dr. william allan kritsonis - students rights ppt
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DESCRIPTIONDr. William Allan Kritsonis - Students Rights PPT.
- 1. Used by permission of Campus Ministry Tools(http://www.campusministrytools.com/yourRightsOnCampus.htm)
2. StudentRights on Campus 3. StudentRights on CampusSeparation ofChurch & State 4. Separation of Church & State There is no such phrase in theconstitution. It was in a personal letter from President Thomas Jefferson to a Student small Baptist church in 1802.Rights on (Danbury, Connecticut) Campus 5. Separation of Church & StateThe Establishment Clause Congress shall make nolaw respecting an establishment of religion orprohibiting the free exercisethereof; or abridging thefreedom of speech or of thepress; or the right of the Studentpeople peaceably toRights on assemble 1791The FirstAmendment Campusof the U.S. Constitution 6. 1. Studentshave the right to Pray on campus OnlyOfficial State composed prayers are excluded fromthe school.Engle v. Vitale 1962. Student& Bender v. Williamsport AreaRights on School District 1986.(Supreme Court Decision) 7. 2. Studentshave the Rightto Meet together for Bible Studyit shall be unlawful for any public secondary school to deny Equal Access to any students who wish to conduct a meetingon the basis of the religious content at such meetings. StudentThe Equal Access Act -1984 .Rights on 8. The Equal Access Act*The Act was drafted to keeppeople from violating the Establishment Clause of the USConstitution.*Congress recognized that thestate should not promote religion. *However, the Equal Access Actdoesnt promote religious activity, rather it gives it neutral Studenttreatment.Rights on The Equal Access Act -4071(c) (4) 9. The Equal Access ActDoes the Equal Access Act apply toevery school? if its a secondary school if it receives Federal funding if has a limited open forum StudentRights on The Equal Access Act -4071(a) (4) 10. The Equal Access ActWhat is a limited open forum? Some places like parks are a completely open forum Schools have a created an open forum for a particular group of people Students. StudentRights on The Equal Access Act -1984 11. The Equal Access ActDo all schools have a limitedopen forum? No. But most do. If any non-curriculumstudent groups areallowed to meet then theEqual Access Act istriggered. StudentRights on The Equal Access Act -1984 12. The Equal Access ActWhat is a non-curriculum relatedstudent club? Any student meetingthat is not directlyrelated to a class. StudentRights onThe Equal Access Act -1984 13. The Equal Access ActCongress used these 2 questionsto determine whether a studentmeeting was curriculum related:Does the public schoolusually sponsor an activity withthis subject matter?Does the school require ordirectly encourage studentparticipation in such a group inconnection with curricular Studentcourse work?Rights onThe Equal Access Act -1984 14. The Equal Access ActDoes that mean that anybodycan meet? any beliefs any size As long as the meeting does not materially andsubstantially interfere with the orderly conduct ofeducational activities withinthe school. Student The Equal Access ActRights on-4071(c)(4) 15. The Equal Access ActCan we talk about anything wewant to?The school does not need to concern itself with thecontent of the religious speech only whether thespeech: Is illegal Threatens the well-being of teachers or students Is not voluntary Materially & substantially interferes with the Studentorderly conduct of educationalactivitieswithin the schoolRights onThe Equal Access Act -4071(c)(4) 16. The Equal Access ActWhat about the KKK and otherAnarchy type groups?As long as the meeting does not materially andsubstantially interfere with the orderly conduct ofeducational activities withinthe school. Student The Equal Access ActRights on-4071(c)(4) 17. The Equal Access Act What about gay & lesbian groups? What about wiccan?As long as the meeting does not materially andsubstantially interfere with the orderly conduct ofeducational activities within Studentthe school. The Equal Access ActRights on-4071(c)(4) 18. The Equal Access ActWhat about non-school persons? if the schools limited open forum includes non-studentparticipation then non-student participation must bepermitted for all such student groups. StudentStudent Coalition forRights onPeace v. LowerMerion School 19. The Equal Access ActWhat about non-school persons?non-school persons may not direct, conduct, control or regularly attend activities ofstudent groups. StudentThe Equal Access Act -4071(c)Rights on (5) 20. 3. Studentshave theRight to Carry and read theirBible on Students may carry and read Campus their Bible at school. StudentThe Equal Access Act 1984 .Rights on 21. 4. Studentshave the Right toHave Religious The Supreme Court reinstates a US District Services.H.S. Court decision that allowed publicstudents to meet during an activity period for prayer, Bible Study and religious discussionduring the school day on campus. StudentRights on Bender v. WilliamsportArea School District 1986. (Supreme Court Decision) 22. 5. Students have the Right to Be excused.Public students cannot be forced to participate in activities thatviolate their religious convictions. StudentWest Virginia Board ofRights on Education vs. Barnette. 1943 . 23. 6. Schools mayAccommodatestudentsreligious needs.Students may be released during the school day to receive religiousinstruction off campus.Called Release time education. Student(Varies state to state)Rights on Zorach v. Clauson 1952. 24. 7. Students may engage in controversial Speech. They may discuss controversial topics concerning religious,political and philosophicalviewpoints.Healy v. James 1972. StudentRights on 25. 8. Students Have the right toDistributeLiterature9. Students Have the right to wear ChristianT-shirts The school may imposerestrictions in these areas but Student they must be the same for bothreligious and non-religious content.Rights onTinker v. Des Moines 1969 26. 10. Students donot shed their Constitutional Rights at the Doors of their SchoolBoth teachers and students retaintheir First Amendment rightswhile on school grounds. StudentTinker v. Des MoinesRights onIndependent School District. 1969 27. You are anAmerican.The Establishment Clause Congress shall make nolaw respecting an establishment of religion orprohibiting the free exercisethereof; or abridging thefreedom of speech or of thepress; or the right of thepress Studentpeople peaceably to assemble 1791. assembleRights on The First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution 28. You are an American. The FirstAmendment givesyouFreedom of ReligionFreedom of Speech Student Freedom of PressRights on Freedom of AssemblyFreedom of Redress 29. You are anAmerican.Freedom of ReligionFreedom of Speech Student Freedom of PressRights on Freedom of Assembly 30. Campus websites:www.reachthecampus.comwww.gocampus.org www.everyschool.com StudentRights on