edward conze - abhisamayalankara - 1954

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Conze, Edward (1954). Abhisamayālankāra: Introduction and Translation from Original Text, With Sanskrit-Tibetan Index

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I ST I T U TO ED

I T A L IA N O E S T R E I\T O

PER

IL

MEDIO

OR IE N TE

SERIE O R I EN T AL I i

RONIA

VI

SE R I E ORI B NT A LESOTTO I,A DIIIIiZI0NIiDI

IT O MAI'DVARD CONZII

GIU S E l 'I'B

TUCCI

VO LUM E

VI

A B H I SA NIAY A LAN KAN TAND TRANSI'ATION INTITOI)UCTION ORIGINA TEXT FTTOII INI]I]X WITII SANSKNIT.TII}ETAN

oo Kt{ROMA Ia. It{. B. O. I 9 l'r

ROMA Ie. M. B. 0. 1954

7t -- 4,

TAI]LU OF CONTENTSI'age I'Il Ef A(l ti 'TRIIATISIi 0N NE-UNION WITII TIIII AI]SOLU'I'I.] Inrnonuc'ronY SunvEY Inlroilwtory ilersc.s.I vv. l-2 GeneralSuraey, I vv. 3-17 I. I'IIE KNOWLDDGI' OII AI,L 1\IOI)[Sl. 'frrr vARTETIESorl I'IIFI rlloucrl'r oF ENLTcIITENr\rEN'r'. lB-20 . 2l- 22 . 2. fxsl nucr loNs. . 2,3cTheSanr . gha. 23- 24. 3. 'l'rrr FouR aIDS To tENEIRA'rroN. 25-36 . 4. ' frrn, LTNEAcE. 37- 39 . 5. ' frrr oIr JECr r yEsupponls. 40- 41 6. illrrs PROGnArr. 42 (7.-10.' I 'he pr ogr ess) 7 P urrrnc oN TUE ARr lt oun. 43 9 10 tl 13 1B lB 19

I 4 4 4

TUT T I

I DIRIT T I

RISERVAT T

B. Srrnnc our. 44-45 9. '.fnn neurpmrrvr. 46-47 9, L6 'l'lw ,cn stages,48-709, 17 The eqrdpment with antidotes. 7l , 10. Gorrvc-r'onru. 72-73

l9 20 2I 22o() z(l

29

t t . TIII' KNOWI,IiDGI.]0F'I'IIIil. 'l 'H n LIITIB S or rIIE

I'ATIISoF TIIE pA Ttl s . II v . I 3l

K N oIv LE D GE

(II A. I'\rc pnth of the Disciples) I 2. Tnr K NowLEDcE oF TnE par ns r vHr cH coNSI STs NTIIE cocNlrroN oF TrtE pATtt oF THD Drscrplrs . .

l. I'he ospects tlw four trutlw. of 2. I-lw aids to penetration. 3-5 UI B. T'hepath of the Pratyekobuildhas)3, TunPriuted in ltaly Sranrpato in ltalia

3l 3l 32

KNo\ilLEDGE oF TnE pATIrs wrrrcn coNslsrs TrrE coGNtl'IoN oF TIrn paTII oF THE Putyrrlnuo. D T I A S . ( t- 7 ,

lN 33

Ivrr]

.IABLE

OF

CONTENTS

TA B LE

OF C ON TE N TS

L. Its threelolil distirt,ctiaerrcss. I 2. 'Ihc aids to penatration. 9-10

. . Pagc

33 34

2. Trrn ENDEAVouns. vv. 6'll A. The persorts utho arc suitable to ntake the anilea'

(f I C. The path of the Bodhisattuas) (II Ca. The poth ol uision)4. Ttrn pATtI oF vlsloN, aND 'rnE GREAT aDyAN,rAGE.

u/,urs. of training . R, T',he 3 . Tnn qu.llrrtns. 12ab 34

I'uge 50 50;tz

il-16 (tI Cb. Tlrc path of deuelopnwnt)5. Wulr rHE p ATH oF DEv ELopt r ENT DoE s . v. lZ.

6. Rrsor,u'rE FArrH. 1B-19 7. Pn.l.rsr, EULoGyAND cr,onrFrclTroN. 20 .B. 'fHe ATTENTToN To ruRNrNG ovER. ZI-ZJ 9. Arrnr,rrroN To nEJorctNG. 24 . 10. Tnn MARK oF coNsrrutrarroN, 25 l l . A ns olur E p u n rry . 2 6 -8 l I. The couses of flrn belief in the Dharntn 2, The ccuss of falling o,toayfront, tha l)harma. 3. The general character of absolute pu,rity , 4. The dffiren"t forms of ubsolute purity 5. T'h,eaarieties of absolute pulit1,, when. uiewed as a process . .

37 37 39 39 40 4l 4I 42 42 42 42

4 . F.nurrs. 12 c d 5 . Nlrnrs. I3-31I. The marhs of cogrritiotr' la. As regarils all'knoPlctlSe . lD. ls regarils tlrc' h.nouleilge of the paths lc. As regarils the knowleilge of all modes 2. The. distinctiue nwrles 3, The marks of actiaitY 4. Tha nrorks of oun''being , . 6. Trtn Arns lo EIIANcIPATIoN. 32'34 6a. The Aiils to emoncipaciort itr' gerrcral ' 6b. A fiuefolil diaision. of the Aiils to entancipatiort 6c. Threc tlcgreeso! strength of thc Ails to emancipa' ti on ?. ' Irrn Ar os 'r o PENEr nAr r oN. 35'37.

54J/

JI

5B 5B 60 6l 62 64 64 64 65 65

III.

ALL.KNOWLEDGB I . - 2. Iln n sr a n r,tsrrrr) DrrltE nr lECO I |n N G o n rNTUDE. v. I AND NEARNEs g oF 3.-4 . Irln nn ssi).

QUII].

4'\pERTE C T l y t s D o M .

v.2 P or Nr s r o B E s rru N N ED . 3 . 6. Arunorps. 4-7 7. E x only ouns . B -1 0 b . at. T Hr s , t unx Es s o F T rIE EN D E Av o u R S . l 0cd, 9. ' I ur p, c . r r roF v rs to N . l l -l 5 . L -III. A nnr lp RE S U rl rE. v . 1 6

BoDI I I sATTYAs' 3B- 59' 66 B . ' frtn HosT oF r RnEvERsI Br , E I. 7'1rcnmrks of irret'usiltility t ' the leuel of the Ails to penetration' , 2, Tie morks of irreaersibilily of one who sturuls ort the path of oision, 3, The marks of irreuersibility of on'eulw standson the 70 path of ileuelopment, 70 A. The depth of the poth of deoelopment ' deuelop' B. The ilistinctiae features of tlw path of tnettt . C. Nine ilegrees of the path of de'uelopment ' D. The mark of enlightenrnent. E, The eightfolil tlepth of the path o! deaelopment 9. Tnn sauENEss oF BEcoM I Nc aND Q UI ETUDE' v' 60 61 ' 10. Trrr uriltosr PUnlrY oF 'rrIE Bunnttl'rlnr'o' l l . Trru sKI LL I N M EANs. 62'63 ,

44 44 44 45 46 47 4B

IV. THB FULL UNDERSTANDINGOF ALL MODESl . A s pnc r s . v v . l -5 l. 27 aspects relating to hinayanistic all-knowlarlge 49 2. 36 aspccts relating to thc lutowleilge of the paths, 49 3, 110 aspects reloting to the knowledge of aII modes. 49

?0 7l 7L 7L 74JJ JJ

I vrrr ]

It*]

T ABI,E

OF CONT ENT S

TABLE ]MH IC E A R E S TA B LE IN .

OF CONTENTS TN E TR U E N A TU R E OF TE E IR .P age

V.

T HE

F ULL

U N D ER ST A N D IN G 2 3

AT ITS S U }IMIT .Puge

l. Irs crlARAcrnRrsrrcs. v. 1 2. Tnnrn cRowrrr. 3. F r nu P o s rrro N .

77 7B BO

K an MA nE s uLT.

v .3

94

4. Coupr , p rn s rA g rl rs AT ro N o F T rro u crrr.

4,

80 VIII.

3. Tnn sTNGLE-rNsrANTANEous RE-uNroN wnrcn sEEs ALL DEAnMAS as DEvorD oF tuAnKS. v. 4 sTNGLE-rNsraNTANEous RE-uNroN wIrIcIr sDES 4. 'Iun TIIE ]IIARK OF NON-DUAI.,ITYIN ALL DIIANITIAS. V. 5

5. T r r n P lt rr o F v rs ro N BI 5a. The two discrininations of tlw objecr. 5 BI 5h. The tuo tliscrintinatiorts of the subject. 6-7 . 5c. The first false tliscriminatiott, of the object. B-9 BI 5d. The seconil folse iliscriminotiotr. of the object,

TIIE DIIARMA I}ODYI. Tnr suBSTANTIAL BoDY. v. I

r 0 - 1 2.5e. Tlrc frst false discrimination of tlrc subject. 13-14 5f. The seconilfalse discrimination, of tlrc subject. 15-16 5g. Three reesons for the attainnrent of full enlightennwnt . 1 7 . 5h. The greot enlightennrcnt. IB a, b 5i. The cognitions of ertinction and of non-product ion. 1 8 c -2 1 . 5k. The uccomplislnnent of tlrc deuelopment of tlrc sir perfections. v. 22 . 51. Conilitioned co-production. v. 23. 6, Tttp PATrr or DEvELoPMENT 6a. The crowning ossoulr. 24-25 6b. The first discrinrination of the object. 26, 27 ob 6c, The second discrinrinatiort, of the object. 27 c d-29 6iI. The frst disuirnination of tlw subject. 30-31 . 6e. The second discrintination of the subject. 32-34 . 6[, The achieoementof a airtuous contlition 35-36 7. Tnp uNrr\rpEDEDcoNCENTnA?toN. 37-39 c B . T nn 16 E n n o n s . VI. VII . G RA DUA L T HE 3 9 d -4 2 . v. I R B .U N ION

B2 B3 B1Bl-r 85

vv. 2-ll . 2. Tnr f)nlnue-nonv. 3. Tnn ErvJovnpnr-BoDy. vv. 12-32 4. Tnn Tnexsr onnAr loN- BoDy. v. 33 oF (5). Tun FUNCTToNS rnn Dn-Lnua-nonv. w. 34-40 IX. SUIIIMARY. vv. l-2

96 9B I 02 102 106

. ;i"?'i^"*lttis*oirrNDEx.

: ll;

85 B6 B6 B6 B7onOI

BB B9 90

9r92 93

R E -U N IO N .

S I N G L E .IN S T AN T AN N OU S

l. Wtrrr REGARD To ALr, DTTARMAs lvrrrlour ottrrt,ows AND lilrrrrour KARMA-REsuLT. vv. l-2 2. Wrtn nEcaRD To ALL DgAnilras tyrrrlour orrrFr,olvs.

l xl

l xr l

PREFACE

uy Tlrc Abl:nsutrt a-dlufiledra ndnw pruj fiiip dr a nitopail e6u(dstra (abbreviated as AA) consists of 273 memorial ver' ses. The sanskrit text has been printed three times, lly 2) and by Stcherbatsky and Obermiller r), by G. Tucci U. Wogihara 3). lly translation has been made frorn Wo' gihara's text, lvhich seemed to require correction in two places only n), although I have on occasions altered his numbering of the items. The Tibetan translation has been invaluable throughouto and I have studied it in the edition of the Bibliotheca Buddhica. A translation of the text by itself n'ould be quite urrintelligible. f have therefore added in brackets the neces' sary explanations. They are derived from ttvo sources: r-,elf. Ilere rve havc The Prajftdpdrunitd-srirra l. for our guirlance the recast vcrsirtn of the I'uitcttuintiuti' sdhusrikd-prajfid1tdranrird (abbrcviatcd as,l'), rvbich super' imposes the framework of the AA on the text of the Sutra, and adds, after each section, the appropriate heatlirrg from tlne AA. Only the lirst abhisanraya of this text has so far been printed t), and for the remainder I1) B i bl i otheca Buddhi c a, 23, Leni ngrad 1929. 2) In his edition Baroda 1932, GOS of the Abhisamaydlankdrdlokd, (abbrevi ated ?). r) In his edition of. the Abhisamaldlaikdrdlolco-, Tokyo 1932-5 (abbre' viated as .Ef ). +) L e. at I 12 , 6ai k s ho for ' 5ai k s ho, bec aus e of H 728, l 7; IV ' 4? pari j aya[ for pari kshay af, w i th ,tl x v i i 332. V y av as ana at II 26 i s a mi s pri nt for vyasana. s) E d. N . D urr . 1934.

lllI. - li. (oNtr, Al'hi:nnoti,ln,thnra.

ED\I'ARD

CONZE

Abhisamayilaikira sometimes rentlered this as 'etc.'o but in othef cases I have given in brackets the factors referred to, and r[paedi I have translated as 'the skanrlhas '. (2) Sometimes the exigencies of the rnetre have led to thc choice of unusual terms, like khadga regularly for pratyekabuddha, dpin*rnirrga or dyik-patha for dar6ana*mflrga, ctc. I have not regarded it as my task to reproduce these peculiarities, and I have, for instance, translated khadga as 'Pratyekabuddha ', and not as 'rhinoceros o. The headings which I have given in front of each section do not form part of the text of the Abhisarnaydlnfikdra, They are supplied from the revised version of the Paitcuuirl&atisdlmsrikd,, antl in a

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