Driving Safety

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Post on 07-Aug-2015



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<ol><li> 1. ITC Driving Safety </li><li> 2. DEFENSIVE DRIVING How safe are our roads? Driving injuries-on or off the job Unsafe acts behind the wheel Driving under the influence Road rage Unsafe driving conditions Defensive driving techniques 2 second plus rule Seat belts Vehicle safety features Security measures Did you know? </li><li> 3. HOW SAFE ARE OUR ROADS? 2007 data for the U.S. 42,643 fatalities 2,889,000 injuries 4,365,000 crashes involving property damage Friday (especially evening/night hours) has more fatal accidents than any other day NOTE: Most traffic accidents (80% - 90%) result from driver error!!! </li><li> 4. USAS TRAFFIC FATALITY RATE The countrys fatality rate is continuing to fall as cars become more safer. Fatality rate is measured as the number of traffic deaths per 100,000,000 miles driven. National Average is 1.09 deaths per 100 million miles of travel. </li><li> 5. UNSAFE ACTS BEHIND THE WHEEL Texting Shaving Putting on make-up Reading a map Not using a seatbelt Driving under the influence Not using turning signals Adjusting the radio dial Driving at an unsafe speed Failing to stop or yield Unsafe passing of another vehicle Tailgating *Though perhaps in a different category, eating when driving and using cell phones can compromise your response time by distracting you and by removing one hand from the steering wheel. </li><li> 6. DRIVING UNDER THE INFLUENCE (DUI) In 2007, there were 17,013 fatalities in alcohol-related crashes (40% of total traffic fatalities for the year). Sobering facts: About 2 in every 5 Americans will be involved in an alcohol-related traffic accident at some time in their lives Remember the one-one rule: one drink per hour (Your body takes about an hour to rid itself of each 1/2 ounce of alcohol) The legal Blood Alcohol Content in NC is 0.08 Progress in this arena: Drug testing and drug-free workplaces can act as a deterrent. A social stigma has been building against drinking &amp; driving. Many social drinkers are being more responsible. Signs that someone may be driving under the influence: A driver who is slow to respond to a traffic signal may be intoxicated </li><li> 7. ROAD RAGE Road rage is driving under the influence of too much anger. Provoked by: Feeling endangered by someone elses driving (another driver cuts you off or tailgates you). Resentment at being forced to slow down Righteous indignation at someone who breaks traffic rules Anger at someone taking out their road rage on you Therapy for road rage: Take a deep breath and just let it go! </li><li> 8. Unsafe conditions Poor visibility Night time driving (Fatality rates/mile are 4 times higher at night.) Dust storms Rain storms Windshield wipers not effective Poor road conditions Slippery surfaces from weather Road not properly maintained Improper vehicle maintenance Inadequate brakes Worn tread on tires Hoses, belts Inadequate acceleration Headlight(s) out Others - Driver fatigue - Unsecured laptops/equipment can become a projectile in a crash. Tip: if the road is wet and the car in front of you is not leaving tire tracks, you may be at risk of hydroplaning. Tip: the road is slickest after the first few minutes of rainfall. </li><li> 9. Defensive Driving Techniques #1 Rule: always scan the road ahead of you to determine any upcoming/possi ble problems; then, you will be prepared to stop, change lanes, move onto the shoulder, etc. Use the right edge of the pavement as a guide if you are blinded by the bright lights of an oncoming vehicle. If you are being tailgated, increase the following distance to the car in front of you to 4 5 seconds. When approaching an intersection where the light has been green for a while, decrease your speed this is called a stale green light. Always check the shoulder of the road. You may have to pull into the shoulder if another driver makes a mistake. Check your rearview mirror anytime you use your brakes. </li><li> 10. DEFENSIVE DRIVING TECHNIQUES CONTD When youre waiting to make a left turn, keep your wheels pointed straight. When youre going to change lanes, always turn on your signal and look in your blind spot. If your vehicle begins to skid, turn in the direction of the skid. Always have your lights on during rain, fog, and snow. When another driver is passing you, move to the right and be ready to slow down. When negotiating curves, slow down before you enter the curve. Speed Kills. Drive the speed limit. Reduce your speed based on weather conditions. Expect the unexpected. Look out for animals!! </li><li> 11. 2 SECOND PLUS RULE Under perfect conditions, you should maintain a 2 second following distance from the car in front of you. Perfect conditions include driving a car (not a truck, or other larger vehicle) and nice weather. Adverse conditions include driving a truck or other vehicle larger than a car and rain, snow, ice, or other bad weather. For each adverse condition, add 1 more second to your following distance. </li><li> 12. SEAT BELTS You have a 50% better chance of surviving a serious crash without injuries when you wear a seat belt; your chances of surviving a serious crash are increased by 45% when you wear a seat belt. Seat belts keep passengers in their seats during a crash. Seat belts help you stay in control of your vehicle, by keeping you in your seat. Seat belts protect you by absorbing the forces of a crash. Myth: seat belts frequently trap people in burning vehicles. </li><li> 13. VEHICLE SAFETY FEATURES Daytime running lights (Headlights that are on whenever vehicle is running) Lap/shoulder safety belts Reduce risk of moderate-to- fatal injuries by approximately 50%. Air bags for driver &amp; passenger Combined with lap/shoulder belts, they reduce risk of fatality by another 10%. Side impact airbags OnStar Child safety seats Note: Children in child seats should not be placed in the front seat of cars Anti-lock brakes Safety cages built into the vehicle framework If buying a new car, ask about side-impact collision data. Research a vehicles safety record at www.safercar.gov </li><li> 14. SECURITY MEASURES After entering the vehicle, lock the doors immediately and keep the windows rolled up for the duration of the trip. If youre driving at night, stay on main roads. Always be aware of your surroundings when entering/exiting the vehicle and park in well-lit areas. Have the keys ready to unlock the car before you get to it. For Women: always drive with your purse on the passenger floor. While waiting at a stop light, criminals have smashed the passenger window and grabbed the purse sitting in the passenger seat. Always hide valuables in your trunk while the car is unattended. </li><li> 15. DID YOU KNOW? When driving on a road that is new to you: Your eyes tend to scan the road from left to right, which is an excellent driving habit. We tend not to scan when in familiar territory. Most collisions happen within 25 miles of peoples homes. The best way to deal with a tailgater is to slow down. This gives them a chance to pass you. When driving in winter weather, your most important responsibility is your ability to anticipate problems. The best way to drive safely on ice is to decrease your speed and drive defensively. Even better, stay off the roads. </li><li> 16. TEST TIME Instructions: To print the test, go to the next page and hold the right mouse button down. From there, select print picture. Select current selection to only print the test page. Fill in your first name, last name, and the date. Use the check boxes to answer the test questions. Make sure that only one box is checked unless the answer says to check all that apply. After completing the test, send it to the office which you provide services for: Mesa Employees: Once completed, you can scan and email the test to FerrynF@ITC-AZ.com or you can fax the test in 480-969-5512. Phoenix Employees Once completed, you can scan and email the test to RodM@ITC-AZ.com or you can fax the test in 602-253-5512. Peoria Employees Once completed, you can scan and email the test to AlexA@ITC-AZ.com or you can fax the test in 623-792-8117. </li><li> 17. Driving Safety Test Name:_______________________________ Date:_____________ 1) When youre waiting to make a left turn, keep your wheels pointed: a. Straight b. Left c. Right 6) National average is 1.09 deaths per _____ miles of travel: a. 1.09 b. 100 c. 100 Thousand d. 100 Million 2) Shaving, texting, eating, or putting on make-up while driving are examples of: a. Excellent driving skill b. Unsafe acts behind the wheels c. Proper hygiene d. All of the above 7) For each adverse condition, add _____ to the 2 second plus rule: a. 1 second b. 5 seconds c. 10 seconds d. 1 minute 3) Road rage is: a. Unavoidable on a crowded freeway b. Driving under the influence of too much anger c. A contact sport which favors large vehicles d. All of the above 8) When blinded by the bright lights of an oncoming car you should flash your bright lights at them: a. True b. False 4) If you are being tailgated, increase the following distance to the car in front of you by: a. 1-2 seconds b. 4-5 seconds c. 1-2 minutes d. 4-5 minutes 9) Examples of unsafe conditions are: a. Limited road visibility b. Improper vehicle maintenance c. Poor road conditions d. All of the above 5) When driving on a road that is new to you: a. Your eyes tend to scan the road from left to right b. We tend not to scan when in familiar territory c. Both A &amp; B d. None of the above 10) The road is slickest after the first few minutes of rainfall: a. True b. False 1 of 1 Driving Safety Test 03-31-15 I.doc DRAFT </li></ol>