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Literary Terms 1. Dramatic Irony 2. Verbal irony 3. Situational Irony 4. Allusion 5. Analogy 6. Storyline 7. Puns . Dramatic Irony. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


2nd 9 Weeks Terms

Literary Terms1. Dramatic Irony2. Verbal irony3. Situational Irony4. Allusion5. Analogy6. Storyline7. Puns 1Dramatic IronyAn occasion in a play, film, or other work in which a characterswords or actions convey a meaningunperceived by the character but understood by theaudience.

2Dramatic Irony ExamplesFor instance, if you were in a restaurant and said out loud, 'I can't wait to eat the veal marsala I ordered,' and there were people around who knew that the veal marsala was poisoned and that you would die as soon as you took a bite, your situation would be one of dramatic irony.

3Dramatic Irony Examples ContIn Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare, when Romeo finds Juliet in a drugged sleep, he assumes her to be dead and kills himself. Upon awakening to find her dead lover beside her, Juliet then kills herself.

4Dramatic Irony Ex. from NightAfter leaving the ghetto, the Jews were put in the cattle cars. We know that they are going to a concentration camp, but they do not.The train stopped in Kaschau, a small town on the Czechoslovakian border. We realized then that we were not staying in Hungary. Our eyes opened. Too late. p. 22

5Verbal Irony A character says one thing but really means the opposite. Example: "Water is as clear as mud" - The person actually says that the water is not at all clear.

6Verbal Irony Ex. From NightWe know that the yellow star identified Jews during WWII and the Holocaust. By wearing this small piece of cloth, many Jews were singled out and taken away to concentration camps where they most likely were put to death. Therefore, it was in fact lethal. The yellow star? So What? Its not lethal (Poor Father! Of what then did you die? p. 11

7Situational IronyOccurs when what actually happens is the opposite of what is expected or appropriate.Examples: A police officer gets arrested. A fire station burns down. A tow truck being towed. Someone moving to avoid a sprinkler and falling into a swimming pool.

8Situational Irony Ex. from NightIt is ironic when Elie and his father decide to evacuate when they could have stayed in the infirmary and simply been liberated by the Red Army. They assumed all those who were left in the infirmary would be killed by the Nazis. Had they known that they would not be killed, they could have easily waited for freedom in the infirmary.After the war, I learned the fate of those who had remained at the infirmary. They were, quite simply, liberated by the Russians, two days after the evacuation. p. 82

9AllusionAn allusion is a figure of speech that makes a reference to a place, person, or something that happened. This can be real or imaginary and may refer to anything, including paintings, opera, folk lore, historical, mythical figures, or religious manuscripts. The reference can be direct or may be inferred, and can broaden the readers understanding.

10Allusion ExamplesI was surprised his nose was not growing like Pinocchios. This refers to the story of Pinocchio, where his nose grew whenever he told a lie. It is from The Adventures of Pinocchio, written by Carlo Collodi. When she lost her job, she acted like a Scrooge, and refused to buy anything that wasnt necessary. Scrooge was an extremely stingy character from Charles Dickens, A Christmas Carol.

11Allusion Examples ContChocolate was her Achilles heel. This means that her weakness was her love of chocolate. Achilles is a character in Greek mythology who was invincible. His mother dipped him in magical water when he was a baby, and she held him by the heel. The magic protected him all over, except for his heel.

12AnalogyA comparison between two things, typically on the basis of their structure and for the purpose of explanation or clarification.

13Analogy Examplesfish is to swimming as a bird is to flying

death is to life, blindness is to vision

sweets are to a diabetic, water is to fire

gold is to a goldsmith, iron is to a blacksmith

cold is to ice, heat is to fire

dog is to a kennel, a rabbit is to a burrow

voice is to a person, communication is to a language

Painting is to a painter as water is to a plant

Strings are to a guitar, love is to life

14Storyline Also called plotline. The plan, scheme, or main story of a literary or dramatic work, as a play, novel, or short story.A storyline may entail patterns such as:Rags to RichesTwo RivalsThe Great QuestGrowth and Learning

15PunsA joke exploiting the different possible meanings of a word or the fact that there are words that sound alike but have different meanings.Examples:I knew a woman who owned a taser, man was she stunning!I went to buy some camouflage trousers yesterday but couldn't find any.I've been to the dentist many times so I know the drill.


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