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PATRON SAINTS OF TRADE; AND OF PROFESSIONSAeronauts-Our Lady of Loreto. Architects St. Pucisus, martyr, super intendent of the buildings of King Sapor:April 21. Automobilists St. Christopher: July 25. Bakers St. Elizabeth of Hungary, who gave her all to the poor: November 19. Bookbinders St. Peter Celestine, who covered his books with leather: May 19. Builders St. Vincent Ferrer, said to have restored to life three persons who had fallen from heights: April 5. Butchers St. Aureliatus, who was originally a heathen, and killed animals forsacrifice:

who

*"

Physicians Saints Cormas and Damlan, studied medicine in Syria, where they d the Poor free of charge: Septem-

May

8.

Carpenters

St.

Joseph: March 19.

Comedians St. Vitus: June 15. Dyers St. Lydia: August 3. Farmers St. George, signifyingof the soil:" April 23.

"tiller

Fishermen St. Andrew: November 30. and Gardeners St. Dorothy: February 6. Hatters St. Stevens ol Ravenna, whoFloristshis election to the Bishopric of Ravenna: February 1. Hunters St. Hubert, who, passionately fond of hunting, was pursuing the sport in Holy Week, when a deer, with a cross be-

was a hatter before

its horns, passed him. He became fervent in religion, and eventually a Bishop: November 3. Jewellers St. Eligius, who displayed a great skill in the working of gold: December 1. Journalists St. Frances de Sales Janu-

tween

:

ary 29.

Lawyers St. Ives, who studied in Paris, and pleaded the cause of poor people and widows: May 19. Merchants St. Francis of Assisi, who before his conversion was a noted merchant: October4.

Messengers

St.

Gabriel,

"bearer

of

glad tidings": March 18. Millers St. Victor, who was condemned to death because he refused to offer sacrifice to idols, and was thrown across a mill wheel, which refused to turn: July 21.

Musicians Notariesin

St. Cecilia: St.

November Mark: April 25.

22.

Painter:St. Luke, who has given us his Gospel the best picture of Our:

Lady OctoberPhilosophersdria:

8.

St.

Catherine of Alexan-

November

23.

THE ROMAN MARTYROLOGY

SmttattPUBLISHED BY ORDER OF GREGORYREVISED BY THE AUTHORITY OP

XIII.

URBAN

VIII, and

CLEMENT

X.

Afterwards, in the year 1749,

Augmented and Corrected by

BENEDICT

XIV.

LAST EDITION, ACCORDING TO THE COPY PRINTED AT ROME IN

1914.

TRANSLATED FROM THE LATIN WITH AN INTRODUCTION BYTHE MOST REV. ARCHBISHOP OF BALTIMORE.

EiMtiun. until

tlie

imprimatur of

3?ia

Emiimtr*

(Cardinal (ftibhana.

JOHN MURPHY COMPANY,Printersto

PUBLISHERS,Cardinal Archbishop

the

Holy See and

to

the

of Baltimore.

BALTIMORE.1916.

MOV 2 7 1942

imprimatur:J.

CARD. GIBBONS,ARCHIEP. BALT.

COPYRIGHT,

1897,

BY JOHN MURPHY

&

Co.

INTRODUCTION.

I

HE ROMAN

MARTYROLOGYin

is

an

official

andbut

accredited record, on the pages of which

are set forth

simple and

brief,

impressive words, the glorious deeds of the Soldiersof Christ in all ages of the

Church of the;

illustrious

Heroes and Heroines of the Cross,this long roll of honor, the

whom

her solemn

verdict has beatified or canonized.

In making up

by that instinctive

Church has been actuated wisdom with which the Spirit ofall truth,

God, who abides in her and teaches her

has endowed her, and which permeates through and guides all her actions. She is the Spouse of Christ,

without spot or wrinkle or blemish, wholly glorious

and undefiled, whom He loved, for whom He died, and to whom He promised the Spirit of Truth, tocomfort her in her dreary pilgrimage through this She valley of tears, and to abide with her forever.is

one with

Him

in Spirit

and

in love, she is subject

VI

INTRODUCTION.

to

Him

in all things; she loves

teaches and practises whatIf the

what He loves, He commands.

she

world has

its

"Legions of Honor," why

should not also the Church of the Living God, thepillar

and the ground

of the truth?

been tainted with

have been stained with blood, vice, have had their memory consecrated in prose andin verse,

men who and women who haveIf

and monuments

erected to their memory,

because they exhibited

extraordinary talents,

achieved great success, or

were, to a greater or less extent, benefactors of their

race in the temporal order, which passe th away,

why should not

the true Heroes and Heroines of

Jesus, who, imitating His example, have overcome

themselves, risen superior to and trampled upon the

world, have aspired, in

all

their thoughts, words,

and

actions, to a heavenly crown,

and have more-

over labored with disinterested zeal and self -forgetting love for the good of their fellow-men, have their

memories likewise consecrated and embalmed

in the

minds and hearts of the peoplehaveits heroes,

of

God?

If time

why should not eternity; if man, why should not God? "Thy friends, O Lord, areexceedingly honored; their principalityingly exaltedI"

is

exceed-

Whom

His Father so dearly loved,the world neglects, de-

the world crucified;

whom

INTRODUCTION.

VH

God, through His Church, exceedingly honors and exalts. Their praises are sung forth, with jubilation of heart, in the Churchspises,

aiid

crucifies,

of

God for ages on ages. The wisdom of the Churchis

of

God

in

honoring herare

Saints

equaled only by the great utility of thethusconsecrated.

practice

The

Saints

not

merely heroes; they are models.

Christ lived in

them, and Christ yet speaks through them. They were the living temples of the Holy Ghost, in whose mortal bodies dwelt all the riches of His wisdom andgrace.lars

They weredivinestill

in life consecrated

human examp-

of

excellenceto

example appeals our hearts, more eloquently even than did their\vordsto

and perfection. Their our minds and to

the

men

of

their

own

generation,flesh.

while they

were in the tabernacle of thestill

Though dead, theytinue to

speak.

Their relics are

instinct with sanctity,

and through them they conbreathe forth Ihe sweet odor of Christ. Theinto

which they have entered still lingers in their bones, and seems to breathe in their mortal remains. As many an ardent, spirit has beenimmortality

induced to rush

to the

the exploits of earthly heroes, so

cannon's mouth by reading many a generous

Christian soul has been fired with heavenly ardor,

Vlll

INTRODUCTION.to rush to the

and been impelledof the Saintsits silent

crown

of martyr-

dom, by reading the lives and heroic achievements

and Martyrs of Christ. Example, in appeal, is more potent in its influence onheart and conduct than are words in their

the

human

most eloquent utterances.

The Church knows andof

feels all this, in the Spirit

God with whom

she

is

replenished ; and hence she

sets forth,

with holy joy and exultant hope, her

of bright and ever-increasing Calendar of Sanctity just men and women made perfect and rendered

glorious,

under her unearthly and sublime teachings.roll

In reading this

of consecrated holiness,is,

our

instinctive conclusion

precisely that which the

great soul of St. Augustine reached at the very crisisof hislife,

the

moment

of his conversion

"If other

menI ?

like

me have

attained to such sanctity,

why notcrownof

Shall the poor, the afflicted, the despised of the

World, bear

away the palmI lie

of victory, the

immortality, whilein

buried in

my

sloth

and dead

my

sins,

and thus

lose the brilliant

and glorious

mansion already prepared for me in heaven? Shall all the gifts, which God has lavished upon me, be ingloriously spent and foolishly wasted, in the pettycontest for this world's evanescent honors and riches,

while the poor and contemned lay up treasures in

INTRODUCTION.

IX

heaven, and secure the prize of immortal glory?Shall others be the friends of God,to honor, while I alone

whom He

delights

remain His enemy, and an

alienIt

from His blessed Kingdom ?" is a consoling evidence of progress in thefirst

spir-

itual life in this country to find the

here published, for thethereby

time, in English,

Martyrology and

made

accessible,

in its rich treasures of

Sanctity, to all classes of our population.

It will

prove highly edifying and useful, not only to

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