brushstrokes are slashing Quick single brushstrokes. Beard hairs are short8

Frans HalsThe Laughing Cavalier 1624Detail work on the coat9Frans HalsPieter van den Broecke1633

Looks like a normal man in a normal setting. The eyes and the smile make him seem like a friend.10Johannes Vermeer1632 1675Unknown in his dayNow regarded as a master of light and colorFeel for the Dutch interiorLess than 36 canvases are known

Johannes VermeerThe Art of Paintingc. 1662- 1668oil on canvas47 1/4 x 39 3/8 in.(120 x 100 cm.)Space is opened by the curtain, but it doesnt invite us in.This painting was owned by Hitler12

Clio, muse of history. Holding trumpet and history book.

Black and white tiles were not common in Dutch homes, but very common in Dutch paintings. Used to showcase the artists talent. Lean stick is black stick that would be used to steady hand

Johannes VermeerThe Milkmaid 1658 -60Oil on canvas17 7/8 x 16 1/8 in. Eyes point to milkBaskets on wall point to milmWall shading is best of timeUsed lapus lazuli to get the deep blues.

Foot warmer.Johannes VermeerGirl with a Pearl Earring 1665 Oil on canvas17 1/2 x 15 3/8 in

Color intensity and gaze are key features.Only used 11 shades of paint.Pearl is symbol for virginityVery rough strokes for clothes and turbin is created by artist and not a fashion of the time.

Johannes VermeerView of Delftc. 1660-1661Oil on canvas38 3/4 x 46 1/4 in.Brightest tower is church where William the Silent, father of Netherlands and buried in Delft.