dondo's modern french course (gnv64)

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Learnning french is not easy but this will make it possible for you. Look for the Key to Dondo's Modern French Course on Scribd

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  • MODERN DONDO

    FRENCH COURSE

  • MODERN FRENCH COURSE

    HY

    MATHURN DONDO PH.D.

    MADRAS OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS DELHI BOMBAY CALCUTTA

  • Oxfiwd University Press, Walton Street, Oxfoni 0X2 6DP lacwram tuhuWM

    N U I B o i o u o r c A L c v r p t MADAS KARACM PETAUNG JAYA SOWMFONE HONGKONG TOKYO

    NAIROBI DAK E S SALAAM MELBOURKE AUCKLAND

    and associates in B O O M IBADAN

    First published in Great Britain 1930 by George G. Harrap fit Co. Ltd.

    182 High Holborn, London, W.CJ. First Indian edition published

    by Oxford University Press fay arrangement with the original Publisher 1967

    Eighteenth impression 1990

    PRINTED IN INDIA BYTAJINDER SINGH AT COLOUR GROOVE PRINTERS FT DESIGNERS PVT. LTD- MADRAS 800 086.

    AND PUBLISHED BY S JL MOOKERJEE OIXRORD UNIVERSRNF PRESS, 219. ANNA SALAI. MADRAS 000 006.

  • PREFACE TH> purpose of this book is to present in simple form th requisite essentials of French grammar and vocabulary, and to impart a knowledge of French institutions, customs, history, and literature.

    The plan of using the book depends on the programme of the school. In most Secondary Schools, the first thirty-five lessons may be covered in one year. If Instructors so desire, two full years may be devoted to the fifty lessons of theFirst Part. This will permit a certain amount of supplementary reading.

    The remaining lessons of the grammar may be otfVered in the third year, supplemented with an appropriate reading text ." '

    Attention should be called to the fact that the commoner forms and the elementary uses of the present subjunctive are presented as simply as possible1 in Lesson XXXVI. litis lesson may be taken in its regular position or it may be ' postponed till later, according t a the programme that is adopted. The lessens that follow are so arranged that the omission of Lesson XXXVI would not cause any ineonven-ienoe. Hie subjunctive mood is- treated more fuHy in the ' first lessons of the Second Part.

    The reading material , is made the basis of all grammatical instruction. Numerous examples, derived from the reading, illustrate the rules.

    The First Part of the grammar contains fifteeir full-page illustrations, including the facsimiles of Heath's Modern Lap-' gmge Wall Charts, which depict daily life and are used a. basis for Direct-Method work. There is ample opportunity

    v

  • Vi PREFACE

    for the development of additional questions aod answers relating to these illustrations.

    After each aeries of five lessons, in- the First Part, a thorough review sums up th work of the series with a com-plete set of Direct-Method exercises. : A special topic of cultural value closes each series with a Lecture. This may serve as material for discussion and for free composition. Attention is called also to the simplified account of the life and deeds bf Jeanne d'Arc which furnishes the reading material for sixteen lessons in the First Part.

    I n the Second Flat of the book the /student is made ac-quainted with outstanding personages, in the realm of French literature, fajtbuy, art, nd science.

    The vocabulary i> strictly limited to French words and qpescM that are ^ n common use.

    The modem French nomenclature for verb forms has been idopted, such as pass compos instead of pan mitjffni, patU simple instead of pass dfini, but the other names temj be tiaed if the teacher profess them.

    1 W prinoiptel parts of the verb are a mere mechanical oon-trivance and not a scientific device. For practical purposes more stress has been laid on the formation of tenses from the present indicative.

    Obsolete rules, such as the omission of pat after savoir, the-use of the expletive ne, etc., are either omitted or are given in the Second Part as usages appertaining to formal style,'! The one exception is the use of the pau simple (pass dfini)* which, although no kmgtor used in ordinary speech, occurs frequently as literary form.

    The main reforms adopted by the Minister of Public In-struction in February 1901 have been adhered to, such s the optional uae o6 iv^ieV ,dela, d$>t instead of de, before a noun preceded by an adjective.

  • T A B L E D E S M A T I R E S u r n

    PBCTACK. . . . . . . ' S

    INTHODDCTIOK . . . . . 1 - 2 0 L'alphabet, les accent*, etc., 1. 'Les. symboles phon-

    tiques, 3. Prononciation de voyelle, 6. Prononciation dee consonnes, 10. Eanreioee de prononciation, II. Phrases usuelles pour la Mlle de cUne, 14.

    PREMIRB PARTIE LEON

    I . LA S U . I DS CLASSE. Genre des noms. Article dfini . . . . 21

    I I . LA BAIXE D CLASSE. Article indfini . 2 3 M . LA BALLS DE CLASSE. Pluriel des non. Interro-

    gation avec sst-ce q u e . % I V . LA SALLE DE CLASSE. Indicatif prsent de tre.

    Pronoms sujets. . . . 29 Y. LA BALLE DS CLASSE. Pronoms le, la, les avec

    void et voil. Indicatif prsent de avoir . . 33

    PBEMIEB RVISION 36 CONVERSATION I: La saOe de dam . 3 8 LSCFRAX I : La carte de la France 4 0

    V I . LA FAMILLE, h y a. Accord de l'adjectif . . . 42 V I I . LA FAMILLE. La noesession. Contraction de

    l'article . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 VIII. LA FAMILLE. Adjectifs possessifs, au singulier.

    Accord du possessif. Indicatif preent, pre-mire conjugaison 50

    I X - LA FAMILLE. Adjectifs possessifs, au pluriel. Indicatif prsent de aller 56

    y

  • x , TABLE DES MATIRES LXCON PAOM

    X. U N * VISITE. Interrogation par invereion. Ordre des mots. Pronops complments le, la, 1', les 58

    DstnofticB RVISION . . 6 3 CONVERSATION I I : La famille . . . . . . . . 6 6 LECTURE I I : La France . . . . . . . . 6 8

    XI. UNE RENCONTRE. Indicatif prsent ngatif de 6tre, avoir, parler. Pronoms lui, leur . 60

    XII. ARTHUR CRIT UNE LETTRE. Le nom dans le sens gnral. Le nom dans le sens partitif . - - 73

    XIII. U N MAUVAIS IAVE. Omission de l'article. Pr-sent interrogatif-ngatif 77

    XIV. ApTStrat REOIT UNE LETTRE. Pronoms person-nels: Complment direct et indirect . . . . 82

    XV. ARTHUR A NA L'ARGENT. Nombres cardinaux de 20 100. Emploi de en . , . . . 86

    TROISIME RVISION. . . . . . . 9 0 CONVERSATION I I I : Lit monnaie* franaises. . 9 3 LBCTBB I I I : LaviUede Paru . . . 9 4

    XVI. UNE Borate. Verbes changements ortho-graphiques. Pluriel ir rgulier des noris . . . 96

    XFLL. U H DIMANCHE. Adjectifs irrguliers. Position des adjectifs. . . 101

    X V I I I . UNE DISPUTE. Deuxime, conjugaison. Pro-noms personnels disjoints ou absolus 105

    X I X . AD RESTAURANT, Troisime conj)gai8on. Adr jectifs dmonstratifs . . . 109

    XX. HLNE REOIT UNE LETTRE. Pronoms relatifs qui et que. Pronoms disjoints.(nie). Im-pratif positif . . . . . . . . ..... . 114

    QuATEiiaiE RVISION . . . . 119 CONVERSATION I V : Le talon 122 Cctfosa IV : Le gouvernement de la France . . . 12*

  • x , TABLE DES MATIRES TXOK PAOB XXI. L E LEVER. Verbes (rflchis. Impratif ngatif. '

    Impratif de tre et avoir . . . . . . . . . 125 XXII. U N RLE BIEN JOU. Participe pass. Pass

    compos avec avoir. Pass compos de avoir et tre. Prsent d dire et faire . . . . . . 129 '

    XXIII. U N E PROMENADE. Pass compos avec tre. Temps composs des verbes rflchis. Prsent de venir et tenir . . . . . . 134

    X X I V . MADELEINE ET ISABELLE. Comparaison des adjectifs. Pronoms dmonstratifs variables. Prsent de sortir et partir . . 138

    XXV. Au MAGASIN. Suite du comparatif. Comparai-son des adverbes. Pronoms dmonstratifs in-variables ce, ceci, cela. Prsent de lire et. crire . . . 144

    CINQUIME RVISION 149 CONVERSA NOW V : La chambr coucher . . 1 5 2 LECTURE V : L'administration de la France . . 154

    XXVI. UN. DJEUNER. Pronoms y et en. Position des pronoms complments. Les verbes prendre et mettre . 155

    XXVII. Ac MARCH. Accord du participe pass (suite). Position des pronoms en et y. Verbes rcipro-ques. Le verbe donnix . . . . . . . . . . 161

    XXVIII. L'ANNIVERSAIRE DE LA NAISSANCE. Futur des verbes rguliers.. Futur des verbes avoir, savoir, tre, faire. Prsent de s a v o i r . . . 166

    XXIX. HLNE CRIT 1 SA COUSINE. Verbes change-ments orthographiques, prsent ' e t futur. Futur dies verbes altos, venir et tenir ' - 171

    XXX. A L'HTEL. Pronoms possessifs. Adjectifs et pronoms interrogates. Les verbes voir et croire . . . . . . 17*

    SixitME RVISION . . . . . . . . IF4

  • x , TABLE DES MATIRES LEON M A I

    CONVERSATION V I : La cuisine . . . . . . . 185 , LECTURE V I : Le coutunus franaises . . . . . 186

    XXXI. Au RESTAURANT. Pronoms interrogatifs (suite). Le verbe boir 189

    XXXII. JEANNE D'ABC (I). Imparfait de l'indicatif. Son emploi, Les verbes connatre et savoir. . . 194

    X X X I I I . JEANNE D'ARC ( I I ) . Emploi de l'imparfait (suite). Plus-que-parfait 200

    XXXIV. JEANNE D'ARC (III). Pronoms relatifs (suite). Ls verbes vouloir et pouvoir 204

    X X X V. " JEANNE D'ARC ( I V ) . Pronom indfini on. Formes ngatives. Les verbes recevoir et apercevoir. 209

    SEPTIME RVISION 2 1 4 CONVERSATION V I I : Le restaurant . . . 2 1 8 CONVERSATIONVIII : Larue . * . 2 2 0 LECTURE V I I : La famille franaise . . . . . ' . 222

    XXXVI. A LA CAMPAGNE. Prsent du subjonctif. Sa formation. Son emploi 223

    XXXVII. JEANNE D'ARC (V). Le conditionnel. Forma-tion du .conditionnel prsent et pass. Le verbe devoir . . . . . . . ' 229

    X X X V I I I . JEANNE D'A*C ( V I ) . Emploi du conditionnel (suite). Futur et conditionnel des verbes pou-voir et vouloir. Le verbe conduire . . . 234

    X X X I X . JEANNE D'ARC ( V I I ) . Les verbes impersonnels. n y a. Les verbes falloir, valoir, pleuvoir, neiger . 240

    XL. JEANNE D'ABC ( V I I I ) . La voix passive. Ma-, ni