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ISBN-1 3: 978-1 -84558-409-2ISBN-1 0: 1.-84558-409-0

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lrregular Verbs

Conten ts

Heroes & Villains

Lifestyles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Earth Calling

Travel lers ' Ta1e . . . . . . . . . . . . .

On Offer

Happy Days!

Eat ing ou t1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Fit for Life

Going out!

p . 4

p , 1 2

p . 2 0

p . 2 8

p. 36

p .44

p. 52

p. 60

p . 6 8 ,

p . 7 6 '

p .84

p. 85

t . . )



Heroes &vi llatns

WmcmhE"*frmryr FnmctEem&ppeaHam*e

Complete the crossword.


2 Mary Elizabeth Mastrantonio hasgot long, .. . . . . hair.

4 Eddie Murphy has got short blackha i r and a . . . . . . . . . . . . .

What do you think about Brad

Pitt's hair?

Sylvester Stallone is famous for his

. . . . . . . . . . . . b u i l d .

Leonardo Di Caprio has got short,

hair .

10 Gerard Depardieu has got-length hair.


1 Rowan Atkinson's nose

makes his face look even funnier!

3 Catherine ZetaJones has got

...-shaped eyes

5 Dustin Hoffman is of medium

6 Meg Ryan's short,

hair really suits her



Use words from both the crossword in Ex. 1 and the table below to describe the people in the pictures.Then, describe your classmates.


bu i ld

ha i r


special features

Tom is in his late 40s. Hes ofmedium build, and is baldwith a dark complexion.He's got a beard and amoustoche.

We can form adjectives by adding variousnouns and verbs.Adjectives ending in -ful, -ish, -ible,-(en)ing describe sb or sth as havingexpressed by the noun or verb.success - successful child - childish

young, middle-aged, elder ly. ear ly mid/ late 30s (40s, etc)of heavy bui ld, of medium bui ld, s l im, muscular, of medium heightshort , shoulder- length, long, cur ly, wavy. blond, dark, straight, balddark, pale, fair

a beauty spot, a moustache, a beard, glasses, wrinkles, dimples


ehmnmstryr mdjeet$ves

Use the adjectives in the list to complete theexchanges.

o ambit ious . lazy . sociable . bossy . self ish. cheerful r patient

A: She's always tel l ing people what to do.B: Yes She's so

A: Peter loves going to parties

B: I know He's real ly

A: Sal ly never thinks about other people!

B : I a g r e e . S h e ' s a v e r y . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . g i r l

A: ls James st i l l in bedrB: l ' l l wake h im up He 's a b i tA: She wants to be a lawyer one dayB: Wel l , she is a very . . . . young


A: You're in a good moodB: Yes . lam fee l rng ra ther . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . today .A: Aren't you ready yet?

B: lw i l l be in two minutes Be .

tffqlnd fapnmmtfimm: Nsums f;netmndjec€Hvms

Fill in the blanks with adjectives derived fromthe word in bold.

1 B e . . . . . . . . . . ! D o n ' t s p e n d a l l S E N S Eyour money on a new car!

? He rprpivpd thp neWS with

. . enthusiasm BOY

3 Carr ie should be more

. . . . wi th her money. CARE

4 Fortunately, a . . man COURAGE

lumped into the water andrescued the chi ld

5 The cl imbers had a FRIGHTENoYnanan.a nn tha rnOUnta in .

6 l re land has a r i ch . . . . . POET

t rad i t ion .

&djectfr wms x.ryEth prep#s&efr ff trl$

Choose the correct preposition.

1 Tamara is worried forlabout her son'sbehaviour at school

2 My boss is very careless with/about hisbe long ings

3 Our Engl ish teacher rs very popular to/withthe students.

4 Linda rs very sensitive to/about other people's


5 Thomas is very clever with/at Maths andChemistry.

6 More and more gir ls are interested about/ incomputers these days




iliill llli

suffixes to i

-ous, -ic, lthe quality l

GrarnrmarExploring 6rarnnnar: Fr*sent s!nnBic/cont!nu*us

a. Read the riddle and try to answer it. Look at the key, Were your guesses correct?

Why doesn't Joy olwoys toke the lift to the 10th flaor?'y qllM )ao| qlTl aql to] uollnq aql ssatd uot aq os nlptqwn srq 1wtruot s,aq tropolroolJ ql/ aql rcJ uolnq aql epat uD arl:ltoqs s1rfus 7gs1


b. Read the r iddle again and answer thequest ions.

1 What tense are the verbs in the first two

captions? What does this tense describe?

2 What tense are the verbs in captions 5 and 6?

What does this tense describe?

3 What time exoressions are used with these

two tenses?

4 Puthetakes(caption2) in the present continuous.

What spelling changes do you notice?

Underline the correct tense.

1 A: This week we are having/have extra

Engl ish classes in the afternoons.

B: Oh no! | can' t make i t ! | usual ly have/am

having yoga classes in the afternoons!

2 A: What do you do/are you doing next


B: Well, I visiVam visiting my family in London

3 A: What time does the film start/is the film

start ing?

B: At 8 30! We'd better hurry because i t

takes/ is taking a long trme to get there.

4 A: Our Engl ish teacher is marking/marks ourprojects right now.

B: Real ly? | hope/am hoping she wi l l g ive me

a gooo marK

5 A: What t ime are you f inishing/do you

f inish work on weekdays?

B: Usual ly around 5 o'c lock, but today I

work/am worki ng overti me

Filon-continuous verbs

a. Put the verbs in brackets in the presentsimpleor presentcontinuous. ,-

{ a) | . . . . . (think) aboutjornrng a gym

b) | (think) she's12 years o ld




a) You . . . . . ( look) t i red.b) Be quiet. The teacher

(look) at us

a) He . . (see) thedoctor tomorrow morning

b) t . (see)whatyou mean - the room does look biggerwith the desk by the window.

4 a) She . . . (smel l) the rosesb) The i r house . . . .

(smel l) of gar l ic.

5 a) They

b. Use the prompts to write true sentencesabout yourself and the members of yourfamily. You can use your own ideas.

. play video games (in the afternoon)r go to the cinema (on Sunday)o play football (on Saturday). help around the houseo watch TV (in the afternoon). visit friends (at the weekend)o dn t ho chnnn inn

o go to bed (eady/late)

My father never

My mother rarely

I someilmes

My brotherAister usual lyIn my family, we oftenI always

Fhrasaf werbs: SetChoose the correct particle.

1 A: Could you get on/through the phone toJack and ask him to come here?

B: Yes, of course. l ' l l cal l him r ight now2 A: She always leaves work early. I don' t know

what she gets on/upto

B: Oh. you don't need to worry about her.3 A: Could I get off/back to what I was talking


Surel Sorry I interrupted you

Excuse me How do I get to the post office?You need to get off/on at the next stopand the post office is across the street

Seffi tennee tna msfnrmreti*r'ls

Complete the second sentence so that itmeans the same as the f irst. Use no more thanthree words.

Laura has an appointment with the dent isttoday.

Laura is. . dent ist todayDescribe Bob to me.W h a t . . . . . . . . . . . l i k e ?Bi l l s t i l l has a co ldB i l l hasn ' t . . . . co ld ye tAnn is enjoying herself

b ig garden

(have) a

(have) ab) We


party next week.

b. How does the meaning of these verbschange in each case?

Form questions, then answer them.

1 What /your / is / drink / favourite?

2 What / leave / school / time / do / for / you?

3 Which / like / most / the / school subject / you / do?

4 How / you / f ree / spend / t ime / do / your?

5 What / you lweekend / are / this / doing?

Advenbs of freq*r*naey

a. Fill in the correct adverb of frequency.

. often . rarely . sometimes

. atways . never . usually alwnys


B :

4 A

B :




Ann a great i lme

a. Which of thesewords bestdescribe a giant?

. enormouso shorto of medium height. gentle. weaK. strong. elegant. k ind. cruel. clever

b. Skim the f i rst paragraph and check youranswers.

Read the whole text and the questions belowcarefully. Choose the best answer, A, B, C or D.

In this text the author is descr ibing

A di f ferent civ i l isat ions.

B real stories.

C large creatures.

D fairy tales

According to the text, some giants

A are not very strong.

B can be ouite nice

C are tal ler than trees.

D l ive for a long t ime

What is the best description, according to the

author; of giants in Germanic and Scandinavian


A They are friendly.

B They are nasty.

C They are helpful

D They are scary.

What have scientists found?

A large skeletons mi l l ions of years old

B very large bones

C proof that giants never existed

D large animals l iv ing in the Himalayan mountains

The author believes that

A giants existed a long t ime ago.

B i t 's s i l ly to bel ieve such stor ies

C giants st i l l exist but we haven't seen them.

D some of the stor ies mav be true.

Look up the words in bold and give synonymsfor the highlighted words.

Almost all civilisations havetheir own tales of giants. Giantsare the oldest creatures to live onthe earth. They are of enormoussize and strength compared toordinary humans. In Albaniantales, giants are as tall as trees andhave long black beards that hangdown to their knees. Some giantsare kind and gentle while others canbe very cruel. lrish giants arepleasant creatures, English giantscan be very evil and Welsh giantsare clever.

In Germanic and Scandinavian tales, giantsor trolls can be either friendly and helpful or nastycreatures, but they are always frightening. They cantake the form of any animal they choose wheneverthey like and people believe that they cause storms,hurricanes and even earthquakes. We see them livingin castles or under bridges where they force travellersto pay money to pass. American folk tales describehow Paul Bunyan, a giant lumberjack who makes lakesand rivers whenever he wishes, creates the Black Hillsand the Grafu Canyon. He is a symbol of strength andenergy.

Are giants simply fairy tale characters? Scientistshave found gigantic skulls and huge jaws which theysay belopg to giants who were on the earth half amillion years ago. Moreover, there are many stories ofsightings of mysterious giant creatures. Many peoplebelieve that there is a giant human-like creature, theYeti or Abominable Snowman, living somewhere in theHimalayas. Others talk of Bigfoot, a large, dark, hairygiant with enormous feet, that lives somewhere in theCanadian wilderness. They say it is at least 2.2 metrestal l .

Giants fascinate people and appear in many stories,old and new, but the mysteries of certain giants suchas the Yeti mav be more than iust a fairv tale

4 Can you think of a similar folk tale in yourculture? Write a short paragraph about i t .




LEstemirng & SpeakingS*dy f lmmgruage

: You wil l hear someone talkingabout body language. Read thestatements 1-5 and try to guessthe correct answer (A-C). Listenand check.

1 We use non-verbal communicationwhen weA remain si lentB send messages with our body.C are interested in others.

Non-verbal communicat ion helps

us to

A know how people feel

B understand our bod' , haftor

C avoid tel l ing l ies.

Some people show that they like

someone by

A going far away.

B standing close to them.

C ta lk ing to them.

Body language

A is common to al l cul tures.

B doesn't depend on culture

C differs from country to country.

Looking into people's eyes

A shows agreement

B shows that you are not interested.

C is impol i te in some cultures.


Complete the dialogue.

A: Hi therel How are you?

B : 1 ) . . . . . . .

A: Not so good, actual ly.

B : 2 ) .

A: Oh, I have a toothache!

B: 3 ) . . . . . . . . . the dent is t?

A: Yes, l ' l l do that Than<s

B: Take care. See you tomorrow.

A: 4)

after work so you can forget all about her?Yeah, OK. Wtrat's on?Erm ... well, there's a comedy called Forever Friends ...Oh, perfect!

Read again and use the words/phrases in af'..ofrrn, iomake as many true statements as possible.












$ IGte::;,1,

Adam::1 l(ate:



th inksKate *-***&F. f

Adam wantssays

Katefeels angry with Jane.

angry with Jane

Jane is nice

Kate isn' t being fair

to watch a f i lm

Jane te l l s l ies


Sayinq Sffisdhye

Choose from the phrases (a-g)to complete the exchanges (1-5).



That's all for now.

I t was a pleasure to meetyou.

Let 's get together againBye! See you later.



Hope we meet againLooking forward to

hearing from you.

See you tomorrow.

A: So, l ' l l meet you outside the cinema at 7:00.B: OK

2 A: I had great fun at the beach todayB: So d id I

I think . . Wri te back soon.A: lt was a pleasant surprise meeting you todaylB: Yes, indeed. I

A: Well, Mr Williams, it was nice to meet youB : : . . . . . . . . , t o o , M r S m i t h

Fersq,naf; qLrHHBti*sa. Read the first exchange. Who's angry? Can you guess why?

Read and check. Now take roles and continue the dialogue.

That's it! I've had enoughlWtrat's the matter, Kate?

It's Jane - my so-called 'friend' at work. She's so

dishonestl She's always telling lies to get me into trouble.Realll4 But she looks so sweet!Exacflyl Just because she's got big blue eyes and curlyblonde hair, everyone thirks she's an angel - but she's not!Oh, come on. Don't you think you're being a bit mean?She's always very friendly to me.

I(ate: Of course she is. She doesn't want you to see how evilshe is. She's always doing terrible things and thentelling everyone that it's all my faultl I'm fed up with itl

Adam: Oh dear ... Listen, why don't we go and watch a film

Writfrmg {an f;nforrnafi Ietten]

ffiettlng started

Read the rubric and underl ine the key words(i.e. words which tel lyou what to write about).What kind of text are you asked to write?

This is part of a letter you received from an,, English pen-fr iend.

In your next letter, please tell me all about your besfriend. What does he/she look like? What is he/shelike?

Write your letter.

Letk [m*!q el*ser

3 Read the letter Tonia wrote and complete the paragraph plan.Which of the two gir ls in the picture is Tomiko?

oear sergio,

ffi," rtrant you for your letter. rm sorry I didn't answer earlier, but

I wcs very busy with my end of term exams.

3 tn your last letter you asked me about my best friend. Her

name's romiko and she is quite good-looking. She is tz years old,

with brown eyes and shoulder-length dark hair. the f irst thing you

notice about her is her height! She is quite tall for her age, very

slim and fit. she loves wearing casual clothes such as jeans and


fu romiko is sociable and outgoing. She loves chatting on the phone

with her f riends and taking part in team activities, especially sailing

and volleyball. Her strongest point is her sense of humour. She

manages to make us laugh even in the most difficult situations.

ff;p ronniko is a very special person who means o lot to mel we

be as diff erent as chalk and cheese, but we are inseparable and

nothing is more fun than being togetherl

f. wett, that's all for now. what about your best friend? write

back and tel l me al l about him!LOVE,

I onra

ffi pem fi ng/elu*fi ng i'#cnffi trkg

4 a) Underline the sentences Tonia uses to starVend her letter.

b) Which sentences could you use to start/end an informal letter? Write (OJ for opening or (C) for closing.

1 Drop me a l ine as soon as possible

2 That 's al l my news! l 'd better go and do

some work nowl

3 Hi l How's everything going?

4 Sorry that I haven't written for ages,

but l 've been busy studying

How would you describe your best friend?Brainstorm according to the key words andcomplete the mind map.

Please wri te soon and tel l me al l your


Drop me a l ine and tel l me al l your news.

Thanks ver,i ni.rch for your letter.

H i l Ho, , ' . a 'e .ou?





1 0

Linking words and phreses

. When we describe people we can use a var ietyof l inking words and phrases to join sentencestogether and make our piece of wri t ing moreinterest ing

Gerald has got fair hair. He's got blue eyes.Gerald has got fair hair and blue eyes.Kelly is a pretty girl. She's got long curly hair.Kelly is a pretty girlwith long cuily hair.Bob is a handsome man. He is in his mid-thirties.Bob is a handsome man who is in his mid-thirties.George is tall. He is well-built.George is both tall and well-built.

o When we describe people's character we caninclude posit ive and negat ive qual i t ies. Whenwe talk about negat ive qual i t ies we shoulduse neutral language

He seems to be/tends to be/can be ratheri rrespo n si bl e at ti m es.

. Here are some wavs we can ioin sentences:S imi la r qua l i t ies

Sue is easygoing. Sue is confident.Sue is easygoing and (also) confident.Sue is easygoing and confident as well.

Opposing qual i t ies

Markis cheerful. He can be unreliable attimes.Mark is cheerful but he can be unreliable at times.Mark is cheerful. On the other hand/ However, hetends to be unreliable at times.

Join the sentences using'. and, who, with, both,.,andor but.

1 Paul is a tal l boy He's got short straight hair .2 Sarah is ambit ious. She can be impatient at

t imes.

3 Tom has got a beard He hasn't got amoustache

4 Peter is a middle-aged man He is going grey.5 Lisa is clever. She is beaut i ful .6 Carol has got red hair . She has got freckles7 Josh is pat ient He is rel iable.

ffi u fr $d $ds[*r \-da{a bu nsry

Use the words in the box to form compoundadjectives in the following sentences. Which ofthese adjectives describe character (C)/appearance (Aj?

o eyed o fisted o hearted o looking o mindedo working o aged . mannered

1 They have a beaut i fu lb lue- . . . . . . . . baby boy .2 Jackson is a very po l i te , we l l - . . . . . . . . . . young


He can't be that young ! He looksmidd le - . . .

Most people think that Brad Pit t is. a verygooo- . . . . man

My son lef t his books at school again He is soa0sent-

The ideal person for the job should beambi t ious and hard- . . . . .

7 For Winston, every penny matters He's veryf i ^h t -

Mary is a warm, generous,


Ymucr tL{r$'t

Use the table below to describe yourneighbour. Describe his/her appearance, thenhis/her character.







' l i, *,


1 1

Appearance: He/She's got hair and he/she's short with . . and . . . She usual ly wears

. The f i rst thing you not ice . . . .Character: He/She is His/Her best qual i ty

. His/Her strongest point is . . . .

Read the rubric and underl ine the key words.Use your answers in Ex. 7, as wel l as the planin Ex. 3, to write your letter,

This is part of a letter you received from anEngl ish pen-fr iend.

,'' ln your next letter, please tell me all aboutyour. neighbour.What does hehhe looklike? What is

he/she like?

Write your letter. (80-100 words)



Vmsmhu*frmnpr FnmctEeeimfusa. Find six adjectives in the snake.

Use the adjectives to complete the sentences, as in

the example. Which jobs can you see in the pictures?

Bob is a painter

His job is very crEntiue.

Mrs Lorigan is an accountant.

Her iob is verv s . . .

Jonathan is a f i ref ighterl-.1 i< in h i< rl

Barry's mother is an art dealer

Her job is very r

Steve is a gardener

H i s j o b i s r . . . .


a. Fi l l in the blanks with the words below.

. tradit ional . rush . industrial . quiet

. seasrde . busy . local . crowded

2b. Write two more adjectives

that form collocations withthe words below. Use thecollocations from 2a & b towrite sentences about theplace you l ive in.

My l i fe has changed a lot s ince I moved here.It's a(n) 1) . city with lots of

noise I find it difficult to qet used to its2) . ... streets. the traffic ,,,,.,,,,,,4.:.,.,.:,aa,:::,:;,,:::::l:a..::t.:l:l:;.:;:::::,:::

d r r r i n n ? \ . . h O U f I I . = : . , . . , ., . t t v u l

and the 4) . . . . .

snops and restaurants I miss the5 ) . . . . . . v i l l a g e I

come from, with its6) . . . . . houses ,

7)..t)-:,aaa/t aataa:t ltt a,.f,.

c f r o o f q : n d r h a e n

8) . . shops

: : ; : : : : '




ffinwEmg **irestioms

The people in sentences 1-4 al l l ive in the sameblock of flats but they work in different placesin the city. Look at the map and then writehow they get to work, as in the example.

Tamara works at the local library To get there,she turns riEht, qaes along CIxfard Rosd, then turnsright #g*in int* Bridharn streer. The librsry is on herleft, between the restaurs.nt and the dnffits.Ruth works as a waitress To get to the caf6,she .

Georgia works as a teacher To get to theschool, she

Sergro works for a transport company in thesuburbs. He goes there by bus. To get to thebus stat ion, he . .

Complete the text with the correct form of theverbs: take, arrive, leave,travel and go. How doyou travelto and from school/work?

Steve usual ly 1) . . to work by bus He

2) . . . . . . hq,t . at 8 am and 3) ' at the

office at 9 am Sometimes, he 4) ' " ' ' " the train

to avoid the rush hour traffic At 5 30 pm he

s) the office and 6) "' ' home on I

the bus. l f the weather rs good' he somettmes

7) . . . . . home on foot '

Wclnd $me.matEmmt ffi ffi t#sTyn?ns

Match the words with their prefixes to formantonyms. Use the antonyms to complete thesentences 1-4.

Bridge $treet

ffiridh*r'n $tree*

AdjmetEvcs \ndfi tFr ptr#p$s$tfi ffi ffi s

lf you are responsible for sth you must be sure it gets done.lf you are responsible to sb you must do what thisperson tells you to do.You need to be careful of sth/sb that/who mav be harmfulor dangerous to you.

You need to be careful with sth/sb you may harm ordamaoe.

Mrs Murphy is responsible . . . . . c leaningthe offices every dayYou need to be careful . . . that vase,It's very fragile

3 Li la is responsible . . Mr Anderson. Heis her boss.

4 You have to be careful wi ld animalscrossing the road around here.

1 3











honesfaxperie[ce4 graturs


1 Jake has never worked on a farm before. He'stoo . . . to run the place by himself

2 Barry loves playing practical jokes on peopleHe can be a l i t t le . sometimes

3 Most people are ... to afford ahouse with a garden in the ci ty.

4 Pau l i s . . . You can ' t t rus t h rm.


$tlewtqln Stresf

\frfhitwonth Stneet

ffiran-ln"mmr $r.n [Jse

Hxplwnt mg Se'ffi H"mrrlen-;& $upnerfrmt*ves






f,&*e*t'*'r**d\3&.i&&se &a*Yl4ittttt 6k r{*v& * eN$ t {

t3i{**,tory *4trtit&&

Put the words in brackets in the appropriate form

complete a travel writer's impression of two towns.

' Rome and Cervia are two places in l taly with str ikrng

dif ferences First of al l , Rome is 1) . . . . (big1'l than Cervia There are 2) . (large) roads': in Rome and 3) (many) restaurants,

r caf6s and cinemas than in Cervia

Transport in Rome is 4) . . . . . (good)

Cervia, but then Cervia has got 5) (few)

cars and 6)

7 ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ( n o i s y )

(crowded) than Cervia.

(little) traffrc Also,Rome is

and 8)

Rome is the 9) . . . . . . . . . . . (popu lar ) p lace in l ta ly

However. Cervia is one of the 10)(beaut i ful) seaside resorts in l taly with some of the

1 1) (clean) beaches

From: Sarah LoriganTo: Ben ReedSubject: Greetings from Puerto Vallarta

Hi Ben,Greetings from Puerto Vallarta, one of the friendliest and most charming beach

destinations in the world! I'm having a wonderful time here. In fact, it's the best holiday I've

ever had.I'm staying in one of the most luxurious hotels on the coast and I'm spending most of my

time swimming and sunbathing on the beachl Puerto Vallarta has a tropical climate, with over300 sunny days a year, so it is much warmer than back home. In many areas of Puerto Vallartayou feel like you are taking a step back in time. The city has all the modern facilities a visitorcould ask for, but still keeps its unique Old Mexico charm.

The most exciting day I've had so far was when I went horse riding in the jungle. The tripwas more thrilling than I had imagined and I ended up taking hundreds of pictures!

Well, that's all from me! Have to go now. See you in a week.Love,Sarah

a. Read the email and underl ine f ive superlative and two comparative forms.

b. Which endings do we use to form the comparative and superlative of one-syllable adjectives?

c. How do we form the comparative and superlative of adjectives that have more than two syllables?

2 to 3 Fill in the correct form of theadjectives, then answer thequestions about yourself.

1 What's(good) restaurant in your town?

2 What's . .(beaut i ful) place in your town?

than in 3 Which is(busy) street in your town?

4 What's(bad) food you've ever eaten?

5 Are you

(tal l ) or(short) than your best f r iend?

6 Which is

1 4

(expensive) shop in your area?


-dmE/fo forrms

a. Read the exchanges and underl ine thecorrect words in bold.

1 A :

B :

2 A

B :

3 A :

B :

There is no point trying/to try to find aparking space in the ci ty centre on aMonday morning, is there?Absolutely not! lt 's better using/to usepubl ic transport .

I love Edinburgh! You can get anywhere inthe ci ty without to use/using your car!I stil l prefer to drive/ driving rather thantake publ ic transport .

Don't you f ind to golgoing out in a smal l 7town rather boring?Well , I actual ly dbn' t mind to spend/spending t ime with people I alreadyKNOW

A: I don' t enjoy to eat/eat ing in a rushlB: I know what you mean There's nothing I

enjoy more than having/to have a nicelong lunch break .

b. Complete the sentences about the membersof your family. Use -lng or fo forms.

My father can' t standMy mum prefers

My brotherAister hatesMy aunVuncle quite l ikesMy grandma/g randpa enjoysMy cousin looks forward to

Semtenee transformatiems

Complete the second sentence so that i t meansthe same as the f irst. Use no more than threewords.

His off ice is bigger than al l the others in theb u i l d i n g .

He has . . of f ice in the bui ldingHe starts work a lot ear l ier than hisemployees do.

His employees don't start workas he does

He l ikes to go to the gym after work.He enjoys gym after work

4 He f inds working long hours very t i r ing.He f inds i t very t i r ing . . longnours.

Fhrasafi Verbs;

Choose the correct particle.

1 He's so bossy! | don' t know how she putson/up with him.

2 When you f inish playing, put your toys away/out.

3 Jacques promised to put me up/away for afew nights when l 'm in Cannes.

4 The pouring rain put us out/off goingshopprng in town th is morn ing

ErnCIn qffirrefitiem

Read the letter, find and correct:

r a punctuat ion mistake (P)o three grammatical mistakes (G). two spel l ing mistakes (S). a case of wrong word use (WW)

Dear Fiona,

Wel l , here I am in the sunny is lands o f the Car ibbean,

enjoying the marvel lous weather that is much hoter

than in Eng land in the moment I am in Mar t in ique, the*---*.=:*G

(1-gg:l$pWindward islands in the, Eastern

Caribbean. There is no point to try to cal l me. My mobi le

phone is out of order The sandy beaches are the

beaut i ful lest I have ever seen and the food is superbl I

can' t to stop eat ing. l 've bought lots of souvenirs! My

suitcases wi l l be much heavyer because I 've bought you

so many presents! See you in a week.


C lara

1 5


l i t t l e t c s t y d r i n k sWhat is the story behind youridea to start a fruit drinkscompany, Richard?We took our fruit smoothies to sellat a music festival and put up a sign

saying "Do you think we should giveup our day jobs to make smoothies?" Customersthrew their empty juice bottles into either a binmarked YES or a bin marked NO. The YES bin filled upso fast that we went into the fruit drink business.

What makes your company different from any otherdrinks company?First of al l , our fruit and yoghurt drinks are 1OO% fresh,natural, and delicious. We deliver daily because theyonly last about as long as a bottle of fresh milk. Plus,we have a special banana-shaped phone in the officethat customers call to give us their opinion on ourproducts. We also keep in direct contact with all theshops that sel l our drinks, from the big supermarketchains to the small corner shops.

What about your staff - how do you keep themhappy?We want our employees to enjoy coming to work.Each member of staff gets a mug with his or her nameon it and all our employees go to lunch together sothat they can get to know each other. We also loveorganising staff weekends where we do fun things likesnowboarding.

Why do your delivery vans look like cows?Well, cows are healthy and natural and so are ourdrinks, so why not? They even moo instead of beepwhen you honk the horn!

Do you have any advice foranyone who is thinking of

starting their ownbusiness?Always listen toyour customers/

believe in yourproduct and rnake

sure that i t is abusiness you enjoy,

Read the t i t le and the quest ions. Whatinformation do they give you about Richard?Who is he? What company has he got? ls he asuccessful leader? Read throuoh and check.

Read the text and choose the correct answer.A , B , C o r D .

1 What is the purpose of the interview?

A to find out how much money the company is


B to advert ise the frui t dr inks the company


C to f ind out more about the company and

why it is successful

D to make people think about their health

2 How does Richard feel about the dr inks he


A They are tasty and good for your health

B They are less important than keeping the

staff happy.

C They are a good way to make money.

D They are healthier than milk

3 Why does Richard want customers tophone the company?

A to f ind out i f they l ike their jobs

B to get their advice on start ing a new


C to get their opinion on the frui t dr inksD to hear what they think about his


What does Richard do for his employees?

A He takes them out for lunch

B He makes them feel at home.

C He lets them run the company

D He tel ls them jokes.

Which of the fol lowing is the best

description of the lnnocent Drinks company?

A A Family Business

B The Future is Here

C Healthy and Happy

D Mother Nature's Kitchen

Look up the words and expressions in bold,then make sentences with them.

Think of other ways of asking the questions inthe text.



because work can be fun.

fi-fistmm$mg & SpeaBefrmgffi eserfi hfi r'ng pEet*lres

Look at the picture below and answer thequestions.

I 3 What does he look l ike? (age, hair , glasses,,, etc)

,r 4 What is he wearing?

, 5 W h a t i s h e d o i n g ?

a 6 What can you see in the background?:: 7 How do you think he is feel ing?t::i:':?t1i4.:.:.?iii.l.ti?,1%":v.i'{t6:Lri.t!.?:liii1;'*'71,,;rai]i.i,,ra:"".e-"-'^-'ti4ti&{iii:y,it n:1*tt:,:i\t:\c,i\.r,

ffi Evi mg c$s reattsffi s/ffixpnessr m6prefefltrfficss

Circle the correct response, a or b.

1 A: Do you fancy eat ing out tonight?B: a) | just love Indian food

b) | am not hungry I had d inner a t theoffice

2 A: Do you want to go to a f i lm on Saturdayeven ing ?

B: a) Not real ly. l 'd rather go to a restaurantb) The Lord of the Rings is my favourite film.

3 A: Did you have any trouble f inding theoffice?

B: a) No, the direct ions were very clearb) Do you know where the office is?

4 A: Excuse me. How do I get to Prince Street?B: a) lt 's a busy streeil There's a huge

shopping centre there.b) Just go up this road and take the

second turning on your r ight

Joh hu' lnt img

a. Read the first two exchanges. Where arethe people? How are they related? Howdoes Mike l ike his new posit ion?

So, this is your new office. It's fantastic.

Yeah, it's great, isn't it?

Cool! You must be over the moon aboutgetting this promotion. Do you get paid alot more as well?

Mike: Yes, but to be fair, I work longer hours now,and my new position is more stressful.

John: You know what you need? A secretary!Mike: That's not a bad idea, actually.

John: I know someone who would be interested.Mike: Really? Wtro?

John: You're looking at him!

Mike: Wtrat? You? Working for me?

John: Why not? I'm reliable, I'm efficient and I'myour best friend. What more do you want?

Mike: But you're a painter. You don't knowanything about being a secretary.

















,1 John: Oh well. No harm in asking, I suppose...iiijy';:ytl..zl.r.,;;..iy.;ir.::.*:''l:'.'.;i.'';1i':.r.4.,.,|;).*.''ll}7}.i?l.?':,:,:i:::1.|:i|.f..,.,,,,.?i''6?i,i.ii,.1'

b. Read the dialogue. Why isn't John suitablefor the job of a secretary?

4 Take roles and give the dialogue in Ex. 3a adifferent ending.

5 a. Read sentences 1,6. What sort of informationdo you think the listening passage will giveyou about Greg and pam? Discuss in pairs.

b. Listen and mark each statement (/) yes if itis correct or (X) No if it is incorrect. Wereyour guesses correct?

" y e s N o "I 1 Greg hasn't decided what to do' after university. f] Ei, 2 Pam has f inished medicalschool. t ] I

3 Pam l ikes some things about her joO E E| 4 Greg thinks that being a doctor isI rewarding. E t]' 5 Pam thinks being a waitress has, good career prospects I Ei 6 Pam doesn't bel ieve Greg is going

to become r ich

c. What are your future plans?

1 Who do you think the man in the picture is?2 Where do you think he is?


1 7


trVrlting {an eslxail describrng the plece you live im}

Gettimg started

Read the rubric and underline the key words/phrases. Whatwords/phrases can you think of related to the word 'city'?

This is part of an email you received from your Englishf r iend.

My family and I have just moved to Cambridge. It's green, verypeaceful and I like it a lot!What is the city you live in like? Do you

enjoy living there?

Now wri te an emai l to Helen, tel l ing her what the ci ty you

l ive in is l ike and i f you enjoy l iv ing there or not.

Let's look eloser

Read the email and complete the paragraph plan.

Lo**tr h4ai"l

ffi huqxffi unse*.",

ffi Frafts

ffi rernpt.,

ffi arntb @ trastt

ffi ou*u

Deor Helen,

ffi,w, Hi! How's evertqhing going? I reolly enioyed your emoil ond l'm glod

Introduction(Pan 1) OPenitti


(Para 2)

city girl ond I love it'

f, Borcelonais never boring'There ore lots of cinemas' theotres' cof6s

ond restouroHts' Whot I enioy the most' though' is the seo' ond the

musicions performing in the streets during summer'

M I guess I could talk about Borcelono for days'Why don't You come

and spend your summer holidoys with my family and me?Write bock ond

let me know.

Toke care,


1 8

Tcpia seffitences

re topic sentence is the f i rst sentence in the:aragraph. l t introduces or summarises the main::pic of the paragraph and gives the reader an idea:f what the paragraph is going to be about. The rest: f the paragraph (support ing sentences) deverops:^re main idea of the topic sentence

Look at the main body paragraphs in the letterin Ex. 2. Underl ine the topic sentences. Doesthe information that follows further developthe topic sentences?

6What do you expect to read in paragraphsstarting with the following topic sentences?Can you think of other topic sentences toreplace them?

1 Cracow has many impressive sights to see2 Nightlife in Moscow is exciting.3 Cancun is a place that has something to offer


L"Esimg adjeetives

When we describe a place we can use a varietyof adject ives to make our descr ipt ion moreinterest ing.

Complete the table with synonyms fromthe l ist, as in the example.

. charming . awful r fantastic . t iny . large

. terr ible . huge . enormous o beautiful

. wonderful . horrible . maqnif icent . l i t t le

. elegant

big .: l 'xrEe

sma l l


bad i

Replace the words in bold with adjectivesfrom the table in Ex. 5a,

Sharon l ives in a very big detached house in antce su0urb

2 This hotel is real ly bad so you'd better f indanother one.

3 Pleasantvi l le is a very smal l v i l lage si tuated onthe shore of a lake

4 The view from the hi l l is very nice.5 The weather is very bad6 l t is a nice shop but the service is very bad.

Ymwr tulrn

Answer the questions (1-2) about yourself. Usethe useful language box.

1 What is your city/town/village like? Thinkabout: location - attractions - shops -

transport - night l i fe2 Do you enjoy living there? Why (not)?

location: is situated/is located .. in (the)

n ort h/so uth/easVwesVon th e n o rt h/so uth/easvwest coast of ../in the centre/hearVmiddle of ..attractions: fantastic funfair; ancient temples;busy market; sandy beach; medieval cast le; etcshops: modern shopping centre; lovely ant iquesnops; etc

transport : convenient publ ic transport , modernmetro, etcnight l i fe: dance clubs; fashionable/popularrestaurants; trendy caf6s/theatres; etc

Read the rubric in Ex. 1 again. Use youranswers in Ex. 6 to write your email to yourEnglish friend (80-100 words). you can use theparagraph plan in Ex. 2 to help you.





ililit i ,

Iiliitt1r, ,r,r,r,






1 9

2EarthCallI n9

Fil l in the blanks with words from the l ist. Thereis one word you don't need to use.

. cl imate . scientists . rainforest . wildl i fe

. pol luted o extinct . global

\flmemhustrmny Frmetfrce:

ffict\iErmflHr?ft**c*g gxr*hfier"tls ,t1,,.

1 a. Match the environmental problems with the t,a,:pictures below.

o deforestat ion . global warminq ' : i r ' ' ' i : i ' r "r ' l r

. reduced fish stocks n animal extinction ,::r The dodo is one of the best known g)

. arr pol lut ion . water pol lut ion "1

; ; t of bird. Find out why al l the pictures we have of

:,:: rt are Wrong.

" - d' lmffi'

','*- i' 'o,;.iu.,.

how6) ' chanse kills coral reefs

"**o.*s&ks3t *'ffi".a1 U\ r r . , r " '' ')::'

3 a. Match the words in the columns.

f\q * *mmi$ j'*#t lffi uf"f;$,

" : : :

' ' i l l ' 1r ' ' ' ' " " ' " '

' ' ' ; ' : ;1: ; ' ' i ' : i - " '

,lli :;;"r.,";; Martyn Farrelt explores the Amazon

' r i i \

rll -^'r fi lpn5 some of rts fascinating4 ) ' " " " d r r u

.,1 s) .

d2"q ',:*1"',*'rii

c leanup


recycl ing



wi ldl i fe

groupn a n n t al \ / e v v , !

an imalsparK









Match the problems in Ex. 1a with thesolutions (a-f). Then write sentences.

organise tree-plant ing campaigns

ban f ishing in some areas

create more national parks

use filters on factory chimneys

use fewer aerosol sprays

fine factories that pollute the seas. rivers and


d Smoke from factories leads to air oollution. We

should use filters on factory chimneys.

Now use the phrases in Ex. 3a to completethe sentences 1-6.

We are taking these old newspapers to the

. . . In town.

Would you l ike to take part in our school 's

Poisoningi - ^ ^ ^ ; ^ - + + 1 . ^ l - , ^ ,r ) d g d i l r ) L L r r c r d v v .

The government has organised a houstng

programme to help

The Paradise

is home to a lot of species under ext inct ion.

Jane Goodal l formed a young people's

i n 1 9 9 1










WEldIi fe

4 a. Put the letters into the correct order to find



the names of animals.

Kanse . . .

nkedoygeri t


rrropa . . .e n n

f f i g a r e . . . . . . . . . 1 2

Write three animals from above for eachgroup below; according to what they eat.

c. Answer the questions.

. Which of the animals in Ex. 4a are mammals?o What do a snake and a crocodi le have in

common?o What do a parrot and a peacock have in



a. Fill in the gaps with words from the list.

. fish . dogs . rat r bee . bird . crocodileO CATS

l 'm a busy . . . . . on Tuesdays. I work inthe morning and I have Engl ish classes in theafternoon

The chi ldren are unusual ly quiet today. I smerr4 . . . . . . . . . . . . !

We can't leave nowl l t 's raining . . . . . .a n d . . . . . . . . . . .Today was his f i rst day in his new job and hefe l t l i ke a . . . . . . . . . . ou t o f water .S h e i l a i s a n e a r 1 y . . . . . . . . . . . . S h e w a k e s u pat 6 every morninglHe said he was deeply upset about the oi l spi lhis company caused, but I don' t think he real lycares - he was just crying tears

b. Choose three idioms and write sentencesabout yourself and the members of yourfamily using them.

Venhs wfr th pnepssEtfisris

6 a. Choose the correct preposition.




1 0

1 1


i lecrodoc

uargaj . .




ab,Take used aluminium cans 1) to/at the recycling centre.Don't throw away your old magazines Share them2) to/with friendsPrevent your local beach 3) from/of becominq a dumpDon't drop l i t ter.

r Join the WWF and save wi ld animals 4) of l f romextinction

. Think 5) for lof the air you breathe and try ro use yourcar less I

... #}fim e$mn'[ $*r6mt

The earth doesn't belong 6) with/to us. We've justit 7) from/of our

b. Add three more tips to the poster on howwe can help the environment.

Xltrford f'mrsmmtfimffi : svtr r"-/uff rcd*r-

a. Study the table. Then, combine the words1-3 with over-and under-to form newwords.

We add over- lo beginning of words to expressthe idea of 'more than normal/usual 'Bill often stays in the office till late in the eveninq. Heworks overtime.

We add under- to the beginning of words toexpress the idea of 'less than normal/usual' you

can't vote! You are underage!

1 pa id

2 weight

3 used

hdm$p* {hm f,}{rw$tr.{}nrnrrfl}rufl





b. Choose two adjectives and write sentences.

Granrmar in $Jse

Hxploning Gramrnar: Fresent FerfeetSinnp[e * Present Ferfect ConttnuCIuls

,;lll*i* iriji.,.'r'i''' ":'''"''


Dear Tim

I was glad io hear that you have just finished

o"rt""ioooortumty for you to come and vtsit me

your course This is the

Let me tell You about what

lH: :ffij:'ffi pretty werl here rn Austrarra, r have been workrns for rhe Koara project

tnQueenslandstncelastmonthandlhavealreadylearnedSomanythingsabouttheselovelycreah;res'Canuouo",,"u"t}rattherrpopulattonhasdroppedbyg0%inlessthanadecade? Thrs is n""uur" people rruue aest oyiJ,n"" natural.habitat by cutting dornm the

trees to build houses ;;;;, The staff of the Koala Prolect have been trl'rng to save the

koalas and their rrurrtuifor more than 15 u"urr no*, and helping them is a wonderful

expenencel ^r 1 ̂+ h^ l,nnur if vo.l t can vistt

I have to sign off nowl Write back soon and let me know if you ca


ilJTlff" ptcture, vou can see mv favourite koalal Isn't rt cute?


Read the letter above and answer the questions.

a Which tense is used in the phrase in bold?How do we form this tense? Underl ine al l theverbs in this tense rn the let ter.

b Which tense is used in the highl ightedphrase? How do we form this tense?

c What is the difference between these twotenses?

d What are the t ime exoressions used with thepresent perfect tenses? Find two examples inthe let ter above.

Fill in the gaps with the present perfect or thepresentperfectcontinuous form of the verbs in


How long 1) . .

For six months

( l ive) here, in Dubl in?

2) .. . (you/ever live) abroad before?

N o , l 3 ) . . . ( n e v e r / l i v e )

away from home before

4) (you/make) friends here?Ya< nr r i ta : fou i

Your Engl ish is very good!

Yes, | 5) . . . . . . . (study) Engl ish since lwas 8

Are you working anywhere?

Yes, I 6) . .. (work) in the

local l ibrary since July.

7) ... (you/visit) the local museums yet?

Yes, | 8) (already/be) to the

History Museum.

3 Expand the questions using the correct verbforms, then write true answers about yourself.

a you / ever /dr ive / a car?

b How long / you / study / Engl ish?

c What's/the worst film / vou / ever / see?

d How many years / you / live / here?

e What 's / the best place / you / ever / v is i t?

4 Look at the prompts and make sentences.

type letters /

send emai ls X

go to the bank /

go to the post office X

print out documents /

f i le documents X

Today is a very hectic day for John He hasalready

typed some letters but he hasn't sent any emaib yet.l-.1 oI t L . . . . .

B :

B :


have heen/have SoneStudy the examples. Then, choose the correctword in sentences 1-4.

1 Teresa has been/gone to the shops, but shewil l be back soon

2 | have never gone/been to Africal3 "Where have you been/gone all day?" "l

have gone/been at the university "

4 l 'm afraid Mr Smith is not here. He's been/gone to the bank.

Hrrmr c#trrefrtfiei'r

Correct the mistakes in the sentences.

1 | am looking for a job for the last two weeKs.2 Nobody has seen Laura for last Sunday.3 I haven't f in ished my art ic le already.4 He has ever tr ied joining an environmental

g roup

5 We have been members of Greenpeace sincethree years

6 Have you ever saw a zebra?

flEmuxses ef putrpmse

a. Fi l l in the blanks with: rn orderto, forand sothat.

She took her books with hershe could study in the l ibrary.Sue phoned Ann . inv i te her to adinner party.

Rewrite the following sentences. Use thelinkers in the brackets.

AmBmmB m€ffiffi



t\. t":::::l;:;:,:

-: -:r

.:.., ,,E ,?.rgl... a.aa..,:::.t' ' llu:al:ilul

,: giit),1t

.,. ,t:.;::a:r,tt z

.)) tLi:r:l;*.r' it,t:iaut:it:::.:. -''.Lt::::,..:a;;i

" " . 5':.).- ..:::::l:ta::a\-,--

We have bui l t a marine park Seals can breed

tf,.r" ,atetY (so that)


FhrasaI verhs: run

Choose the correct particle.

1 Actors always run over/through their linesbefore they go on stage.

2 l ' l l have to get a new passport soon This onehas run out/out of

3 The robber tried to run out of/away fromthe oo l i cemen.

4 They ran into/over serious problems withsome an imals a t the zoo

Se,ntemee traytsfmrmmtismsComplete the second sentence so that itmeans the same as the f i rst . Use no more thanthree words.

1 We have never seen such a clean zoo.This is the cleanest zoo we . seen.

2 When did you last go to the zoo?How long . . you last wenr rothe zoo?

3 l t 's two days since they fed the animals at thezoo

They the an imals a t the zoofor two daysThat was our third vis i t to the zooWe . . . . . . . the zoo three t imes so farThe zookeeper took the monkey to the vetfor a vaccinat ion

The zookeeper took the monkey to the vet




We have vrsited local schools' We talke-d to

students about wi ldl i fe. ( in order to)

could have a vaccinat ion.

2 3


a. How do environmental posters try topersuade us to support the environment?

W mre* w& ww:ww^Y* %W;X *{.}W w*w%

\Voods aren r n l a r i a A r n r h a r o

\ /nr | <ptr th i< c ictn

Write your name

if you want tonrnior t tho


Sign i f you wish+ ^ ; ^ ; ^ - , " , ^ ^ , . JL U J U i l r O V V V U U -

recycling project




Match the sentences in ,A to the meaningsi n B .

Don't Ieave the tap running for no reason

The River Danube, the l i fe l ine of Europe, is at

r isk of becoming pol luted

Take your old newspapers to the recycling centre.

1 Forbidding a form of act ion

2 Urging a form of act ion

3 Giving information about


Read the instructions for reading short texts.Number the boxes so that the instructionsfollow a logical order.

Read opt ions A, B and C and compare each

one to the text before choosing an answer

Then, read the text careful ly and think about

the general meaning and i ts purpose.

Final ly, re-read the text and the answer you

chose to check whether it is correct.

To begin with, look at the picture for c lues

about where you might f ind the text.

Read texts 1-5 and circ le the answers(A, B or C) that best describe them. Use the

reading techniques above to help you.

A Do not feed the

an imals by hand

Hold your hand in th is

position to feed the

an imals .

Do not touch the cage

whi le an ima ls a re

eatr ng.

Every penny you give

us makes a differenceP l o a < o n r r l - n a n n i o <

only in this box

l f you save al l your

pennies, one day

you ' l l be r i ch .

Don't use the

contents on a sunny


Don't use the contents

on shiny things

Sun l igh t can damage

the contents.

You may be

arrested if you

buy souvenirs

w i th w i ld an ima ls

on them

You may be

arrested if you

buy souvenrrs

made o f an ima l


Souvenirs made

of animal parts

are risky for your


Answer the questions.

Which of the texts ( ' l -5) suggest possible

danger?What might happen if you don't payattention to notices 1, 4 and 5?Which notices encourage you to help agood cause?

Explain the words in bold in the answers A-C inEx. 3a, You can use your dictionary. Then, usethe words in sentences of your own.







a .3

b .


ffiffiffip ffiwY ffiwffi#ffiffiffiY WWffitueffieeK

$-Esftemfimg & Spemk$rngCmnfimg fmr t$r* p$mr"lmt

a. Are you a friend of the Earth?Read the checklist and circleYesor No.

b. Now write sentences, as in theexample.

l've watched a few wildlife programmesrecently, but I haven't tried to recycle thingsat homeyet,l've ...

ffieemn"mimg a member

a. Read the phrases in the box. What do youexpect the dialogue to be about? Readthrough and check, then choose phrasesfrom the box to complete the dialogue.

Cou,€d t1y !r44 me a 0ittk more aSout Tourorynishtion?tllat can t do to fie.€p?I wou(4 &ke to Secone a memSer of ...How mutrl does memSerstitp cost?Can I iave four ndme and address ...?

A: Excuse me. Would you like to make a smalldonation to MOm?Well , maybe but, em.,. I ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ?Certainly! MOm is an environmental .rorganisation that studies and protects the 5

Mediterranean Monk Seal, which is in dangerof becoming extinct.

B: Really? I had no idea. Is that because ofpollution?

A: Actually, it's mainly due to overfishing. Manyseals get caught in fishing nets.How awful l So 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ?How about becoming a member of MOm?I'd love to, but I'm a student and I don't think Ican afford it. By the way, 3) ..........?Well, there are different types of membership,but, as a student, you can become a member forjust $20 a year. Then you will receive aninformation pack about MOm's activities, yourmembership card and regnrlar newsletters.f20? That seems reasonable. I'll do that, thenlSuper!4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p lease?It's Ann Sullivan and I live at ?, Oxford Road,Manchester, MtO gPL ...

b. Find and underl ine phrases or words in thedialogue that mean:

1 to give to a charity or an organisation2 ' l can't pay for i t '3 to no longer exist4 ' l didn't know about i t '5 not too high (for prices)

c. You are thinking of becoming a member ofan environmental organisation called'GREEN PLANET'. What questions wouldyou ask about it?

FubEEe spffiffikiffi#

You wil l hear someone giving advice aboutspeeches and presentations. Try to guess whatthe missing words are. Listen and check.

Successful Speeches & PresentationsPrepare

You won't feel 1)to say

i f you know what

Using notes

Keep notes 2) . . , c lear and easy to read.Equ ipment

Check the equipment 3) . . . . . . . you beginspeaking.


Speak 4) than you think you need toForgotten what to say?Staying 5) . . . . . . . . wi l l help you remember.Be professional

Successful speakers are 6)enth usiast ic


- - 1

B:A:B :


B:n A :


Yes/Notried to recycle everyday items at home? yes/Nopicked up litter from a beach or the countryside? yes/Nohelped an animalthat was sick? yes/Notried to avoid buying non.recyclable goods? yes/Noencouraged your friends/famify to do the above? yeVNo

a n d

2 5

ffi*ttEmp startmd




We'Etf r"ng {a f,etter giwirng meuws}

Read the rubric and underl ine the key words. What should you include in your letter?

You have taken part in a special 'Clean up our town' campaign. Wri te a let ter to your Engl ishpen-fr iend tel l ing him/her al l about i t . In your let ter you should:

. sdy when, where and why the event took place.

. describe what people did and how you helped.

Let-s Hmmf;q e[*sen

a. Read the letter and put the topic sentences (1-3)in the right par:agraphs. There is one extrasentence you do not need to use.

1 We worked in small groups2 In the beginning, I didn't know which group to join.

3 Last week there was a cleanup campaign in my town


Hi Mike,

ffi* How are you? I've heardgreat! Actually, l 've alsoenvironment.

'#",1,fu' .)The Scout group. my school and the sports club

organised a campaign. We wanted to clean up our town's

streets and parks because they were full of litter after the

annual Flower Fest ival

ffirlr. b)

Each group had i ts own team leader. The f i rst group

picked up l i t ter of f the streets and put i t into plast ic bags

Then, the second group took the bags to the recycl ing

centre outside town The third group cleaned up the two

big parks in the ci ty centre I was responsible for sort ing the

rubbish into different bags for the recycling process lt was

pretty hard work, but very rewardingl

f,j.;tlu You should come and visit our town now that it 's nice: n r { r l o : n | | h n n a t n. - see you soon.



you joined Greenpeace! That 's

done something to help the

Conclusion(Para 4) ClosinR remarks

I , r "

Introduction(Paru ̂ 1,) Opening remarks,

reasonfor writing


b. Complete the letter plan.

0pen i nE/elosing renrarksa. Which of the expressions below are

opening remarks and which are closingremarks? Mark the sentences (O) foropening or (C) for closing.

Write soon.

See you soon.I thought you might be interested tohear abouVknow tha t . . .Do drop me a l ine.I look forward to hearing from you.This is just to let you know that . .

b. Choose expressions from the box to giveMike's letter a different beginning and adifferent ending.


4 a. Read the letter in Ex. 2 again and f ind:

. a word that l inks similar ideas.o a word stating the reason for something.. a word that shows sequence

b. Now use these l inkers to join the sentences

: r : * : i n , . . i : . i l

1 The beach was dirty The tourists had lefttheir rubbish behincr

Your turn

a. Read the rubric and underl ine the keywords/phrases.

You are taking part in a conservation project tosave the sea turtle in a foreign country thissummer. Write a letter to your Englishpen-friend, telling him/her all about it. In yourletter you should:

o explain what the project is about. say what your dut ies areo invi te your fr iend to vis i t you

Which of the following sentences can beused as topic sentences?

l've joined a project to save the sea turtle.For example, some people hunt sea turtles andsteal their eggs.

c We work in smal l groups doing a var iety ofL d 5 K 5 .

d l'm having a wonderful time here in Costa Rica

Supporting sentences

Support ing sentences expand on topic sentences ( i .e.sentences which summarise the paragraph) and givemore information.

T*gtic s*r"rt*nc*:

The clean-up campaign was a great success.I lrpg:ortinq ss nf eir(esWe managed to pick up all the litter in the town centre andpaint over allthe graffiti. We've also...

In pairs, use the prompts to write supportingsentences for the topic sentences in Ex. 5.

. sea turt les r endangered specres

. need our protection . make sure turtles breeo

. babies survive

. watch turiles o protect them . hunters

. patrol beach . make sure turtles safeo gather eggs . nests o take them to specialhatchery . release baby turtles into ocean

. stay wtt . expenence l t le In t tnyseaside vi l lage . eat local dishes . learncustoms and tradi t ions











\\,,il\lFirst, we chose a group leader. We came up

with an act ion plan.

We picked the plastic bags out of the water.We picked up all the tin cans on the beach


7 Use your answers in Exs 5 & 6 to write yourletter to your friend (120-180 words). you canuse the plan in Ex. 2 to help you.


; . ,

" Amsterdam

Destinat ion\,t rt j i i : \tr1)?1dt.!! j 'r !,1; n :1

_l.sJpi _ """" _Amsterdam


Vssmhw[mry Fnmet&eeTypes *f hmlida5rs

Put the words in the right column,then make sentences, as in theexample.

. stylish shops and cafes

. white sand and crystal clear waters

. a ski ing holiday

. sightseeing holiday

. a beach holiday

. snow-capped mountain peaks

. beautiful countryside

. a camping hol iday

. a city break

. anctent monumen$

Egypt, with its ancient monuments, isidealfor a sightseeing holiday.



,l$,' r l Hels in k r

i : . : i t

u Attractions.ji"..,{'li{Fil-*"*.i'.lp,49gltririlllr r1,"1r,l (rrr

sightseeing hol iday

i: TyPe of holidaYrii;ri -ldriliqrt i+.i r,r r -o1,,,r!, i{iiit;trliil.rq*r+::i1

I h a \ o \ / a n a i l o Q i.

2 lmagine you are going on a tr ip to the Seychelles. Which 5 of these objects would you take and why?Complete the l ist.

hiking boots


sunscreen - Jor sun Protectton

bockpock - easier to corrg aroun

4 i l t i



Find 12 words relatedto weather. Use themto describe theweather in yourcountry today.



Loi l beach bal l

S U N N o c o L D

E S W E T R c o o W

c N A ) M D R Y T I

E o R A I N Y I M N

R W M S L c o o L D

E Y F D D F o G G Y

o W P L E A S A N T

28l l



ffixpn"ess*ng SeeEtmgs

a. Match the words to the pictures. Then,write sentences.

. angry/computer crashed . fed up/no one toplay with . pleased/got job . nervous/aboutrnterview . frightened/by the sight of blood

4 l go to work

JUSt a ten-minute war<5 Business people f ly very often because

travel l ing . . is faster

W*rds &fftsffi affiffifwssd

a. Fill in: trip, voyage, journey.

1 l 'm going on a two-day business . . . . . . . toBrussels next week.

2 In 1492, Chr is topher Co lumbus went on h isf i rst . . . across the At lant ic Ocean.

3 The from Brighton to London taresabout 1lz hrs by tratn.

5 This l ist is


Fill in: expedition, uuise, trek.

Last summer, we went on a(n) . . . . . .around the Mediterraneanln May 2003, 24 scientrsts went on a(n)

to f ind the lost c i ty of At lant is3 Last May we went on a(n)

1 She was fed up because she had no one to play with.

through the jungle l t was amazing.

be,f*re$ f*rrmat6*n: Fmnmfi mg #p$*es$tes

it: ;- - -""0

,^ .* "ja"J."

*" u"r,nn,ng or *ora,b. Underline the correct word. I to form words with the opposite meaning. il- is added

: to words beginning with l, in is added to words

1 | can't believe you liked the concertl l t wac <^ beginning with r and im' is added to the words

r) >e beginning with m, b or p.bored/boring. t - : "- - : -- --

2 The service in the hotel was very disappointed/disappointin g 7 Use the prefixes il,, im-, in- or ir- to form the

3 My boss is quite satisfied/satisfying with my opposites of the following adjectives. Then,work use them to complete the sentences (1_5).

4 Ann is not interested/ interest ing in sports at pat ient leqalail possible secure

5 'The Lord of the Rings, is a fascinated/ responsible complete, fascinat ing f i lm logical rat ional

mature discreetEVleams mf tn mmspmrt1 l 'm sorry, but I can' t meet Vou at g:00. l t 's

5 Use on or by and a means of transport tocomplete the following sentences. 2 lt was very .. of you to leave

your sister to come home by herself1 My dad travels to work . . . He After losing her job. Diana started feel ing very

enjoys dr iv ing a lot .He goes to school . . . . . . He l ikesr iding through the quiet streets.To get to the island you have to

4 l t 's . to buy souvenirs made fromendangered species

b .


t ravelnames mtss tng

There are some


ffirmrsxffimr irs E'-$se

HxpHmrfr r.*g ffi rasHffi'$mr:

Fast sfi mn pf, e/emntE u"n ulmus

Read the text and answer questions 1-6.i ' | r ' r i l | { l : ' ' l i i , ' i i i ] l ' l j i i i i i .1 ' t i ' l . t , i t l l i . i l id! ' . : ' i t ' ] . j ] ] I i ] r . . | i i i i , l l : i . i i ia; . : ] : : : ] , : | . ] l . ] l j t i ] l i l ] l . l ; i i l j i i ] ] l ] : l

3{uropb 9o6{e,T{b,e {,ie,w ,ewd $fc.e,Wo,wse

One day, while a lioover his face and *:

*ur sleepmg, a mouse ran

angty,caughr,t "

-.'I" nt-.'l The lion got

him w i i, " ;;;';:;:#;:7":::;';; :::",cryingfor betp rt said:,,If you ,o"* _u ,rl, I wiilrepay your kindness.,,The lion laughea anA set itfree,Weeks later, some hunters caught the lionand tied him up.As the lion *r, .o"rr_"io, h"lp,the mouse appeared,,cut theropes with his teeth andsaid:"Now you knowr L ^ -urar even a mouse canuu i4 ] lon a b ig favour . .

Read the first sentence. What action was in

progress when something else happened? What

tense is the act ion in?

What happened after that? What tense are the

act ions in?

Which word can replace whi lein the beginning of

the fable without changing the meaning?

How many act ions take place in the sentence in

i tal ics? What is the t ime relat ionship between


Can you f ind another example of an interrupted

act ion in the fable?

Can you f ind examples of past act ions which

happened one after the other?

Read the extract and f i l l in the blanks using thepast simple or the past continuous of the verbs inbrackets.

:, Last Saturday, my sister and I 1) . .. (catch) theaa,

3 9 o'c lock train to Glasgow. We got as far as Dumfr ies

,, ! when the train 2) . . . . . (break) down. Whi le we

l* 3) . (wait) for the mechanics to arrive and fixl:i the train, we 4) (decide) to take a walk

's ide The area was so picturesqueL I I I U U U I I L I I C L U U I I L I V,:,:. '+ h r + i n c + n r A ^ f ^ ^ i q 6 n n t n G l : c a n r , y r n r o 5 \L l l O L , l l I ) L E O U V l \ . l W l l ' v v ' , v v r J / . .

I (spend) the rest of our weekend there!

3 Complete the sentences in your own words.


He was talk ing on the phone when

While I was si t t ing an exam, the

She was wait ing for a bus when, al l of a


4 lt was a cold winter's day. The wind was

b lowing and

5 Thev were surf inq the net when

Write a short paragraph using the pastsimpleand pastcontinuousabout an unusual journeyyou had. Use the text in Ex. 2 as a model.

Eised ts/vwmuf;d

a. Fi l l : usedto or would.In which sentences canyou use both?

1 My grandfather

lunch every afternoon

<laon : f to r

2 He take karate lessons when

he was 15 years old.

3 When I was young, | . play the

guitar every day




T o n y . .

w a s 1 5 .

When J rm

... have a boat when he

was a chi ld, his favouri te food

. be pasta.


b. Use the prompts below to write sentencesabout the habits you had when you wereseven.

. summer holidays . after school

. at night . at the weekends

. on Sunday mornings

When lwas seven, I used to spend my summerholidays in my fathels hometown.


Join the following sentences, using buf,because, when, thenand os.

He fel t anxrous. He couldn' t f ind his handruggage

Fiona had booked a room. The recept ionistcou ldn ' t f ind the book ing

I took my bags and locked the doors. I waitedoutside for the taxi to come.

He was about to pay his hotel bi l l He real isedhis wal let wasn't in his bag.

Graham was l istening to his favouri te CD Hewas dr iv ing back home

Fhrmsmf we!,h$: {ffiryre

Choose the correct particle.

I took lots of photographs of Berl in, but only afew came round/out.

Sandra comes across/up as being a very kindgir l , doesn't she?I didn' t agree with Trevor at f i rst , but I cameacross/round to his way of thinking in theeno.

Shane is clever He often comes up/out withexcel lent suggest ions.

Art$aEe {*/an/thcl*}

8 Look at the encyclopedia entry about Alaskaand fi l l in a,anor fhewhen necessary.

t " .

-j*i rl .lo.*-.1'.*-i

Alaska is 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . targest state in 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . USA,with 3) poputat ion of 634,892. 4) . . . . . . . . . . . .name Alaska comes from 5) old word,'Alyeska', meaning 'great land,. Alaska officiallybecame 6) . . . . . . . . . . . . 49th state in 1959. Before 1959,Alaska was 7) terr i tory and not g) . . . . . . . . . . . .state. 9) capitat of 10) Ataska is11) . . . . . . . Juneau, loca ted in 12) . . . . . . . . . . . sou theas tregion. Juneau has l3) population of 30,6g4.In Barrow, Alaska's nofihernmost village far abovethe Arct ic Circle, 14) . . . . . . . . . . . . sun doesn't set for g4days!

SemRen'lem ta'm r*sfmriffi mtimms

Complete the second sentence so that itmeans the same as the first. Use no more thanthree words.

1 While I was t idying my desk, I found an oldtravel guide.While I was t idying my desk, I came

. . . . . t ravel gu ide2 There were travell ing along the coast wnen

their car broke down.Their car broke downtravel l ing along the coast.As a student, she travelled abroad every yearWhen she was a student, she .travel abroad every yearTony got stuck in traffic so he missed his flight.Tony missed his f l ight hegot stuck in traffic.Shei la had a car accident on her way to thestat ion

While Shei la the stat ion,she had an accident.

3 1



1 a honeymoon deal2 a cruise

:..... ' .:.:|.:...).::....)..::.1:...:1':|..::..).:.:.:|::: ' ::. |.::..:......:........:::.

. '.. '...).::.::::...:...::...)::..........::.:......::::.||:... '.. '..:::).

i:t:" gxpensg-s, excursions

boarding our yacht for dinner.

Days 9.14: Duringthe night we weigh

,,.a::a;:.'.r,. ailt..'. t)"'."...', a,t:


Join us on !hi$ thrill ingfortnight of adventurein the tropics andexplore a world,thattime,has fofgotten.You will see theArnazon rainforest, aswell as the Galapagoslslands and historicOuito, Alltravel



1 0



anchor and set offfor the first of ourisland stops. For thenext six days wecruise around theislands.

Day l5r We flyback to Quito anddepart for home or goon other adventures!

1:...:...:|:.:,:.|''..::|::..'.::i..':i..::.:;:11|:::.'|;:;.:':|;;;:i..:;, ,1;:tj,::..;,

a. Look at the layout of the text. Do you thinkit is:

1 a bus i t inerary? 3 a package hol iday

2 a festival programme? brochure?

b. Read the title, and the first sentence of theintroduction. What kind of holiday do youthink is being advert ised?

3 an adventureho l iday


Read through the.text and check your

answers in Ex. 1.

Read the text and mark the statementsbelow true (I) or false (F).

The whole hol iday lasts 15 days.

You have to pay for some of your meals.

Quito is the capital of Ecuador.

The passage mentions two different

ways of seeing the Amazon rainforest.

During the Amazon excursion you may

see some rare plants and animals.

There are places of cul tural interest to see

in Qu i to .You have to wear warm clothes to

go to the Galapagos ls lands

The tr ip to the Galapagos ls lands

rncludes a chance to see some marine

l i fe

You have some time on your own before

dinner on the yacht.

On the eighth night, you leave for ther - t - ^ , . l - t . , , ^ t - ^ ^r ) r d r u ) u y P r o i l c

Use your dict ionary to f ind the meanings ofthe words in bold. Then, write sentences usingthem.

Would you enjoy a holiday l ike the onedescribed in the text? Why (not)?

and most meals are included in the price.

; X;Yym*v3yrg.

Day l: Arrival in Quito, Ecuador. Stay overnight in thecapital city of Ecuador at a fulxury hotet.

Days 2.61We depart early and head downriver by canoeinto the jungte. Here we spend five days exploring theAmazon jungle on foot, by canoe and from a platform buil:130ft above the rainforest floor in a giant kapok tree. We wiihave the chance to see hundreds of species of exotic ancrare flowers, and we might also see endangered mammalssuch as jaguars and the pink river dolphin.When it's time to depart, we motor back upriver for a Quito and an overnight stay at the Hilton Colon QuitoDinner is on you tonight.

Day 7r Quito. We spend the day sightseeing in the oldes;city in South America. lt is also a centre of learning, and itsuniversity dates from 1586. You will have the opportunity tcexplore Quito's peaceful squares and many museumsincluding the Museum of Anthropology and the MunicipaMuseum of Art.

Day 8r Fly to the Galapagos lslands. Make sure to dressfor: the warm weather! There we meet our guide and head fo'the Santa Cruz mountains by coach. We will see many plan'species, visit two lava sink holes, and enjoy lunch at a cosLcountry restaurant. After lunch we search for giant tortoisesThen we're off to the Hotel Galapagos to unwind and sa"hello to marine iguanas. In the afternoon, we,tour AcademiBay by boat and have a little time to hang out before



L3stmnfrmg & $p*ekfrmgTrmwefi frmfmrmmtfims"ra. Read the f i rst exchange in the dialogue.

Who is the man (B)talking to? Why do youthink he has cal led? Read and check.

A: Good morning, sir. Can I help you?B: l) .......... ....... fl ights to vienna.A: Wtren would you like to travel?B: Thursday morning. I'm flying one way.A: 2) .......... ....... . There,s a flight at

08:15 and another at I I:4S.Sor4r, did you say 0B:15?3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4) ................ how lonq the flight is?Yes ... it takes 2 hours and t0 minutes.And 5) , please?It's €140.All right, then. 6) ................ thell:45 flisht.

Use expressions from the box t" .";pl.;.'the gaps (1-6) in the dialogue.

Asking forinformation/servicesI'd like someinformation about ..l'd like a ticket for . .I'd like to book aroom for (5th and6th July)Could you te l lme, . .?How much is i t . .

c. In pairs, act out a similar dialogue. ;"ie -

expressions in the box in Ex. 1b.

$-$mtry* flmefrH*tdes I serv$*e

2 Which are the most important facilities to you?Why? Write sentences, as in the example.

W " W * W1.9vrn ,rair:gold]tiofills ; l?rlory .sauna room

The car park is important to me because I need ro kcpnmy car safe.


3 Choose the correct response: a or b.

1 A: I 'd l ike to complain about the roomservice lt's so slow

B: a l 'm afraid there,s no record of thatbooking, s ir

b I do apologise, s ir2 A: What do you think of the chi ldren,s


B :

3 A

B :

4 A :

B :

5 A :

B :

a I th ink i t i s open a l l dayb l t 's f ine.

How do you f ind the laundry service?a lt's very good indeed.b l t 's at the end of the hal l , s i r .l 'm sorry, madam, but breakfast is onlyserved between 8:30am and 9am.a That's outrageous !b l 'm so terr ibly sorry.Excuse me. There are no towels in our rooma Oh! That 's terr ible, isn' t i t?b l 'm sorry l ' l lsend some up immediately

ConfirmingJust a moment, l ' l lcheckRight, l've got thatYes, that's rightSorry, that's notcorrect.

a .



F{*fif,dmy ffmrmplefimts

What complaints could someone havewhile on holiday in a seaside hotel?

You will hear a conversation aboutsomeone's holiday. Decide if each sentenceis correct or incorrect. lf it is correct, tickYes. lf not, tick No.

There was no restaurant at the hotelTracey stayed at

Dave is surprised by what Tracey saysabout the room service.

Tracey spent a lot of time at thebeach

Tracey and her family watched a lotof TV whi le on hol iday.

Tracey's hotel room wasn't very clean.

Tracey will not go to the same place

lerlye€l . ,

c. What was your last holiday like? Were thereany problems?










t c c

forani' " l

U D ,








u l i

i + .t L i

' i c



Writimg {a st*ry}

Getting started

Read the rubric. What could the mostimportant event be? Who can the maincharacte(s) be?

f Your English teacher has asked you to write

f a short story entitle d A Holiday to Remember.

i fne best stories wil l be published in the" school magazine.

Let's leok closer

The paragraphs in the story have been mixedup. Put them in the right order. Whichparagraph contains the most dramatic event(climax event)?

Sequence of events

List the events in the story in chronologicalorder. Which words/expressions helped you toput the events in the right order?

Complete the sentences using the verbs inbrackets in the past simple or past continuous.

1 l t . . . . . . . . . . ( ra in) heavi ly as we. .. . . . . ( leave) the house that

morntno.2 She . . ( look) around and

saw that the boat (sail) away.

3 He .. (need) a holidaY,

so he . . . . . . . . . . (dec ide) to book a

week in Soain4 | quickly (cal l ) the f i re br igade

Meanwhi le. Pete (throw)

water on the f lames.

When we . . . . . (arr ive) at the

hotel , we (real ise) our

luggage was missing.

Suddenly, they . . . . . . (see) a

l ight in the distance and they knew someone

.. (sunbathe) on the beach

when she . . . (hear) a strange


8 When he (open) his eYes,

he thought that he . . (dream).

JoininE semtences

Complete the sentences using and, so or but.

1 l t was pouring with rain,

stay in the hotel

2 We wanted to go on hol iday, . . . we didn' t

have enough money.

3 They pu t the i r su i tcases in the car . . . . . se t

off for the airport

4 Jane tr ied to l i f t the box, . . . . . . . i t was far too


5 The most beaut i ful spot on the campsite was

empty, . . . . . . we decided to put up our tent


6 l t was late at night . . . . . . . . the stars were I

shining in the black sky



. *"* " ,' ii li. "1" , i, ,,r,::i:t1Frrllr,ji/,i,ijflrr.F-1/:{,illlfl-ill1,1r,lfiIi1fri1ti4.l!.']]lliiif'1ili-#

. . r : i . . . i (come) to rescue them.

l-l One nigbt I was d.riting along tbe raad'

uben I noticed tbat there uere no more signposts.

Sudd,enly,I real'ised, tbat we uere lost.There uere no

lights anywh ere, so I stopped th e camper van for th e


trn Afier a wbile, a boat arcivecl and pwlled us

back to tbe beach,A couple of bowrs later we were

home, safe and sound,! From then on,lDe d,ecided'

to stay in a botelfor our bolid,ays.

ren I was sick and, tired, of going to the san'te

place every year, so last year my family an'd I

d,ecid.ed to trattel arownd Britta,nv for two weeks

in a camDervan,

. . . . we decided to

Dn The following day, I woke up and tbe

camper 1)d.n uas mwing by itself. We Luere

floating on the sea! I calJed "for bnh

immediately.Meamwbile, my wrfe uas trying ito stop ua,terfi'om cowting into tbe caml)er


Time Linkers

5 Rewrite the following sentences usingappropriate l inking words.

First, After that, Then/Next, tmmediately, While,The fol lowing day. As soon as, In the end,Meanwhi le, Final ly, Suddenly, After a whi le

1 | called the police Dave tried to catch the thieflcalled the police. Meanwhile, David tried to carcnthethief .While lcalled the police, David tried to catch thethief.We were walking along the beach We hearosomebody shout ing.She saw the flames She called the fire brigadeThey cal led for help. A man came and rescuedthem.

Kate looked everywhere for her keys. Shefound them under her bed.We checked into the hotel. We went to ourroom and unpacked.He fel l fast asleep. He woke up early anddrove out to the lake.The chi ldren played in the sea. Their parentsrelaxed on the beach.

Your turn

9 Read the rubric, underline the key words, thenanswer the questions in the plan,

f Your English teacher has asked you to writei a short story entitle d A Day to Remember.



To start a story you need to think of- the main character(s)- time of yearlweather- place the story takes place- what the main characters were doing

7 Look at the picture and the prompts and writethe beginning of a story entit led "ADaytoRemember". Include all the points mentionedabove.

To end a story you need to think of.- what happened in the end- how the characte(s) felt




' llli'

, ,a::

: ,;:,, ::: uir

i ' , :.,I I : : t l '; i : , . ' t l l i .

iilr,l :, ,,::trJ? 1{rSr ' ' : , l : .;lil'l I i. lli

ffiililt ''lf





y after




Draftingyour storyIntroduction(Paru l) IVho taas/uere tbe main

cbaracter(s)?bere tuere tbey?IX/ben did tbe story take place?Wbat were they doing?

Main Body(Paras 2-3) Wbat bappened? Iist tbe events in

tbe order tbey happened and theclimax event.

Conclusion(Para 4) Wbat happened in tbe end?

How did the characters feel?

10 Now write your story (80-100 words).


b. Use words fromobjects beloq;


It's rleat

T l"i i i , i , i l ' t ! ' l ' ; r ' ' i{"l '

' f laloe mU suit to t[ ' te d"""""' -c"""""'

n QuU sonne $rsln $'tont tho il" " " " '

" $et )or,rnu son o cobos {tont ths b""""""""'

i,^a"b-g tl're loids sorrurs eltoeo0otes of ths

c . . . . . . . . . . . . - . . . .r, . CUisit tfre s...............{oo onuo0opes ond pens'

. Q,top bg t[,re c....... $o,t a poebet

o$ aspi,trns. . 'r""'t"

2 a. Read the advertisements and find wordsrelated to the categories below. Add twomore words to each category.


,.;I,r:1r;t4ttr]; " ti+; ; t:: "

,+!.z.z, 5viz.1{;: --'t"tr:nt:1'll't'zl' t;"tt'l-1*rt:11't 7:2*'izz'ab:t't: *1k'

',;,rt:*.Jitz';'J""i:':,t'' t'tt:'tlLl ';19 'fit)"i " t))t}lv *lt::t;v"t t't":z**"

6,1,t3{,1/tr.''i *tr: tl2&2 fi?' *93 3

73n';r;,*ir"" l\:''li';4''tt:'1:\';z;: .trt'tj wl'tr't: t:Nzzrt';:' t';:"'t n'':L

v., i" ;{ ,at i '1,, : : ' t . : t . t} i : ' t l ' t ;z7111i ' \ i ; ; ;1'1"tt?:* ' . : : : : :"{ ' )


1&,a.yr^6*t!, ?:t*3 -' * l:lz::': t:ti''rl't '':;:t:t'" s:h:'*,it:t3 l:tx':i'2'1

?,11"t- tr.t l1r. l;" t":g-zlNitjr:-rt1*1;;t'i "

{-}*11 bL"r ffir:qtwzz t:t't 6}127^#4tF'X&7

$; t1 2; v"N.32{:. -' xv t t':'11' t'" : ;t rt tl e\';:'st r:'"::lii e t: 1 ;:N:\ *'

9.*{*.''L' t:2: t?2% *''3''&"1 A {*3

WmemhuHffiry Ps"ffifltfifltr

Sh*ps & Sfrr*ppEmg

Fil l in the gaps with the names of the sl



a. Label the items shown in the pictures. Then,describe what the people are wearing, as inthe example.

1 white T-shirt

2 denim jacket

3 jeans



9 socks

Sheila is wearing a denim jacket, a whiteT-shirt, a pair of bluejeans and a pair of boots.



Mater ial :( h e n o '

Colour :


1 0

On Offern Ex. 2a to describe theas in the example.

It's a rectangular plain brownIeather brrefcase,


h Take a look in your wardrobe and completethe sentences.

My favourite trousers nr* rny plnin rc"ttt*n whiteane5.





My favourite T-shirt isMy favourite shoes arel h a t e w e a r i n g . . . . . . .I can ' t s tand . . . .


Look at the i tems on sale and their prices andwrite the amounts in ful l .


rce cream


A pocket calculator cosrs


Complete the following exchanges with theopposites of the words in bold.

1 A: ls this bag too plain?B: Yes. Why don't you get a f . . .

2 A: I s imply can' t af ford to buy an . . . . . . c a r

B: Wel l , what about a second-hand one?

3 A: Have you saved any money for yourholiday, yet?

B: Not rea l l y . I ' ve s . . . . . . . . . a l l my sa la ry onnew clothes

A: Ann always wears old-fashioned clothesB: Real ly? Her twin sister is very t . . .

A: Do you wear c. . . c lothes at work?B: No, we have to be dressed in formal


Wwnds with prepss;tlffi B'!s

something online, you do it using thei InternettI When somone is in line, for something they are likely

I to set iti l f something is on thet ine,you may lose i t or harm j t

] as a result of what you do or the si tuat ion you are in

i lf someone steps ouf ofline, they disobey someone or1

I behave in an unacceptable way.

Fil l in the blanks with the correct phrase.

1 The soldier was punished because he steppeo

2 | found this great website and I bouqht acouple of books

3 lan has worked real ly MUST



he started his own busrness.

Wmrd fmrnffimti*trT;Fmn"rmfi rng wer$ls fnmqm mdjcetEwes

Form verbs from the adjectives and then putthem in the blanks.

l- -" ' '- ' ---- '" " '"-- '"

I We add -en or -n to a noun or adjective to make a verb,! meaning'to make more of something'.

length lenqth*n


hard ths year he

for a promotion4 He put everything




t igh t




These trousers are too long. Can you. them for me, please?

It 's a narrow road. but i t . . . . . . insome places so that cars can pass each other.My t ie is too t ight Can you . . . . . i t ,n l a - - ^ l

P r t r c ) c I

I can' t cut anything with this kni fe I must. i ts blade

on this cupboard door are loose


The screws

You should



ffin'mrmsnan in [JseHxp[mnr n g Gnanrun'rar: {Vlmda ls OK, but you don't ha','e :o go so fast,

u o a

Oh yesl Can ' get some

chocolare b,scuits?-*"i' *

Lookl These have got chocolate

chips! They must be del ic ious

Can I ge t them Dad? . - "

Oh great! | can' t wait

4ry '%

for the party

We must be back before 4 pm

Yes vorr can hrr t vou mustn ' t make a

tt:,+,,' i'f11,;,,a.,'-,,, ,1 1r"i'

= remember.=' "'-'1 i.ilr loi.l.--l-**u*** *t*



Read the dialogue and answer the followingquestions.

1 Which verbs express obl igat ion? What 's the

difference between them ?

2 Which verb expresses absence of necessity?

3 Who's asking for permission? Underl ine the

appropriate sentence. How do we ask for

oermission in formal si tuat ions?

4 Which phrase in the dialogue expressesprohibi t ion?

5 Who's making an assumption? Underl ine the

sentence. Then turn it rnto its negative form

Do you not ice any changes?

a. You are the owner of a caf6. You have just

hired a new waitress and you are talking to

her about her dut ies and obl igat ions. Fi l l in

the gaps with must/ mustn't/haveto/don't


You start work at 8:45 every afternoon,

Sonia Don't forget that we open at nine, so

you 1) be late.

Do | 2 ) . . . . wear a un i fo rm?

No, but you 3) wear comfortable

shoes Being a waitress means that you

4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . spend a lo t o f t ime on your fee t .


A: Now, you 5) ... . take the customers'

orders as soon as they arrive Remember, you

6) . . . . . . . keep them wa i t ing ! And you

7) . . . . . . . . . a lways be pol i te to the


B: Yes, of course. What about the washing-up?

A: You 8) . . . . . . . . . . wash up . L inda does tha t .

b. In pairs, cont inue the dialogue.

fV{mdaf,s: Fast Fmrms

Interview your parents and complete thefollowing sentences.

When he was 6, my father couldWhen she was four, my mother couldn't . .When he was a student, my father had to .. .

Now write sentences about yourself, usingcould, wosn't able to and had to, Use theprompts below.



B :



MBck*rug assunrptiorcs

Look at the pictures and makeassumptions. You can use theprompts as well as your ownideas.


He must be rich.He can't be poor.

He may be abusinessman.



Requests: cen" esuld" rf iay

Write questions for the followinqsituations. Ask:

1 your boss ...a if you can leave work early

b i f you can use the companyL O I

a shop assistant . . .a i f you can try a pair of

shoes on

b i f you can have a discount

your best fr iend ...a i f you can visit him/her later


b i f you can go with him/her to the cinema


You bought your family's Christmas presents in a hurry.When they opened them, they realised something waswrong. Use toolenough and the adjectives in brackets tocomplete the following exchanges.

1 A: Do you l ike the dress. Mum?B: Well, it 's lovely, but it 's (short)

for me to wear!

A: Dad, what about your pair of t rousers?B: I love the colour, but l 'm afraid they aren' t

. . . . . ( tong) .

3 A: Timmy, what about your computer game?B: l t 's great. but i t 's for under ten-year-olds and I 'm 171 l t ,s

1 When I don' t know what a word means, I look i t up/for in adict ionary.

2 Look out/up! That car 's coming this way3 Most chi ldren look ouVup to their parents4 lerry doesn't need any help. He can look forlafter himself

$cntemee tra msfmnnTffi tEsrxs

For each sentence, complete the second sentence so that itmeans the same as the f irst one. Use no more than threewords.

I th ink he is the shop assistant, but l 'm not sureHe . . . the shop assrstant.I would l ike a glass of water.May . . . . . . . . g lass of water, please?This pair of jeans is not long enough for me.Th is pa i r o f jeans is . . . . . . . . fo r me.She lost her wal let so she couldn' t pay for her shoppingShe lost her wal let so she . . . . to pay for hershopp ing

I can' t wait to open my bir thday presents!I am opentng my bir thday presents!



;ffi (at work/on holiday)(chal lenging) !

4 A: Andy, have you tr ied your new tracksuit on?B: Yes. but it looks better on Timmy! lt 's

I . . . . . (smal l) for me5 A: How about your new shoes, Grandma?

B: They've got high heels! They aren' t(comfortable) l ' m afraid

P*lnasa$ venhs; Hmmlc

Choose the correct particle to complete the phrasal verbs.7




a. Read the title of the text. What do you expect to read? Read the text and check.

b. Underl ine the topic sentences in the main body paragraphs of the text. Which paragraph:

1 encourages you to ask what people want?

2 gives advice about buying gi f ts for people you know wel l?

3 tel ls you what to avoid?

4 helps you with buying gi f ts for people you haven't seen for a long t ime?

2 Read the text and mark statements 1-10 true (T) or false (F).

@ Sometimes, it's much easier to just ask people what they want. Children will be

hoppy to tell you but adults tend to be a little less direct. In that case, try to

find out what other people give them and get them something related to their

hobbies or interests.

@ ,lt*oyt make sure that the presents you buy can be retumed. Never buy

gifts from a shop that has no refund or exchange policy. If you are buying

through the Intemet, find out what options you have if the product is not


@ Personally, whenever I don't know what to get someone, I buy them a giftvoucher. This way, the person in question can choose their own gift and you will'

have gained the reputation of being the pe(ect gift giver.

1 lf you know how to choose presents, you don't need to read this article

2 Most people find it easy to shop for presents.

3 Take people you know wel l shopping to buy them their gi f t .

4 l f you don't see a person very often, buy a gi f t their family wi l l I ike

5 Chi ldren say what presents they want.

6 Adults don' t always tel l you what they want for a present.

7 Don't buy anything that you can' t take back to the shop.

8 Buying gi f ts from the lnternet should be avoided.

9 A gift voucher is an award given to perfect gift givers

10 Most people don't l ike gett ing grf t vouchers as presents

a. Read the text again. Which two pieces of advice do you find niost useful?

:,1' ;.' ,

@ If you are the person that evetyone turns to when they neecl gi{t-giving advice, then don't reacl

any further. Unfortunately, for most of us, choosing the right gift for a loved one can often be a

fiustrating experience. Here are some tips that should make gift shopping a lot less confusing.

@ Choosing a gtft for someone you spend a lot of time with is relatively easy. Simply pay

attention to what they look at whenyou go shopping together.(9 ,qna whst about those you don't see very often? Simply ask their friends or family for advice.

They are the ones who know best what tke person is interested in as well as what they want or



40b. What birthday present would you buy your best friend/a distant cousin of yours? Why?

$*6s€ern6rag & SpemE<6mgSh*ppimg f*r eEmtfues

a. Complete the conversation between a shopassistant and a customer with the phrasesAJ. There are three extra phrases you donot need to use.

Yes, please. I'm looking for a summerdress.

t 6 | | ' . ' . . . " '

Well, it's beautiful but I'm after somethinga bit more casual.ET-lt v I | . " ' . . . . .

That's exactly what I'm looking for. Could Itry it on please?ET--l

12.t;l---lt o t | . ' . ' . . . . .

I'm sorry but it doesn't fit me very well. Doyou have it in a larger size?t;T---ll b | | . . . . . . " '

That's itl It suits me perfectly! How much isit?

EtrThat's a bargainl

A Can I help you, madam?B For what occasion?

C Then, you'll certainly like this cotton one.D Here you are. The fitting rooms are over

there on your riqht.

E lt's very cheap, indeed.F lt's S20 down from S40.G No, I'm afraid this is not for sale.H \Mhat about this silk one?I Of course. Mltrat size are you?

J Certainly, madam. Here is a size 14.

b. In pairs, act out s imi lar dialogues.

a, Read sentences 1-6 in Ex. 2b. Whatassumptions can you make about Samanthaand B i l l? Th ink about :

o their relat ionship . place they are. reason they are there

Listen and check your answers.

b. Listen and tick true (I) or false (F).





Samantha's family wi l l be at thewedding.

Bill hasn't got a black suit.

Bi l l doesn' t l ike grey sui ts

Samantha thinks the shoes arechea p .

The men's shop is closing.

Bi l l doesn't want to wear his oldsu i t .




A:B:A:B :


a. Complete the exchanges with sentencesfrom the box.

o Well , i t looks real ly nice on you.o l t smel ls wonderful !r lt suits you perfectly!o l t f i ts you real ly wel l !

ls this jacket my size?Certainly!

I think this blue hat matches mv evesYou're r ight!

What do you think of my new perfume?


Do you th ink I shou ld buy th is?

b. In pairs, act out similar dialogues.

ffieser6hing pf;eturcs

Describe the picture. Think about:

. where the oeoole areo what they are wearing/doingr what they are talking about.o what their feel ings are.









Wrfrting (a neport assessing good & bad points)

ffietting started

Read the rubric and underline the key words/phrases then answer the questions below

. Who is going to read the report? . How many paragraphs will your report have?

** You work for a travel magazine. Your editor has

ff asked you to write a report assessing the suitabilityK of a local flea market for a shopping trip. Write

$ Vow report, describing the facilities, shops andprices, and give your recommendation.

l-et's look closera. Read the report and underline the correct words in bold.

To: Timothy Bradstraw

From: Miranda Hobbs

Subject: Newbridge Flea Market

Date: l9th July


The aim of this report is to describe Newbridge Flea Market and assess its

suitability for a shopping trip.


Newbridge Flea Market is ideally located near the central train and bus stations

in the heart of the town. Moreover/Yet, there is a very large car park only a

hundred metres away which caters for coaches. There are all sorts of

restaurants and snack bars in the streets near the market. Some of the best

caf6s in town are inside the market area itself. Although/However, the

streets,are quite narrow and crowded and sometimes there are pickpockets.

Shops and prices

There are 150 shops and stalls in Newbridge Flea Market that sell a variety of

products from antiques, old coins and stamps, to second-hand clothes andjewellery- In addition/Yet, this flea market is well known for its music shops

and many musicians go there to pick up second-hand instruments.

Although/Besides most products are sold at very reasonable prices, the caf6s

and restaurants tend to be expensive.


In conclusion, Newbridge Flea Market is ideally located and has something to

offer everyone. Although/However the market area could do with some

more security, I think it is an extremely pleasant place to go shopping.

b. Complete the table below.

We use moreover, besides and . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . to add more points to the same topic

We use a l though, ye tand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . to make cont ras t ing po in ts .

c. Complete the paragraph plan.42

Linking weirds


a. Write sentences as in the example.

1 The staff are friendly. They are very slow.The staff are friendly but very slow.Although he staff are friendly, they are very slow.The staff are friendly. However, they are very slow.The staff are friendly, yet they are very slow.

2 The supermarket has a car park. lt is veryexpenstve.

3 The caf6 is clean and t idy. l t is badlyvent i lated.


b. Write sentences as in the example.

1 The shops in the vi l lage are quite expensive.They do not offer a wide range of products.The shops in the village are quite expensive.Moreover/ln addition, they do not offer a widerange of products.

2 When you buy things from charity shops youget great bargains. You help people in need.

3 That electrical store has a large variety ofitems. lt offers great discounts

Enild ystrr voeabulany


a. Choose words from the box to fill in thegaps below.

1 fr iendly

2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . : . .3 h igh

4 . . . . .

+ . . . . . . s ta f f+ l imited var iety

+ . . . . . . . p n c e st r rnrnrdor{ n l : ro

Now use five of the collocations above insentences of your own.


Study the examples in the box, then writesentences, as in the example.

I would recommend visiting the local market for ashopping trip.I would advise you to visit the local market for ashopping trip.The local market would be suitable for a shopptngtrip.

1 lwould recommend choosing Secrets nightclubfor a night out.

2 The Lake District would be suitable for aweekend break.

Vour turn

Underline the key words in the rubric, thenanswer the questions.

*i The editor of the travel magazine you workfor has asked you to write a report


ffi assessing the good and bad points of a$s supermarket in your town. Write yourt report, describing the facilities, products,X service and prices. Recommend the place.- (100-120 words)

1 What is the aim of the report?2 Which subheadings could you use?

A Products & Prices D eualityB Faci l i t ies & Service E RecommendarronC Introduct ion

3 Use the phrases to talk about the supermarket.

Prod ucts: wide/disappoi nti n g/g reaVl i m ited/poor variety of products, frozen food,fresh fru iVvegetables,

imported/local products

Service: good/excel lenVslow/fast,friendly/helpful staffPrices: resonable. expensive, overpriced,high, low, greaVpoor valueFaci I ities: la rgelsma | | car pa rk, clea n/di rtytoilets, good/poor/no baby changingfacilities, coffee shop, caf6, seating area

Organise your answers under the subheadings,then write your report. You can use the reportin Ex. 2 as a model.








WoeabuKany Fraet&eeCclcbratfioms

a. Match the celebrations (1-4)to what people do (a-d). Then complete the

sentences (1-4)below as in the example.


1 On 1st November people in Mexico celebratethe Day of the Dead.They dress up as

skeletons, parade through the town and decorate the graveyards.

2 On 5 th Apr i l . . .

3 O n 1 7 t h M a r c h . . . . . .

4 On 5th November

b. Now write about a eelebration in your country.

On . people in my countrY celebrate

T h e y . . . . . .


2 How do these people (1-6)feel? Complete the bubbles.

dress up as skeletons, parade

through town,decorate graveyards

wear shamrocks, cook tradi t ional

dishes, watch street theatre


l 'm gett ing marr ied

next week! l 'm real ly

n !

set off fireworks, light bonfires,

throw Guy Fawkes dummies onto

the bonfire

go for walks in the countryside, fly


d .

I can' t bel ieve Chloe is ! i

tgett ing marrred ! l 'm so Irit - = , .

, , - - - - ] , ' ' 'rn14


Chloe asked me to be

her b r idesmaid l l 'm rea l l y

A l l the fami ly ta lk ' - ' . '

about these days is ithe wedd ing l 'm

r e a l l y b _ _ _ _ !

' Chloe didn' t invi te me

to her wedding l 'm so



1i l t r9t,?atnrf"|ePa1





:r'wl ..':.':... ,;"

: i ! '

,? lr'!.L"*",*t"t'

,,:: .. ' '':.'t:


.. ....,, ,...,,,,: :1;.,:::::t):

D a fr iend

HapW silver 'to the occasions.




Match the greetings cards

a couple has iust got

marrle0 B a friend has 1usibeen promoted

W*rds *fteffi (6mfused

4 Complete the sentences with the words below.

. celebration . reception r festival

1 They had a party in . . . . . of theirtenth wedding anntversary.

2 | am real ly looking forward to the EuropeanFi lm at the end of themontn.

3 Tina's wedding took placern a restaurant in the ci ty centre.

Weprd Sorsmetiem: r't#Lt ills

We can add -ance, -tion and -ment to some verbs to i

l:l:::lhlj:fj to actions, processes or states 1.*'..'- ''' ... .....''''':

Use the endings -once, -tion, -ment to makenouns from the following words. Then, checkthe spell ing in your dict ionaries.


eompiete the rnissimg words in sentenccs 1-5"tJse the pietu:"es t* help ynu.

A h. . . . . is a symbol of good luck atweddings.

On Christmas Day many people al l over thewor ld exchange g . . . . . .The chi ldren l i t some very spooky Hal loween| . . . . . . . . . in the front yardlA C h r i s t m a s s . . . . . . . . i s a l o n g s o c k t h a tchi ldren hang up on Christmas Eve.People al l over the world celebrate Carnivalwith p.. . in the streets.

r ,



./,f" ,tl,1


is taking his exams

a fr iend is in


E your parents have beenmarr ied for 25 years



o t t t d L c . . .

celebrate compete




d e c o r a t e . . . . .

1 The l i t t le gir l stared at the pumpkin lantern in

We would l ike to invi te

. . . . . . . . p a r r yThe musician gave an amaztngon stagel

Sarah and J im put up a l l the .

you to our

on the Christmas tree.Ronaldo won f i rst pr ize in the dance . . .


Mum, will you lend me t40 to buy a ticketforthe Rockwave Music Festival?

Grammar in UseHxploring grammar: Future forms

Read the dialogue and answer the questions 1-5.

Tom and Jessica are going to get ticketstomorrow and they're getting one for me. This

time next Saturday I'll be dancing to my favouriterock tunes. Case closed!

.___---,Case closed, wallet closed!

Look at the highl ighted phrase. Which tense is used? Why? How 4

do we form this tense?

Will you lend me ..., I won't let you: What does wil/ express in each


3 ... are going to get tickets tomorrow... . Which tense is used? Why?

How do we form this tense?

They're getting one for me ... Explain the use of the present

cont inuous in this sentence.

. . . when Igetthere: Explain the use of the present simple. With

what other words do we use the present simple instead of a

future form?12.00

Wil l lGoing to

Fill in; uvillor goingto.

1 I 'm hungry l th ink | . . . . . . . . . . . . . . have a sandwich.2 The door is ooen. I . close it

3 Oh no! l t 's already 5 o'clock. We ... . . to be late.

4 We've decided to throw a party. We .. . . . . . invite al l

our fr iends.5 l t h ink | . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . s tay a t home ton igh t .

6 John . give me a l i f t to the airport, thanks.

3 What are these people going todo? Look at the pictures and theprompts and write sentences.

. go f ishing . take a picture

. blow the candles out

. swim . have a baby

1 She is going to have a baby.

Future continugus

Patrick and Fay areorganising their summerschool's farewell party whichis taking place tomorrownight. Look at their list fortomorrow and writesentences.



Ww ffiw &Fw#

blow up thebal loons

Patrick Fay


test theM U S I C

At 12:00 tomorrow Patrickwill be

speaking to the DJ.

Come on Mum! I'm 16. l'm not a baby anymore!I'll even give you a call when I get there.

That's out of the question!

You are not going to that

The answer is still no!




Fnesmrut sErmpHe mr wEifl$

Fill in the gaps with the present simple or thefuture simple form of the verbs in brackets.

1 As soon as | . . . . . . . . (get) home, r(give) you a call

2 Tommy (go) to the parkafter he ( f in ish) hishomework

3 When you . . . (c lean) theroom, Shei la (put) up thedecorat ions.

Fhnnsmil vcrbs: bnea*c

Choose the correct particle,

With this discovery, the young scientistsbel ieve they are going to break out/ throughinto the commercial marKer.Nancy broke down/off when she heard thenews of the accident.Clara broke inlof f in the middle of hersentence and left the roomThe thief broke away/off from the policeoff icer and rushed out of the bui lding.A fire broke out/down in the shopping centrelast night.

Questfi*m tags

What might you say to somebody in thesesituations? Use appropriate question tags.

You read an exciting novel.That novelwas exciting, wasn't it?

You are not sure, but you think your nat ionalfootbal l team won.Our na t iona l

$emtemee tra nsforruratlmms

Complete the second sentence so that itmeans the same as the first. Use no more thanthree words.

1 What are your plans for this weekend?What . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . t o do th i sweekend?

2 She booked a f l ight to the Bahamas for nextWCCK.

This t ime next week sheto the Bahamas.

3 Cal l me when you get back from work.As soon back fromwork, give me a cal l

4 El l ie and James aren' t seeing each otheranymore

E l l i e a n d J a m e s . . . . . . . . . . u p

5 Why don't we go out tonight?L e t ' s g o . . . . . . . w e ?

Prepmsitlmmal pFn nasesStudy the table. Then f i l l in the blanks with thecorrect expressions.

on t ime: when someone is on t ime. he/she arr ives atthe r ight t ime.




in no t ime: i f something happenshappens immediately or very quicklyat t imes: sometimesat any t ime: at any moment

4 His job is so stressful thatwants to quit .

no t ime


r + r l l l. . . q L o i l l

2 The exam starts at 9 in the morning so makesure to be there

3 lf you need any help with your project. youcan cail me

You think

Ed inburghCharl ie has never been to the


Char l ie

You think your new boss treats people wel l .Our new

You invi te your fr iends to the cinema| ^+ ' -L g L )

Ask your dad to answer the phone

1 Don't worry l 'm sure you' l l feel better

Dad, answer


a. Which of the fol lowingare usually shortinformative messages?Tick (/)the correctanswerS.

1 notices/flyers E2 newspaper art icles E3 memos/notes t]4 labels E5 emai ls E6 cards/postcards E7 application letters E

b. f ircle the correct wondsthat describe this type ofmessage. You maychoose more than one ineach case"

1 brief / long / ful l text2 clear / detai led /

unrelated information3 formaf linformal /

chatty style

Look at the texts in Ex. 3.What can confuse you in anexercise like this?

There are unknown words

in the text.

Some words (such as

verbs and art ic les) are


The statements do not

use words from

the text.

a. Look at the text in eachquestion (1-5). Whatdoes it say? Choose thecorrect letter 4 B or C.

Tonight, at the localharbour, polka bY the

sea! Four hours of non-stop dancing to polka music

after which You may never wam to go

near an accordion again!

A The mus ic a i : - : : , : ^ i may no t be


B You wi l l dance a iot at this event.

C You are not alloweci io go near the


,:$,l '$

]i t

r A


]] B

j : 'r lTo: Jonatnan Sleign

internat ional event.

Now sHowrNG E

i i ' - . : : f l l i r - ; : 1 , : , . : , . . , i : t ! - t r r t : : : l , t -

A There aren't any shows in the

C There are shows in the afternoon on

specific days.


B On Sunday


17th there is a show at


A lf you want to help, call Dear ciass, E '

(o2oi)e76 3330 .ryilf#,X, jli,i,.lfil ,r,ffflXi .B rf you want to herp, write your name

hll!,!ii:dJ,xT::m ffiii;li ,C lf you come to the bazaar, tozozt gzo'ssi3.

vv"' lqur iv'a'

the school will appreciate it. #ruttj;|].


ffifimmdcs A The Orlando Jazz Fest ival

the Music Cafe and the


Or land i


B The Orlando Jazz Fest ival is+ ^ + - r , ^ ^ r ^ - ^ - + l h e M U S | CL U L O N C P r O L C O L I

and the Orlando News

C The Music Cafe and the Orland:

o 'Fresh'Magazine r The 0rlando Newso Music Caf6 o Bayne's Supermarket

News sponsor the Orlando J

Fest ival .

Answer the quest ions (1-3).

Which texts (1-5) inform you about the venue of an event?

Which texts ask you to pay attent ion to an important piece of


Which text asks for your own contribution?

Read text 3 in Ex. 3 and send a text message no more than 60characters long to your friend who would be very interested ingoing.





$alurday, 15lh l'lov


Listening & SpeakingYou will heal" people speaieing in foundifferent situations. For eaeh question put atick {,/) in the eorrect box.

I How many gifts has Jim received?

2 Who does Mark invi te?

Gossipinga. Read the first exchange. What do you think

went wrong at the wedding? Read throughand check.

wedding? :B: No, I couldn't make it, but I have first hand _


r l

information that it was terrible.A: Terzible? Really? Tell me all about itlB: Well, first of all, I heard that it started

pouring down. The ceremony wasoutdoors so everyone hunied to the

[xsar Henry:nd David,


A: Was the reception nice, at least?B: Far from it! A little bird told me that the :

r f-l



What did the couple forget?

Which lantern did Rachel make?

room was crowded, there was no air- ,,conditioning and what's more, there


wasn't enough foodlCome off itlNo it's truel To make matters worse, someof the bride's relatives started a fightlNo, I can't believe thatlWell, apparently, the bride got upset andhad a panic attackl I'm telling you ... thewhole thing was a complete disasterl


b. Look at the tables. Then, f ind similarphrases in the dialogue to complete them.


A:B :

r t---l








Have you heard . ?

Someone said that . . .

A l i t t le bird told me . . .

By the way, did you

know that

Expressing Surprise, . Are you sure?. No way!







indeed Ia lovely eveninga second helping?preasewelcomewonderful partyl


c. Use the prompts below to gossip to yourbest friend about a party you heard was adisaster. Use phrases from the tablesabove.. food cold . music boring. everyone was badly dressed. some of the guests had a fiqht

A L _ . i B I c l - l

At a perty

2 a. Match the items in column A with the onesin column B to form phrases.



Would you l ikeYes,Thank you forWhat aYou'reYes,

Write short exchanges with the phrasesabove. Use your own ideas as well.

Vlauld yau like a sewnd izelpingTYes, please.


Writing {an articFe deseribing a festival your attended}

Gettirrg started

Reaei the rubric and underl ine the key werds" Then answen the questions {1-3}.

you work for a travel magazine and your boss has asked you to write an article about a festival you

have been to. Write your article describing the events and how you felt.



1 What rs the purpose of this

art ic le?

2 How many paragraphs

should i t have?

Let's lsok eloser

a. Read the art icle and complete the paragraph plan.


L i,',l.




i:l'L ' ,


t 'a.:,tat:


M, TheToowoombo Cornivol of Flowers is the most importont floral event in

Queensland, tokes ploce every yeor in late September, ond it losts

t 0 doys. Lots of people ottend it so /ast yeor I decided to go ond see whot it

wos oll obout.

flM" The cornivol begon with o competition for the best gorden in town. After

thot, there wos o spectocular street porode of convertible cors covered in

flowerslThen followed o procession of pipers. dressed in troditionol Scottish

torton kilts ond groups of dancers, wearing bright costumes. Finolly, there wos

the Flower Queen Contest, in which peoPle voted for the most beoutiful girl of

the day!

ffis- I enjoyed every second of this cheerful floral feost. I reloxed wolking

through the beautiful porks ond gordens.l wcs stunned by the streetporade

ond I had o lot of fun voting for the queen in the contest On the whole, it wos

on omazing event.

ffiiw As I wos leavingToowoomba t felt reolly sod thot the event wos over.l

couldn't help thinking how much fun lA hod. So, if you ever plon o trip to

Toowoombo,try not to miss the lively events ond the chee(ul atmosphere of

this exciting festiv]:.:::]:,1l]|:]i1:i|]:l.]i:]l:ia;1.i].:.ii]::]]..,].,ll]].,]:j]..]l.|]

b. Read thc anticle again and fin.lsi w*rds or g:hrascs desenlbing:

People's elothesDecoratronsActivities:

3 What should each

paragraph be about?

Conclusion(Paru 4) feelings €"


Introduction(Para 1,) name, place, time

50Foo l , nnc

*rden *f Adjeetives

Put the adjectives in the correct order to complete the sentences.

-+ sizellength/heightsmall

--) colourred

--+ of lgtn - >

Spanishmater ialleather


- ) nounbag



I t 's a(n) . . . costume (carnival , l ta l ian. nice)I t 's a(n) . lantern (paper, beaut i ful , Hal loween)I t 's a(n) . . . . . (enormous, ice, impressive) sculptureIt's a(n) .. (cotton, lovely, Moroccan) hat.It's a(n) festival. (colourful cheerful, art)


,,*,.,x,gy:,,,,,,$i€Flllrt!1f.f11.,,11;, ,'.,,;,11,,,,,',. :.;;'t:ttt'::i;""':':1;.::"


a. How does the writer recommend theToowoomba Carnival of Flowers? Whichparagraph contains this information?

b. Use expressions from the box below to giveyour opinion about:

. a film festival you found rather boring

. a concert you really enjoyed

Positive commentsTry not to miss it.Make sure you don't missIt's a must.It's definitely worth a visit.

Negative commentsDon't bother with this fest ival .Give i t a missIt 's more trouble than i t 's worth.It's not worth the ticket price.

Youn turn

5 a. Use expressions from the useful languagebox in the opposite column to answerquestions (1-6).

1 What is the name of the most bizarre festivalyou have ever been to? What was it about?

2 When and where does/did it take place?3 What were the most important events of the


4 Did people wear any special costumes? Didthey eat any special food?

5 How did you feel?6 Would you recommend this festival?4

8mm$nlmffim***xrafuirzg &w**q&

Occasion: carnival , parade, recept ion, party,ceremony, celebration, arts festival. reliqiousfestival

Locat ion :The . . took p lace in . . wh ich islocated/si tuated . .Decorations: flowers, paper lanterns, icesculptures, spectacular paint ings, handicrafts,etc.

Activities: crowds da ncin g/cheerin g/ clappin g/slnging, arVbook/ flower exhibitions, streetperformances, firework displays, craft markets,sporting events, fun fair, etc.Costumes: tradi t ional/unusual costumes,dazzl ing colours, funny hats, colourful scarves,nat ional emblems, etc

b. Read the rubnic, and underl ine the keywords. L,lse youlr answers to the questionsin Ex. 5a to write rlour artiele"

You recently attended a bizarre local festival.Write an article for the school magazine aboutit. Write when and where it takes places thendescribe the festival activities. Recommend itto the readers (100-120 words).


, ; I












5 1

VmemhunHmny Frmctf,ceff*oking rvneth*ds

Make adjectives from the following verbs.Then, look at the pictures and use theadjectives to fill in the blanks.

1 to fry

2 to mash

3 to steam

4 to boi l

5 to g r i l l

1 . . . . . . . . s a n d w r c h

2 . . . . . . . c h i c k e n

6 to roast

7 to scramble

8 to bake

9 to stuff

1 0 to toast

3 . . . . . . . a v o c a d o s

4 . . . . . . . . . . . . t u r k e y

2 Complete the recipe extracts below. Use the verbs in the list.What dishes do you think they are?

r peel o spr ink le . bo i l . pour . f ry .6pr tn

First, 1) the potatoes and slice them into long

strips. Then, 2) ...".......'... them in a deep pan of cooking oil

for ten minutes.

5 . . . . . . . . . . po ta to

6 . . tuna steaks

7 . . . . . . v e g e t a b l e s

8 . . . . . . . . . . e 9 9

F**d EdBmrms

Match the expressions inthe box with the fol lowingsituations,

', c lt will give him food forthought

o HP's oot a sweet tooth.. He's got a lot on his


,-: ll-'J!r9!9 9l!1\9:-- i1 He doesn't f ind r iding

dif f icul t .



B 3) . . . . . . . . . . . ' . . . . the pasta for 8 minutes' then 4) """"""" '

the water and 5) the tomato sauce over the t',

pasta. Finally, 6) . ."" ' ' some grated Patntesan :

cheese on toq.

fln the suaperrnffirket

Look atElaine's eS,,$shoppingbasket andwrite whichsection shegot each itemfrom.

ba i ; r ' ; , ,

She got the milkfrom theDai ry Products section.

lftt!-.iIeb*f of br**ri

h*i t ls * f wir t*

r1; i tg l r+ i t i

3 r*l*ry 2 He loves cakes and sugary


He's very busy with work^ ^ ' . l f ^ * ; 1 , , + L ^ - ^ - l ^ , , .d | | u r d r r r y L r r c ) c u c y )

This book i , r , r l l g ive him a

lot of new rdeas to think

about .

52 i lran!l€3

i l l r i I

Food and tastesFill in the gaps with the right words,

to your soup, it makes it taste s

5 This soup has too much

Suantitfies mf fopd

a. Fill in'. pot , handful , clove , bar , pinch .

1 Spr ink le a. . . . . . . . . . . . o f chopped nuts on top and serve.2 Could you pass me that of chocolate, please?3 Add a . . . . . . . . . . . . . o f sa l t and pepper to the sauce.4 There's only one of yoghurt left in the fr idge.5 We need a ... of garl ic for this recipe

b. Make spidergrams for each of the prompts, then makesentences, as in the example.

r cup . slice . packet r jar o tin .,iiii:11:,:!:ir..

I always haue a cup of coffee firstthing in the morning.

Cutlery mmd ermc$ceny

Underl ine the odd one out. Explain your choice.

1 tray, cooker, toaster, mixer2 plate, saucer, soup bowl, blender3 tablespoon, carving knife, serving dish, dessert fork4 glass, mug, kett le, jug

Word fsrn'?etfi mffi : ffi su $.Bst--**-*-**^|Weuse .e r ' . o | i . i s t t o fo rmnouns re fe r r i n8 toPeoP |ewhodoapar t i cu |a r

i9! "*:O.: is someone who sings for o tiving i--*,-'*.--*':

8 Use -er, -or, -ist to makenouns from the followingverbs. Then, makesentences using the nouns.


d t L

q L L


A translator is a person whotranslates texts or speech fromone languoge to onother,

Words oftenc0nfused

9 Match the words (1-4) withtheir definit ions (a-d). Then,underline the correct wordin the sentences 1-4.


a) apersonwhosejobit ....o

is to prepare and cook N-couNr

fooi - = cher

2) recipe b) a list ofingredients ..ocoand a set of N-couNr

instructions that tellyou how to cooksomething

3) cook c) a large metal device

for cooking food usinggas or electricity

4) cooker d) a piece of paper thatyou get from someoneas proof that theY havereceived moneY fromyou, usually in a shopwhenyou buysomething




He bought a brand newcook/cooker.

When you pay at thecounte; always ask theshop assistant for arecipe/ receipt.

Tim is such a wonderfulcooker/cook

This is a traditional recipe/receipt for chocolatebiscuits.

' '\, lfr

W.LilX?'in itl I can't eat something that


ffirammar UseHxploning graryxrffi ar: Fast perfect& Fnst perfect con"ltinuous

Read the dialogue andanswer the questions (1-3).

Ann: Hey, do you wantsome of thisdelicious brownie?It's homemade.

BiIl: l'm tempted, but I'mallowed to have anv.

Ann: What do you mean you are not allowed?BilI: Well, there are a few walnuts on top and it

has a little cream in it and I am allergic toboth of them. The last time I had a brownieI ended up in hospital.

Ann: How come?Bill: Well, minutes afier I had finished the

brownie, I had dfficulty breathing. I hadbeen coughing for half an hour, so Davidtook me to the hospital. By the time Ireached the hospital, my tongue had swollenup.

Ann: It sounds terrible! So what are yousupposed to do from now on?

Bil/: Avoid mouth-watering brownies like theone you are eating right now!

1 Look at the sentences rn i tal ics How many

act ions took olace? Which is the one that

happened f i rst and which is the one that

fol lowed? Which tense is the f i rst one in and

which tense is the second one in?

2 Find a oast oerfect cont inuous verb form in

the dialogue. What are the t ime expressions

used with this tense?

3 Read the dialogue and underl ine the

quant i f iers that go with countable nouns and

the quant i f iers that go with uncountable

nouns. Which quant i f iers go with both?

Fast p*nfeat/Fast perfeet {*ffi tiruMsus

a. Put the verbs in brackets into the pasfperfect simple or past perfect continuous.

1 When she tasted the soup, she realised she

2 An hour passed(add) sugar instead of sal t l

before we realised that we

S h e i | a . . . . . . . . . ( a l r e a d y / a d d )

three spoons of sugar to Jim's coffee when

she remembered that he used art i f ic ial


T o n y . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ( c o o k ) s i n c e 1 0

o'clock for the party when there was a power


5 Grandma (read) her book

for an hour when she smelt something

burn ing

b. Write a short paragraph about a kitchendisaster you had. Use the prompts below tohelp you.

e cut r drop . forget . spil l . burn


Read the food facts below, then circle thecorrect word in bold.







4 Use how much/ how many to ask questions.Then, use ofew/olittle to answer them.

1 salVyou put in/soup?How much salt did you put in the soup?Just a little.

2 bananas/you geVyesterday?3 sugar/you take/coffee?4 milk/you drink/every day?5 burgers/you eaVlast night?

Colais/are mode from the kola nut.

Much/Many frozen vegetables hove/hosmore vitomins than f resh ones thot ore ove?five doys old.

When flour islore properly stored, it willkeep f or six to eight months.

A gloss of red wine o doy help/helps toprotect ogoinst heort diseose.

Choco lote contoin/contoins caf f eine.

The ovocodo is/are avegetable, but weuse it os o fruit.

54. . . . . ( forget) to turn'on the oven!

5 Look at the picture andmake sentences withsome/any. Use the prompts.

' turkey r strawberries. bowls o glasses . grapesr lettuce . soup o tomatoes. bread o water

There is some turkey. There aren,tony strawberries.


6 Use some/any/no/every + body/thing/where tocomplete the sentences below.

1 lt's too hot in here. Let's go samewherecoot.2 All the guests have qbne home. There.s

you need?4 The party was a huge sucess!

went according to plan!5 This lesson is very important l Can I have

attent ion please?6 l 've got . . . in my eyel t t real ly

strngs.The people around me are strangers. I don,tknow . . .Can l p lease s tay a t you r p lace? l have

. . . . . . e tse to go

Fhrasal verbs: give

Choose the correct particle.

1 A: I heard Ann's buying a new sofa.B: Real ly? Wil l she be giving away/out the old

one then?2 A'. I can't believe you give out/off your

telephone number so easi ly.B: Oh come on. l t 's only a telephone number.

3 A: lt was nice of him to give up/in his seat,wasn't i t?

B: Yes, it was very kind indeed4 A: Come on, James! Stop arguing you know

you are wrongB: OK, then. I give inloff

5 A: Don't forget to give me back/away thatC D

B: Sure l ' l l come round with i t next week,


8 Choose expressions from the box to fill in thegaps.

here but me3 I 'm going to the supermarket ls there :-* *-"-*-*

J lf someone or something is on the way, they will j: ^ - - : . , ^ - ^ ^ -

- ' ' t

i arrive soon.


tlf someone or something is in the way, they pr"u"na '

you from moving forward or seeing clearly. iyou from moving forward or seeing clearly.You say by the way when you add something to what jyou are saying, especially something that you have just

Ithought of. t



Don't worry sir, your dinner isMy holiday starts next week!do you have any hol iday plans?Excuse me, madam. I can' t see the screen.Your head is

Sentence transformations

Complete the second sentence so that itmeans the same as the f i rst . Use no more thanthree words.

1 Let's go to a nice, relaxing place to eatLet's go and relaxing to eat

2 Sam called the restaurant and reserveo atable.

Sam reserved a table after .the restaurant.

3 We have run out of salilT h e r e . . . . . . . . . . s a l t l e f t .

4 She doesn't eat fatty foods any more becauseshe wants to lose weiqht!She gave

werghtfoods to lose

5 There isn' t much milk in the fr idgeThere is only . . . . . in the fr idqe." 5 5



A I enjog cookiing on location. We ,,,

get to go to lots oJ dtJJerent'::,

ptoces ond sometlmes we meet ',':

the actors. lt con be quite hord'.:i:

work ond we do stort eorlY, but,,::r

it's much better thon working in'1,i

an oJJtce. .llt::,,tl:tl,l 1::l',lrl'::lt,.l,.'l:irli,rri.l:,.irt:i|i:tli:.:;l:llilia..l:.lliaalili:riilil!{ji

My partner and I loveout to eat. There's sovariety on offer around




much ir' i";"nere iji


Ie,1y!11w{diql1irr4tljs9{fi9!it|,bir:r14iE i{,i11,e]@ery$@r ,lsrF.s.rdslrsiiiit

B I haven't eaten meat for quite ti

The thought oJ eating dead'",,onimots is disgusting. When Ilnvite peopLe round to mghouseJor drnner, they know l,mgoing to ofJer them something :l:diJJerent and whotesome at thesame time. ,''ti:'


Skim the texts (A-G) and underline thephrases that the people use to express likesor disl ikes.

Use the expressions to write sentencesabout your preferences,

I enjoy eating out with friends. lt's a good way tohavefun.

Read the texts (A-G) and answer questions1-6. One of the people is not referred to.

Who l ikes going out to different kinds ofresta u ra n ts ?Who l ikes his/her partner's cooking?Who doesn't eat meat a lot?Who is a vegetarian?Who l ikes cooking for his/her family?Who cooks professionally?

There are some greot tckecwogsnear where I [lve. There's o greatJoponese restourcnt that doeshome detiverles ond hundreds oJIndlan restaurqnts.

G We oJten invite PeoPle oround Jordlnner and they sog that m9 wrJe

cooks like o proJesstonat. Wet[, her

cooking [s cmozing, ond she hos

thought about wrtttng o cookerg

book, but she's too busY with

other things at the moment'

b. Which of the people in texts A-G havesimilar ideas about food?

ffieaisi*m rffiffiF{iffi#

Are you happy with your eating habits? Whatcould you do to improve your diet? Use theexpressions in the box to make a list ofresolutions.

First thing tomorrow' I wil l stop " '

From now on' I will cut down on

' t'^ going to ovoid '

I've decided to stort'i, tm **.9oll9 to eot ogorn'


F i rst thi n g to m or r ow, I will stop d ri n ki n g s oft d r i n ks.


a .2







: !

with my family. There are i.usually about ten of ,. ti'


E-frsteru$mg & Spmmk$mgffi$virug Imstnffietfiqlris

a. Read the f irst four l ines of the dialogue inEx. 1b. Where are Pat & Jane? What arethey doing? Do you think they can make it?Read and check.

b. Use expressions from the box to completethe dialogue.

E-emvfimg Efless#Ses

2 a. You wil l hear a chef leaving a telephonemessage for a fruit and vegetable supplier.Look at the gaps (1-6). Which ask for anumber? Now l isten and f i l l in the missinginformation on the invoice.

ffiffiWffiffiffiffiFROM Fishe/s Organic Fruii&vegetaotdri llJ I3zoTO Oliver Jon6s i Bby Tree Restaurant oo'i nrz Julv


Jane: Let me have a look. Well, I)check that you have got all theingredients.

Pat: Yes, I know.Ive done that.

Jane: Then, 2) . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . chop the onions,peppers and tornatoes.

Pat: Right. They're ready.

Jane: 3) you fry the onionsand peppers for five minutes.

Pat: OK. Great. Wtrat do I do next?

Jane: Well, the next step is to add thetomatoes, some herbs and lzteaspoons of salt.

Pat: 12 teaspoons? AJI right - now what?

Jane: Wel l , 4). . . . . . . . . . . . is pour in thewater and let the mixture simmer forhalf an hour.

Pat: Oh, thanks, Jane. Let's have a little taste .. .Ughl It's really salty!

Jane: Oh, dear. Let me check the recipeagain ... Oh, sor4r, Ihte. It says Yzteaspoon of salt, not I2 teaspoons!

Giving instruct ions

Before you begin, you j Once you've done that, . .should lWhen you f in ish that ,The f i rs t th ing you do is . l tn the end, . .The next step is to . i the last thing you do is

c. Work in pairs. Use the language in the boxto act out a similar dialogue, givinginstructions on how to boil an egg. Giveyour dialogue an unexpected ending.

b. Listen to the recording again. Whichvegetables does the chef st i l l need?

ffieserfrhfin*g # p$frttsfl*

3 Describe the picture. Talk about:

. where the people are

. how they are related to each other

. what each of them ts doinq

. how they feel

Pat: Jane, can you help me, please?

Jane: Sure. What's up?Pat: Well, I'm trying to make tomato soup,

but I'm having trouble following the

Wild mushrooms:3 kgGarden lettuce: 5) .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ooxesBlood oranges:5 kgAuberg ines:6) . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . kg

1t 1b.00

I- iorel r zor +o

t 4 )t 9 9 0t 3 0 0


\ffirit ing {a thank-yeu email}

Getting started

Read the rubric and underline the key words. Then answerthe questions.

You went on a picnic your neighbour organised last

Saturday. Write a thank-you email to your neighbour.

In your emai l you shou ld :. thank her for a wonderful afternoon. say what you enjoyed the most (dishes). invite her to a garden party at your place next weekend

What is the purpose of the email?What tenses should you use?Think of some phrases you could use to: a) express your thanks: b) inviteyour neighbour-to the party.

l-*t's look closer

a. Read the email below and complete the paragraph plan,




ffi negy ffin*prsosl{ ffiForo,,r*rdDavid Burns

Mandv A rche r

r Ic n Ic

6f rrint *$roit t& i ii,

Dear Mandy ,I 'm just wr i t ing to thank you for inv i t ing me to the p icn ic last

Saturday. I had a fantast ic t ime.

I t was wonder fu l to spend t ime wi th you and get to know some of ourneighbours. They are a l l great . What I rea l ly en joyed the most was thedel ic ious food. I loved the roast beef as wel l as the cr ispy duck. Thespicy chicken wings were really tasty. As for the chocolate cake youmade, I couldn ' t get enough of i t .

Why don' t we get together again for a garden par ty at my housenext Saturday. a t four o 'c lock? I hope you can make i t .

Thanks again and see you soon.

You rs .David


Read the email again and underl ine the phrases used: toexpress thanks; to invite.

Which words/phrases in the email express David's feelings?


3Expressinq thanks

a. Which of the following can you thanksomeone for?

. help . happiness o generosi ty . memory

. excitement r effort o kindness

. amazement r wi l l ingness r impression

. nonesty r sensitivity o ambition

b. Use phrases from the useful language boxas well as nouns from Ex. 3a to rewrite thefollowing sentences (1-5), as in theexample.

Inll$tlnfis*Npr*wx\rzg t*mynks

1 Your neighbour invited you to a garden parry.2 Your col league invi ted you to a dinner parry

at his house.3 Your neighbour invi ted your chi ldren to her

son's birthday party

Your turn

Read the rubric and underline the key words.Then answer questions 1-4.

Write a short email to thank your friend forthe wonderful dinner party you attendedat his/her place last weekend. In your letteryou should:o thank him/her for the lovely evening. say what you liked the most (dishes,

atmosphere)r invite him/her to a barbecue at your

house next weekend

Food: tasty, delicious, mouthwatering, wellcooked

Atmosphere: friendly, relaxing, romantic. greatmusrc, etc

1 When did you last go to a dinner party?2 What was the occasion?3 Which were the dishes you enjoyed the most?4 What was the atmosphere l ike?



:; , r i , r , l , r

, l

lilThanks a mi l l ion fo r . . .A big thank-you for . .S p e c i a l t h a n k s f o r . . .Last but not least, thanks to . .Once again. thanks for . .

1 You were very helpful at my dinner party.Thankyou for your help at my dinner party.

2 You were very kind on my first day at worK3 You were very generous during my stay ar

your hol iday house.4 You tried very hard to make the eveninq sucn

a success.

5 You were very willing to help me with myproject.

Expressing pleasure

Use phrases from the useful language box toexpress your feelings about the followingsituations (1-3).



Use your answers inEx. 5 to write youremail (50-80 words).


Fit for Life

V*emhnxHmry fraetiemFants mf the bmdy

a. Label the parts of thebody (1-5) in the picture.

. stomach

. shoulder

. arm

. th igh

. calf

2 . . . . . . .

b. Match the parts of thebody in Ex. 1a with theactivities that exercisethem. Then writesentences, as in theexample.

. sit-ups . tennis

. step training

. weight-l i f t ing . 6y.11nn

W ei g ht - I i fti n gf|en n i se.xerclse-s your s h oil lders.

Quafiit ies

What qualit ies do you need inorder to do the sports in thepictures? Write sentences, asin the example.

. courage

. quick reactions

. sense of adventure

. sense of direction

. 0rave

. fit

. careful

You need to be brave to go porachuting. You also need to have a sense ofadventure.

Spmrts ffi q u ft pnteu''nt/Spmnts Filmees

3 Match the columns, Then write sentences, as in the example.

,p;!*lriti;:r,llulilLii];ll.r lill;Jlillr;C:rujllrrliili,;t .,rr;rril;ii;,Jiirl;;!!i!uu-.;

:i golf ,racquet""*.^-"-.",*- * **.-"ffi@'court tboxinq ,#br l l course' /

, ice skat ino / cue hal l a, - - ' , . - . , , , y /




4 Cheryl loves playingsports. Look at thenotes and writesentences using go,play and do, as in theexample.

n n l f r l r r h

Ta plny tennisyau need a {frcqilet"Yau play tennis on a caurt.

na i r o f i r o qk : t c s r i no, , , , y

pair of boxing gloves pi tch


n n K

every mornrng+ l ^ . ^ ^ + ; - ^ - - , ^ , ^ ^ 1 ,L t i l c c L i l | c ) d \ v c c N

once a -o r th i ^ the wrn ter

twrce a wee<^ . , ^ - , . ^ , ^ ^ 1 , ^ - ^ ; ^ : l - ^ -every weeKe .c ^ :ne Summer








5ke gnes jCIgging every marning.



Fil l in the missing verbs. Then use thesentences to give advice, as in the example.

. rub . pUt o take . Wrap


3 around

rnlury toprotect and

support it.

,. ,c]e0ln2 . . . . gen t ly

on injury toprevent

infect ion.

. . . . . o n e o rtwo with

water to stopthe pain.

. . . . . o n c u tt n koon i f


l've hurt my arm.Yau shauld wrap fr bandage araund the injuryta pratect and suppart it,l 've just cut my f ingerl

I have a spl i t t ing headache!

l 've hurt my knee!

What happens to you when:

you eat a lot?you l i f t something heavy suddenly?you bi te hard on something tough?you dr ink very cold dr inks?



1 A :

B :


B :A:B :

Word Euilding: -ful/-less

s tomach. . . . back

Match column A with column B to formcomplete sentences.



a in his chest and

coughed a lot

b cramp whi le

exercising at the gym.

c ache from staring atthe computer screen.

d throat due to a virus.

Use -fuland -/essto form adjectives fromthe following nouns. Explain what theymean.

help: helpful , helplesstaste:

2 i ^ , , .J ) v y .

A m o : n i n n '" " v '

5 m i n d : . . .

b. Use words from Ex. 7a to complete thesentences (a-d).

a Steven's crashed his car again ! What a. dr iver!

b The lr ish are people who rovemus ic and danc ing .She always wears stylish clothes and


Some sentences in this piece of wri t ing arecomple te ly . . . .



Desenlhing pain

a. Fi l l in: ocheor sore.



My eyes

I had a muscleThe little boy hada sharp pain

Maria had a sore





1, 2

. 3



| -ful and -less are added to nouns in order to formI adjectives which indicate that someone or somethingj hos (-ful) or does not hove (-less) the thing which thei noun refers to.

6 1

ffirmut"sgwmr En Usetrxpfi *r! ng Grar"nretar: T["ee passive

Read the text and answer the questions.

Write complete questions using the prompts.Can you answer them?

1 Who/modern/Olympic Games/starVby?

Which sports/include/in every modern

Olympics/since 1896?

3 Where/next Olympic Games/hold?

4 Which sporVplay/with a bow and arrow?

ll3*St{X}19try${iAi:.rl1l..i.i::r:.r.: 1rr" r'


You are a sports instructor at a popular gym,Use the prompts (1-6) to give useful tips to themembers.

bend knees when l i f t weights/hu11 back

lf ynu don'r bendyour knees t'',nerly'tt' iift ureigfurg

you r,vll/ hurt ynLrr bnrk

warm up before jogging/strain nuscles

wear wrong running shoes/ inlure feet

feel tired/stop immediately

not dr ink enough water/beco.ns lshydrated

need a lockerAee receptionist





^ t l " ' '-i.a1i*,.






#E'Eg'+i1E+g [ffi1i:,Wi::::*: tUOtballLatest ResultsArsenal defeatedby AstonVilta (2-1) Chelsea

beat Bolton (1'0)'

t- *iOt"son injured during the Chelsea vs'

Bolton match' Manchester United are now at

the toP of the PremiershiP'

Look at the part of the text in italics Which

verb form is active and which is passive?

Look at the passive verb form ls there anything

missing? Why?

Turn the active sentence into the passive

What differences do you notice?

Find another sentence in the passive in the

text. Rewrite it including any parts that have

been left out

What do the notices mean? Rewrite them asfull sentences.

Aerobics instructor wanted


world cuP sold here!

Changing rooms cleaned daily at

noon and before closing.

Purse found YesterdaY in staff

room. Contact Mark in

Administration office'


5 Complete the sentences.

' l l f I f ind your wallet,

Fnepmsitdmma! Fhrases

Fill in the gaps with expressions from the box.82345

lf you take more exercise,l ' l l probably go to the partyl ' l l take the job i fl f he cal ls me,


lf lfind your wallet, l'll give it to you.

FhrmsaE vetrbs: hr$mg

Join the parts of the sentences.


7 runnrng

the track

It takes great ski l l to

J U m p . . . . . . . . .

hurd les

1 0. a::,)a

| ,i:': ':;.: :t:t,

. ttit

't a:1'

3 The woman is diving 4 They are making theirthe poo l . way . . . . . . . . . . . the


ffirrCIr 6sg"flect$ffir'B

Find and correct five mistakes in Tom,s note.

H i Dona ld ,Don't forget we are playing against Lancing in

Saturday l f nothing changes, we would meet

outside the stadium at 8.30 l f you arr ived

early, wait for the rest of the team at the gate

Team equipment wi l l be checked from the

referee before the game, so make sure

everything you need is pack tn your bag


m Stelta brought . .t we talked a lot and she broughtEE He brousht

m The photographs of us brought

a . . . back so many nice memoriesb . . out a new book last year.c . . up the subject of our partnershipd her baby gir l round to my place last night

Ssmtmmee ts'e msfsrffitatfr ryffi s

Complete the second sentence so that itmeans exactly the same as the first. Use nomore than three words.

You can't play ice hockey i f you don,t havethe r ight equipmentYou can' t play ice hockey unless . .the r igh t equ ipment .The coach wi l l punish any player who doesn,twear his uniformAny player who doesn't wear his uniform

. . . . . pun ished by thecoach.

Wearing the wrong shoes whi le jogginginjures your feetl f you wear the wrong shoes whi le jogging

.. . . . in jure your feet.Al l cycl ists must wear bicycle helmets.Bicycle helmets

by all cyclists

A car crash caused his back injury.His back injury

a car crash

o When something, eg. a work of art, is on view itis shown to the public.

o To have something in view is to plan towards it.o You use iz my view when you want to indicate

that you are stating a personal opinion. :. t

When making the documentary, the directorhad very clear aimsA select ion of Picasso's sketches wi l l be

at the museum unt i l Septemberlots of things in the company

wil l improve soon

Wmnds w$th prtrpffsitieffi$

Fif f in: on, into, through, over.

The athletes are



ffiemd$mqWhich is the most importantsports venue in yourcountry? Describe it,

Skim through the text and f ind:

r the names of three historicstadiumsthree sport ing events a modern

stadium can host

the names of two athletes who

made history

Read statements 1-10. Saywhetherthey are true (IJ or false (F).

The f i rst stadium was bui l t

in 776 BC.

Wars stopped during the

Olympic Games

In the past, gladiators used

to f ight in stadiums.

Stadiums had not been bui l t

before the 1 9th century.

Nowadays, only footbal l ,

basebal l and rock concerts

are held in stadiums

Only football matches were

played at Wembley stadium

in the past

Mark Spitz came first in five

different sports.

Lasse Viren led the 2000m

race from the start.

Many stadiums used to be- - - + l ^ - i ^ + l , ^ ^ ^ - +L d ) L t c 5 l i l L t t e p d > 1 .

Stadrums are very commonin cit ies nowadays

Use your dict ionary to f ind themeanings of the words in bold.Then use them in sentences ofyour own.

Olympic Games, which were created by the Greeks thousands of

years ago. The first recorded date is 776 BC but the dtadiums

existed before then. Athletes came from many cities to compete,

and fighting between nations stopped during the games. Stadiums

then became part of Greek and Roman culture and thousands of

spectators often gathered to see athletes take part in sporting

events or to watch gladiators fight.

However, stadiums disappeared with

the fall of the Roman Empire and were

not used again until towards the end of

the 19th century. Since then, thousands

of stadiums have been built in bie cities

all over the world, and everything from

games to rock concerts are held in them. ,:r

become places where legends are created ,,1


football and baseball

They have once again

1 0


In 1950, the h is tor ic Wor ld Cup f ina l betr reen B:az: , and Uruguay , r

was played before a crowd of 200,000 spec-a:c1s , ' rhe gigantic "Maracana stadium in Rio de Janeiro. The O'*r l rastadion in

Munich was bui l t for the 1972 Olympic Can'es , ' , r : r t tas when

the famous swimmer Mark Spi tz won se\€: : : I - .edals and

established five world records. At the sa':. : l* '-s in this

stadium Lasse Viren a lso became a hero. \ \ n i r= ' " ' , - i ,ace in the

2000m race, he fe l l to the ground, but got uc a- : e t entual ly won



'n ,,r,...,il'


. - ' . r ' ) ;

, t f l

: fi,,.#*i, ,.*.{r t r ' S

Legend has it that the first spo(s stadiu built to trfid tne

and history is made. ,',,,,,,/::tii,Ji,,,.'.ll

Wembley stadium in London *ur j, i i

a gold medal and set aworld record.

$-$strmn$nng & SpmmkEragfiffimkEmg msse*mptFwms

Look at the picture. Use the phrases in the boxand answer the questions.

Making assumptionsThey could be . . ; They may be . . . ;be . . ; They mighVprobably have . .

They musVcan't

; Perhaps, i t 's

Who are thepeople in thep ictu re?

Where arethey?

What are they

do ing?

How do they

feel? Why?

ffimEng ef;*n"nfufrr*6

a. What do you think you need to take withyou when you go climbing in the mountains?

b. You wil l hear someone talking to studentsabout a rock cl imbing course. Listen and f i l lin the missing information.

S** &mrr $umrlt'l* GounstCourse cost includes:

. technical climbing gear (harness' helmet' rope)

. 1) . . and transPortatton

. adult superviston during non-cl imbing hours

. accommodation at the Newton Inn

. all 2)

please let us know)

(if you have dietarY restrldlons'

Climbers need to bring:

. backpack or rucksack

. totletries. smal l 3) (plasters' tape and bandages)

. a waterproof jacket

r plent! of warm clothes' 4)

thermal underwear

. sunscreen, sunglasses and somethtng

your neaot w o 5 ) . .6)


lfdmrking *ut

a. Read the f irst exchange in the dialogue inEx. 3b. Where are Alan and Ben?

b. Read the dialogue. Some phrases havebeen left out. Use phrases from the listbelow (A-F)to complete the gaps (1-5).There is one extra phrase you don,t need.


Hi, Ben. Training for the big match?Yeah. I've got to stay in shape. I don't want toET

Alan: Good for you. Don't overdo it, though. you

don't want to pull a muscle.Ben: Don't wor4r. I know EE Anyway, my

personal trainer has told me the exercises todo for the best results.

Alan: A personal trainer, eh? you are qoing up inthe worldl

Ben: Yeah. So, are you coming to lE[-l fAlan: Surel I wouldn't miss it for the worldl you

know me - I'm addicted to football.Ben: Ha ha! Aren't we all?

Alan: Well, I'd better get on with my own workoutand let you do yours.

Ben: Thanks, Alan. See youmAlan: You betl Good luckl I hope you win!Ben: You're not lSl-ll Cheers, Alan.





at the game

what l 'm do ingthe only one

D let the team downE see the matchF how to do it

4 Read the dialogue again, then match thesentences (1-6)to the people who might saythem.

. Aian . Ben . Ben's personal t rainer

I don' t want to disappoint the other players.Don't exercrse too hard.These are the most effective exercises you can dol ' l l def ini tely be at the matchI need to keep fit.I 'm crazy about footba, .

ln pairs, give the dialogue a di f ferent ending.











. . . . of water

and a towel

f40-f50 Pocket 7)

to Protecr


Writing {Writimg # prffis and consessay)

Let's get started

Read the rubric and underl ine the keywords. Brainstorm the positive andnegative aspects of exercising indoorsand complete the mind maps.

Your teacher has asked you to write anessay discussing the pros and cons ofexercising indoors.


- ̂ [^.) d I E I

{ . l


gyms get

crow0e0l-et"s [m*k eloser

a. Read the essay below and complete the paragraph plan. How many of your own ideas have beenincluded in the essay?

b. How does the author feel about exercising indoors? In which paragraph is this mentioned?

i;m," Fvorrisino is the best way to keep fit and healthy. Most people exerclse

dri .,^ r-' rr o'orri<.ino outdoors can be just as

%-tt ; ffi ;' t;"rts centre' but exercisrng outdoors can be just as

ffiil:il?. are many advantages to exercisrng indoors Firstty, you don't have

to worry about the weather' In addition' it 's safer to exercise indoors

because you don't have to worry about traffic or slippery roads

F u r t h e r m o r e , t h e r e a r e t r a i n e d p r o f e s s i o n a l s t o h e l p y o u s o t h a t y o u d o n ' t

ttil-Jilt:tT exercisins indoors does have some disadvantases ro start

with, you do not get any fresh air insrde a gym Gyms can also get very

crowded and you can waste a lot of time waitrng to use the equipment' In

addition, there aren't many sporting activities you can oo

ffi* ntf in all, I belteve that exercising outdoors rs healthier and a lot more

fun. You can do anything from playing football to windsurfing or hiking ln

my opinion, most of "

'ptnd too much t ime indoors and even a 1og arouno

the park is healthier than being stuck in a stuffy' overcrowded gym'

c. Read the essay again. What are the words the writer has used to:

l ink s imi la r ideas?

Conclusion(Pan 4) Sum uP G state

your opiniax

66l ink opposing ideas?

3Linking similar ideasLook at the topic sentencebelow, Then, use theprompts below to completethe paragraph. Put yourarguments in order byusing: fo beginwith,secondly, finally.

There are a number ofadvantages to doing sports,especially for children.To begin

. you can make fr iends . keepin shape o good for your health

Use what'smore, also, inaddition and the promptsbelow to write supportingsentences for the followingtopic sentence.

P rofessional athletes Ieaadifficult lives.

. fol low special dietsr train for many hours a dayo get injured. have to sleep very eady. career stops in their mid30s

Linking opposingideas

Use the prompts to developthe fol lowing topicsentence into a paragraph.Use yef, however, but oralthough.

Many people believe thatwatching a football match onW is better than watchinq it live.

. feel the excitement

. see al l the action

. stadium too crowdedo great atmosphere. violent episodes

6 Complete the following sentences.

1 Living alone can be very expensive.2 One of the advantages of studying

another way of life. What's more,


abroad isthat you experience

3 Having a pet at home is very troublesome. To start with, . . . . .

4 Travelling by plane is faster, yet,

5 Life in a big city is very difficultFirst of al l ,


Your turn

a. Read the rubric and underl ine the key words,

Your teacher has asked you to write an essay discussing theadvantages and disadvantages ofteam sports. (1OO-120 words)

b. Sort the ideas below into twocategories: pros & consThen, add your own ideasto each category.

o can't exercisewhenever you feell ike i t

. can't exercise atyour own pace

o meet neur neonlg. develop team work

sk i l ls. playing for victory

is more exciting

Use the prompts above to answer the following questions.

Do you and your fr iends play sports? Why?What are the advantages and disadvantages of playing sports in ateam?

Do you l ike playing in a team or do you prefer exercising on yourown? Why?

Use your answers in Ex. 8a to make a plan of your essay. Usethe plan in Ex. 2 as a model. Now write your essay.

8 a .1


b .


Going out !

c' Chorus

We are the world

We are the chi ldren

We are the ones who make a br ighter day( n l o t ' q < t : r t n i v i n n

b. Use the table to make sentences. as in theexample,

Extract A is from a noveL lt was written by a novilst,

V*eahulary FractieeFernss of entertainment

a. Read the extracts A-C. Then, complete thetable below.

Chapter 2The phone rang about two o'clock that morning. Marywoke up with a start,.and tripped over the cat as she randownstairs to answer it. 'Who could be callino at thishour?' she wondered.

I wandered lonely as a cloudThat floats on high o'er vales and hills,When all at once I saw a crowd,A host, of golden daffodils.

. . ' I . . a r . a : - d . , ' : l

b. How do these types of f i lms make youreact? Use the prompts to write sentencesas in the example.

. laugh . cly . scream . tremble . smile

. fal l asleep . sing along . bite my nails

Comedies make me laugh.

2Jshs f;rs the emtertainment industvyWrite the clues for the crossword.







A nrursl'r,trittlilr is a person who rEr:l#s ffue news onrfue rcrji*.A make-up . . is a person who . . . . . . . . . . .



The f i lm is praised by cr i t ics

for its effective combination i

of ghost ly terror and smal l-

,o*n .n : : : -

\t-,Finding /Verno is an excitrng

aquat ic adventure with

A . . is a person who

A. . . i s a person who

A weather . . is a person who

A . . is a person who

An is a person who

FEEm gennes

a. Read the excerpts from the following filmreviews and say what kind of films they are.

ffi'T h a c n n n q : r a

terr i f ic and the

danc ing is

br i l l i an t

' , ,excel lent an imation

t ;u*' r One of the ,

r funniest movies Ivar t t ' va o r ro r coon I

DThe batt le scenes

are breathtaking

[ :The heartbreaki ng story

of a young couple who





N E 5 R E A L) E R ( RR A A TT M S E

3 o U L M A 5 T E R) N ET R

Extract What is it? Who wrote it?

A novel

B poem

c a songwflter


c. Write your TOP 5 favourite films. Makesentences, as in the example.

My favourite comedy is Austin powers: Goldmember.

T\l pnograamrncg

Match column A with column B to formcollocations. Then, write definitions for thesedifferent kinds of TV programmes as in theexample. Use your dictionary.

A quiz show is a show in which the players answer questionsand win prizes,

l\lenruspapers amd boeks

5 a. What is each person reading? Match theprompts with the bubbles.

. world news . detective story o biography

. revtew . humorous novel

Wprd brxi3ding

Use -iye, -ous, -oble, to form adjectives fromthe following words. Then, use them to fill inthe gaps.

n u m o u r






1 Shedock Holmes is probably the mostdetective in literature

2 That clown has a very . . . . . . . . . face3 Tom is quiet, but John is quite4 'MAD' is a(n) magazine

that makes you laugh your head off l

FrepasltionaN phrescs

Study the box. Then, fill in the gaps with thecorrect phrase.

1 What a re you do ing? Are you . . . . . . . . ?2 Th is meet ing has been . . . . . . a l l week .3 'Let's go out tonighil' ,That,s a great idea

W h a t d o y o u . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ?

Wsnds oftem €emfused

Match the words to their definit ions. Then,them to complete the sentences.

. viewers . audience . spefiators

A a group of people watching or listening to aconcert/play/film

B the people who watch sth live, especially asporting event

C the people who watch television

every week.

20 ,000 . . . . were in the s tad iumfor the semi-f inal .





enJoynrn to . l

ta lk

admi re


North Korea - cropshit by heavy rains . . .

les Drckens was born' in Landport , Hampshire on7th February ,1812. . .

8v"W , , t , , t ' , , t . , : : . 1 : : : ' '

- Have you ever had dayswhen you just can' t getanything done?

- Days no, decades yes!


Toy Story'is one of the, funniest anrmation

f i lms ever made. . .

' ' " i i l } , -+^-. . ! r , . -^. ̂ . - , , - - , 1 The started applauding-'"This is indeed a mystery," I remarked.

the actors enthusiast ical ly."what do you think i t means?" 2 Mi l i ions of . . . . watch ,Fr iends,

b. Which of the above pieces of writing can 3you find in a newspaper?


ffinmm'nr"nmr frffi use

Exptmning ff i ranrmar: (enditiCInals

Read the extract from a radio interview andanswer the questions below.

b. Complete the sentences using the 2nd or3rd condit ional.



lf I had more free t ime,

would have bought him a present.

l f I l ived in Hawai i ,

we could have gone swimming

5 l f we had bought a newTV, .

Wish/Hfr mnly

a. Match the captions 1-4 to the pictures A-D.Then, rewrite the statements as wishes.

"l'm sorry I cheated in my English test."

lwish I hadn't cheated in my English test." l ' d ra ther be wa lk ing in the park . "

l f on ly" l need to f ind a be t te r job" .

l f o n l y . . . . ."Oh no, I lef t my shoes and shir t on the

beach ! "

l w i s h

Which sentences show:

wish/regret about the past.

wrsh/regret about the present

wish for a presenVfuture change.

Complete the sentences about yourself.

l w i s h I c o u l d

l w i s h l h a d n ' t . .

lwish lwere/was









.:.:::,:':a::;,:::a)a']a:'::.::.:aa ::::aa::::::t,t ::


So, Jake, tel l us how you became af : m n r r q n n n q t : r

Well , i t a l l began when I broke mY leg

playing footbal l .

I don' t understand I

lt's simple lf I hadn't broken my leg, I

wouldn't have taken guitar lessons and if I

hadn't learned how to play the guitar, I

wouldn't have joined a band.

So you owe your fame and fortune to a

footbal l in jury!

Oh no, i f I weren' t a pop star, l 'd be a

famous footbal l player

a .2

Look at the sentence in i tal ics. How many

condit ionals can you see? What type are

they? When rs this type used?

Look at the last sentence rn the dralogue.

What type of condit ional sentence is i t?

When is this type used?

Which condit ionals are not in the text? When

are they used?

Rewrite the following sentences, using the

2nd or 3rd condit ionals, as in the example.

She studied hard and so she graduated

She wouldn't have graduated if she hadn't studied


He got a promotion so he bought a car.

l f h e . . . .

She can' t buy a new jumper because she

doesn't have enough money

l f she

John isn' t going on hol iday as he hasn' t got a


I f John








4 Look at the pictures and the speech bubbles.Use your own ideas to make sentences, as inthe example.

I d idn ' tb r ing myglasses.

She wishes she had brought her glasses. If she had broughther glasses, she would be able to read her notes.

I d idn ' t takean umbre l lawith me

I didn' t readthe map ear l ie r

I drank toomany coto

dr inks

ffief;atiwe cfmusms

Use who, which, whose and wheretojoin thefollowing sentences.

Bruce Wil l is has starred inmany adventure f i lms He was born

i n ' 1 9 5 5

Mary Poppins came out in '1964 lt is aclassic musical .

The Highlands are in Scot land Rob Roywas shot there.

Michael Douglas's father is an actor. Hestarred in APerfect Murder

Fhrmsad trgrm

Underline the correct particle to complete thephrasal verbs.

1 At f i rst he seemed nice, but he turned out/upto be a very selfish person

2 Her constant lying really turned me offldownwanting to talk to her.She cal led Laura as she had no other fr iend toturn to/on

Everyone was surpr ised when the usual lyfr iendly dog turned to/on the vis i tor.Samantha's cat disappeared only to turnto/up at her house four days later.Bob was very upset when his gir l f r iend turnedoffldown his marriage proposal.

Sercter"fr se trm s"nsfmrrc,e mtE*ns

Rewrite the following sentences withoutchanging the meaning.



- i

{E, ''i


tdr ffi,U [. ti T Lt L U [dr

: r , : , " , r i l l i i l i l " . 1 l ' i r ' : ' r ' r i ' l '

i l ' r . - i j , , , r . i l l i l i , t t ' : r l , , , i l 1 . i . r ' l l ' '

r i i i i ' , l ) i l i , i , , l ' 1 I i l ' 1 1 ' r i i i r i ' l l

What we have in common is our love of l i terature.We are a group of people . .

In common.People don't have enough free t ime to read moreOOOKS

l f people had more free t ime,

tt woutd o. g*., if there ;.,.. #::t*ili;.,l i ke th is one!

| . . . mo[ewebs i tes l i ke th is one!When I was young, there weren' t many websitesthat encouraged readinglf only morewebsites that encouraged reading when I wasyoung !

I wanted to post a message sooner but I didn' tknow you had an on l ine gues t book ll f . . . . . . . . y o u h a dan onl ine guest book, I would have posted amessage sooner!

7 1



a. Look at the pictures, the title and the firstsentence of the article. What do you expectto read about?

Read the text and choose the correct answerA , B , C o r D .

What's the writer's purpose in writing the


A to make us belreve that Donald is a real


B to embarrass his fr iends

C to help Donald's act ing career

D to give us more information about Donalo

How does the writer feel about Donald?

A He wants to be famous l ike him.

B He thinks Donald is talented, entertaining

and lovable.

C He thinks Donald is very intel l igent.

D He believes only children should like Donald

Why is the wri ter sad that Donald won one


A because Donald is only a cartoon character

B because Donald only appeared in one

good cartoon

C because he feels that Donald should have

won more Oscars

D because Donald's name was hardly ever

on the l ist of Oscar nominees

The writer is trying to find facts about

A Donald's family

B Donald's habits.

C Donald's l i festyle

D Donald's fr iends

5 Which of the following statements about

Donald Duck might the wri ter agree with?

A Only ch i ld ren l i ke h im.

B He was funny 50 years ago.

C He's just a drawing.

D He is a qreat entertatner.

b. Write a short paragraph about yourfavourite cartoon character or comic str iphero.

















1 s i l l y (para . 1 )

2 embarrassed(para 1)

3 ro ie tpara . 2 )

4 r..'ealthy (para 3)E < r , ' n r i c p q ( n a r a 4 \

WI am a devoted DonaldDuck fan and although myfriends find it ridiculousthat someone over the ageof 10 has a cartoon duck fora hero, I am not ashamed.Donald is no ordinary duck.He is known throughout theworld and his comics andcartoons have beentranslated into almost everylanguage. I'm sure there

really aren't too many people on earth who haven't

heard of the world's most famous duck.

It all began in 1,934 when he appeared in the Walt

Disney cartoon The Wise Little Hen. He had a small

part, but his unique voice (created by Clarence'Duckie'Nash) and character made him a star almost

overnight. He then played in many Mickey Mouse

cartoons and in 1937 he finally got what he deserved:

the starring role in his own cartoon called Donald's

Ostich. His performances were so impressive that he

was often on the list of Oscar nominees, but sadly he

only received one, which I feel is a shame.

There is not much information available about his

personal life but here is what I've managed to find

out so far. Donald was bought up by his grandmother

and his rich uncle Scrooge McDuck. He has three

nephews Huey, Louie and Dewey and a cousin Gus, a

goose. He also has a distant European uncle calledLudwig Van Drake. I can't seem to find any

information about his parents or any brothers or

sisters, but I'll keep looking!

The Donald we all know andlove hasn't changed much

in 80 years. He's still thequick-tempered, lovableduck n ' i th that 40characteristic voice.What amazes me is that

despite his fame andfortune, he still doesn't

own one pair of trousers!

a. Read the text again and underl ine t#*hsynonyms for the fol lowing:


Listcnimg &a SpeakingRes/iewing a booB<

a. Describe the book cover. Think about:a



what the t i t le iswho the author iswhat type of novelthis iswhat theprofession of theman on the cover is

. hOw interestingyou think i tmight be

b. What is your favourite book? Write a shortreview of it.


1 This week, MalcolmA is out of town.B has a f ight with LoisC has a f ight with Hal.

2 Get a New Life isA usual ly shown earl ter.B usual ly shown laterC usual ly shown at this t ime

3 Massive Nature

A is a drama seriesB is a f ishing programme.

C has won an award


Al: \,tlhat did you think about the movie?Bob: Well ... how shall I put it? It's Jaws'but ...

on land and with huge spiders!Al: Really? So you didn't like it at all! .Sorry, I

shouldn't have asked you to join me.Bob:Wait, that's not exactly what I meant to

sayl Let me start again! I enjoyed it but,you know, I think that this type of moviehas been done many times before.

Al: Oh ... I thought that it was quite original.The special effects were impressive andthe spiders were so, what's the word forit,

Bob: Well you have a point, AJ. Hey, my friendMarco has a pet tarantula. Do you want togo and pay him a visit?

Al: I'll pass, I think I've seen enough spidersto last me a lifetime!








a .2


Read the f irst exchange in the dialogue.How did Bob l ike the f i lm? Read thedialogue and see what reasons he gives.

Read the dialogue and f ind any phrases thespeakers use to:- correct themselves- gain time in order to express themselves

betterThen, put them in the correct category inthe table.

,!\r1,, l\\it,t, !

c. In pairs act out similar dialogues.

Reviewimg a TW pe'mgr€*#x?me

You will hear someone reviewing tonight's television programmes. For each question choose the correctanswer, A, B or C.






Correcting oneselfNo . /Sorry .. /l mean

. . now le t me th ink

. . . JUSI a moment . .


. . . o r ra ther . .T h r + i - + ^ - ^ . ,r i l o L t ) L U ) d y . . .

4 What t ime is the news on?A before the war filmB after the war f i lmC a t 1 0 p m

5 ln Meet the Parents,A Greg's gir l f r iend has a di f f icul t dadB Greg's girlfriend is very prettyC Greg's gir l f r iend is away for the weekend.

6 The presenter wi l l return tomorrowA at an earl ier t ime.B before the cricket match.C 30 minutes later

What's on TV tonight? What would you like to see? Why?73

Wniting {an el"natl *f apoNogy}

Let"s get started


a. In which cases would someone write a letter of apology?

b. Read the rubric and underl ine the key words.

d: A friend of yours had bought tickets for a film you both

S wanted to see. However, you failed to turn up. Write an

ie emai l to him/her. In your emai l , you should:

;: . apologise for not turning uP

{ . explain what the reason was: . suggest a way to make it up to him/her

[-et's f,mok eloser

a. Read the email and complete the paragraph plan. Then, answer the questions.- What reasons does Jenny give for her mistake?- How does she promise to make it up to her friend?


ft nepry '*ntpruAll i i lForvard Wnss l#*r ,nnffieoit @Dear He len ,

I am terr ibly sorry for not showing up for the f i lm on Saturday evening.

I can imagine how upset you must have been whi le wait ing for me and I

thought I 'd wri te to you to tel l you why I dtdn' t come.

On Saturday morning, I got a cal l f rom my boss, asking me to go to the

off ice as soon as possible because something urgent had come up. lstayed

at work t i l l 5 in the afternoon, so as soon as I got back home I fel l asleep on

the couch. The next thing I knew was when lwoke up and real ised how late

i t was, and I fel t terr ible because I had unintent ional ly stood you up.

I hope you bel ieve me when l tel l you how real ly sorry I am l 'd l ike to

make it up to you by inviting you to a rock concert next Saturday. Tickets on

me! What do you think?

b. Read the email again and. underline the expressions Jenny uses to say she is sorry. circle the expression that means: 'to explain what happened'

Reason/Resulta. Look at the emailagain and underl ine any sentences that contain because and so. What do these

words show?






Rewrite the following sentences as in the example.

He helped me I didn' t know how to do i t

He helped me because I didn't know how to do it.

I didn't know how to do it, so he helped me.

2 | cal led you. I wanted to apologise.

3 Tina started crying. She was very drsappointed,i We will give you a refund. The product is faulty

- i ' i r t f . / l r . l l r . t : : , ' Y



Making excuses

Write sentences excusing yourself in thefollowing situations.

1 You forgot your best friend's birthday.I'm sorry I forgot your birthday, but t had been itt inhospital.

2 You missed your cousin's'

::::"" ;, o."J^o'.'.u *"

3 You didn' t turn up for a very importantmeeting at work.I apo log ise fo r . . . . . . . . Whath a p p e n e d w a s . . . . . .

4 You damaged a friend's CD player.I feel so guilty aboutWhat happened was

5 You spoke rudely to a friend.Please forgive me forAt that moment, I fel t . . . .

Making i t up

a. Write sentences suggesting ways to make itup to the following people.

You lost a book a friend had given you.I'm sorry I lost your book. I will buy you anotherone.

You damaged a fr iend's camera.

You weren't able tobirthday party.

go to your friend's

You forgot a meeting with a friendHow does

Think of other ideas for Jenny to make itup to Helen in Ex. 2.

Your turn

Read the rubric and underline the keywords. Then, use expressions from theuseful language box to make your points.

You missed your best friend's birthday party.Write an email to him/her to say you aresorry. In your email, you should:. apologise for having missed the event. justify yourself. suggest a way to make it up to him/her

lanUua$nl\daking ex.rtlses. l 'm sor ry . . .o The reason | . . .o I do apologise for . . .. I feel so gui l ty . . .. Please forgive me for . .

i\,4akinE if up. Please let me . . to make i t up to you.. I p romise l ' l l . . .. l 'd l ike to make i t up to you by . . .

b. Look at the opening/closing remarks belowand mark the sentences (FJ for formal and(0 for informal. Which ones would youchoose to starVend your email?

Opening remarksr I am wri t ing to apologise for . . .o l 'm sorry for . . .r Please accept my sincere apologies foro I can' t tel l you how sorry I am .. .. I owe you an apology for . . .

Closing remarks. I hope you wi l l accept my apologies for . .o There's no excuse for . . . and I hope you, l l forgive

me for . .e I be9 you to forgive me for . .






c. NoW write your email (60-100 words).


Wmsmheilary FraetfrceTeehmmlmgy

a . Label the devices Terence has in hisroom. Use the phrases in the box tosay what each one is used for.

.-lrt.n io ril* -- *-1

. make paper copies 1

. take pictures I

. watcn programmes

. play music t

. record/amplify your voice j- l t r L \ J l u l o i l r v i l r y y v u l v v r L E I

r store information i.* *-:

Aprinter is used to make paper copies of documents.

b, Which of the above devices have/haven'tyou got in your room?

a. Name two devices that have the followingfeatures.








cables camputer, camern

voice recorder



colour monitor

hard disk



b. Use the prompts in the box to writesentences, as in the examPle.

. l 've been having problems with .

. I can't get it to start

. l t keeps crashing/turningblack/j u m pi n g/fl ickeri n g/getti n g stuck

r l t won't come on.I o The ... doesn't work.

l've been having problems with my computer,lt keepscroshing.

Fif l in: from, onto, on,to, with, down, at.

1 Where did you f ind this song? I downloaded i t

. . . the Internet mY computer.

2 In her free t ime, she chats with her fr iends

the net and she plays games

ner computer.

3 Did you take these lovely pictures . . .

your digi tal camera?

4 He types al l his essays . . . . . . . . h is laptop.

5 She used a modem to connect the computer

. . . . the phone l ine

information he wanted wasn't

top of the webpage, so he scrol led

. to f ind i t

Use the prompts to respond.

r turn down . plug in . switch off. log on . delete

1 A: The music is too loud!B. OK.l'llturnitdown!

2 A: The TV is annoying me!B :


B :


B :


B :

The computer doesn't work



6 The



This f i le is uselessl



I want to use the Internet l

Wsrdsearc9r g*uaxEe

Unscramble the nouns defined below. Then,f ind them in the wordsearch puzzle.

1 A devrce you type on to input information into acomputer (darobeky) keybaard

2 An electronic letter or messaoe vou send over the




























S T( ' a

B SN/l oP UR DE YL IE RL PInternet (meila)

3 The part of a desk

located (omitron)top computer where the screen is

\ / n r I r c o t n l n n n n t n, .- your





4 The seret code word

computer. (droswasp)

5 A collection of Internet files on a particular subject, with its own,homepage. (tisbewe)6 A device used to point at and select options on a computer scfe€fl. (Hint: lt 's named after a small

an ima l . ) (smeou)

7 A machine that makes a paper copy of a text, picture, etc from your computer (tirnerp)


6 What kind of modern equipment can you usein each class? Use the prompts and your ownideas to make sentences.

. digital camera . overhead projector

. video recorder . desktoo comouter

An overhead projector can be used in science lessonsto show slides of bodv oarts.

Wmrd fsrn"rm€icsa: pre$Pxes

7 Study the box and form verbs. Then, use themto complete the sentences (1-4).

- - - - " - l

re- is added to verbs and nouns to form new verbs iand nouns that refer to the repeating of an action or a lProcess.jnter- combines with verbs and nouns to form Iadjectives indicating that something connects two or I

:::: i:::::'l':::::.l'ups of peop'e i

1 British Airways is offering a discount onf l ights this month !

2 M y b a t t e r y i s l o w . I h a v e t o . . . . . . . . . . . . m ypnone.

3 The teacher the desks to makespace for the meeting.

4 | thought l 'd lost my f i les, but theywhen I restarted my computer.

Frcpms6t8mmal pkrascs

8 Study the box, then complete the sentences1-4 with the right phrase.

r " - ' " - " ' - ' " 1

i lf something is in sight, you can see it. lI lt something is ort of sigLrt,you cannot see it. it . - lI lf you know someone by siqht, you can recogniseI them when you see them, although you have never met

I or talked to them.

I lf you say that something has certain characteristics d.first sight, you mean that it appears to have the jfeatures you describe when you first see it but larer it is i

P::1': ?:ltl':::: j1 As the boat neared the is land, the smal l beach


2 The project seemed more di f f icul t . . . . . . . .3 l 've never spoken to Jul ian, but I know him

He parked his car . .

would know he was home.


appearrh.a rno


nal tona I



so that nobody


ExplorinE Grannnrrar;!ndirect speech

Read the speech bubbles, then read thedialogue and answer the questions.

Technical Suppon?You've got to help me! Mycomputer's c up holder is


It's like a traythat comes out of the front of

my PC, with a hole in it for mycoffee cup.

Hmm,we don't normally deal with

things like that. Canyoudescibe it to me?

That's not a cupholder, sir!That's your computer's

CD-ROM dive!

Kel ly: Someone cal led our Help Desk today and said

that his cuoholder was broken !

James: What does a cupholder have to do with

Computer Technical Support?

Kelly: Exactly! | asked him to describe it to me. In

the end I told him i t was his CD-ROM drive!

Which sentences from the speech bubbles are

reported in the dialogue? Compare them with

the ones in the soeech bubbles. How have the

verb tenses changed? Why have they changed?

Look at the direct ouest ion in i tal ics rn the

speech bubbles and then f ind the reported

quest ion in the dialogue What are the

changes that take place when report ing direct

ouest ions?

Apart from the verb tenses, what else changes

when reporting another person's words?

Complete the text to report what John'smother said in her note.

John's mum left him a note which said that she had gone ...

You have a foreign exchange student in yourclass and she has asked you a lot of questions.You are telling your friend what she said.

Rewrite her questions as direct questions.

Where is the headmastels office?



4 a .

"You must eat properly

and get eight hour 's sleep

each night", the doctor

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . h e r

Grarnman Read the note John found from his mum whenhe got home from school.

Complete the speech bubbles with thecorrect forms of the reporting verbs below.

o tell . SaV . ask

trTodd doi



" l 'm go ing to Japan fo r

C h r i s t m a s , " J u d y . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

"What istonight? "



b. Report what was saidbubbles.

in the speech

1 The doctor told her2 Ann asked

3 Judy said

Report the following orders:

1 "Stop talking or l ' l l give you extra homework.The teacher told us

2 " Clara, switch the radio off ! "

Mum told Clara3 "Don't delete these f i lest"

My boss told me

eausative fornr

Your friend ishaving problemswith hiscomputer andasks for youradvice.Complete thedialogue, usingthe causativeform.

A: My disk drive won't read my floppy disks. (fix)B. You should have it fixeo.A: My monitor keeps going black.B: . . . . . . (check by technician)

A: There's no sound coming from my speakers.B : . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ( r e p l a c e )

A: The keys on my keyboard keep sticking.B : . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ( c r e a n )

b. Your friend's TV has broken and his video isnot working. Write the dialogues.

Phrasal verbs: take

Choose the correct particle.

1 A: She has beentaking on/up fartoo much worklately. She needsto slow down.

B: I know. l've toldher so myself.




2 AB:

3 A :

B :

4 A .

B :

Where are Wil l iam and Sam?They took offlout for the weekend

Fred's new computer system takes up/onhalf the space in his bedroom.Yes. I know. Have you seen all theequipment he got with i t?

Jimmy seems to have a lot of money,doesn't he?

I know! He took al l his fr iends ouVup todinner at the weekend


Sentence transformations

Complete the second sentence so that it meansthe same as the first. Use no more than threewords.

1 "Why has Mary deleted al l her f i les?" hewondered.

He wondered why . . . . . . a l l her f i les .2 Someone is coming to repair the photocopler

this afternoon.

We are . . . . . . . repaired this afternoon.3 Two thieves entered my house and stole

everyth i ng.Two thieves brokeand stole everything

4 "Where is my laptop?" Ron asked his sisterRon asked his sister

s 'jrf'"'ni.irn *f f O. n"r. n .,l n"r'r)i,1.secretary said.The secretary said that the technician . . . . . .

B :

B :

in an hour.



Which of the sentences below do you think are

true about the gir l in the picture? Decide, then

read the text and check your guesses.

1 She gets up early.

2 Her school is t radi t ional and old fashioned.

3 She studies hard.

4 She uses lots of gadgets and appl iances

5 She doesn't of ten go out dur ing the week.

Read the text again and choose the best

answer A, B, C or D.

ln this text, Atsuko describes

A her typical weekend.

B her dai ly rout ine.

C how technology has changed her I i fe.

D Japanese tradi t ions

After she wakes up, Atsuko

A gets out of bed and l istens to the news.

B gets up and reads the news

C has breakfast and goes to school.

D gets up and takes the bus to school

On the way to school, chi ldren don't

A l isten to music.

B talk to their f r iends.

C do their homework.

D watch TV

What does Atsuko say about school work?

A She complains that the teachers give her

bad grades.

B She says that she would get better results

with a new PC

C She would rather talk to her fr iends than


D She says her parents help her with her


What might Atsuko say about her life?

A I wish I could spend al l day in my rooml i < t o n i n n t n m r r < i r

B l f I had more t ime, I would read lots of


C I study quite hard, so I really look forward

to the weekends.

D I would get better school grades i f I didn' t

cha t so much on my mob i le !

a. Read the text again and underl ine al l thethings related to modern technology thatAtsuko uses.

b. Write sentences about the gadgets that youuse every day.

luse an alarm clocktowake me up in the morning.


with music blasting from my

1S-year-oldAtsuko Kawabatatells Teen Worldhowtechnologyplays a major rolein her daily life.

6.30am My alar:mclock goes off and Iget out of bed andturn on my stereoto catch up on thenews.

7.30am Time to puton my headphonesand go to school

personal stereo,

7.45am As soon as I get onto the school bus, Iswap CDs with my friends. Some of them arefinishing up their homework on their laptops.Others are gossiping with their friends on theirmobiles. Younger passengers are having fun withtheir Cameboys.

B.30am In the classroom, which is equipped withstate-of-the-art PCs, I do my best to concentrateon my Maths lesson. Some kids download gamesfrom the lnternet, while pretending to work hardon Maths problems.

6.00pm Home at last! At the dinner table, Icomplain about the homework my teachers giveme. Lately, l've been trying to convince my parentsthat a new and better computer would help me toimprove my grades at school. Then I do myhomework. While doing it, I have to have mymobile switched off. When l've finished, I turn onmy mobile and start chatting to my friends.Sometimes I go out to a caf6, but I am not usuallyallowed to go out until the weekend. That's when Ihave the most fun!


MmkEmg m pfuome cmffE

Use the verbs below to complete theinstructions.

o insert . make . hold

1 . . . . . y o u r c a r d

. . the number

3 . . . . . . . . . . . . a p h o n e c a l l

4 . . . . . . . . . t h e l i n e .

a. Listen and f i l l in the missing information.

w%www &wwwwq&wwT'$qxz t* t.\zx ptz*rz* ,g*"t: "wi1l fzmd" 23a* vt;qT\ ** wrztt*n tny:tr*r:ti*n*,

"{.*awI21n**r}"*} ..."" *r &.;:T:*rr*r:.*r*1* *fr* &9*7*12* ph*nrx

Y*u. qen #*?" a?h.*rzqtr:xrd *t *rw33 .".".. ". . . ". . .". ". , . . ."".. . ."* * "x*t. 43 ".... ".. " " " ".. " ".... "...... T *1jr ph* d, urz,r*s;*'; *t; h*ar a *.ie\ t_*rt*.

Ya z"*.*k* a* 5:3 ...."...."." ry.a\j. kqzn r.b* TlK,

T** Ttlrs#?. *iat ** **f*r* t"k* ttNx,,l**r.

5f . y t:;t; fu6-; s * pr *fuI*rn. *iaL * : . ".. ". ".. ............... ". " t*rt"rr* iTt"t*rn*.t"i**e2 *p *r aN.*r .

b. How do you make a phone call in yourcountry? Give instructions to a foreigner.

Tmfiflefrm6 ffiF? thffi phmne

a. Read the f irst l ines of the dialogues (A + B).What is the relationship between thespeakers?




t:*'..: \i';4..1t,:





L$stemf;mg & Spemkfrmg A

h'*ona: Hello. Is Tim there, please?Bob: Is that you, Mona?Mona: Yes ... Oh, hi, Bob! I didn't recognise

your voice.Bob: Hi, Mona. Well, Tim is in the bathroom

right now. Can you hold the line?I think I'll call back later. Bvel


A: Smith, Harper and Jarvis Enterprises - canI help you?

B: Good morning. Could you put me throughto Mr. Smith, please?

A: May I ask who's calling?B: This is Mrs Bell, the accountant.A: I'm afraid he's not here right now. He'll be

back this afternoon.B: Oh nol This afternoon is too late. Vyhat

about Mr. Harper? Is he there?A: Yes, but I'm afraid he can't come to the

phone right now. He's in an importantmeeting. Can I take a message?

B: Oh, no, that's all right. Can I speak to Mr.

Janris instead, please?

A: Certainly. I'll put you through to him.j,{;:l:f:i:1:l:;::.::::::l ",',""'

b. Find and underl ine phrases in the dialoguesthat the speakers use to ask for someone.

c. How do you answer the phone in your ownlanguage? ls i t the same as in English?

Read the phrases in the box and mark them (F,)for formal, (l) for informal or (B) for both, Then,act out a short dialogue similar to A.

Speaker A - AskingCould I speak to . . , please?ls that . ?C o u l d l l e a v e a m e s s a g e ?

Could you ask him to cal l back?Cou ld you te l l h im tha t . . . ca l led?

Speaker B - Responding. . speak ing - may I he lp you?

Would you l ike to leave a message?Yes, speakingCan you nng back later?Who is i t?wi]rf:u





Wrfrtfrr"ng {a letter requrest8ng infonnration}

Getting started

Read the rubric and underline the key words. ls this a formal or an informal letter? How will you startand end it?

$ Read the advertisement for a local computer club you want to join, and the notes you have

* made. Then, write a letter to the club secretary asking for information, including the points

i mentioned in your notes.



. :d

Ashton Computer Club is now open with

brand new faci l i t iesl

30 PCs a l lw i th b roadband

Internet connection what is free gift?


. Become a member with free entry

fnr nno year and get a FREE GIFT!. ," f t"^,:"- 'V

' Al l aqes and abi l i t ies welcome!

Let"s lmelk qlcsen

2 a. Read the letter and complete the paragraph plan.


:!i Dear Sir/Madam,

I m..:,:j ffiffie I saw your advertisement in the Ashton Gazette yesterday and I am

: t r -l. interested in becomrng a member of the computer club. However, lwouldI appreciate i t i f you could give me some more information.

:li," *-. , m.@" First of al l , could you please let me know how much membership

,:i costs? | would also like to know what the free gift mentioned in your::ali l! advertisement is.:li

; i l .

.: ffil* Secondly, I would like to know whether there will be separate classes:i for chi ldren and adutts..rt

: t u ,

,; fl l i,k' Thank you in advance for your help. I look forward to hearing from,.,1. vou as soon as possible.j

,,i Yours faithfully,.li oarren Brownif;;


b. Read the letter againand underl ine thephrases Darren uses toask for information.How many directquestions can you findin the letter?

c. What is the first thingDarren mentions in theintroduction?


3 a. Use the phrases in thebox below to turn thedirect questions intoindirect questions.

Indirect Questions

. Could you let me know/tellm e . . .

. I would i ike to know(iflwhether) .

. I would l ike you to tel l me . . .

. Can you explain what youmean Dy . . .

o I am also interested rnf inding out

Are the computerinstructors q ual i f ied?Are there any laptops forhire at the club?

What software do thecomputers have?ls there air condit ioningin the rooms?

How close is the club tothe universi ty campus?Does membership includethe use of al l the faci l i t ies?

Look at the advert inEx. 1 again and think ofother indirect questionsyou could ask about thecomputer club.

Bffiltofipr-r #r #r ffi & p i-{'d il $- rJ ffi

The members of Bolton ehotograph-y

Club invite you to ioin our clilb and

the Local Libtary.Brand new

All ages and levels of experierie

ffi pcm&ng/elos!ng r€,ffi?arks

4 which of the fol lowing are opening remarks and which are closingremarks? Mark them (O) for opening and (Cl for closing.

1 | am writ ing to ask for some information about the adventureweekend I saw advertised in this week's edition of AdventureLovers

2 | look forward to hearing from you soon.3 Please write back soon with the information.4 | saw your advert in Keyboard magazine and I want to know more.

Yoe;r ta.lrm

5 a. You are interested in joining a photography club, Use theprompts in the box to ask the secretary for information.

. opening and closing t imes . classes

. quali f ied instructors o student discount

I would like to know if there is a special discount for students at your club.

Read the rubric below and underline the key words. Then, useyour ideas in Ex. 5a and the expressions from Ex. 3a to writeyour let ter (100-120 words).

Read the advert for a local photography club you want to join,and the notes you have made. Then write a letter to thesecretary of the photography club, asking for informationincluding the points mentioned in your notes.



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@ Tapescript for Exercise 1 (p. 9)

Presenter: which brings us to our next subject for today -

body language And with us to talk about this fascinatingtopic is the wel l -known psychologist Dr Sue Wi l l iams Thankyou for comingDr Williams: lt's my pleasurePresenter: Well, doctor Will iams Could you tell us exactlywhat body language is?Dr Will iams: Basically, it is communication using the bodyinstead of words For example, take a look at how we aresi t t ing r ight now You wi l l not ice that our bodies and ourknees are pointing towards one another When people sit thisway it usually means they are interested and feel comfortablewith the person facing them This is an example of bodylanguage, or non-verbal communicat ionPresenter: And is this form of communication of anVrmportance to us?Dr Will iams: Certainly! A lot can be understood fromsomeone's body language. I am sure you wi l l agree thatpeople sometimes say quite the opposite to what they reallyfeel But the body doesn't l ie and reveals the truth about howsomeone feels. So a good observer can get a lot ofin format ion about someone f rom thei r body languagePresenter: Oh! l ' l l have to be careful in future Terr me moreHow does the body speak, then?Dr Williams: In a number of ways The way we move ourhands, the posi t ion of par ts of our bodies such as our knees,as I have already mentioned, and of course the movement ofour eyes, give away a lot of information about us Somepeople, for instance, don't l ike to stand too close to theperson they are talking to because it makes them feel veryuncomfortable Others consider this to be a way of showinginterest in the person or a way of expressing a sense ofcloseness or friendshipPresenter: And is body language the same for everybody, ordoes it vary from culture to culture?DrWill iams: Yes, body language depends a lot on culture Afew facial expressions and gestures may be common to all butin general, people of different cultures tend to have verydifferent ways of expressing themselves In some countries,for instance, it is necessary to look into the eyes of the personyou are talking to in order to show interest in what he or sheis saying, whi le in other countr ies, i t is rude or insul t ing tolook into someone's eyes. Also, in some countries, noddingyour head expresses agreement while in others this wouldmean that you disagree.

Ta pescriptsPresenter: That's odd, isn't it? lmagine not knowing ifsomeone agrees with you or not How about women andmen - any differences?DrWill iams: Oh yes According to recent research, women usebody language more than menPresenter: Well, that seems reasonable to me Let,s take ashort commercial break and we'l l be back in a few minutes.

S\' Tapescript for Exercise 5b (p. 17)

Pam:So, Greg, have you finally decided what you are going todo after university?Greg; No, I haven't made my mind up yet I might go travell ingfor a year. What about you? You've sti l l got another, whatthree years at medical school, haven't you?Pam: Yeah, that's right - and in the meantime, l,m stuckworking at Gresham's restaurantGreg:l thought you l iked working therePam:Well, the tips can be great and the customers are usuallyreally polite and friendly, even when I get the order wrong,which is not often, but it 's really t ir ing being on your feet allthe t ime

Greg:Well, l bet you're looking forward to becoming a doctor,thenPam:Yeah, although the salary's not great from the start you

have to wait years and pass lots of exams before you startearn ing a bet ter sa laryGreg:lt 's not just the money, though, is it? | mean, you wll l bedoing something real ly worthwhi le , help ing s ick people getbetter, and the career prospects are great, aren,t they?Pam:Yeah, you're right, I suppose l 'm just a bit t ired afterdoing a late shift last night at the restaurant I had to coverfor a girl who was off sickGreg: lust think, though In a few years time, you won,t begetting tips from customers, you'l l be able to go out to niceplaces and g ive t ipsPam: And l ' l l leave big tips after having worked as a waitress.lmagine having to do that for the rest of your l i feGreg: So you don't think the career prospects are great?( laughs)

Pam; No, that's one of the reasons l 'm going into medicineWhat about you, Greg? You're not going to spend the rest ofyour l i fe borrowing money from your parents, are you?Greg: No way! l 'm going to be a rich and famousPam:You wish!





I@ Tapescript for Exercise 3 (p. 25)

Presenter:Now, if everyone's ready, l 'd l ike to talk about giving speeches

and presentations. The key to doing this successfully is, of

course, preparation. lf you are well-prepared and know what

you want to say, then you won't feel nervous. Keep your

notes in front of you to look at while you are making your

presentation. However, try to keep them short, clear and easy

to read

NoW a word about using videos, slide projectors and other

audio/visual equipment lf you decide to use these in your

presentation, especially things l ike microphones and

amplif iers, check that they are working properly before you

begin speaking As for speaking itself, the rule is to speak

louder than you think you need to Most people talk much

too quietly and nobody can hear what they're saying.

Finally, even the best speakers dry up sometimes lf this

happens to you, the worst thing you can do is panic! Try to

stay calm because this wil l help you remember what you want

to say Above all, be professionall A speech usually turns out

to be bad when the speaker is shy or when his preparation is

poor. On the other hand, the most successful speakers are

both confident and enthusiastic To give you an example of

wha t lmean . ( f ade )


@ Tapescript for Exercise ab (p. 33)

Dave:So Tracey, how was your holiday in Bournemouth?

Tracey:Well, i t was good and bad, actually

Dove:Oh, yes? | heard the weather was good though, wasn'tt t /

fror"y,V"r, it was, but the hotel we stayed at wasn't exactlygrear

Dove: Oh dear What was the matter with it, then?

Trocey:For a start, there was nowhere to park our car and the

August traffic was terrible.

Dave:Well, August is a busy time of year

Tracey:Yeah, well. When we arrived we were really hungry

but the restaurant had closed for the evening!

Dove:fypicaltTracey:fhey weren't too keen to serve us at other times,

either and the service was awful and unfriendly. Plus there

wasn r even any room Servtce.Dove:You must be joking! 5o you must have eaten out a lot?

Trocey:Yes We did use the pool quite a lot though as it was

ouieter than the crowded beach and it was better for Jamie -

who's only ' l 8 months old, remember


Dove: Right I suppose there was a television in the room?

Trocey:Nol only that, but lots of satell i te channels and a DVD

player as wellDave:lI sounds l ike you spent most of your holiday watching

ry!Tracey:We did watch a bit but as you said, the weather was

really hot so we sat by the swimming pool a lot Besides,

there wasn' t any a i r condi t ion ing in the rooms.

Dove:That's hardly a surprise This country's not used to hot

weather.Trocey:Yeah, tell me about it I must say, though, that the

rooms were spotlessly clean, so we left the maid a good tip

when we left.Dave:That was good of you Do you think you'l l be going

back?Trocey:No, but we might have if the service had been a bit

more friendlyDove: Right

W Tapescript for Exercise 2 $. a1)

Somontho: Come on Bil l, hurry up! We don't have much time

before the shopping centre closesBill: l 'm coming, l just need to lock the car Here we are

Samantha: OK let's go You know l 'm really looking forward

to Maria's wedding and I want you to look your best. All my

family wil l be there. You can try on a few suits to see what

size fits you best, ehBrlf Samantha, it 's easy I know my size so let's just go straight

to Burton's and get a black suit l ike the old one I have

Somontha: Oh I think you should get a grey one. Grey really

suits you and then you could also wear it to work

8,/f OK then, grey is f ine with me, but I need to get a tie to


Samontho: Right Oh just a second, look at those purple high-

heels Oh they're lovely, aren't they? They would go perfectly

with my dress Let's go inside

Brll l ' l l wait here if you don't mind.

(Pa use)

Br7l: What took you so long? l 've been waiting for you for

ages !Samantha: Sorry, it was really busy, but they were a real

bargain They only cost f26 down from f 35

Bilf Great. Shall we go now?

Samantha: Oh look at the timel We'd better hurrv up The

men's shop is over thereBil l:Yes, and it looks l ike they are closing

Somantha: Closing? Are you sure?Bil/:Well I think they've put the closed sign up. Yeah, closed.

Somontha: Oh no! You've no suit for the wedding

Bilf That's all r ight. l ' l l just wear my old one Come on ! Let's go.


W Tapescript for Exercise 1 1p. a9)

1 How many gifts has Jim received?

Mum: Oh, what beautiful presents Aunt Mary

brought for you! What have you got, Fiona?

Fiona: I've got a pink dress.Mum: And what about you, Jim?

Jim: l've got some books . The Three Musketeers,

Treasure lsland and Robinson Crusoe.

2 Who does Mark invite?

Mark Shall I ask Henry's brother, David, to the party?

Woman: I think he's away on holiday Henry's coming

though, isn ' t he?Mork I 'm sti l l waiting for his reply to our invitation

Woman: Well, send David one anyway. He may be back

oy now

What did the couple forget?

Mon; Quick, give me the camera. Sarah's about to

blow out the candles on her cake.

Womon: lt 's here but you didn't remind me to get f i lm !

Mon: Oh dear! We could have had some great shots

for the family photo album.

Which lantern did Rachel make?

Rachel: That isn't the one I made Mine's got teeth and

tr iangular eyes. The one Char l ie made looks

simi lar but i t hasn' t got a nose Mine must be

on the other table

@ Tapescript for Exercise 2a (p. 57)

Answering machine;Thank you for callrng Fisher's Organic Fruitand Vegetables. Please leave your message after the tone ...(beep)

Chef; Hello. This is Oliver Jones - chef at the Bay TreeRestaurant. l 'm phoning about the fruit and veg you deliveredyesterday because there seems to have been a mistake

For a start, I only ordered 6 kilos of carrots, not 10 as it sayson your invoice I don't need that many. And l'm certainly notgoing to pay for two boxes of baby onions. You've onlydelivered one! Where is the other box?

The cooking apples.. yes, they're OK. Two crates for f1'1which is what I wanted But I'm sure you've overcharged mefor the wild mushrooms! | know they're expensive but do youreally expect me to pay f200 for 3 kilograms? That can't beright, can it? As for the lettuce, l 'm sure I ordered four boxesbut if you check the invoice, it says three

The blood oranges... let's see ... Yes, you delivered 5 kilos andthat's conect But what about the aubergines? You've chargedme for 15 kilos but I haven't received any at all! You shouldhave delivered 8 kilos and I wanted them for tonight's menuPlease call me back as soon as oossible on 0131 445 5690.

@ Tapescript for Exercise 2b (p. 65)

SOC guide:lf you would like to take part in the Schools OutdoorChallenge rock clrmbing course, your teacher will give you anappl icat ion form at the end of the lesson. For now, l ' l l te l lyouwhat the cost of the course includes and what you need tobring with you

As you can see from our leaflet, rock climbing involves quite alot of equipment, but don' t worry! Al l the technical c l imbrnggear - footwear, harnesses, helmets and ropes - is included inthe cost of the course Course guides and transportation, plusadult supervision during non-cl imbing hours are also includedas well as your accommodation at the Newton Inn and allmeals - but rf you have any dietary restrictions, please let usknow as soon as possible.

As a climber, here is what you need to bring:Firstly, you'll need a backpack or a rucksack. You'll also needtorletries such as soap, toothpaste and so on, and a small first-aid kit with plasters, tape and bandages. This is in case you getcuts or minor injuries - although, of course, we hope you won't!

You should also bring a waterproof jacket and plenty of warmclothes, thick socks and you may want to bring some thermalunderwear as evenings in the mountains can be very cold.Having said that, it can get quite hot in the daytime so youmust bring sunscreen, sunglasses and something to protectyour headl Cl imbing wi l l a lso make you thirsty, so br ing twowater bottles. lf the weather's good. you'll have the chanceto go swimming in one of the lovely mountain lakes, too, sodon't forget your swimsuit and a towel!

Finally, we recommend you bring about f40-f50 in pocketmoney for daytime snacks or evening treats back at the InnThe application form contains a complete list of all the itemsyou need, but for now are there any questrons?



-*t{$r'ilt g

S'Tapescript for Exercise 3 (p. 73)

So here's the pick of tonight's TVAt 7:10 on BBC2 there's the sitcom Malcolm inthe Middle'Ihis

week, while Lois is out of town, Malcolm and Hal have a

fight, which ends up with Malcolm getting thrown out of his

homeThen straight af ter that at 8:00 pm - an earl ier t ime than

usual - you can see what happens to a family who decide to

move to Sweden in Get a New Life. Trevor and Cathy Muir think

they ve found the ideal place to br ing up their chi ldren in a

small Swedish town, but is it too small for them to find work,

even with some help?Next, over on BBCl at B:30, you can see the award-winning

documentary series Massive iVature. This week's episode ts

called lheFal/s Every year 300 million salmon migrate up rivers

across Alaska, but they're swimming into a trap. At waterfalls

upstream, the fish are attacked by bears and bald eagles.

Tonight's filn ts IJ-571[2000] at 9 o'clock on Channel 4 This is

a wartime action drama starrrng Harvey Keitel and Jon Bon

Jovr An American submarine crew are on a mission to seize

an Enigma machine and manage to take over the enemy's

boat. The film contrnues afler NewsatTenOr rf you'd rather watch a comedy, Channel 5 is showing Meet

the Parents [2000] at 9.45, starring Robert De Niro and Ben

Stiller Greg is about to spend his first weekend with his

girlfriend's parents and he's pretty nervous about it. Although

he trres very hard to please her difficult dad. his attempts

result in very comic situations.Thats all from me for today. l ' l l be back tomorrow at the

slightly later time of 6.45 so that cricket fans don't miss the

last half hour of the test match.

S Tapescript for Exercise 2a (p. 81)

Womon: OK class, we've gone over how to use the public

transport system and now l 'd l ike to make sure that you all

know how to use the public telephones while you are in the

UK Their publ ic phones are s imi lar to ours but there are a few

differences There are written instructions next to the phone,

in English of course, but there are also drawings to show you

what to do.

To use a publ ic phone you need coins, or a phonecard. I

recommend you get a phonecard because these are much

more convenient to use. You can buy a phonecard from any

newsagent's, and I suggest you do that at the airport as soon

as you arrive. To make a phone call from a public phone box

do the following: First, pick up the receiver and listen for the

dia l tone l f there is no d ia l tone, that means the phone isn ' t

work ing and you should f ind another one When you hear the

dial tone, insert your phonecard There is a screen on the

phone that wil l tell you how much money you have left on

your card, and you can see i f your phonecard is running out

Then, just d ia l the number Remember that i f you are making

an international call from the UK, you have to dial 00 before

the number. You wil l also need to know the country code of

the number you want to call For us the code is 30. If you

have any problems making the call, you can get through to

the in ternat ional operator by d ia l ing 155

In case of an emergency you . .