drawing and painting some basic fundamentals. introduction to drawing & painting drawing and...
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- Drawing and Painting Some Basic Fundamentals
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- Introduction to Drawing & Painting Drawing and painting are two important ways that artists give visible form to their ideas and feelings. They suggest daily experiences and observations.
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- Introduction, Contd. Critics need to know vocabulary of media in order to express feelings of ideas & judgments. Media (or mediums) are the tools that artists use to create works of art.
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- Dry Media Dry Media Those that are applied dry and include pencil, charcoal, crayon, chalk, pastel, etc.
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- Wet Media Wet Media Those media in which the coloring agent is suspended in a liquid and include ink, paints, etc. EX: Van Gogh utilized wet media.
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- A Definition of Drawing Drawing is the process of portraying an object, scene, or form of decorative or symbolic meaning through lines, shapes, values, and textures in one or more colors. This process involves moving a pointed instrument (pencil, etc. across a smooth surface, connecting lines in order to create shapes and other objects.
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- A Few Things About Drawing The most fundamental of art everything bases from this! People of all ages draw: small children with crayons and students doodlings in notebooks people make careers out of this! Prehistoric times hieroglyphics on walls serve as art and language. All drawings have a common purpose to give form to an idea and express the artists feelings about it.
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- Examples In the 17 th C. the Italian artist Guercino used drawings to capture strong religious feelings that dominated the time and place. Saint Jerome and the Angel
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- Drawing Facts Only in recent times have drawings been thought of as a major art form.
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- Using a Sketchbook Artists recognize the value of maintaining sketchbooks and portfolios (EX: Jack in Titanic). These include practice sketches and observations of daily experiences.
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- Sketchbook Trivia Leonardo da Vinci had everything down to water movement and mechanics of light. He had 5,000 pages total of sketches in his notebooks. Da Vinci had a fascination for inventions, human figures, and the inner functioning of the human body.
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- Possible Self-Portrait
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- Designs for a Flying Machine
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- Painting One of the oldest and most important of the visual arts. An artist creates a painting by arranging the art elements on a flat surface in ways that are sometimes visually appealing, sometimes shocking or thought-provoking. Subjects depend on the time and place in which they live.
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- Painting, Contd. Did you know that the oldest known paintings in the world are not of people, but of animals? Paintings were found thousands of years ago in caves throughout the world.
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- Other Forms of 2-D Processes
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- Printmaking & Photography Printmaking & Photography offer an artist the opportunity to create multiple images. In printmaking, the artist does this by repeatedly transferring an original design from one prepared surface to other surfaces.
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- Printmaking & Photography, Contd. In photography, black-and-white or color images are first obtained with the use of light rather than pencil, pen, or brush. Both printmaking and photography can then be reproduced to serve specific purposes one of these is to accurately portray people, objects, and events in newspapers, books, and magazines.
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- Printmaking Relief Printing, Intaglio, Lithography, and Screen Printing
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- Printmaking Printing was discovered long ago when someone realized that by pressing an inked surface of a raised design against another surface, a copy was made. Chinese artists were printing with carved wooden blocks over 1,000 years ago! Possible 1 st uses repeated patterns on textiles, paper, and in order to create paper money.
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- Printmaking, Contd. Printmaking did not develop in Europe until the 15 th century, in time to meet the growing demand for inexpensive religious pictures and playing cards. Later, used to provide illustrations for books with moveable type. This moveable type was invented by Johannes Gutenburg. Made it possible to create pages of books by using the same metal type over and over.
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- Four Basic Printmaking Methods 1. Relief 2. Intaglio 3. Lithography 4. Screen Printing
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- Relief Printing The image to be printed is raised from the background. 1 st The artist cut away the sections of a surface not meant to hold ink. 2 nd The remaining raised portion is then covered with ink and becomes the printing surface. 3 rd Paper is laid upon it, pressure applied, and the ink is transferred to the paper.
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- Relief, Contd. Printing with carved wooden blocks originated in China and spread to Japan where it became a highly developed art form.
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- Intaglio The reverse of Relief printing. A process which ink is forced to fill lines cut into a metal surface. The term means cut into. Two methods etching and engraving Etching 1 st A copper or zinc plate is first covered with a coating made of a mixture of beeswax, asphalt, and resin (ground). 2 nd The artist uses a fine needle to draw an image through this protective coating.
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- Etching, Contd. 3 rd When the plate is placed in acid, it bites or etches the lines into the metal where the ground has been removed. 4 th - The remaining ground is then removed, the plate inked, the unetched surface is cleaned, and damp paper is pressed onto the plate with a press. This forces the paper into the inked grooves, transferring the image.
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- Night Shadows. Edward Hopper - 1921
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- Engraving In an engraving, the lines are cut directly into the metal plate with a burin (engraving tool). The lines made in this way are more pronounced and clear than the fine lines produced by the etching process. When the prints have been made, you can actually feel the lines of raised ink on etchings and engravings.
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- St Eustace c. 1501 Engraving, 355 x 259 mm Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge
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- Lithography There is a printing process based on the principle that grease and water do not mix. It is the printmaking method in which the image to be printed is drawn on limestone, zinc, or aluminum with a specialized greasy crayon. 1 st When the drawing is completed, it is chemically treated with a nitric-acid solution. This makes the sections that have not been drawn on resistant to the printing ink.
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- Lithography 2 nd - The surface is dampened with water and then inked. The surface is dampened with water and then inked. The greasy printing ink sticks to the equally greasy crayoned areas but is repelled by the wet, blank areas. 3 rd The surface is covered with paper and run through a press to transfer the image.
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- Screen Printing More recent In screen printing paint is forced through a screen onto paper or fabric. 1 st - A stencil is placed on a silk or synthetic (man- made) fabric screen stretched across a frame. 2 nd The screen is placed on the printing surface, and squeegee is used to force the ink through the porous fabric in areas not covered by the stencil. A separate screen will need to be made if you are using more than one color. Serigraph A screen print that has been handmade by an artist.
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- Ed Ruscha, American Standard Station, 1966 Color screenprint
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- "Hawaiian Sunset" Serigraph- 28" x 22" Bob Howard
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- Photography Appear everywhere newspapers, magazines, and books. A technique of capturing optical images on light-sensitive surfaces. Artists can create powerful images that teach others how to see, feel, and remember.
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- Albert Stieglitz He used his talent and camera to place viewers on a bridge spanning a canal in Venice. The viewers can share a brief, magical moment in time with the photographer. He was married to Georgia OKeeffe. Works like this inspired other artists like Ansel Adams.
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- Albert Stieglitz
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- A Bit of Venice Albert Stieglitz 1894
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- Ansel Adams Stieglitz urged Adams to continue where he was forced to leave off due to age and health. Adams responded with thousands of photographs that marked a career covering nearly a half a century. He photographed everything from the unsettling stillness of a New Mexico moonrise to the majesty of a Yosemite winter storm.
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