dubrovnik summer festival booklet

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  • 8/9/2019 Dubrovnik Summer Festival Booklet

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    Du

    brovnikisatruestar

    Festspiele,2005

    ...c

    elebrationofmu

    sic,

    thea

    tre,danceandpoetry

    will

    beheldoutdoorsin

    19o

    fthetown'spublic

    spaces...

    NewYorkTimes,2005

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    The

    Magicianshavebeenrulingthecityof

    playersformorethanfiftyyears.Itisthem

    who

    builtthecityanden

    acteditslaws!This

    bookbelongstothem.

    (Thewiseones

    crea

    teditwithinsixdays.)Itwasworthwhile.

    TheyfollowedtheMagicianswhotook

    possessionofthestree

    tsandsquares,

    crep

    tintothegardens,

    climbedthewalls

    and

    fortresses,occupiedSponzaandeven

    theRector'sPalace.Theycrawledintothe

    mon

    asteriesandchurches,swamtothe

    Islan

    dsofSupetarand

    Lokrum,climbed

    theMountofSrandw

    entdowntoSt

    Madeleine's.Theywatchedtheseafrom

    Dane,PileandP

    orporelainorderto

    build

    ashipthereandsetsailtoeternity.Rea

    ching

    forthestars.For

    morethanahalfof

    the

    centuryeachfestivalusedtoattractitsown

    star.Theoneleav

    ingauniquemarkonthe

    festivaln

    ightceleb

    ratingart.Theonem

    aking

    thegreatonese

    vengreaterinDubrovnik.

    Ifyoutakealook

    atthepagesofthis

    book

    animaginaryparadewillopenupbe

    fore

    you,yearningtoconquerTimethatn

    ever

    stops.Mayyoub

    eourremembrance!

    TheBoo

    k

    ofMagic

    IvicaPrlender,Ph

    .D.

    FestivalManager

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    VieodpesetljetaNegromantivla

    daju

    Njarnjas-gradom

    .Onisugazidali,onisu

    muizakonedali!Ovojenjihovlibar.

    (Pometnicisug

    auestdanaseli).Bilo

    jelasno.SlijedilisuNegromanteko

    jisu

    zaposjeliplaceipoljane,uuljalise

    u

    perivoje,ispelisenazidineifortece,ovladali

    Sponzom,paisamijemDvorom.Zavukli

    seumanastijere

    icrkve,otplivalinaS

    upetar

    iLokrum,dohvatilisegrebenSrapaksali

    doMandaljene.

    SDanaa,izPilais

    Porporeleomjeralimoreiondarizg

    radili

    brodpazaploviliubeskraj.Dozvije

    zda.

    Svakapo

    stajaovenegromancijeodvie

    odpolav

    ijekaprivuklajesvo

    juzvijezdu.

    Onutod

    ubrovakojfestivalskojartistikoj

    noizada

    vabiljegneponovljivosti.Onoj

    zbogkoje

    suvelikiuDubrovnikujovei.

    Zalistate

    liovajLibarizronitepridvami

    paradaje

    dnanestvarna.Sva

    oduenja

    dasepobijediVrijemetoneuvire.Budi

    namspomena!

    Libarod

    negr

    omancije

    dr.sc.Ivic

    aPrlender,

    intendant

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    TheDubrovnikSummerFe

    stivalwasfoundedin

    thee

    arly1950s,whenman

    ytheatreandmusic

    even

    tswerespringingupalloverEurope.However,

    theideaofcombiningtherenaissanceandbaroque

    atmo

    sphereofDubrovnika

    ndthelivingspiritof

    dram

    aandmusic,actuallyderivedfromthe

    intellectualwayoflifeofthe

    cityitself,fromitsliving

    creativetradition,whichhasbestowedupon

    Croatianculturalandscholarlyhistory,especially

    intheatreandliterature,ma

    nygreatnamesand

    work

    s,andkeptitcontinua

    llyintouchwith

    contemporarycurrentsinW

    esternEurope.

    "The

    beginningsoftheDubrovnikSummerFestival

    coincidewiththeintensive

    trendoforganizing

    summerfestivalsthroughoutEurope,w

    hichwas

    searchingforanewidentityafterthetraumasof

    WorldWarII.However,theactualreasonsfor

    foundingtheDubrovnikSu

    mmerFestivalare

    deep

    lyrootedintheenergyofthelastingcultural

    heritageofDubrovnik,whic

    hhadbeensearching

    fora

    suitableformofitscontemporarycreative

    expressionforalongtime.

    Inthe1920snumerousinitiativesandattempts

    were

    made,bothinDubrovnikandZagreb,to

    foundafestivalthatwould

    connecttheunique

    venuesoftheCity,itsculturaltraditionsandthe

    needsofmoderntourism.Amajorimpetus

    tothis

    initiativewasavisitoftheSalzburgFestivalD

    irector,

    MaxReinhardt,toIv

    oVojnovi'sgravein1932.

    In1933thefamous

    11thPENWorldCongress

    tookplaceinDubro

    vnik.Onthatoccasion

    the

    CroatianNationalTheatreofZagrebperformed

    IvanGunduli'spas

    toralDubravka,d

    irectedby

    TitoStrozziinthesquareinfrontoftheRector's

    Palace.T

    hehugesu

    ccessofthismusic-and-stage

    spectacleintheauthentichistoricalambie

    nce

    beforethesophisticatedinternationalaudience

    confirmedthebeliefinfavourableprospec

    tsof

    foundinganannualsummerfestivalin

    Dub

    rovnik.

    However,inspiteof

    thecourageouscomparisons

    withthefestivalsinBayreuthorSalzburg,the

    successofnumerousendeavourswasincomplete.

    Althoughalargenumberofmusicandthe

    atre

    eventswasorganisedinopen-airvenuesbefore

    thebeginningofWorldWarII,thefestivalwas

    notfoundedofficially.

    Afterthewar,newa

    ttemptsweremadebothin

    DubrovnikandZagreb.Theywereencouragedby

    theappearanceofn

    umerousEuropeanfestivals

    suchasthoseinAv

    ignonorEdinburghin

    1947,

    aswellasbytheaspirationsofTito's(JosipBroz

    Du

    brovnik

    Su

    mmerFestival

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    Dubrovake

    ljetneig

    re

    Dubrovakeljetne

    igreutemeljenesupoetkom

    pedesetihgodinadvadesetogastoljea,uvrijeme

    kadasudiljemEuropenastajalabrojnakazalina

    iglazbenadogaanja.Meutim,zamisaoo

    spajanju

    renesansnogibaroknogugoajaDubro

    vnikasa

    ivuimduhomdra

    meiglazbezapravoje

    proizala

    izintelektualnogn

    ainaivljenjasamogagrada,

    iznjegovekreativnetradicijekojajeobo

    gatila

    Hrvatskukulturnuiznanstvenupovijest,p

    ogotovo

    usferikazalitaiznanosti,iznjedrivibro

    jnavelika

    imenaidjela,iomoguivijo

    jneprekidno

    praenje

    suvremenihtrendovauZapadnojEurop

    i.

    ZaetakDubrova

    kihljetnihigarapodudarase

    spravimvalomnastajanjaljetnihfestiva

    lapo

    Europitoje,nakontraumaDrugogasvjetskog

    rata,tragalazanov

    imidentitetom.No,neposredni

    razlozinastankad

    ubrovakogfestivaladuboko

    suukorijenjeniuenergijipostojanedub

    rovake

    kulturnebatine

    tojevedugotragala

    za

    prikladnomformomsvojegakreativnog

    suvremenogizriaja.

    Tijekomdvadesetihgodinasvesuues

    talije

    inicijativeinastojanja,kakouDubrovnikutakoi

    uZagrebu,dase

    povezivanjemjedinstvenih

    prostoraGrada,njegovihkulturnihtradicijai

    potrebamo

    dernogturizma,zasnu

    jeljetnifestival.

    Znaajanp

    oticaj,zasvojegpoho

    dagrobuIva

    Vojnovia1932,daojeravnateljsalzburkog

    Festspiela,MaxReinhardt.

    Idue,193

    3.,uDubrovnikujeodranznameniti

    XI.svjetskikongresPEN-klubova.Tomje

    prigodom,napoljanipredKnee

    vimdvorom,

    Hrvatskon

    arodnokazaliteizZa

    greba,u

    redateljskomvienjuTitaStrozzija,izvelopastirsku

    igruIvanaGunduliaDubravka.Golemuspjeh

    ovogglazbeno-scenskogspektaklauautentinom

    povijesnom

    ambijentu,predbiranom

    internacion

    alnompublikom,uvrstiojeuvjerenja

    oizglednostizasnivanjaredovitogadubrovakog

    ljetnogfestivala.Meutim,unatohrabrim

    usporedbamasigramauBayreuthuiliSalzburgu,

    brojnanastojanjanisudonijelacje

    lovitoguspjeha.

    Naime,iakojedopoetkaDrugogasvjetskog

    ratauprilienitavnizglazbenih

    ikazalinih

    dogaanja

    uotvorenimprostorim

    a,festivalska

    institucijan

    ijezaivjela.

    Zavretkom

    rataobnavljajuseinicijativeiu

    Dubrovniku

    iuZagrebu.Poticajna

    subilatadanja

    utemeljenjabrojniheuropskihfestivalapoput

    onogauAv

    ignonuiliE

    dinburgu19

    47.,aliih

    tijenje

    Titove(Jos

    ipBrozTito)Jugoslavije,tek

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    Tito)

    Yugoslavia,whichhadjustbeenliberated

    from

    theSovietBlock,tointroduceitselftothe

    cultu

    ralworld.

    Even

    tually,afirstcomplete

    festivalseasonwas

    realisedin1950.Takingplaceinthesquarein

    frontofJesuitChurchtheprogrammeincludeda

    serie

    sofconcerts(StateSymphonyOrchestraof

    Zagreb,C

    hoiroftheZagre

    bRadio),fivetheatre

    plays(CroatianNationalTheatreofZagreb,

    YugoslavDramaticTheatre

    ofBelgrade,national

    theatresofDubrovnik,ZadarandSplit)andan

    even

    ingofpoetry.Thecho

    iceofbothmusicand

    theatrerepertoirewasclearlydeterminedbythe

    natio

    nal,particularlyDubrovnikheritage,including

    thea

    uthorssuchasIvanLukai,IvanMane

    Jarnovi,MarinDri(UncleMaroje,T

    heMiser)

    ,M.Benetovi(Hvarkinja),the17thcentury

    anon

    ymous(TheLovers),andan18thcentury

    DubrovnikadaptationofMolire.Thatsameyear

    thew

    orksbycontemporaryCroatiancomposers

    B.Bersa,N.DeviandS.ulekwereperformed

    underthebatonofM.Horvat.

    Thefollowingsummermajo

    rprogrammenovelties

    were

    balletandopera(SarajevoNationalTheatre

    performednolessthansevenplays).However,