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g =_- I W y- w, ruan A - 1-1 F--r-. .._ 2 f Schools. cY OCAR R. Ewing, Administrator JAMES -"U 2 ;. ML Lij Elk 2 % .0. 1 I. af 1 es/ by HATCHER Edauxition.: (Geography Conservation) Aivision of laeti 15 1 4, 1. rAtAL cui OFFICE C reieF 4 i a 4 0 a 1 '0.. 4 , 4 Detter Wise Use of Res arces OF 11. 1

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g

=_-

IW

y- w,

ruan

A -

1-1

F--r-. .._2

f Schools.

cYOCAR R. Ewing, Administrator

JAMES -"U2 ;.

ML

LijElk 2

%

.0.

1

I.

af

1

es/

by

HATCHER

Edauxition.: (Geography Conservation)Aivision of

laeti 15

1

4,

1.

rAtAL cui

OFFICE

C reieF

4

i

a

4

0

a

1

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DetterWise Use of

Res arces

OF

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relations-=-- toward

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problem that U II =

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a fltiJi1uJt M I_Lr world's

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E. 'T'- must L =J_1 =1-'L- the . I _ baseI

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t WtIttEeto i-yi=t__11-L=u LI-I LLWI n U wii

1 of [he linnet!! t_t hare long ex-pre--4:1ii -

=nci-i fcw o!aLiur thrcn

i action crid u I fetkru1 ni Statv(

cncntI:

ti -I=I_ [___

='=i outside 1= Government. I country-

i actively '-----1_L=i I H Lfl&V ili .__tI LU I=Cz4

-.en jahIk

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, Cf ntiethg ti 4atriirtkm arid iinrtthm.t z:

rii 1x etIttI v that uctkmed aI

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bulletin Is a UD Wbt1i d

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j: - LAIJI% 1tr:FcI ,

F--- Director, Division I i_==

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nations the world over areof vital concern to all an

mum eactim-ressincly recognized steps the

hisenvironment will go a long way resolving t he wca-ld'spayamount

sped makinsham!, With

a tIK)pulation ever increasing, with human wants multiplying,balance nature, and with worLI-

wars earth is tnthe wodd over a corniling

orprov-essively lower of living will the

The w-ople tkeirplvanis education and

a Lac ne.-

programsthee conservation. oi Arnelies have eiontributmlubstantially to the achievement of conservation goals in thiscountry.

The ukimate siireess of any comm-yation prorram dependsopinion, and public opinion csn

Muction. a democratic no approst+ to the pmb-kmnattlralre,aurces neAkrts as means

nnder-aands ten-servatiou practics.Ar..s sur.

basic to deproblemsmga-e-ts

ofm levels It also %-_ontains master

and teachers. biblioffraphy in-maps,

tovariwas azik--_-_tts of con,rvafion eltucation. In other wcwds, the

reacp-Arre adminiatrat te-larismay draw lu develo -nr conservation clincation th-c-roasa "-which meAzt the neede ol uieir seh-als and conununitles.

-Aor

.%pcoesdary

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EDUCATION

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N-D&ZTANDING NATURAL. 11 a a. a -a ...I. dilb

Natural ResourcesNatural

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Vag.-r:uction ri,

pa-ratentof

Litnr.-tion and 11Tragic Inroads on Our Resources 16

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Pacra

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The08 tion a.1. MM. 4.11. .0. a a

Sound Conservation PrOgramCoasen-A

Iguileratire in a

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CONSERVATION aiTh oi

Education ...-Alb V

ano -Objectives i lAmt Edu-

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EducationalOM, MM. -gm

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AND _ 57id ea&ners in

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Acceleration_

Civilization Dependent_ _ _ 23

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FINGIOT

Understanding our natural ie2ouA

education, to liect the n-38T-zitst %eoncern, itself the fundamental ofmort vital p...-oiple..ts-----&-hdat of effecting continuing amongpeoples and 'of harmonious

Bran natural resources.p.Tokr measures _ow& resolvingthe noteworthy arorts the first2. nin prov be inv:dZreaking New GifTo ir.chof 'hedine relationship thequad j7c1 cIegree of of the

the tothe key to t-ae fey aris:

threaten civilizationfrom. live harmony the prim-t govern T1tmout

progress:"I 'I: 0 tiy oand his "there is nb fo

E-- irk ptra it value of the purpose of safe-.: guarding Ite-f..ei... terms: reii-: .6...I2

==.- ..41r,r, of living -at :- in ,-..-14 . .

1-4: Ift':_eeply

e-nytse.-!..ar those6 tlen... can of

-by President in -:oreefuifear of shoiti-..3 awl

note s by --',. .17-1.2- in hiswelcomingconfetence, .thScientific Conference the Conservation aziof -A Success', 7..To i c_;%reatn.. .

(ritriqr .

intelolrthe stated tri_otsuggestion for convening the m-itif ....7

4

thehart of the lutbIbm ig world .- conservation 74*Ole

. 1

1:

41.

4_

a

oft

windivided a

tabl7 pity

-1

toIn

people by.

Manytoday man's failure tociple& his

betweenp

1.!

wag expressed

thatpeace.".

El

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_:yIS

I

.

, : LIVING THROUGH t-'-

ymyy -j ti t " h tt .

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development i i :i-- -=: would insure, - -

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--- potentiallyAA &

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flt4= &

u;-ii=;=h i=eze eiue:i ±re te very essence of Im:zi£

II=I -_ - _ _ _ .

_.{.t 1. II ILU; b - !1-= I i- -== I

ujcIL w transform hiLt) tCC'LttJI1HL UtA1i t-I1iL'LiJ1 LIit- LfleL1IS c-i

tech!K)iy T1b embody the natural. equipment of any areaIf1jj ii-MLK £UU I!- =L1I' SU!1iUiit %iT1 :

!- =T Y- -1 1-1 t tf1 t ? !

grasslands; =!

' !-- - - = = = -J =_, - -:- - = -_ =- e _= _,

- obvious even examination % £

c=i:==-_3.A

y;1 ?-T must .

__J L .

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-- tL tele & LL = L'tflL -LLL L.I V FL LL-L t!i

1__=_ T ---- =-- .

1 - . ir v- - --

C:j L oj National An EdctknnJ Auict to-_:=,nn,r

A':W York, It Jt L.

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, -. . .- -

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E

Pr

WISE USE OF

move fearsplayed a large part in bjnizing on. wars.

"Conservation touches not -only the ability a the people to livewell; it touches their ability to live at an. Conservation and wise

world puce."'it hOW evident that, never before, 7% the over

tirnriant, of this toin

Arta

are ngto evzh

and a di

It is, therefore, -not only flt-ting buton ConsciG; essat the schocis

- - n0

our ucational program and

peace."t ,at conrv

1--LYho 1-N,r.

lr =

accezt the challenge to Uirther understanditz-e natural enVironment and Lo e=rient citizens 'to a recogrli:ion

I tersonai responsibility for h.ese Lre p

rfto roes.

Aef-;171gFC-2-x- Definedf===it. material Culture of =Ix A:A !-%,4AA%,66

,ry thh- ony w; tliviiigz.

through wise

t

ntiful endo kmeit of critical 1emeiunatural resources_" which constitute our

made pcusib1more frequently call

y8ica environment

t - of

exist-s

t."2

elements, suet tnd rill;=

,degr, w for.eats; and and recr&tioraca1 Yalu . These are,as Van Else tz7-------ed them, materisl goods 'provided by nature

for hev the basie#foundation upon velich any civilf..alon rests and im'on, t leastthtAretically, to 11 people.

is upt4i a casual oregar7list of natural resources, striking contrasts 6xist among thew if,. 7_

regard to their nature, cha-racteristics, degree of impairment nos- U

use. few Of themcie mien man's of the method ern.

I.

v_9

.s

-7

qEn& -

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a

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perme_ve

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an

h,e et-LI i... a .

LLV

peen by a

Oia %UP N r .

_,

_44 of : - 1- are PRzqi yVIE

tReeource - &..=

Nations FwientificAug. 17. 1e49.

,0*

Conference on the Conservation and Utilization of Rft-oure--,

Cc. -eerra-tien Rewurtes: ti*John Wiky 1942. 33.

a

EJ t:;_--=,t 2 E E r t t- E-=

=

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world

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.. _ .,---74- th 1r- resources. Consf-4-0-uent r conservation-2 .., f is primarily COD- ,i cerned the including, chiefly, .oil. ; waters both .-a_N- Budace and underground

.

N

1 Vob plant and ; d scenic - .

i These resources c& :-. be critically d.-rna,._-_*_' b rnan-indu. , f IEV,.-----

Inkniaggra :aeci iin7airment, c they c.;_n i-2,--1 materially11,17; bettered..

-,m-- It thereforf,-. all resource HU-,

.-17-7 MAN BEI ,d rstilIld what resources =ise, how they

..,. !w_r_-;-.ifiett.

to civilization, how they -.lie imp41 14.-47 d-E---- th -pri 'Aides- that sho .1d govern tair tise. For each resourceg Dossesms its Owli .3--4a. iviar comer, problems nd 'ts own. ..

.,

..o.: !7=t--E, t.1jerk

1 4.-Ar lationzlips to the., ..r___-_ us. a o --ni tz.-' light factors

.

. .1 affiliate a 4_-- .er caterranding ,f toLl ------,_=.4-1:4,,urce.0

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m-- problem.. c

NAitaida, azauRau,

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quat^ aorie=sta M

A m, 1.detailed imiyals, the -Ideiy apted , .

by Re-nner who gi------v i .4 1 agrardirm -'ial

f

yemzrapasi the naturalevtriromArest, which.

ivr-,tanzatibl aa

tes a wore

oliow

nex ustibt3e

rr. ...A I = -

la8Se8

Resource Problems Categories

(1) itabJ2) usable1N aintaina

(2.) Noatimaifitsiziable

urther

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N nretzable

Eles th si

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3 Mernairer. O iL,

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among others, soil rertititii, thotier, une-.zzgrousi water," awnicbeat ty, a. :awe vasalandeii epe*dent upo the natav omade by man. If atese materiels are used as ",a mine" tophilo&kpity "reit while wte getiang is rapid exhaustioninevLobbil --atilt O ttite other handmet:tain permanentlydepletfon z--_-curs, man can b

a. a

uw--- as totierm of -age nem .-__,oreever, aft_lar

about mataration of -TheA

MtDriaAtv InVeafits ja usually alow At **eaCriASS(Ittepti ftiAat e*XtWrV E-4 eati" g-±Mft.PtetlEia

ista" tee to 4- tv-rou_, of natural qtermenU i that ofuse Se1 pai'éd b 44re-oL -7.1eat a =ed." I rezft when -.wed"a cro

frieate part ot

" isconte of m-leefarmed -.43rding t* proper hxi practie=

and tTvatoTtA

a WAj complog ei pattwu, the watfa,_re of

A

necessitates ptoper 1254

&-- substandai increase of stabilI I

tke oW.= baapo

3 3 IS the Ivuot;e aued,,-of the water A sten

serious deplethe of the-- e5c4urces wenn,at of restoration folbc-ted, turn

ffroup Nst studied, the resour-ea this elms.% including*_ya:c_al soil nia:wiala, many forms Fmk, wild animals, trm,

nd wil fivavre, ean Liz se used tLt a h ttimziTity may maintained indefinitely: But IA Etri X1.45

'49.Xt to the foregoing researm, thew rnaWrialg cf-An nor=restored if mWst beeiwal bol tin les hal taire f tuc--7iwz

COW-

ezkAauals, t---.1-44v,rs. Gnc th values pear, they are onforever. There iR fl4 / Soil (not soil feed.My),product of millions of year b repLawd once It is

passenger extinct 19_4, wzi,4-ot. make its rmseiqiegical stage; and rtth species of plant and

IL baf -wAturtries to :*-; g continuous v1c man

must evneern hinmelf with lames t-1 wise use ieglizedA

7 -Eta'maintain usefulness "Tine eiftatthaW the

dree of supply for resources SUCh MB gems, Mate ineMskmetallic and- rizrkst Ls not only w Aus-Vble but

=also, are "wasting anwtele aLre not replaftmli

tg- E

.=

-waste §mover renewed, or rostiind. The danger o exhaustion,, whe-wer,

1.3 bV r' tbae terCs na e useda 1

theirThe

again and again,.of setioNie

oft prolonging

A N=L.6"-YaiLle,,,Sti,43-

'Aeratia- '4 -.3%-=.3Aa.

p.

.e t. *-11-4% 444

almost irgasisitsi

b.Tfrg oL dizrded

3----41tAu--- ..-=..---.,___.______ Miivo awe w th-n- rr- Mita

A a =4

W- voi*Anzm a F-LI,p8mtg=. .kg -=_=.1.,

4

t ;

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444

usewith

ufthey may be

high

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is

e

_ ---A O

k,k4 vw_

asa

which

eitet

hasin-

aaate a3V-as4-i

tt..---,===4.41

uczve..

Wa tin

or

A

A

T___a Ili El1

in to Ile

a I I t5 D.emaintainameNoravne-aole

theoz

7---7=ileActs

in

ofbe

MIA

cannot"rod back"

4.1-(Ale

on ,..ir

tLibe

estrovedepigeon, since

animllast rfxstorM.

Therefore, theseto

their to dapv-er of on.

rne

nosomawhat lessened the fact EE

- _ _ _ _vori go- 5as ThO_

--twealj

reused,pericaicollecting of ge.=D Iron, the

=

Pfforts IV-_

AusLN.AN --- ,.. _ )ift+-2,

\_'b.I

.#

I

UN1L&,tTANr:-ING C-! t-A 7a

t_- t:E :1: :ay f exhaustion a:; ti extfl ii Le=i::g:-e I!*=

_r

=

period -T-T'--

-_=- - fimAful clue - certain =-- 7-- --= non-

rnEuLLLLj1:= tura our. Ukmaterials necessitates not on1: practices of reuse but also reductions-

; restrIctions =_ L :; : remedy--_::; planned_ t '

L-;:r ofJ#;- ,

and i'= -

:-:L--- - -_=: - -"-- __&-__

JSource8 petrolETlun. natural ?L heiiuni mostT.'_r f- -'=- ; L=-oa --

=

;- &_-=- _, _j 44=-_ J

:s res:h:es: ::T- iI ==:; :T:R:E -Xft5eEra:nty: raie:;:: or reuse La=rai,

iL!;:e- man's -E::Ef::= f e i-&t ai--- -= - heavy inroads upon =- - - - . these - ' *- -: _ " ? =i --- -

Tflh:d for :iv nrti Despite then2r:I e;etre- n :c:i=-e the increased e if- -rnie--- --- -

o&c:v= conservation pc-t-es r&:VI i3 ti t5 S-CF

vitaL nEt;rIaLs iTUlst= De TU!1CtO ton iTUIlIlflUlfl conueitive Ei1llC=ILt:::4 =Irn1flEtei provided ±;: c::ae; a

exhaustion =- t

resources," deferredIrK4 01 01 tnese =1un(i aixiasiue.

1; is!:iv icfl that of the rurv interrelated err ri

tituting flie: -araI flh1tJfleflt of any IfBconcerned primarily wf: t}:e resources he riirment or destructioii of V:fh f and hebetterment of which 1ies. wit}iii the influence cif man. flu the:flt ciitic1 conservatjon L;arotIems center; the ir-s ar ontfl counteraction cif tFie impairment aiul of sevei rcsources: waters, fors; gr1ai-cr vikHi-!e minerals, anticeii1c s-mu:es fliese uu1 many in1r problems i'jst be

T I -' E f'V 1LjAAV =_vJ- JLL ;

andI+L-torica1 records convincingly indicate that maxi's in

any effects changes iii his natural environment tends toput into inc;ti-cjii certain ii-ocesses that impair or dtro the life-sustaining resources. The more complex civilization becmnes, thei:io=r, devastating are flMtfl' activities and tIie grater are hiE; P0-tentiaflUe: fcir changing, jnjrin or despoiling tnee vited e-ieflQflth that flI: Tfl th h2bjt&bie1&Id Mandaily i! civilized, cannot inhabit aiy area without: resources. $ frpj ist

t : :t:

which oncoming people cannot turn for

: :-

,

4

..1

'-

*

I

.J --i

'4

0. =1

- :11

ft

L_-- -::1b i5---t L=

RSSOIACE2

oThe -care -11 husbandry such

and potni use an amountgovernment supervision regulation well.'

such as coal,

isan of4e an impossi-bility. exploitation his present.

non-reusable are cause

resources, are ourNation maintain high of living, waste of these

substitutes,. nd thlong as

ap

conservation is

man-aggravatei or man-indueed

fordestruction

a man.Resource Destruction impairrae

presencearea

%Mei-ttFac-:-

natxIaccelerates

Thus hto

5 0Sperfp Cle.w 645Se

.

impoverishingriPie.However,

d impairment f th re.g.

b wake barren wastichlamiu6

. i ".J "'" i. ..,- ,.,. !, -", 04

..., . I -; 1,,- f .-5 r-

t4 1-- ... 1 it-71..- ..,?

. ry f 4._ ,.,, -4.014_1,..=..t...4-&---,-- -t-z. --

A-

A

a

soils,

and

_andoften

AtOv. v.

=

nom

om

aggi

omm

oism

an.e

nnow

nom

mom

mor

mog

nm

E

c,.'-I -

8 rd-1-I-R L1I( THROUGH wisp: cr RWJ[It41N

-'- injurious LT' & UjT L1ALi1 1It

TL Uiii: k- destruction !11 certain resources. uiuw I

-----.--= -- =i- other closely z , :L:,

T

I F t t I I ( I 11 Removal F I a f

b-'-- - deliberate A --- flA Ii -

=

-;-t= Lflt

!

Jt2

indu 'tries"E-

t= L

nature -r ;

A_%

v- _: -i..

W Wt

&L& W I

or ===- rrL=t: ;;t- Lt=t: J tt

v;-i :7i_-:i I

___, i_;- '= t1 1-!-1

andi --,ural --- !

'-y

: L; -_ : : . eJk

i..

T_

.

- - __="

L L t

stroyed %: their J - 1= _, burning.

-'-- , A about

-- another - confined or L___ primitivenil_p 14r!Ti L}U11. tlix)tlPil 1W t4w1I:n= UTr hFii ir

br power :oo C'!1tFO: t!tC k;

quent -J- - resource W

crops value as Lc?-t -reservoirttIe: tLLflLt -:

xtc:iisiie: __=-

----- -=-

or :pr; flt 1f tuft acres flY -=--w '- '-7

, - - - Tenn., - - --

WI Man = v -i M 5-t!!!L! tv

-w- a n -= =- =-_ - -

I

U3

bine.% because of lack' of understanding, man is not even aware ofhis activities. At deiib:

impairment takes p.lace and how injury to one element may causedamage been

carefully by Whitaker.6

olhe most evident way in which impai --Tlent takes place, accord-

'nig Whitaer, the removal of inuse them. The mining of coal., the digging of iron ore, the quarry-*ng of I U hunting and figh'ng,

of arid all other exdeli berate removal of resources=-,o use. Failure to remove

y-ct iirV.5c,luse they hAve value when put

maLe from their place inand use

desired development of the people in ,}-e area.lin, deliberate:Ite impairmen or destruction is found where two i

resources occur and use oiresource necessitates the destruction of another. Her, te vrer

is th ough -the aacrifice of the lesse . a lyAmericans tre destruction of the forest ws: an -0.9zent. _ep

the preparation of the land for crops. With prhnith it hot1 theof to out the is an uncommon p.

ithrough ii

imprOVTh2flt in pasture.'2ow4ver. examples of :tile destruction of one resource in order

to are to early man. Fen=dams built 7

development, navigation, a fmof of one of for another. The

drainage el: swamp and marsh- to make the land available--m-destroy§ the of the area a

wildlife. Furthermore, d7ainage iidesigned for may' in alkali '-

deserts. the drained

consin' reat v...:wartp Vrfl out VI ba unprofitable for Li,raning." iComparable proj involving rm an tirke

xtruction of existing resource values, etre numerous. Today, marl-

-1==

of the comp ex resou use problem from unw1.7:-_

Whitaker c E

604* rAtiale Pre,4 946.of

eittO

imbvift .-5"NISIS.

I Yemen GILL C., Pfe

o-

these

A

a.-mmsupposed

2.---

4for

and as

large de--

stem SA=

_

6 and Lend. _

p. 8-11.tke

1111

1,

TT *-1"A.,W/A WV! A NATURALMIK B::-'-ubliatjRCM3

#r

to which resoui-ces should 7,kt ti1ed or crifi ed. The resource,destroyed tray or nuiy notbe the one of lessei potential value, andthe sacrifice may prove to have been unwi8e.

Another t I dediberate impairment or destruction "c_. istsof chanrr4 in ions considered injur °us, thereby sacrificing,poas:bly, a resource of unsuspectod ie." The promiscuoussp ajin I DDT and ther inse4eticidm the' unsikillEA of w -

kJIlin honnones, and the ruthless extenuination of bredators r-trikinz exa pies f pf-ev I t prae_ - he indiscriminate use

oz *er-insecticides in utter ianorancA of the environment and ofti w y in WHch it rear ..1XJ,f., prodcc f serious import.Similarly, what may se-1.4nt d l es ruction of a particu-lar m.irical ma_ uni -4,sh norkapparent sets of controls most detzt-mental to existing values. Tb arrner, who encouraged the 7uoy_;o trap laA r b8rve that Le duc4-_-_;; were disaDpearinfrom the marsh. The Ii. 'id not ThJiAra Law much the skunksezir_th t1 -to the well-Wn of the due With the disappepr-ance cf th kun, cxt timers of naiig turtle eggs, the turtlesuuntif.--2 ; th 'y in tur ducklinszs. lims.-7-ortq-. of theif-Ae interdependence vM011 the comp° ent wits of n extremely

ropi tec..rt Iv complex nature, "no living thiiighould toe exterminated 1--,of its, entire life history and relation

to environing things is krown."

4._

ma . ThIn 45intr-

..f reek-oureAs isuse of

hgps

tisi Us " Place

he deliberate rem* or intentional destructiond teriora ion destruction th accompani TAIPtir

4thria1 La its lace ir nature. The user, though:naware of the resulting ry. intention

of d _..g. or reiiovizg the resource. `-1-ki is on."..r t.:0____

--'_arlair, The fararx if ignorAat i land-use capability principlesand we.,1-loalanim progcrwts _-_f agriculture, may ot .n4 'znill,

soil fertility, but t_ii,ev garkualy accelerate erosion. Farmingj thus be an activi* as extractive I Tiff nature as th mining of

t_OE_ ,1=.

metrho r"utioye of att and

-Iwo *1 use. Air :7 1,=_.J th fumeshft-itk. ways with

,frorit whim sewage, andattrcd iut a!,Tish End mal2ea the wr umfit for

6 V-Wee:h67- '44". iglitft, P.9 Whitaker. f . 9.

71

of intiis a menace to

WaStMp 7:1 b01 -t: ot only lessiutiom troya-

ITn

use

toft ft

skunks,

chanpos---Mob e-,k

C-b ER=P

fed on tht.-

.nd

to ?alor

tnehas no

t in

IVr7

the

bona

streams is another examp eand smoze

laden industrial.other waste.s

1- 3r=

ftftftfteft

Y stream

Op.

n vir Vi EZ aE..-IJ+VI

MIU

MM

ININ

UM

NIII

HM

INE

Mbi

tlidO

NN

UM

ME

ME

RM

INIM

Mor

mm

imm

umns

om

-

-

-..- :

a

---

--_L-;: --- ---.'--- - -

5 -;--i_

::; . :

(' ,- -. . .- - . e m

I

-J 1-F LIYIrt; T4I43J4 W Rm±f =

-- -

'..=ff w L1(L defaced E(I recreational-w I - =L

- - - -= foundr ! !

L444UI

fine

IflOVENI- -

- =- , - - - = -=

tnrourcit uw :tci nirwatp eun:i 'n t'i c

forest ()IIk4I rpr-rpq === acIerat the rimit n=i;--- aggravates erosion, , -

=i -=

g g this--- ==

('_

I:: - -

=__==* __-i=:

o

lok.

.g. . 10.

t. ,

elir114

11,11

110. 111111

;wan

77)11

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,

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M.3

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177 11 1

4S4'L

.

;.

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4114.

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ot,

hii

4

401r4

I IN

high

. Itolftuar,,2,:;,:i

.

44II

4,0)

toavar.

14,

;411

111

4'

two

Ig671,),

011444

1st

&vat,

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I .111

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olgrgor4g

I

.0N0,01o,

4.

". cr',e11,]

irmagt

Oct 04ts

romao

br.4.

-.1.MMJ.-_,MMEM.M.MJ.M.REMI1.Mi..I.B.M.JoiifM.MM.11.11.1..=.1.1.16...- - _ _ - - - - _ - -

art 8faced m rke

pu recrauon

Cowtairy.

dis ro a of overgrazing.

scenickin ons of -ge use. De-ain q

Damage to A S3

and iniured are _nr-4-1(-1

Resources

The exploithtion ard uf% or resoure, by no mel-nsinjury or destruction to tho&a

or to t, ose being used inor the um of a desired ,r,,ourc, ofte

to closely associated resoPrces. Bmause oi the

On the

of coexistent elements in

TI-

Gen oerawly re-trcrT. el, t ti r.

* v% __._ ,v v, -..Eiri H tii f b-. p .- =_

.-.-

-Iinter_ ueilLvone is felt

thaa

nrc--=-171 n1

wa table, makes goodsdroughts more frequent and more di&astrous.

the destruction of the natural case the forwproduces ill effects which spread and extend to many othermources, esmcially to w ter, soils, and wildlife.

Msigt,11411:1211111:unstaluizost21

R,".04,01,0

.

_

Atilt

-

posit."

comm

on

example

UN

DE

RST

AN

DIN

G

_

:==

==

_

-

_

- 'IT

A A 44-

r-=

E EM

I=

=

-

£ Ea

4 w

-

= -Z= -= II--Lt

_ this

smelters

7

- i-_-

_ -. A A. I =se

Ontario

;I- -

n T-

uii1_-

E-E

-

EllE

-

ET

E

lost y

-

by-

- - t

_ _

=

-

-0

the

-

-_ _ = _

- ;

y.

E

-

--£

much

g

and,

=-S-

LAU

Fr4W.

#=

=

E E ff

=

_ -4=

_

-

-

-

=

A

_

_

e n t7_=

-1

area

to7-

-

_a g

E

_

destructive

I -Es -

- -

_

, -

-S

-7-1

- -

_ _

z

=

v

7E2=

-

s

L -

technology

F IA

4

A a.a 4=

-

-

A V 1

= a s

v.-4- -

---A a

_

more

=

A

Op.

A

A .7-

y r --

-_ a ; -a

7

r

-

, ,

.

K,---=

.:---=-.

i:ts,

:asaiv.L.ai.

twi resourm

a

suffer

injury

becra

of prox-d-Tzeo-ated

soil

extending

ut from

de-is .. type

f

tree-,17.=_

Mir

6_14,round

the _-niper iN

i

Ile

th melte

f ry,

scarred

landscapesstrewn

M mine

du 'rigs

; and

erttii

I

cropity a of areas

.,

o___

airports

and

anitary

--limns,

or

by ' taira

values

are

evidence

of daluag-il

asse4

N°-

"these

freso

.tairrn

truths:

.ks,

unintentional

and

is ost,

never

if ever

limitA

one

ture

and

injury

one

of th

Fitt-

p spit

t:o

the:

both

in the

initially'AT

-tted

and

in more

distast

f ther

Vi.Sti

_

makes

lear's indirect

source .

= .

_ _

--eratk

n ET

..cnonrce

Destruct

on

and

Imp=

rtmela

Though

of natural

resources

is an pit bezorning

vital

=icon'

to all

nations.

The

-

lug

out

prixtiAsklibz,

iw.411,

and

13T

with

prim&

world-w

ide

in keoq---

urthermore,

wit

u_._!-WL,

forms

are

making

data-

world's,

nataral-reso

rw

acrs

lid co

-,:celar

T-ishm

an-I;

of the

earth,

the

following

are

es

an,

are

today

-never

gero

1%ds

o

ci

significant:

population

of the

world

ia upward.2, H

ull_ z.3. Reccri-krftlim

developments

in and

are wnh

Worll

_

ld wars

Jt

Pop

/stationupsurge

f the

world's

populaUo.n.,0

panymg

A

pressure

torA

,tipt._03-liresd

4estruntion

a_A

im-kairm

art

_i reso

...-:surt'xig

low

standard

6' Uri

is

i

centuri

violent

striking

is 4:n

Whitaker.

CA

L

3

-

ri 4,e

world

s

A

f

9

(fi,

f9A1;0'9°V

*

g1-s-%

.,

related

V

AIL

D

the

d

don

04-

JIL

11

The

A

Na

Le

to beis

of

of

is

areas.&"°

I

a e-oldlem,

is fast a

tive a

spe±xi

the

many

a the

ily

The

are

makang

demands

4. tens

on

prevail.

41.11'

The

su4sistence,

to the

of the

people.

Only

population

was

400,000,000,a to the

pment

of Still

within

the

1&st

10 P.

II.

=

Not

.r; L= L-4 A

r

=

T

7-7

L-Igg:z=g_ii-= if; = =E 7 ==1-

four tv-- 7. e--I I

,==

7: E - - Si-IFVW=A-1-A A

.g 5

At AI

n

4

4 -E_E fin

7 _= The

7-= r- -

7.7-=±

=-

present-day

-

fastis

m-

;

Whiche Astun =fg=g1-1:

= E =E e 7 e 7- 7 e -777,- = ...t. = I- A _., 1- , ._ a a _ T-. A. _

. .

they

tions =_

-

E

ana iai= = =+1 A

= r -

=- __

U I "=1-

A . .

A I ML ._____,. -.- _2===_, is,t_a a =.7--=v,..,-,T,-

E_ 1_ -M-. V- w _-_, -_--

IV 7 I -------,._-_:_

E

, . 7. -- = , --- - ,--=-=,_

,-V-

r - 4- 4-V.-- - -7;

_ - q.,

NMI

sz-rma unra THROUGH wis tav ..aziou-sexs

tion haz E-. increase ofmore elan one thousand itzillion people

only is .population -of the world su but. ftis increaaing at acederating rate. It is estimatedpFesent will p,annum gain is approximaktiy Putt(ng itferently, Witram Vogt Dlaces the net daily increase in the world'A

4 population at 50,001). Startling this estimate iscon3ervative wber eo-n7.)arai with :that, of 60,a00 per day riggestzd by Keen L2vu;dev1i,

Notwithstan the travic number of livre lost in combat &r-ing World War II, the figure-13,000,000 is lega, than that fo===

year's- nsqural increase. M reover, the total gain in populationsince Hit:erss mri h into ?oland on September 1, 89 i estimate(tO be more than 200,00,00O; while for Europe alone, he increasiq held to bAb more than 20,000,000.

An maraination of the population trends in Ame'ca rk.Pw'sereveals a %narked. upsdrge. During th first half of the twontieth

ntury the popaation increased approximately 100 percent; dur-ing the past 3nears, 40 percent; and during the past 6 years,almost 3 percent."

7

Unquestionably, changing conditions in many COUfltflt w91rb=zt th rate f population change. But it in imporiLt,nt to r-tv-

oznLe that th rapid increase in population resultsprimarily not from increased rg-prod eVv,ity but from 4- re

wAtAity. Significant developments in medical science and theiwidespread diffusion throughout the world will tend to I)rololife, especially now have extremely fph no -1,ality. These ges should us despair; shouldspur us to improve the management of our resources. Fr trulyth world becoming '-a sanctuary without exits t'er a I4rf%-_v-frng human whic optury, unlike the

the habitable and cultivable areas of On.110 wellcccnjei Practices and methods termed vast.d f genera-

steOdal will an ever-increasing TEl_plation.

Isint Standards of Livingsecond fundamental fáct.or that criticallyLett_rZ9 -

is 'Lb, aLiost4

1- *it

Is, Ron ner, tor .."

rite PU Ltdft

0-

12

doubled, making

tne

1

t

ed

erace"

past, finds thea

ago

Op.Am--trisr-4 to C-rit Raimirais.

a

D

Lk==-4 LL

L

--=!

& 1=I == T their

i1 t i-"

want. L1=

hItA:ii

I=L1 A L= LI LI

materials

The &j i;ii

;=-ii

(!i L=1;V

ri:i j :rLt

-==i -u LiLLj L!L-e=!;. ! !ti- =-=: :-

=:. :;I:!:; IT P IIW1'r Iij #vp : IT 1 =i:-

:k 11 Ut±T I%f- ( Di jj WiJh1

:: -4[-; !-4i i . !J = :

aernarm I 1U ifWJ )t iii

(L:_ tJ:t: r;i:T:: L: IMT: :j

vane c-! f::: irv:i=-y i: -- increasing -=-ti 4iA ki= 11 L t t=ii;

=-==1

(;t:!IL, ;j

r:rq :: IT;T Ti;!- rc-

3 :T,== r=;- -L A W-:5

:------ 1La

-

4

I

e

'

crua NATimai. smouw=,

muittplicitt, human W&Ia .th ,,Luehieer stawlanis -f rtng. As pt.ople v-he shifted froia a einrDiev

pioneer --zono 1, f-siac,..encv into 4---.0 infinit v m *--8 mp I2X.

of e --- n _,_ e_ and._. .

Titfs m it.41)Iying f h man wan.-N arid the intn&yig of the urgeled to ,ft for -iot

b t also in avtkingly -ariet .

1.1

for

for living atazdain grater ab

p---r-4-Ni*.,g ri Lerner, becomes enta examinaon the ., -, standards oflivirz upo the eating habith and -'eman fo -ractd. 8t-udi re-

that . c.ita denia d fci +-crA cmpaniesan trend rd& Althou h the ?lane is

eff:tirtateti ,thing:3 being NaJ--ei 60 r:F-nrcent 'ocregae in real 'rev -le in China,would result in an increased per capita denland f r food of aoro mate L., 5 i*rmit... Moreover, at thP lucome 1:-vela ..revaWngI iirica, ekita Tv...-rcent real nemineregze the Dez cp :-,a demand . food by 2,5 Twilit. A

ta of Hying 1 nipt the in,gdividuai also to fr:_!--Langr the. diet,

coarz Til great, w---- quantity a du ta, and nmai& Tee trend& w e

the f togethti., theprf----ille'vity th---. ea.r-A, 1: r4xY:fme significant

ti universa: ded f a high dandard of Hying in:evW,htydr.ain During ti-e fire :-Ii:

years ' th twenUeth cent an _Ay in; era_ prwuctsIla crl, the wht le prowlingDimirn

Tiod fx=

aim*_IL

alumin

6as far

Miuction of.

and-of inc and copy-J. naa .

nick& ras ramie nFurther, awe

T: hag increased tiniThe vrt_y in which a ez rtz4-,--rd

emArirt may men 71, ue corn ma pig izin pruct 'tecr gtfires with ts, of th rt the

e 4.1 the lOth Eury, fro ;the populatiE

=pita WI:LA* th Unitr4 tales wasf t world was

um even xU rr when the 7O wunde

uttft! X &zta,UU Cioa&t,

A

cemakx..-1

moureeUI _Je

--L--1.AL7-

2=1 CYti 1-744

-or

I _

Oint,,,.w5thri -km a rake

..a

UNITAIN m Nu

kETw1

app

s

doubled _

w mane_Y-1

IF

I

teneR on emth.p

thatnRs zn

crease.

zanti

has m

of5 as fast a_

ot

Urnnorthe fig:uie entire 97 pounds. Th;#

a

evrn reaL--,..x in-

of world.in IN

in 1945.

Pij=_

A rt

*---ospulathL Zad

E

a

7.'-

VIII

IIIN

IIIIII

MIN

IMIIM

MI

=

EvenT1

for

1

=

w

s __

F-

L.=.

t a a-----

The

W=-

1. Ea I a-7 atal a'

_71

A

_JAAEI. .

A

1 = f--=.21147-11.

- ------A-A------v-_-

= E

aA-4 CA- 7r_

T-- =I ..-- a T---- f-----=--; i --- .:- i -- - .-__, --__= ___ , #-- ,:5_,EI_____=-7, 1_11F_ ____ I k --...-' 1-1.=----ya..-a_ -.-- -- Tr i - -__ _ _-_ - - A

= = =-= -._----

....a

a 7 a= ====Y T T k=fta 1 .

".

=

- -

a A fra A AE-Ta

=.

w_

=

increase

a

----- a-A a

the --- E'

=77-=

they ; t- 7_7 7- =_ --Y many 1 1 S=7

a-J:7=7 _s ;

-

1-=-1

-

Etrriza Lan?. USE GP

WIth a p4ar capita utilizzton o:the U AAA StattT,"

v

petroioam, a nelativiy W comnuW.,i-a ina-ked incmt..w in use. totai woOd of

oil the yeia mom 11/2 times that for thefirst years of development Fo astes,the consumption of oil in 1948 wm anxrny 1.9.bilronharrlz_Ls with a per annum increase re, of 44-4 rcerit, 'Duringthe past 20 yfears our oil production gone u pkIretnt..Likewise, thete was during the aanw ;yeriod a rnark-ed incre4mein the demand for ot.iTer solick-xe43 ot mergy, eiecpower, --rql a production inerve of 186 pertent; raturai ga,77 percent: and c.--%4')431, 9 percent Nutirrally, fi-e -g-brit demandsof World, War ii art reilecte-d'n these figurw, ty.-t the8k are only

few of the mazy illustrations that might be tt.Aci to demonstratha.t the almofft universal demand for Meter atandarde oftogv -r wiLh othe factor*, has k _rw.4-44:1 drat uponthe rmo me-base.

etV

Devek)Prnew; in Technolo and ScienceC =eat develo_fmantA menet:, and thicii ol during the

twentAeth centurg hevP made ptwible a iOre rapid tolitatjonmourea. This trend has been pdally troii I. the

Usitfk-! 2tatz& Obviously, ciency effects mar aateleratoin the w--; oit:1.ion of Ammii to Flynn and PEI-kin.%1.7 "lours f IAX1r IA the .12n_AM tta will mIne acoal In wretra_st to tap /.5 he;r o labo ridrdjob in E4gla d." Fairfield (bor-r-T inniziains

a r king from an incrmw in papdatiot-4,) that rather twice tha

amount. aixt,Aerated Lerease reflects ths1 a .:-reanmb of Ntxor& demand a re& varie cf p met- from asystewl.

l'=IKt1:11o o togethr wid-)a! hope for allevng critical tho

g substibrtea uses

4AR I

e8

it

oT

indtxte the fact

cart!-thro ,att

ourthatr

common and rare -wroitr..iv-601 t6.11Va fl .±;ranAl

A

pieV Itrb-L 411 siV

atAlmi--1-txesalria,r-

# A-N

1 4 -X-e

trne.

ae

&;raie ietxA. 17. 1414-

M-d

in the

Wmammx, Adervm *t tLdCkatkoutica e taftat[cm af

New

in

VW-XS

*

r, 11-41.

1-1

_

o

11

more complexDft

f r

_

tfin

the

arain uwn

fora tLxiay

of wiathe.

15 MA-rrY K.Y ark.

Nack_o

v-I=V=A

aOL

COWTT4O of a_k#,

V .

_s

# o_A,see.

--eAeA&-V

,IIiiIfflhIIItII

IIIIII

IlkLI

IIlIII

LI

Si E

I

n1-4

3-at, 4

L

=a __-= aa 1 -L =

=7 t,4,4".14=-3"4--t=--'4= k . 57

1 __

1 t

TICK T

* 1Ta 4 a 7 1 A r7= E = 4 and

r

coal,-

t

7

_=

I 1 .

the

7V_ V A =I Art

4.* a

V

E:4

demand

air

-4 1.t i La- =4

-= !

=

E-7/1-7 4-4tz-t 4- 4 I IA =

_

-ff I441-T-

=

r.I

1 7

t r

t

=-.= !=, 74 _i

It-412 r-*-=

3k a I

Alit. Ai 4 _f

=4 t

f=Aat V7,a- a

the

sTATI discovered

A-a_---4a A IA la E

dayoil

--Tt

I

- ==--VA 7F-A

synthetic

I I

r r r=I'1-, A

i

v ;!lit a_

Zi- f t 7-a ri I

otherI

t

-

E_

77----7

= . =s. our_=

Even

W.!A -a-,

F.-

alfalfa

=a

. I i 1

7

a

t

4

ti t

1 4 5-11 1 I 1 1 1

a -

-4- 7 = =4 t = -A I_ _4 a

7 ,E a =A A =

_ _ala=7.74;Lai 4 a

uses.

a A a tt_- A 4 ,a V=A ,a= _7= Aaal7_al A A

.17; 1 7 r. --Z. ---___----3r== vA4

aAA-- - - _

7A_

7

-A

rapid

a a a

_

==q a

71.

-= =

have

I

_

an

I

t4 4 #___4 future_

the

a

is-4

tE lyt-g Aa

= AA_ _ _I-*7--7

144 7-77 --=A t Report

A

--jjiIA -

(

A A11AA --

;441--4,---

!--

increasing3 i

(74

15

of steel, and thestill its 01 prod capture:7i, the lrilliginti-

of 0,00 the flLfl U Urer wIo re-cognizethe potentiliftes 81,V qua Ines as i equalto that oi apprlximiiteh.very gr-Pat ne;istance

,"Man's nuistery ocorroon,

;t31.

hrilf that of 't.kr

other tolls

Ed

Onre. --)urce... The for metals gr accr it ratedbk developments in transportAtion, television,ntrigeration,. and Tura.

have provnew ativanm-nent4;olectrification. The

many ut)titute4metals. Niamk or o

gource is a common item. Nyion,.1e made frfnir crc s; rubL

frailof tainr-Ald"o m 81whoi made f so i I - grown c,x hy dratt-'s ; and g e,phint, iiTht8tIOfl ivory and sizktig nuly casein.

TheAe newly cre.ei prtRe&e, :1 piace..newdemands nd products. Mthough tne oforyanic rilitterials i. is not kn.own, theNationa.. Fa-m Chemurgic C')undi New York, N. Y., estimAtesthat in Unitai States pniducth from' approximatdyae -into chemurzicmust bie mmembuared that wl-tile sciPnee, )); ajivating andaLp prcxe& f natum, gives us

or many nia_ 818, we for tver7te inventexi two u,es,

ension old ty:Of all t e forres the im -)v xrishment. th

_none gowork' -10P w-mr-&. The 45-pement increase in the prAuction

from 1940 to reflect wartime demand&The Department N tiorW Defense estimatea our futuretAry of 1 I was at 91]:, barrels per Year approxi-matPly half ptAxiaction in 1948. wartimedrain on oil be somewhat by useof je planes. though the type -)f fuel varies, 6Sr hnui usel;!, by a fighter in vivid

SOO galk.ns an hour roqui oil for a jet fig-lter."-eo generiAion,

4. 11I

.11 Worla conflicts inIT omrimr. Orr.. P. 46%

wIth .1n ever-

Reintt=kaZak rit2LtaiAtm. .Pliatz Affairs ImAitot,'

u si

4=6

t

14

C r24

,! NV!. -: :

4 , .

radio,

I I

A ",

tlAer

nut v

A

_

1114,4

the

114

The 1'049.=

Selia-41.4=4m e C.

c

S

1if

I?

I

I;k-

=lu LIVING WISE USEflZ1I:% irWU(=7IL !

increasing n t _ -_ _=

E_Thr --

: ::=:. rising --= ; living,- resources ;- t_ accelerated

kiJi L-1__ T

it 1:, Lf1e:re:icre 1rnJJ(i1-hiiv 1[141 tT1!!Ift ETW rW- _tf--,:

"When T

does Asoil

-- if long.";,F:i

: :, : -- w p:_; '

rate i1:vti ititj. ii y jj

use cii :-Il:w&u:i1F2 'cc;1-1!;

=-_-_,d-_

£-:I-_,= =

-

-

tA}IIVI!IU-IIHL *%i; L)Ti; t)J hip FiPS-i:;-!j:irwi rrearth iii: '1i every LiI:(L _irtff(A ('J-itiC1tiliuiiit:j

Lt1Jitj: i::i &Ir1tIi1IIb 1%t:j !lIltIIv J!:L OiJ' J:JrTntr LIZA1

.1 wildlife;J1 -Iiij: crop 11u ;

Fl silt & ! v t : !-1 ikj (J1:! I9 !=

I!11AI1S tFI(1 GIT IIiE1r once TTTi::g qç! :it11;;j:;; 'ii Lu Jt :iidii portion iL L11t UI L1it; acreage;

WIIIi1i-,, L

RSOURCES

pand with

of IT s--1

technology Erea `tIL, of

star the deple-'d's proceeus rate.twentieth th,

= MM I L I L ,Milsi..LiMMELWM.1.

Courteni, Cossattreatmis the

fact that he is usin exhaustible pie resovirceqequaled the mankind and

reSOurces1 "LN a so.rEa= firriroads uur

Li agic tailurn"r4#430

_me-sour('ea

evidence theIandscanns withhorriPsttands s urrounded with desertkA 4=4.., _ waterto

tions , drained swamp land, converted into barren wasteialid ue.i

appreciably ; fishiess qw.----%-laden with sewave and industrial wastes; useless daii choked, ,,, i v....,-1_

years; ntidc--,

timber nnd ..__. ., ........,...If .

destri -liveE hzinas-. -

-, ,

fti

ii It

Illti

t111

1111

1111

IIII

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IIII

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llillo

fill

-ff

z

=ffaff;=-Ek-ff-vajfa' withand

I

i

4ff 4. -4 v A _

_

-_- * a-- .* 4== --=-- r =7.- -.t -M- --- =.

N, ff v Tr - of_.. _ _ lops = = = _ _ -

A-

4 -7----z------ 7...-=

-:--e" feet k

1--4===-1.7otE '7- t! 171r77-i_terrq_--=i-ga_"4_;7'. jarr.filjr-g yea,. ri----mnivi----; r ,------.; _*-=-f-r, -A-Pit:Yr-72

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enhure,

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P. _I ''. ,t . -J.. E.

1

a

f..r4 .

-

_14M8TANDING OUR NATURAL rilEDUZCZS

-1,

1Z

great3y it durinlz1-51 c t and ghost towns, desert-fed, re only few; of th ef--1-41 c,e3 of the impoverishment of earn.

-. L

r4_

f

_

7E1-

=

=.,

ZfEE

=

'0____

=

. a ckw--4-t Serviceaft examination of oni f oi

eoati mons-Wit in WO .1---, was led -7 ,

ioils

The multiplying of erleft and other disturbing gem elf tragicts ourr_ indica ofere :o exa zzrrit bile e States,the

:r Ns.

Torl tsr pran.year.

_iteirs to the tMel.thi tarti'nr

terials.from

lobinT half mini°aceag _Ing tot x reckless EA1

th 3

.

,; , 4

,-, _- - = a

Main

f cro

loire kti

of 3 biliJo4:4iwtes tsr

I

-04.,N,A.,11

I L'

't

=,-1

.Z.M5E

=.mmt.

'-= =

t I

. ___

MEE"i

"=-=1-

L ,

rac...:

A4 zi. ,

r` .

a`;146. A

I.

-3i , .: .oc s in increased,

r- irtrAL-4t.*. i

ury;a

1

CoKrts

a

thearUnitedz- result of and and bad land-useices, we are a acres

estimate by.:Sennett,rinrslIn

ering. ofgure 9 of soilraif of 844000,000

L L

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ll '.

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. removedbi, ero.ionfiveor aix time.a fiata

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=

=

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= a : , _. s s _... . . _. _ s- - - = income.7

a === a-7E

a _ __-_

roof t-

acc

A"--a

-- r

n_fra

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;

A Ira a

= =

C

v- = -

,_---Le.

-7

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es _ --a s_ 77,

s

A -1

A A

a

1 -47

beforea

T

6-6 s- _as- _

-a-Ca a a_

F. E

Marketing

L=_

_j = =-

ruinedU-Z

OUR NATURAL Ri-7-L-URCTZ

AL AIL

IMMIMM_

V I

4N1a I

_ AI A

w,r

-fop

W". -V _1 :/*C-WWNEB*111 1MM /IMMCeirtegy, 8g1 Conaertrati SOrVic4

An by drip a barnGa., marked beginntn this destruction.titt

Lity

fuimA

471 ...P.A.

Counteract treservoirs, to

rra

st.-=a I ms*

rastes

.nd4. ortion of the

71 01

0-1

Ire. AHI. 1,0 1 rrICZSIC,.....s..;,.7.L#4

iyansporta on faciiitiodamaged by floods, d to

4or ou. 1.4(Fir.washKI or blown

sr P

1&-- 2Liu u _

A A

m

TITee

rositon narvesung of crops.

&onth..on 4.hrough

!Tient of,LanaA

expenditureS1.rainage

to city%.ciiities.

of 9 inches of topus "6 from

-tyt-4rn ernA. AA

wirr

Lne

na- meC ve six times

_nurn ---=Tarms of the United '34 tes are producing ap-)roximathly 40- percent more than the war, accordingJanuary report of .the andof the States Depart-L..3nt of Agriculture,from and exceed from improved

0 r.

a Iahp ^ 0 EV 1e-V.=1.-C-81 aj -.- &

.67.3

W'MA

ion

sr_2 if g -1 Etig..e_g

r dn.b * 0.0.1.. -C. V 4

lore gt,.Hugh Bennett, Chief of

"-ibly expressed it, "We --xiland in

the Soil._ -an have

leas time ihan any other nation in

= V

,==

-

- Forest,

Poet.-= a="--- -

,

3

e r

Pew e&ource xrobkms are more acute th n those resultingfrom our increased demand lor . With two-thirds of ourpublic 177 te systems drawing upon underground wate , ourilrai upon thi source f 1947 wn twic that of_ 3 ye.r.:ea. 1, I-, Evidences that w te supplies are being ngerouslyoverused and misused and that watersheds bn abused anunwisely used are reflected the increasing frequenef of floods.,in 'the 16:ng of flood peaks, in recurring problems of siltation, inth rising coat of strewn pollution abatement, as well as in thecritical lowering of underground water levels. r

The 143 figure,5 ofthe Ohio Water Supply Board revtaled that the water table for that1 year dropli-It a mean of 3.17 feet, making a fall of ilao fi the last. 5$ years for some portions of the sta .21 Louisvilleexperienced. a csilTiope f 46 feet ii the water table during the past1* years,.The low ring of th w the long coastal ras res itst only in a reduction in supply 'tut also in a deterioration inlity As the ground water levels &Irk below sea levelwells ease 'xi depth, water encroaches. im1 preventive

v't talt.P The' p Ictic oi rhargin underground.s pply by pumping sed wat -h ,ek into the g oundften, m:n the case of _Long Islani, resulted in undesirable r:sintecper tV.J-e of the ground p;Ales, ts rn ci as. 20 degreessibra _iatrem casts. N y irk *City, with its water supplyfrom deep w ils upplerd ted itv that from distant reservoirsin tlit forested w tusked o#* the C taking, faces a deficiency th. tments..

creasi friy ieaps both !nig municipal develop--,

oro:nd

pronounced lowering of ground ';e. levels mayin the West where irrigation combin with the expanding:.industrial developments, the ever-incriaashm pop I ifon, a d otherfactors to drain thee, ground supplir ;much hate than they ,reThe C ntr, 1 Valley of California, with44 of a much IS feet, ha felt the loss of some tO,000It Id, res. A, the 380 acres now irr seemdoomed ve tuallly to a semidesert condi --:;! rA less, w terittLFW ea 0 eretille tly proViding ldiU I up hetPM, &freeing °Ring in the difr---:rzL

t

alb

CATIMATANDING OUR NATURAL REsouRcEs

''111--"'"46"=!...IRAs, Harold. _ Ea,4t. Water? Ratarem,

. .7. 1944.rank, Remora. and seito Clifford A. fj?

Public*.Ta. Weakorzion. . C., Servim U. .--vart-moth: arisaittia, I86

T at

arein

andseameasures are

hasinin

and

he

being replOnished.anannual as

to bebe

fotested mOuntains.22

inerlde

21be

e

my-04

. 5.and MiamlanV_

S. of

_

MMOIN

-

' I -

ii industry :A AIi :±!: 'v:er s:::=v ;h(I!I (M1t? ! x,I;: exnplL=s (I:Jr:e izr k=r* c1y-- ;j

-:=!A* 4

i:-ir ;-; =;;: i_i _.JJ

V!.

' - - I

I-I f---_ ;=I, = ---- ::::,- E i. L S i

- -- z ' -' (t ' I

-=- -= - - , -

= , ;:, ::=

TIL w1j n i=t j 1 t h- gj

t; i WGfl iF=r:-M=_ 147= Tu ==tve JI

A 7:- L LU! 71FiLLUfl E ITA_A F -uDeaeI!t

expansion I] -it 1 (fiIfI J If!I= 11 T1f- upon -I I11I(y

£iIiI rif i=; ?rsupplies.L A 'JLL F=J

n=im:2; 1rth :!ro D1-- f7 i;m Ijgfl-(j t;-=YU1 Control found th:E- :ci4 c: vjere !PIt

11c in air coi The vetll viciikI*-r

2 c1u;4 W*fa! V1h!t4 D c_ Gj1t 4 r:!=::z=-

-

IL-

:

:E-:- -p '

.

:

-- ------==--= - i:=-b

; 7

Licr7

411

ill

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foulo

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e7

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4:4=

plit, eg0 cell

0014116111.4

+ir,

411#

al Nola, rip,

""I"It.nriloprizai "WWII I

l'irrrtr

LIVI NG THROUGH Win um op RElouft_

it is d flicult , 4, , .anuerstand Ldia Tr-ranicerti=tirs gl., ,. , ..,_.,...._ , ,...W E y

upon ,-

=

mill ingallons of water a quantity :AA.

for its 100steel requires 65 000 gallons; making a ton14--Nris; and proLachig a uarrel of crude oil,

F

'a N

speciic

purnton of moi

7 7 EL7't

tiOt a

ce_;ling a

Ea

a

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4.-) 00 gah.ions.7'1

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r-==.mem

'Wm.k

w =- y7w-

"vox_is ever.. . n itinure in.w.14.---*ouztu al . r 0, W. A a . =.- .. . , 0 . . 4 1U P ' . . kw r -=- . r ..-

-- F.-----g,_--.L-1 &-.7k--rov.

g

---gb. tyres yn, avergrna .

rarface runoff and decreases inlevels maintained; by itramptng'. w I

c-h-avcaL _ Lowers the water table in Truany areasV' 1

V,--i

farming methods Pa-u- 1=z-a t5.- the

ground water.from Li aW-- Os.

rr-

Soil Dakoof Pubagc Instruction, Bismarck)

A

4Lo

rn 1

r% TyTy

mriod,

4 LF a-Nal

demarids wat,1*

LD.vVAtzU trwalz!F-

Grove, Na-hari1 947. p. 1.

17 4 M not EAward N. Our Growing Watm-846.

;fir= _

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ga p w--

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-

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;uA I LI=i LLLz;L 11=& L-L1 LJU=L v ij Ill LL:=

(_ L:A _;_ £- Ai L1'J b- rJL j=L v=

E it (iifYrentbr, }1i P4hirsori cF the i=;t1rew of iitz:tJint the fathr ve= rcw in tm= irid nbu= WUT1rV !

f=LAZ vc Il14L4: -r-r%A ?' t-t= y demand cc- ir

c-1I: (i1L C::t -

t:uLt cf i cveth;jz 3iWFT- of :}:= ec:=:: of xh;z±A4A

A1t4 futureT -y

_# --: : Resourcest

-= _: _- --

;i;fj- _f- foundation

tb-i T-r F1:iir= .

iiii

=--- k =- p -= J k '- '-

vrn . x_r 7 -1 4-&i ;= :f_Atht Lrit1 through Seen c-y fr=" Hw-y-

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=-__-;__ -- T_ = , -=- -=-- - --___ - ___ ----------- ___-- ------.-______ _ - ___ -_ _-_- -

4

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'43:111 a renewableof rface w ti

d

ly confront

e

-alio 'tally from supplies

b7e resource. Yet, the resent buse,

-with th crea,b4x1 demand upon upply, ndf -v-Natz--;4 ads accelerating tb rf ce run-off.L.Iti-acto gtaragt of Precipitation in under-

1 i----, ' waLrlocal -Nor it ve,ig-

A v?

4fr4

4 '4

Resources

on other trendcomp 'Pliable to those for soils, forests, and w Eighcy percentour es eve graz,ed overexploiteda1s h nk -e,

"is that we weak 'nired Out tilat a.: relatively weak now." P ttingemphasizes

industrialgrowe.: Anad= 1 rgely rough mine I ou utfaster ery of our :er."e for produeivi= On an

a threat to civilization_ rving, willwelfare r.z_fTencier

ted int- te Cale Ity.

=IV

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tut_-=-777,...71tion d th "progress

ico

_,111 el th man L h" 1 t acceptsP

grt heights as they consumed alied

whichna pens)

tillze theseopie woo

exploited their re-b t those civiliu waned when the support for theirth_ rtUrci resou-tes, declined. No

e ma*ma 00

8041r

any

07,1 es* ita mac of exha tible re.e_an it f fhistmry.

erz man s us* f the taxi and e _mamruins of ri taby:o

04:t

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et aft, Ea,

civilizationliZatunder th

I.

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h the misuse

le Cs_

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of

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rests, -decadence of isby andof

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tion drawing

huMPI

findings C. as

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lor=ir buried#

0.4 Pe

II III

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w

'1:L1L hundred tj JA i: L: L k leftstark LJL Lu iiJiiL C rock

_J_/ vy , .-

rdk:: :i; t- :=These tu: ir::

------ = = striking -:---M_: Li- - --- - ---;- =

r4v_ reat:1iT!(! rT;:T riv

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LLL j(II17 LIT1kZ LIIF: IifltLflUM! CI Li:IIru! 1siiiui; j

degree of m I t=T===A W (ITtP ILLtJA &J

,Lima ;tir L1LiAILi(JL (ii :iiu i:ii;- :!

U.L ILYUK 1WI :r1I&; ;U-L1%;=1:tIL izi ___--i.

& J ! suggests = ---'-- A tJ, v £The United States now has a*zi c=i :E acresland pe=: 1xr8oii ; nutrition experts xrum tiiat rwthIiw

*

-- t _:-::_ -- ., - --- - - ; : .----±T = -- - -.---

- -

LIVING THROUGH .7"SE ZW, V-11.11CM-

sands of MopdrrIJA b e e ridence of the failurit -rosto: -ffect a nt When the irrigticn

were to fill with they no longer watzrth lands that supportA th city ; and 3,..kylon, the cavitai of

t of the civilized w rld of only 4,000 years ar died Antimb,felt of "It; s remove4 froTt its sea -rt,

tel 0 miles inland by an evertendiarr delta; Ur, acittr ai Ar seaport during the tate of Abrahm, nowitr=c,ted 1.50 miles inland in a barren iftert: the ruins of -acre

a d 441 Qyge,:z. &rig like

skeletons base frc a to 6 feet below theand th River, confined i ch.= eta high

above the surrounting, emded landsci4pe, rre &11 indica e ofInn to harmon relations with earth.

a d th r convincing on the landscapereveal th t th f f the decad t e1NñliUois was relatei to.tk on o: & inean. L a Wee*,

impeverWime t f tua resources AA ;followthe maric:a of th re are areas ,which retied man's succem

great

-Z--m-. blitai,g just and enchaing relation -r,o the stzming ear,u-sloping h1 f o vInce ._r failures and

in the ruinsns re th rimk-walb[1, tzrrast which

with f c-oih'ng, andshelter for the 3,0-CO years. I these islands permanency,man estakf %arnionious ecological relationships.

---

Off;

To survive -= age whe

,-te-i)! j destroyx.-- rathe

labbr related to thperaiLnertecy

.t

.!'er easi_ d beqn, enriching liTe, our

natural in-mina' o the .haracterll-& the

d ni tenunce haze the urgerit need for

E

s,0 0w -"ift The concerttion onfavorable ratios of lant,,

f

gl'er.-

41 if

PA

landwon. ertgent:x-t

atren9

mustal Ae &ztilive conservation UR

alf f th WLJrL9 ., ropuLman with the %varta..-,.,11,..4.

er

average of cultivea.

=,

arrrER

a

IWSr

r

oJsjtnc

man., rna

base. The

of dead bench

past oLearly

'IL, a

vh

the =g-- A rerh---q

t.tA

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e Pen iw

citizens

and

theto the of jrCanOV They

one-twentieth t

Jetzt

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the

and

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earth

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-f-:-. a', " -_-. -f- 1- 1- = ; ; z z . 2 __-__-- -_,- #:-- '',

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People#71

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fo .-=ve, th minimum msentiaL. fw-:;:bsary to sus n.1 person in :or I year. Contrt tr is needed

=.

' har: _;---,6NItkiNIG OUR NATUFJI, RM:nraCKs

N

_z-

.m mug with that of 0 ic. cres of r&We person Eu.----

.---

an for Italy, 10.-- f German', C.ZO acres f and O.C5.2 aerft for China. can, like ou.- f refrth rsirove to new,.

.In=_.

. flirt" To ti rs and thus asespe the.

. exl.)7 itat_n I reimurces. e t witlh to suffer rouse..E

ift-

Quences of we must1. o rt L o so! 8 tha proklem n th La d ha%e..---

m1 _- e kabil-obje Lnd r- ..c-4.c l'ed. wynee .i a s b-.., for a sound ifco cat of aweasiE

___

ft==-__ _ are. ,b1,--- means of resource-a-. -,s-4kagioa. .It i re, that munE=

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-a-. dequate and lasting ustmenta to -01-0 1, not upon-.-----=

M-2&=

0 .QXPidttritiot IL t clonserv .7..9 nirlf uko proftiz; cons ntp-

.--_ tt a reso, Ives, 'tu ve powers-3a at the and tifie I f Its non.ren. w We 'owit,c. civilization is to fm,e, pe5.-.-:

_..

n.

tajg society must in the words T4wdernilk,"be born again out of an economy into economy

.of wnserv don." erecti e conservati is imperative. T thane th Gois must giv theibest

7E=

ff

;NIS

-a

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a

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,

rebirth, educa-this ize S C

or per-

a

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-41

6

ERICH Z1MMIRM

Con.

the lap(pas k ) rspleasande (

of E ek:allAtiL

genera'he idei of

concept, thougmsuiteti in th,_

ure.

Li 1

;NO

0

anu uccremi a

111' Vineyard

A

unKnovtig evoiv

in adjus,Ingved that "manyhave made my

me land is made:_art, ice thee maintained

ou t wreng, Soc11,

deN clopmentel-.-44 true to( a)

"Man has too Ifor usu ruct alone, nwaste." During thedisc?rning individuaL

the warningrigf UI en

eir IwliL_.! no mes

nng the medievaew community Tore,

Ie

for consumtriod of cohma

n forceful erms crie d out agalion of resources. Thomas Jefferson, a, earlythat "new fields were no sGoner cleared thanand Patrick Henr} denounced the prevalent w we of relFiourresby affirming that -ince victhry has beTn ac' ie "he is theg eatest patriot who stop the m 4 g llies."

Through the ages. mesu:es fpr counteractin

t he e rthle&s

ar-t

ety

aands

esrLSO -4 V =

pairment were usually insufficient and applied byief from resource depletion was often achieveij

into more ferfile lands. In spite of the fact that vition concepts w:

-wth of conserLI

ear.y held bvon k edge"

immverish ent of resou ces.

Jrne. thedid

Jurce_

by -rration

IBlow!conspreadinv

relatively li,tle to abate

Conservation policy, wo muvernent, to cry ta'Crofts, Alfr-d. cd Gartbervatkl

CF,Jerenre ou

26

Add rt-77 at the Inter-Arrim4Ananvet% liavtgirnr

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In regton

Ar

sF

rope

abundant

rat_

alternate

wits-used

Son

th Carohna

farm cm)n

brcanje

during

Theodore

s a min.-tration.

In Gifford

Pinchot

conceived

idea

th t the of the re-not

the

complete

stor),

that

each

is not

onlyto other

reskiurces

but

is more

significantly

toe one

problem

the use

of the theman"a

pertaining

not

only

to the of man

butWith

his very

existRnce

on

earth.2

Withthre

emergence

this

conception,

"conservation"

a nevtmeaning

and a new

mov

ment

was

born

Tke

True

Meaning

of Conservation

W.

J. McG

ee,

who

granwd

implica

ions

ofhelped

to deepen

its meaning

by defining

the new

use

of the resources,

for

the greatest

good

--J111-It

3 P16ot.,

krugp 13.12

-42

3.

Pinchotis

idea,

policy

as

"the

of the

greatest

ork,

Bratv

a nd Ca..

I 94 I.

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r=. equilibriumanima

1a-a ---E 7

= _

= _4-_

a a 2

I_ _ _

nature

-

41 TI 1_7

A --A -A--

EIST I- =

1-

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Y

=

T=.- - -__i g

interrela ionsand

,-y =

_ F. a- I

them

1=_

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-

LIVING T aO 9 wihz L 07 RWQ LTRIMS,

nunther v r th lo -rest time." tionservation when vievreAi mare",_is the hoi.rding or saving of natural te.elth is a rni8nomer . -Inreality, conscrvation hmpiies developme-t as much as it dcwsprotection; it implies farsiglit4 judicious utianition of resourrwdi ell possible elir ination of ww-te,, rother than ind.iwri-tinatecomumOtion; it includes policies of renewal or restoration oirenewabie reaources in striking contrast tk the ph:laaoptiy- ot'g0 while the ::2-ietf.no- is g od' ; and it involvw continuous effortto relate .atitif cto ay the meti-az A and tot.baii !Lies of developmentand utilita- 'on of ru=44!)arces to aid --ances in tw'enee and bxhnol_gy.The following bas:c concv. ts

L among othersi are reiatai toetrAdivec-orsc-vation:

1. CivilitsCon dependent upon natural rewumez,..2. Fnriched livi g on permanent. 4asis depends on the

wiski um of a continuously productive n-esouree.barte.,. 'The envirounlent ,of all living things is ever changinz.4.. Civi1id ramn's way of Living makes marked than

his environmv,5. To be oucoese I i- his use of' the environment man

miL4-1 wthan se'

k in harmonious relabons with nature ratherle again .

-e natural re_sources are triat tk 1y reanother; ond injury to one spreads to

'6. Na ure ore;

lated one toera.

7. Wke the natural environment depend. up6understanding of et logical "v1 tionshilm d uponhis willingacas to lay i hi use ofretkources.

g. if by ma . and i lterrA by greatnatural tends to mai tain balancethrough plant., and

each other with eir physical en-

A slow mad, cha aay (-4 the nuatu al

TT ents heEither a ---11-mais 4otir,

k ls tO disturb 04 t

easy adjust.

naturalthe lance ofan ofL prai ;els result&

11. and animal life i indirectlythe

12. The iur f th basically toof and animals.

-=Mine

Etrrrm

in

i

man s

be

aa

9. in (aspect

in

or ab

disfuitrousor

upon

soil is the

.4

121a

llir

ilem

ithtu

nton

t:dra

miii

iidlli

mnh

c2

-!G?1Y=1cA;T (:tP=

= Water =; , ! - support #

= __:-- upon -1ti-r an(i th4 CJiWj: rt:Iittd ry iiji-i

native.IS& Land t =-- IE- : w-

1_t_;iT= :i i_-

t-=

: :rt:; I

fliL :- :r-2:: E :I;= ;-r:r1;1_

::-:;k:-: I:%k=; :1-( =Jt:: ::1i:I : ::;t i ::- :I:M:; Rtire :;r- != I-TV- T.

Y ;yj :U:i:=-: -:-: :i:, I-__

--c:y-T= = !f)r'

i I!:i L1===4 ! =---

L i , '_==-__i'=r- =- -- :

::-j i -=

The '==:; IT4.-__,: the!-= : -gf_ _= _ __-' =Ja!

):=Lt_===iii _i_ -::-i =- -i

==_i

4_i:= L=4

L tJ1ti Ai IiI i

=: F

ff____L

-f-¶i-i_

---------------- :1::: ---w before £--t- =-= , =- -==_3 I

! t

-'t-

- :=:

r_Iir: : ;cj i=LL-j -==--= ;_ conservation_t_-L-! -i==TL

=-4

L-a I !-:F- - -- ,_);-R!1 TP r: +L_rI ;

I:Li;j:i J-Ir r;i :i;i:, iiiti ULU: i; -;

I ;r r;;ri :::t=- :; ji- U=. j-

Wm-

(X)Pca=Y- &SION

is to all life.destroys it -depends way npin uses

soilsand V- tiorLintik tive i t=c t mumrbe up4x.i aCcordj g to capabilium

The tx life lie in the withinthe first few inchEls of the _surface..of mankind

6:ont_rn..:to a tbno.og1ciIjy civiliLstion hasof dtionimperaUve.

is age-old,in

survivai.aomierate4 impoveriallinen of na-ural repources a

cc' 'irmut

ma.

6..44,14

oi ct:i on bas often 'romta,timuctio means.athraJ react ui ailingly to

'wrist iqe f the na'lural arite. Abuse intenikifiesnig subsinence.

sarial iII of Cre today..re related to the nature ofment and to his abuse and misusk of it,.

No aho Id itsin its environmp t

understcoi4 Irlon tis rotations between man Life.gustaining natural rft---f-,rce8 is eAsentiai Itimatewelfare of human 1.-..nga.

=116 uneven dis,.rib n of reurc4 thei extremeasti tv the univemal Ivor

grAndards of h wtrib th ddcnce =.

wo is increasecapacfty of t-i'm earth in cit

a

fling.ftt,ifiervati- Is to bt-A-N:irn

patternsof ream, -r-k It

soundtwe mast bscorrae !Inc

may

ri-te

f rco4 wuPth

d rstandings Provid-reso

equ4p-,,

4*Ork ;

.

Ur*

g

3

3

1

1-1% e--_,41s44 eLAth 1

R I C

=

-11Pv. #

W-'1E-t.

;

=

4-4

=ti

4a10

tAt

At.

basis-

-===

n of

Ole fundamental

a part of th- nteilectu-

T

1-

values_

1A challenge

7 ==---

effective* 2 A= = ==

= -

a

7- ---=

17i _Fr- sj

_

3 14

ot interrel

all

_

a

7.1

Lim, kr,p a_ aknow the , .,..____

:::: seer,V--_-

_ = z

E

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7=.

no

programs rtt

6,4E!

A

oncitEVA =

÷-1

-_

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=

a T.--'ff'S 1

tiLd4i==L- z-

a

=

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A lee

e common

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A vi

9 a a f -

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4

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cOrigravAzrON CONcmprs

ultimate value o± tilt other aspects are realized, thereprogram without education which upon scientific

investigations. Scientific knowledge must intoth t make -ecological health a CArrilllorA objective of all

thereby, aively plannedthe lane% Herein to andeagag a supplying information t.:4-1

C

4`7.4%. an ff.

to 5 law! nuregal

h fa:=Api must '=.veand f complexity

vAr tuft-IQ-use

W

1 Iii

x y

the develop1-EvE

onskiifs

se !_13.-a:

ey ymst w!

aftLi .rwpottaibillUes thh-kXf Artr:Acan erallly r7 ti*

14:-NiI Th schools

to build an 1,-

tL rkiourmi-use.Uoik A

T-,

naturalt Of gx !nforma

of eavrirenuextI-I

-TEE 34:; INVE E

I

F.% Wi

7-1

f A6-

= ==

1.=7" -ffet114-:

sol time to 'hete po-

protean&kt

=V,than

Po- glyn rjzcmoiney' c4.-er! h d frm Effft

3, 2 .--"1 3t7A-.

kr, e ....______ #,c. ; -.2,-..--1--L-tes JAI: z = u r =

th.

e I r4 TiA ,11A, .--. _: ,____

V ./ 1:;----:' -'7.- "2' F, 0; a-_ = ,,:....,-----.. --t-- .,._.) -:

t ffif

OX--,17J111[LI

ese valltiwill to confierly

ea .11_4f

gwealth

ililt7

&CO ;-

IL;;_.7.71--

rekrulat:on i fa= 'stem Fez'. unnItiA,ter in iftbr

\:

E

. 0.2

r

r. "2. .

I T I.

e-

4,

a

I

and,

the public.a a

Conservation MP& M

.0-At _ x.Futffmg-

No appmch wie, resourcwbe

citize

the aDP LO

ce.

imV ....0 , * . ..__nee be seti-diseinimedo to make choices in... .- ....

M I * * a v *

-&.7-,.

in personal gain,._

T.44,

possess-at- lid4 theresources. must accept rle

helpin nublic. .. __

re iRti VC= El Se ma . .. ,. -

mi.-._.. ..,e,, i _., n ,d

..A_,.

ANj IA TA),.,-

A

A 9 A

&Irewri viva

or 9m.116

=.-

A

I -- Id

ECA` A _y

significant concept&

A, a e%el E. 7

Lne

11'1

1111

1111

1171

111-

IIIIIl

HrH

IHri

riH

illi

limir

liopp

ilis

1...M

I111

111m

IIIII

IIIIII

II II

i-.

:

.

TT-:- =: 4-; -.. :

p

:I

I i1 twcrd #== ; = 2--,=- __ - .; .-

- - - C =-

,LI ay &hII ii I:;

= -I I g

w-= w _ - -- _-

- - -

vp=r- -a. - -ssa_ = a = = E e a_ a a e a = & a a a a a a a s e £ a = a a

-=: of effective coflservtic UCfltei i

UDón th- IflI flmt ciccrr1 y ;e

an aea!Ice. ck!1i1=cI1t i1C1PFFYiT (tt tJi4= T1iI TY!TI1TtYnt

term czi v&L:(jIi _ ,

etvjcatici!L i-i-esiite hIP iiuriIvemphasis now beüg ithtced this vitAl iea =ear!thli

1A:Po main' açhers fltTPJP tO ID &-IC!_Th - UI

--

- -LID! itiflit tr

v JA IFAL LI; Iii

inw rir=

IJ_I L11k Ii.

- ----=- =

=i;e teaer T?flJ

£

rj qt Iritti ne of Ii:±- F, The - equipped

t-ijuyti iiie (3-I UIC iTeflmg ;(iEiI On ICe=eflca8ecL,

!wfr:s drooihr

---___E E

CL-

developinga

unit's. A it;= ji

-= ---- w

LJVIiVcan c:1 find iIIbL}h:11IT jfljL TFTWi11 tf CUIV)It1tiT !

the firs t:C-!. itw 1W J= ir t t-= -1material s-ütki :az rirt yy t=ir y iimcan it very vv;i be 1w ii-;qT :utivitic2:

related to the thtrni: Nejthr can 1i k rmuth hitschemes to countc-t th hniziirmrt c ctiiiitirii rf

by t}ie ":freEilc At:Iu1se izthii' ooiti th£AALL-_ L-L-A TL tJI1D Li I I ViL &3I FII1fIP

!rvIcI

#

a1__ -.--

Asada6 neey e-Rff, a Agb 2

0#

the Prate beeeMe g 6Titia

cio-Creade 4;gfrWe

,} &Ts

BS

r _

9e tU-=

oft-=sif,

or stan

Ce

basedthose development saws

tt.,

-..pan f

of wtwsialis[iT thepress leaves, of

That

niligand

,,m__47xwatio .

vitles "conservationeamerah,broken 71Nbs,

Aktuz-,hs. pictures provii

outdo°mut.

communication andmital- la for the

Uk:Ik8, for rpron s. seke si activitids Sflu 1 d1juT mis n tre1mm% aiLd for of intertsting and

',Argun' integrat B twherein

th

Man's were not. ievid

dI

eduthwe entirely

-tA= _ Wrikorsi=.

remu74

a

f deserto

--- -

"G-

=ML-

NEW

I Vea 0# cifE

M

t*.j ff kikri-

TUOri en AT T INHERIT g'ke hale earth as aw reso eLurcesa- 06-4-

A1-rara RA e h ffl` ff i t V , ey_pm _--- w.._-_,..w...---..M1,---g gri-gaW g- a W.-WI-Yr r _ . -, .q. -"--=_ r-4-m .e ..,

g-K;0

tosnail pro.4 sny &ads from

OF

V stIgray ruts i'roii; overtrazinmf11as

# _

N._. _ .. _w- 4 v z . , .,:..___, ,-______ _,_

-.,-------- ----- - :=-4-1_------. . . nit 8 M......

ffson erociganby shy

r g_

Nefftj1.*9 hisg

M rianes aa

IA,

1

el_ i f5tV1

Aml- *-4g

of

a_

tit-

his

greater

interesting activities as

of "W., --iman Spare " as significant con-etivities.

thpgr.V. %.gr

aA

in withDnfglit,V

`4

A

iTien

making-=0

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ciamke

d

stOrril

41.3.

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abated

of

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nej

4 f

V.r.Fib 4*

P

*

10.

con.,s a

J 'eV:r

-=- ---.-= t * ta - -= - _________________________________________________________________________________________________- _;----= - - = - -- ---- ---- - ______________:- -' 7i -a r _- - = 1= -= _ -7_ k L

F

kyL:rIVE COVA7lO= EDUtII13N

dang %V1Lfl : implications 4 cf flOL only i111i

tc "hit the inari c- ccseivac:ri tA:C==JU but SU) O CC11

liticining the towardi=ws ic:ec cejri1:eivttion concq-ts.

h1di3Pe::sat;-: for IEfleflt1I1:i eICtVe c::nser.F S. i# ' -_w= is

5 * 0 a 34 - + == == of-

:w =- -=- , - -1 , -i=j

:

1'ii: tfl ieai fl1E8J11tW '31

its objectives and principles,tAtAAILM 'WILL

curriculum, '-

cqiiitmi cii tiwse

measures '-s V -

rw [LIi

4

!-=vZ1Uj 11m:Je1:ce

= th

Ai

development c)= 1I c=: T1fT': an__1)[i71 :f:::r tht- iire- EIUj: of tii: itm g

ttf f4 ,S

2ii-irav WiT'I ! fl rp =- -J \resource iyii-

:-:

1 I

, =-

:= ==ri r ,i t ,

. - - #- =-- - -

w 4- -

i

of natural

E - =-

= = ==-

-- WV

-- ' =-L= W = U

'- I L A: A .

fDA *continue

= --- = -W=-E __F J

=-==- - =

- -11

& LJ -t_ t J attitudes, (I II

JL J1MVIUL 1!1t L&1LtUJUII a 'v ti IIVILWiw +=-- 4- the increasing-

;__4_ --- JL L& I I

JJLHiNI i;=iiirv piTiriirv finn rii UTti Th?iii-

- pals - .- -" --

. = = -- ---'

- T .

-:-::iiiTI 1_n=

---=--- F;4-

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-:.. - , -

- - __

-;AN,'" t-V-- -z . ,re= C."44 .

'741ror-v.-A0.4

t". " 4

V

ration-wi e-xi all an

underStanding conservationeducation, its place.

-mg. The aem

tailidersthnii---: publicopinion relative to Durce use is rtzvz, 'te. to a

I PISECCW o of el-7,1Iva mszerv eetiet dOL.

_

4

74-44- cs.v-

tPt- Trrfr-1-,4-.

- =

-bonh somewhat difficult define, conservation education"1=7 110 viewed as the mum of all learning experiences which .

understanding 6,2pri---4

complexity,

R-..:evoiti 'n d jt,A1F cew he=V, , -7u_. IvelfamR _: lnthe em--7th.

fil combination e favorable attitudes relative t*f

viinal -mai rft-7,-ar; lility f,vete= .,Th y_4(a__.,

r.,.-. -1,,,m,i 0[1,,.. tHeit- Cemse-,-ap;

èd ea_ ma

moor= rataiii,Nr.WTZ&Mr. -V:=7...

vonnifor atimala

th fa,c4isindi

th

ti n

umfully."1

of iLstal fatethe rds 4icy:

'91

of COW Vonwet_are. ,4_47

-n-Ak1.2 e4 t! develop a

goZ

0 cork._ .iTI pAL,

_

N tzwari usa thatw.=

f-

74r-,- fad.

are art-3mg _ _

6 obdftrjA area

Oierd

.

... A IOft Kri-

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tr-laWmi am-,.

ay.

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r

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.111-4, *AP&% gTh- a na.2 11 a

aita ALO We San ractionP-121#m§nE ## V

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a9

to andtol live there happily and

h...,,..,..i ,A,12. i.. ama aar-a-a-a-

n s 0.NZ.4.4urat

tvey.9 *

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:e hi vth!L Ilge an h L e=f=LLELt c: 1-IL :rIticni to eac1- c=fle=r iu1 c: their reIa

tiozi to fffl1:1 VV:irc.h;Ei1e to yj!fj

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:*.

IMICTIVE CONSMVATION 35

the resources pre-eludes a recognition ofthe possibilities inherent in of

the nfttd for combatting w

aa

a ivrmanent aspect.

Servicea prime consideration man's use of on

apparent dependence upon re-

e _49 important that individual the,11 criPir ultimate and the natureharx

thcir life-sustaining resources. Each be awareLff nt he is an part of his

'Sanerw, aria is uected by his daily choicesa =a resourcegi. With 5 .5 of our living

tmang=g-X _ _N WeibN.all the --74

1 I E

on -= nerson should realize urbani-L4Lk EA oilers nn pnennp from dApPndence unon the land.

with the resulting of detachmentvith

s.

Luz widespread apathy matum,1 Li

-

avpi. ach individual should realie that not only is

ITnh

InhN

llIm

mlI

Ilnl

nnII

rnlI

mIr

nIitI

nmm

irnr

iiiim

r

7

=

g

ecological= v_

!

balance.

;A Iniffg-, * g _ _ _ _ -

oft

A

IC= _ i-------gA_4

the g _4. E

V 1 = -

social V V- =_

7-_ _7 _7 7 _

T

A * Arf 7=-7 should

his

-7:- -L1-

_E4 I E S

V. =7= -S S

only_

===-1

- vVv-:/.- V V-- V-V=7

_Z.

e rt)--E-W

= s

ff - -=, if. 4 4 vE V=V- VirgErfze

V-. V- g-

18

changes

* g=

7=.4- = = = 7 7,=

_

,

1=7=

0

__

=

for

L -7

_

" -rr -a _E-

Vr,=_

1.1.7Vi

_

eP

36 larrrER LIVI NG IX 0,E_L

(.

UG H WISE USE OF MICE:3

well-being wise use of a fertile resource.,base, but also of restssquarely and preservation of a sound

To relatR adequately conditions resultinwfrom of his resources ofpeoples and of wars would not illuminatehistory and other would the timehelp to make apparent our tir)on theThe continued earth ueoome anissue of vithi concern to us all.

LI \ Da. I 1

I _ I I, / A III -11 -1) I

r-

- A a-sawaw w AI I

kw IRW/IRL-1 k A- 1 AA A V 111 IMEAWA _ AAI INN IIIII11= -11WA&-=11

111WAW/I El/M VB/EWAFA AAMAIM k /LAI WAAL. AMA k LI IML LV IL 1111. -JIMIMMINKIMILAWMIMINIMIIIIMME

couriamWind an a severely overgrazed South

to resource misuse and abuse.Thoutth resource depletion be viewed as a r ,,essinevitably tied up with life," all should beto impairment Lat is man-induced and

49 This essontin1 for A a

impoverishment of natural __._,_1 i--.- sumodesirable in weli-establish-,.

and socially suieid4l, practices ....A.--a- ,_.=. .---....g m gM

----ft-

cornbattinw +halAA.11 ifiaking

a--1174 Cr

tho aft econornimilyms; and for putting

amcerning

4t

jtr.4t=

.m11

11,1

.11.

.

-= - =__i__

-= :-

;:

=T :: =- = - - - --:- ---=- - iJ T-:; - - -

%- _: - --

. -

Ur A LION

Itirce use and iI-tie. Th long ii mn iLthm }i:w tw:i

JJ__; -L:L- merely

a

LIt4 WI j;ruvituug ii 1LLIIIIU1 a1-r%! ei flfl Tiany

/

- - -

andaur'tr- (JI Lr

% the 4i Ai: iar ii u: '7 I

A=! =-= =

I.- = -= ---- = -ai- -------- =-= w tiro

H -

g g' g :

I,v JU" II!= fl;. =_=; ===: ==; ==_: _:_ ; _ _ -- - t

- - than - ---, tIA 1=Ai

!r - '-

-

-

= - -

, I rt-

L f .

w

- - - - - - -- = ---- -== == ==-

. - ! u= !htM TT WI IT fT

issue W t I 7 1 V I Ti F ff-tY I I I=I I = --==-=----= w -=

a. &

w- - ----= =

- - --------

1 flh1 i ?1 v T-+ the fact that%_ _, & --- - _i --- - individual,- -- -

%___- _-; - = - - -w-- -- -- a; 4 '=- _.- ,- . - - ------:=

0'

t_=

-

-b-

dr. rtv,".:t '4 * 1.7=

f

s -i ;_

C*F1 - F4 1

MIVATION

anti C.1 yet-fie t of realm been either:.6a as inevitable.

pioneers left us " Mat;but the 'km'

0 Cd.

=lord phrased it "The

'w

sciencea sound 1ogii

f alleviating prestiurtsfor antb nd Ledre _ extant tse of coil

of _ Lea

that setenc-e and tech noitdependence .1 wit natural resources.

1 ce its .111c-4,7-.z not substitute fori,' in science ILI, r greatest

shortages,_,&ses ., nature, for

T .,, resources,t-btitueg

essential materials lirrh.. 'a qi_:_FAty yemes develor,-= b ssience uses he ,..,........_. w-A de-minds upon e It Ir _ . 06-f-j aat

f its rloten m idn, cannot era[T.

the

of all 111-u1 tk-AleWi resoam-

to

the

-natural'ally opt-.

DAYmv7 01-

e Pr-v=15race wioanswer LIAT- r

-4/4=

a ge-le-A-19 th tkeN do _UUSt 81701,1,P_

of.

society.

uosopy

the r k,"

4=Z-=4,

enze

vast amount of!JAW, in

ofmom\ or b thedevr_brvt tht-

cieA E3-1

cf--

1

meearth

tic

'a:tam

natif

Viere

o-refining of

7' 1 .1'1 1.7.

e -_ A -1);

7.

4-.

=.

73.'tAr! i7

s-fx_ .%-w A.,;06

37

ignoredAs Lewis

anddisorderly landscapes, toleratingand o dac"

4. To ercan-

te popukr belieflroh.

ModPrn with abalance.

hope in critical resourcethe

the most

nw proc-

vital mattriais. bescience, with. allLE-7=4 t-r C.,Awe, YT

5. To

0

in A

Lw.fo rt tA

Drohiarns a

# pic=ram a actionI tht4

Tx. ii,---7==ar

foi ti I

1_4w1.L_d M

IA

gm-d-c3p e or

stff Vgx.

w w

roncL. -F

"CP --scurcesff

&Lai rez--I-oumes is

wiety ithere frmlom to make choims ine-seapablydividual the of choosirig wisel

ceftainly,material wealth is needA

urran the nsibilitythe

ulaces

thP

Ma.M.,-

aaSF lff1M

flyz ownership"if

ILI4 w=

ri aVra inpna_ as highly

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1111

1111

11F1

1111

1111

1PU

1111

1111

!

=:___::;= -_. =

-

-

te.__ '

=- --=--=-- i-Tr - :i= -:::i::::-E _ __- - --

.

V '.-

0'

LIVING --=& THROUGH W I (W

no"right" t

as -- - - - - - :

v' ;J-i; -LeL5-

, A

r

a To y -'-the 1-f;#r #(i-#tf tir -: --:t-i:==== wealth, Jir=

3- rCt:C CI I

-

text; w--::

i1F =-=-= =e-= a a

- E _ value = I

runc:Ioning (i fWi

A correct L11Li4r-IItL(ILF ii%ifIifl and- - - - - - - -- = - -- ' ' - , !_-

resourcei i-= k _

A==:A== ---- - A -

roadsidestel

J Wokeditches; IItj-v1 shrubs,

ti:.- &jzti iii --; ii

t Lia I1fI rr4 -----n --

The degree to if te tete C this C W C te te =--=- te- - --- - __# - - -

-- = - - - = =-=- w

7. ;rc3 1n2-nJttUe ccmseivation into SG;teCai 1eT1ns1__=_ -

te-=

I

broad-.-.I-= need =- - - - - - - --- - : =

. LA- E:- ==- - - -

su:da) Larot!t!1i1g a-'ies á r=bit-4: *

- - misuse = w == -- ==

th: gjiMY the kalltv LJW reffkThfl thp tkii

vw

-

-. - i L

' -. n -=

-M . ' -.---- --

A

'VtI ' 1

4. C--e 61.,a_n

'N

,

Is -sYA.s

.

I 4 :r.y

no community, and goverr: trii;ex 1pit or tel se ilAr of resources

to, eral r' oi kspci ty."true spirit of conservation- makes it imperative t:aviduals recognize limitation to their 'personal ri Iof resource use. Tr-di n_ever owith "ectokigc 1 cunszience."

in t=

lopownershil..numerous opportunities for teaching. fundt-

enTs1 concepts h significant in vitalivii citizen-ucatiom The urban child in th mit en

the class picnicking, i the pu%li k; the stud t_==!_t,--=...itawnc---,-!. the olmeent whh, katft soda counter'; the careleas 1.:ne home

frit: ; the tenant in the co fiet;-; tha owner of cattle 7

ren,s1;'o_4 th of w

prinipies -I

img on trst3. cliuntl ote

S. fr c. iceuse.

Lily -_,_, teerk, tratii O-44 Or theMt

;Ad, that nA ts r--eirue.07 .in the liot of pmL t,a,information. S beiv ! rug fields i.nt -,eg.1 -ft and mile Tat-imp th :.,m irrc,r;3--,Iiva' of or-j6; bunti i,p over Wiwl IL A andgriavati7= 'a t=.4, , __,,,, ..._

sz-_-, fo 0 gewiz8;.,....,, ,w.

trT winto mtusliliindicative u, wits- eorrtió .isievelitp!n of mew custwtra antixo tne vergtem, "" Lave

maid-%ttivenfts

'-rowe erreluctance

It;

Th.

flatAIL

;

4.

I.

==.

=

01"--

LIM

no has thethe earth "in

inimical the The

matte,

lieare

'ship ed apa

the ofa new

with a

11

a pastureall and needan0 to ..ave

cif- nship.

cus o -V

h*in

riff_;T

P a_s

anN.A are all

practices, prietias

of theprogrgrn.

a

adeficiencies

in of sttidicdw

in ofthe

=

1111

1111

122!

!!!:

.'r"1

1

-=i- -- -=-

4 -- SS r - =- , T=.:' } tx-: :- . , - -I

-,

'

the &_tiiikiiiki4Lt= iLiiii!if7iifI

t

cózicet;;=ts t}ut cut acros LI:

- r:ii

L-_ A £ =L =-=--w === -=

________i_ -==------ z---- - -'--------- _ -

' ti-L A-( I4141g tj= -=

Tn-_ T1:Tif!I::rv [fly ;Tyrni:ytr ir ir;i ryy i;?hg= ! !!11g)ii T Q UTI -1!!1fl!

cnicn ib-ve-vu::. th =q1=:or hi sclio&: au

k; & -4 3 = =- ,

Fc be !-ure, th techer. If ik:whi the =rinckJe ox

hi their __ arii their daily 1hin the i;rinth. c'conservation.w i =

7-, t_ -

g

H R i=i F I F;:! ! need j= =w-- == w y--

=u= I

- ------ - -

- : - '--- --- = -=- S

11

n

'S

-V'

_7==.

le

le

WM-MU CVINMVATION ucArom

Teonetu

MO .7-r;. localitiesbtr b4) few put

I In,

theCOODern

rkwripatk I he

fundamentally=

zio -4rI Non to grow mawrilireffort to produce esi.1ficant

JAM in. P7 region, or natio& a bettNr

,4 r. 9t

T t4:144

1 1

30

4,

Rwd--*091

" irt91t. every p of human 442

ba&siAPal -k&,t1-1 C -----rtf-v-ri kat It 7

2f = =V,0-

levrt14:.

GtiQri Caa

_.44

sdPilf* ravzeT

education, azti previa. aA

Ajfiliaaaz

withE:deaUd Q

thatUgr°4cola

,521

in the elemei W7 and, per...ps,

i_ _ _ _

Ae 12.1=C s,,

os.

ergrapk,and

biol1

wR.Ftr-,

i7øI I 13 1 IFl

Mak,. leaders are

_t -

sf theffectively

_

around & trrici,!t1 ,ukifet-TicTt--.

tmon. *them mathematics, in. rla---rZ

the

i

i_rb3

WV tZT

= 0p_

ugh

01,

men

414

intgraffaft

*

-2-ifieTteft

encya,

Selenere-m-`---=-%kor:1M

fact that thein

w

:=1 : f view 6-1,7_,

of ft-s-v=-41E are

CIPUrrwev

arenwo--

-Art

C t =74 rAse, =ton lez0 fW

lye2 Palx

1..

I- _

*- ,

=7-

104 To

Co

711.- possm3forthng thechanges

place in whidi to live.

Onservation

0

embodies ArelA of

1flDQLjs for citizenship

M r M. ..

._. _

t

all:j 1ef1

to bec-ome force influencing behavior pat-amde al' ana

perrneating the pTogram of

best be fuedieretischc4As pro-

subjectcrowde4i

t,

ervation is

"roots" in

331.

in an et it

jgfl COure- c

3#- e4_

V

A #

; -A a mV6 In ti On a 17

in thsocial

-EVT

-or oLnerV

asiVImes.

mosTbas_c

menLa-apna

ell

.,a _ rI I n

e

-.. #

f r a g..A,,., _ A

with V..4a

a sinffia sun elt an

onalbe

&kiology, orgeneral

Ofoth subjt arms, including,

arts, hearth educationV

ofA

far

FThe teacNr must F-J3

co

I the corei to

n116, =

the elementary anritheme or *9 90. I=?,iJ p-a--

Lue sthool philammk,

Ag.:1 arna,,QP-ration is not9f Iea M3-1n_3=1

I _

and a way of livie pupils will see

-

a

E Iff a=e

0 E I Nam 9-9

a AVNE- ff=A, 33

into.LULflL -71 v

74-%

the centralbe all

Ag Zsof

-mni

all1

1111

11rM

IMI'l

MA

IE

llnon

man

1111

1M

-

La= Xtr--

eight

WIC1 ==

7 7

w

'="4

40 W LSE ME Of ItZsotnieU4

Certainly, in the light of the crucial bottleneck in conservationed.ucation------th Lack of atie4tuate1y trained teachersthe need forspecial eonzAry tion murales in I titutiors .2 higher lexrning, Iaose teache training, cannot bye izn ---edor overtzniphsza6i. th ed, it is upon these 48..tutions thdevove the --moth re perisibiHty of &lung significant eon-

ti to_ arrl ifn1 ting effective in,service andservice in conservation education and toward demonstra-i how bw to projt the intl of the school into cornmurd'activities n lle region eery ti_.

prime einsidc,-Ai is t corw.2.-v.ationinto the hcj program n-ti' functions as a dynamic force inconditioning the wty of iivI of the people stit that th,i Yves

o' citizens improvedgivsn a degree f -;Annanenela.

n 'Py atri h-ucTupa cy of Lea III

Irrzwix1,44-: of theA ern r organization co:J the cd9 theM

t TINA I adequately p Hel:Lritypreigins intc life of the oranmunit) and for providing amplevopuftunities for cite dpatien by adults as well as

7oz:servalthro0q.!:,

tewleg- schoolk4.: and rwArkida

thed

On atite hantrudi Ln the

_ si".*

-5Is often intra- u _44-he combined. or individual rff rits of

Fidmin t comearkM

p_=

Fufrter4ur---1-4#17 p.mai mtozurmAtant !IL. Theft larrirwlowed by more -coraDmtion I the wise use of

county,legislation weiR.-tare_

r local

3tatn.TemneaG in 102,_ and lasirsippi in 2-

.I --.n et teaching of f rc_oozny and _

F._

conceived ,..-aurft have s---*---n tol!- a

_ -

g,:r!,.

--armsurft of The aa, Oa'N

Cm-0e

Effective conserv in eable f-T-PA:itikation of many

P-aarazi, ro Nietlyru 4 -ce-svatf.60 E- *elation the united stau.. 74--44et we tritiV;"

Lx7

upon a

amplatSm SiNekurt=4: Fizezep, oftd thcSetagati= Amwiatkv.1, 1

P-7--, :-,----iand ettiLm 1-0.:t---A4-vit, Linn W ..._____----- aar .w.__.

L_.-_==,

Ofik 1114 b---. a earw-

_t__,'L--'''_-74.-1-_-..--

,Wmane....r. b...-r- A J'------=.

1 a --'-- !.

t1

adi-.-----.=-.- =-I& ':,W.D

i

LI NG THROUG H

es t-vially

training

engagul:N in

Le pre

The vital' ed getsI

ILu,_ ; the qualitv and the 1

iIn

.

.is L.,-7en -._-mr conservation -_-_-=.-;the

--2:

-z-

youth.

the scla-vl 2r-- . .m eithernroc-----

in _v_... or other--_-__I

on the national, &Ate,Er

._-_---

designed to conger aschools has b&---ri adopted by a few -2

.---=---

.vel.,-

Li inAccor-dinv

.11.=

i&gislation rNuiring mhool instruc-natural resourem At Statell

have, since 1929, eriafted this type.Arkan.viis, Kentheky, Maryland Dakota,

and

ementing Effective 71A_ r Etiwyitio

rests, final analysis, favorrequisites. To

mrnEWNmw/aat

8 Li rep rprrif..441

2 Raa--:_n 8t. kNA-shvinz. Tana, r.&-ak a- Getime CVA,14- ffta43

Bemis*c,

p

1948. p.

41

1a- -7-a- --

-g---

I1-

7_-

3-17 a a

-

a community appropriatea-_ a .--= 2_--_- - from

_7 7. --- -1 ---

=--a-

tfft

_ -a

=__=== geographic, ; ; g g ; g dive

a a

_

--- ---3_3- a

-;

Fa a= T.

na

---

---

Essential

3

--

- - =

lives

_

I 2

E

-g_

a rn in is-opinion

a_

3-

LE:TEA, I4

TAT1ONq

-&&Me#4111411CU

g a summer warkokop.

erentiation Ruggests the deirabi1ity of adapting e- -rienceto the of the vieweti in its larger se-tine's, both

tional and wo "eaching materials, methods, or activitygrams ideally to one befor another. Yet, despite social si-uation necessitating ilexibilitv and variations in local progra s,e basic to any effective conserNiat.ion education

clearly formulat&i. How to vitalize these=lents, how, to Seeilre a functioningof diem, and how to further conservation thatfrect a continuinz and dynamic impact the daily ofe citizenry -a---arnount that merit study. The

following are 80711 _ suggestions that need ro he critically examineAwidely a-nAed

1. Awl:de adequate training ftrograrnGators, and others engaged in inretaive to wi5e um of resources.

1

or teachm,ng public

to P-n effective procgarn in theschools is the adqqu te preparation of teac u rvig-Orav

A

M11

1111

1111

1111

1111

1111

1111

1110

1111

1111

1111

1111

1111

0111

1111

1111

1111

1111

1121

1311

3113

1MIN

UM

MII

IIE

MIM

IIIIII

IIIM

MIM

IHIM

PIM

M11

1111

1111

1111

111M

1111

1111

1MIII

IIIIIM

MII

Mem

Inin

niiM

illra

mm

iniii

mai

nium

mio

......

I.1

-,

A9 --ii- ! -=UT:L! !

a

;1: a::::ra::-riz i

F -Le::e: n ria CCir v&z Ae zear :J;liii er "The floo-is ':ii IR,1 ui wp:iI

=- -= :- until teachers p- -

L::e- experiences:=;j

:._ ! )t==;z

-1-i

:

: :=:=E:r 1 ::- C-flZ!-:

:-

-a--=- -== ;= -

r: E :i: psv j

= enter =; -= =:-= - w-

Aii, w I again into

- =-;:g - I -: _-- = about_t: a - problems, and into=it=_t ,

A_;_ I con -rvatit Y

I :i;r: i1 k1t prepare

L=pt;=: =:

c;eIL tT:tV :t e usec atTo

L

!!-q !!=:- PhTivp

-- -- ---=-

=:i =; for - ! L;= _:j:- kyle'=- ,

- -=.= is a matt r ,

w-I;__i and ==- desirable 1ij I -_ L__ Lii&

4 % whole . anal -;= ' t=LI : I

F UL;eai:zg

(1ETTX:f:P u:ca: -rtj forfJ-r1rer:: h;(=19

im1 [* ::rDer:v :)reja1wJ 1ir :! (Ji-rv p=IV y not f=A:

}=-: i- becomes _=i4 = I

f:! r! ! YTr4 hn:a

*

Tf_J ":=- =-=' '= iTi;i-J =- I F T! ;

=-'-- ,

&, J=_=!'- T rr fiTFT

=-'=

est quality, !

ILi:-4A

already P-- 4ZL: --U

I I -.- 'IJ-LtI j;=ii;i; , iLiRu;:; ;-J1t r;i rL;I:-I niiii

I "p '- --- 1 =- I =1 L=

-;unis A IL I L- t

iiJ-1_p 11u- =

LA? be __4=UV S providingI1di- ULa ; r 'T f---- i ; A - teachers.it - I Vz_;L I

tuirf=re. : u ext=nsic=ii aric= e1nIcI1fM1rnLe1r o= ceritra

:- tt- cr regional) aervrI? 1aiQ1:-L =-;_ iAiAI1M = training i(i litJi=

:oca;- in mice eftieat:fri rrr 'The tjymi.1

a. w -T hri __14==j;-;::

4___ r= ----(T= 1- AAñ ±.

J== -=4 -L W

Yyt

I' :;__

--

=., .

: - wA t

Ws"

MSS.,

A

5

\ r

r

-

-/rr-Arel

, -Ak A -; Nat A

NG WM er

. =e4 1

-

d fo &Liruintig this cricialr%o tio

vio-]-447,,5rt -'1fie way to _ tide:plate comservetion educati a:wad

I some languageot con:,

bwm, n understand-

and ht education.taken the materials that it

b z 11.-4N1 in forma ineffq3cdve =size ; i m&rty Ewill il!"

Elb,r',..ag abou right Kim:,

t alllearning. huqunsince t have con E

emust irnb with them. Even thogb

not n or resporaibilititzE-

.Conftrvation '441 ahou1 -4 have 6in it 'on

will rope-riy until it ths S.ow, thfl m. .p prozr Mum tn of all or rty anear .._ .

It len .prov-i- _ , The -17 Lifl Committw on i:-!&

ft-t-el.,:., con 'tic a Porbthop designed n

et-4.- t_, .

of teachers, v.----i thein Ligteient.' .

,.

in field must 1------ -:.--:,r4r:ii , themanner. h Wart . ,

-----....

ala ltmitarlons _ 741.4.xv,Av reW.vig: summer t,c.her-miucat'

a__II 1

Thee

4

orkl..9h..-

-'1=-

Itc*

A-.and 7 u

sA11,

at- -afiltratt ho

aetimtreturn will tai f 3rvt n

4a

171- WWIa

York kt e*:--

fr-8-

-V_'4

t 14

- t _ !.4

1A,

Ec4eIL-wrr"

a

HIS-0 URA_

0 f

at

a

I a

"rebirth,

serva ti on

-e

aa

ConEuu atiori,

Teachersmost

_

develop-

leaders be

4 Eep .nE-4-w-Aiirmai C-__-Wegek-m

_ i_em,

1111

12E

1221

(122

1Itt1

111!

!!'1

1111

11M

E11

111q

VII

,.....

......

.

. -4--. = =4.

AA,

4=_athe

£

Ak1 a 1 A ra;

17a_ A

=

ti

-=1_ A__ '4-- a 'a

are A = I

a= A-1 1

% EI =as

7 - s # =

2 L-4 1 z

from

A a -= --- =a. AaAa a-

-= A a % Aa =x-

4- A

===s =A = 7 /

State

A-=_ - A

4.Thework

= = =

roaches

_

4-;a

r

I

f

_A

= _

a A ==== I 1

=

4'71-7111-1#-I ilf N:

-

a- A_ ,==

a

1 al_fa-t

sA_ = .-_-

= _a A_ 47a

; 1 I

= = a aA

A thet=1 I e'

%. 4

A Vi a a a111-

_ = -2 22 7 £ 2 i- a a_ = 4 a

collegesA 2£.

I

-=

and

effect vent-Ns

2 AA

=

t

=

aimsAlabama,

- A-A _

.7: IT

;

ta_71-14 Ili --=== ==42 E A

of- =

1-a _-1114t4N _a

4_a=41a-4a =

-7_= _

"

It

t

_A

is

beA

highly--A

role

for A_A 2 7 I7 1ff

A4 _ -rk :k a

Lk=iflVJVLi

A=

T

a a-a

conservation

A-#4_ ,-_i JISA

1If1--- -

===.A 4 =-

= = =r ===---_E=

Lc===

technologicAlapplication muitip

traditional rya

a

-a

_-A

7-/

- I t- 1_

= 2.

_a--'---=-- --- -- -- -- --z-- 7-- __ _ a. -# 4- AA- 1._---V

--.--

s_s

; - = -E

s-_

A =A-A_ AWjam =

EEEi

- a _

4

r =_

v

WFUCTIVX Ci &V244, TION FM4 C4110 N

Lation of.i. in find the orgallization of conserva-tion ---ation may stern

na of educAtioa, State advisorycommittoe on conservation the university,other State-x-sA ported institutions of higher de.wartmea t or other nfrency con-cerned with the Wfse List of West with six

a anexam e of cooperative by anduniversi les. While, Among TexaN

(Aline of cooperative developmentby, institutions o' hig+e numerous agenciesa)neerned with wise resource-Lme.6 d

corimrvation workshopwi can be appreciablyproviding folio t-up programs designed tr) help te.c_he

incorpo, ate of the workshOps imo their otvniirg situations. Georgia, and Noriz, rolina

are the few Stat.A with foik)w-up activiof the . central workshops may be mirror-ed

'II! of the kval Niucation pro.gram& For 'niservice training .;,,e-achezs, the local com-

workshops are They provide oppor-tucity for reathinz the great t Iwsaible numbe 0 teachefor tJdying resoume-use problems in the coinniunit-z setin which mem' ra work.

and methods pf study of lc-Ks:1

problerns and for contHbuting to the development ofco uni

0

Rrco .lizeo the of the trorhtr as P he of counselor and

f ale teacke._.rather 4Ln ws a soecialist

to competent i many subjectt ut-e problems

To sure, he nrt

every ph,cmand across t.-1 eid

edge. Requisite knowl and I ipeacquired and for all. Ecol t." n verydric and knowledge ii pportunities7.4) a v--A4 economic, 'cu tural

N i A ft ft i Pceitim o s. st ier z R.Thr e e 4 R for I VI=Or CA-imp.1 June g-a, 1Ladkwatim ,Law mosim Ntt* W.4:_nta Street, CUM-9e p.p. 3 5,

=M7

2

2

3

1

1

4 g)

_

I /1

rs,

desirable

SCn0018.

a irirnerbti

understanding

CcmJtte c

arb

in t

N

of9.

"Nr.

1171

7171

117

7 17

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44

conservationt

L; E -a- AAsn a

learning.

=

a=a_

use

a

! ssf 7 14 z

witA

=e aa=4

a

a7 7A A!

found.a a-a A

- - - a _7 7

0

a

er .==A a-

a-t

V----= A --' 71

;17

a.

AA-=-1 A -_----

eh to resource

And

noro

y

moreThe E

Aand 0=e= - -A A ffN En

Give

==---g y-g =

a

rather =2- a- -- a- -

proper

efficientt 17

a .7 .4 a. a hisa E

F E.-

7=--_= m .1 ===_

.7?" et len0

0 A:_:nservation edu===ToA be of

i ffiXem-a a a

by

aoagaA -A a- a, g agem

account underlying

_AIM aff A--0-&-

or loveAt 11

owes

conservation

relatingX

the

A a

--a-0 n

A0 r= a A__A AZ_A. al a A NA

a.-_ a a a.

theand 888 8888a=MMaa

=

0_0!-ea

as 0-="

=_N

_ff 5

ea. -a.

co serf - -

f'ff ff

=a -

of experiences,dividual in 1-- 'not

N

-7.

citizen, not merely a

A Aa- -0

-

A-A7 n',,m1C,==a-w

.a.":==.= A..,===E1E

E

a aa-z. . - , as 0 a" &-= g

=

Nag E.-AA =141= = _7_

A a7

E A It

6

A

.EA

a

st..1

ir °. 4, >

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7

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conditions &mange. Consequently *teachereducation as continuous attitude

tile teacher is, therefore, extremely Fohe should:

(a) favorably and in t_leor the probien-solving

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values scientitEckelberry suggests that desirable motivation may kf---3- ii. :i

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proner otivation..-nrid illumination learning-1 1

education will mici .the ingmerely a info.rlii.::11co vert to the muse,* 4 t resiornsibl luit.li- ::e wkt,uni ratandin his .__-7-1-Zv tim to 1 3,1-12-140 world,

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48 BLIITIllt LIVING THROUGH Win Ull OF LIOMR=

for immediately implementing action programs of con-servation the land and ior %AL etLing desirable regulationsconcerning resource-use Policies and practices. Popular education parallel and supplement that ole me youth

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study for ntak're cre-ative approach to th problem of using wisely .11

'mounts for tk, enriching of lift.Co) a survey of the communitzt t* the

major resource-use problems, to revealties for more dent --&-Az of resources, and

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Where .v

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- - - -g

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_

IMICIMIC CONSERVATION MUCATiON

= _a

- _ _

_

51

Counerth sea rri&and must be treat-ed according to its needs and used to its cap3-

biiity. The land capzüiity made by the Soil Conservation Service be forethe. farmer who works in Soil Conserva.tke farm plan is

tion Dittricta.

effective

Assist p anning mrtion in the community orlibrary to be devoted to an

tion of sound, I 1xdath conservation materiak.e

&-W=. FmO.T=4(k ) Set un -13110i1 participation programsfor the radio, for meetines, for other con-

il roir,-the of community

or demonstration plots.(m) invitm- the v---2rsonnel of the

fire control uni, lEgai.y known as forest di&-tricts, and/or the peraoiinel of tIie ran werof the for- ts to assist .nprojects to

e1

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11CM0E

aeveinningto provide

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'\n) the- use of the r&a II- learnI-V Relate' -

- -

- the central - - - = - --g

--: -= ---i

. - - - -

I4III ItUiiI1k (if fltPTit Y1Wi1 ?11 ii

jt-": experince& I1II1M:-

- g &

- -

, ---;= J suitability I 1 Lt I . I M I : i r;= I r ____

- t

;L 1%Iakr; and -*cave us cf iIirrf crii'h it1 tJ- ccbI

!--n T1e1cI teaching Is a 8YiOU iict iLIRt LI

I

i_.

II&__ - --

fieldL; _=1 WIT1I fi ftT%

==-- - -

E-L_i out 1W nigh, I

I:_

E- .= a ' comments,in the eI;F1 th: thii 'nr tt

i- -- things. They -

liv Lm: II1UtIR? rr1:rtI1r=. 3T th1r iiic4c 1itIJV are frft with no seise of the unity andc! hLWF3 seem haVe th= pieces. but zc;t tn-

Fragments of: itni vn1=in -r== - other and -w_

JI

IT1f- - - -=- 7 =_1i I I I the I

- - = whole. - - - - -- -. - a i

: i'i:iUf=

(ieI:iItIe1iL LiJJII 1zt LTewCJflIb1e i3r Itti

:- . __

tx!u1IuIflg flF!J1f!=: anti irr:4Lciyene&?'-

;.:

N Paul L Tth1ng E!! r±-1jl F--::

AIt?b T*ck4F 8;O2. Pijjry I9

,

I

- .

P-v4_I

. i----- ' ' --- -i:- ,_'TI -: =--- = -I=- -- -- - - ----

. =---- -j _; - = -

_I

L= 4- _: 4

- , w--=g.t7 10-44'

. Or MOMMAR

more direct contact with the realities of conerva.tion problems,

Make most appropriate

servaeion a

I,

toto the educational o Tec

developing 1TE

aptivity-centered participants .eyerlose sight the guiding objectives and .of the real heari .ofconservationthe impairment and destructiop of ree-i_:.ureesand these promses. This under.-lying theme perrneaLe --_rv phase of the conE---ei vatiole-ducation program and must be applied a a derisive

the of

adequate

rezi,x)nsibLity,a casual, aimless enterprise, was stressed by the late HeniyChandler Cowles of the University 0' Chicago. In his fnreP..ful wo. 4s warn , are a Tv-itk show so.i aihing to a clam, be sure it s AL ere if you

sneak before it there." 'et

.the great ecologist was not insinuating iome kind of fiaL,.as his words do suggest, most careful iq a

to successful study in the field. Too often, "e ery.-thing that comes along to catch the eye is pointed out and

but with no reRldistinction. are they

K-p.n are impressed,fatigueA

interrelationshipvt theypicture which tium pieces form."

have u lessam

It of um t cuLtuum Lijathe interrelatedness of the component parth 'ofemphasized and that we "sce ourselveG

re

as fl

_4

fl I 1 Ba

'Part; f r-about and

t Trips. The

7

2

2222

1

F

_

= _

=

limited.

f

Waal,

;.! I

=at-ea_2 -A

a- 0

=

between

2 ga. a

,==" =="

12---IN-- an as-57--a=721:=22

holm,

1.-77 73 -t-7,3

light of =Rag Z_21F-2_a

problems- - -

1 a a

-k 7*-=

173 M. 7 7 1 e n C

The f - - _ association t_ t

making =.= g = =

key Zw 7 _ .ff=_ a=wa ft

*W-70 0- 0,__=a 17-v-aSar La. 1

-1

waaa=a

on--L*Tiencft

2

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E.EEw, of

111

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Wrr P1_ ,;klA !

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104FM' 05 _-x.,---eATItow 1,mA- Tto- N

;

projvAed field 74.----riences, if not tooanrivaiNi tike, nature th

th pe?op

f soil erosion anderosion co tr* using; unr:.

AUL the field excursions bita to or themselves the problems of local

conservation tLIrat mar ti-t more adequately studiedtional, and world perspective.

CICertainly. for the Ake, first-hand

conservation I their is th

rte"'%4/0

_

_

_

._)-

a

5

==1

Gc---argew, 86g Cciver,watim 8mvieopredui aniit of plants is an agriemi-

-41.: WI 'mirk; for I ectronti te4oirty,level of liti9.

0_

5

a

tolearning

ba:- short tri

fif transportationf toe

the that;

*lb

education.,may he made

to ___e oolyard or theOthers may appreciably erarkh bF longer

is avftilable t irrspwii of-thetip r tt,c nature the area, selected- as a site forleZrz! azti 4,4L, ; eneral

-0a a' value to a1 levels'

T"

.1 f

Skillfully

-411 Ial

opp- for relating the-UA welfare of the

example,soil

erosionpoor housing.the see

regional,

Aith

high_er

Some moreperhaps

betripslength of

sug-gestions t .at mayof 'earning:

IV

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need---====== ior

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--77 1 ;a 1 -A. --- -a_

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t graphicUJLt=I

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intA A

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field

= .

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suggest1

= ;

field for._

-

A_ aA

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findings

-4

=17'

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soft

k

conservatIon

t

=

problems

g

1

E E

a.----- -- - -E

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a

E-EZET.E.

t-=

-A-

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5 5 _

thefi

_ E-

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s

I AEAT

conservationthat of a

_

A .7

= = =

studythe1-1-rf

-7-

= 7- -77 -_ 77' =7EN AEA

E.:-77-

-a- a-

TIM;Z:MI

DErn1T LIVING Tkeintal ME Of NMOURC7m-S,

Mike careful, pIsr Thto, a personal excursion to 1,11

study helping te guideminkv-yp preparation ftpupils in their

Bring information from preliminarydy of the discussion

planning pwioda This will help preparepupils for oVservnig things.

(c) Provide, expedient, the wilektiofor exhibits anti

I ake available the mest suitable maps, charts,aid for use both prelimInary

study work in field.not the trip ezd with :_he \reareturn

classroom. The rthai tui aperi.,ence ai be the impetus or

of foiow p Thereveal scientific envert-

dovCo

e

t- V

%ma=

.-- r ----,--

--1_

rOLig 8

inmay

whtch stank the learners= _ -

the=Ale group to need forfield tripe with vit le:14z

0

d brand, weP-balanced program.

_

is imperative that conservation theproblem of wise uso. resources thamweA tL er=, shift eul=phadig uently!rent throughof forests, sons, or ete, tustress on the use resources. ThL

not only makes for better understAldi' of woltrelationships, but focusing oi

that raim4, sign_ icantarea, .e region, nation, or the worY

For the broad, prIttgris-rs, greatthe pima is flexible .&

n individualsvh,.

o_

and of class rupprogram

and }

W I SE

(a) willoften make

before

thean(the

ex-periments.

andin

to

:pes inthe may needments to theregular damn-porn. Thev give rise to nu-merous on thei

Ti

in variousof

9. B u ild

iso .ted ,wg-needs to be

to

broader ap-proach

gt4L-lnuonto the

hwzi thebe

toto the alto Moreover, the fide-

z

n-

Mr

don1ES =,E

-4 -t

i

inL I tic-

.41G.

=

I

r-_

am m .-

w=s5:

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le sE

.ntr

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_

A

g

1 &Z

-s _

p

9c1TITI:::T

?: i :

\J Iv-TJfl T-!T WU w'

(_ iiPrvq r'\ #.----- - - %_= =:w=-

.

_-1 _-= -L---

-:ArLt materials--i::t=: L;

[$Iit j11}4k7f4 LUIiJUiet2, C)rflTT1UT1tV rtIOrt &;tui1e4==rI

11A=

!=j=- F'- L-

-=- indeed, be stirred'ir

:;etin::t ::;:: r=i:r A. Sir Herbert Br lakiley rrt.!arç V !i tT

:

\v(irid; x:JpuIati(!1 -iirigrv. UriJe-r1t:1. ill i!i;1(I F;:-, n !;pc4-!::-r flàLL? a :=:e ve= ae -::;

-, /- i =- r-_--,-=

_ == =- ri = food product' alf AiV t__I

t;LJI

=

' for'-

-Y: ai-

i ----

!

zcI r-ip !T1 r!1.' qi:-=o- v -tory Q==_f = == -=

j ;- --- -- ---41- 1-ii! :: and c; t:

-=-F.-1=-._-- _-__=i_ --- -.-----

there --1=---

-=of - ---- though ' cause-=-

tk'=pair i. t b !:r -ii rr:I -- - . =--- -= h 1 -= -- --

=4 I

:

Urz-;4:iL1JL! ==Ui1

:L conservation permeates : educational :- (=FIftve &: evernCrear;iz flrflter !3r :eiasc:-izied rteri aware

¶ .of the va!e of the natural rirc Feiii:ve tc tt;e;! ai-e r

i misu nc1 able tc'x=:;rk together iii a UiflZTTtiC t'; _ij_ C!Th!1!= Oi C1flrVR!Ofl O! !Je =&ThL 1f1:entii! to the preservation cf minai f-r to the per*tuation

I;

i;treith, and to the c=f t:ilitary

M:-J*t aFreiiv cc;seviy; :Ct O)flk C I)?kT flCoIuti:'n !r n-r i- of OT of our\

-- -- !-a

-- = --I nature

1T4.Z11res iL1Uniu!up tiv 01 tUIuILEIL 11UI! }k''er urie a wh=- :::eiiu: ib:c

: reP t a:h a p-rran e:Un uarTLI:uu =:M: - r-; his habitat, =down --=-

uj =-

4 LWtJ1I LH11 M!L Wt Ui1ji

;

S -=:-_U-I

:- .

'_i

1::

#

(L_

-,

£1'

I

? S . H g

_aE -f 4I : Tf :! i= 3! fltC COL1 c= CA:nu:art ative : _ T=LT i

iL: -

'`t-1..'1---'-"-"%,;,,-----; 4 MB.-,

_

1-N. )learning

.

fa

need to into E :Aion. weinto"SO just begun iso realize the danger: of a

continued,gUrn--

a.th sureif have Plan II

forthere sure, cause andte

.e ry

o

1

R r4'

1-=A- -72zitr

manner

our N rd th

is amiredthe the Nation. Other

Airmeutastilm.opinion

'Ct

ti

i1iies 0.04.- Acid rims tamthe Lb a-wo.m"--* A. 11-4V.

tt

a

4

z

asr-scak.

18

land. t..

effe v tis es-

1P

wrrenia od of

g

A--A

I gill _ a

a-=-- a- a. ---

=

_-_-. heft- _-

-

oducation

=

geology,4 =

7

g -74 g g 44 a a

1

=

= E

_

a-Th-4 -7 4 4 g a

A

1F -"

;

activity.botany

_

A

- 7, 4. -

Bala 22 2.22E, a s - g4 4_ a a

-

a a # 4 4

ar. =4 V2-4.-4 4

ny

2=4 [4a. 2 4 44 I a 4-72 El' L7=1.

=

1

2,- .2 a

4 -_A

_t

A

A

--7-

=

t--

A

_ !-4-4 5 4

vaE

"for:iiU

all

E other

7 771_ a

g

Fa-

J-7-74

a_- -- _

==. .4E-77 4.- 4_ =

with4

the

tF .--I A -47 E

_

_

g_

--t t #4.-

= i-_ _-

t =

a-

1 1-=

7-

clung-

-

L-14

E

purpose"

7= materials_

7.=-n= ka-

*-

4!Ea a E =t-4 = = gA

E

A.- E

contributionsI

4

guides,4, Va. I- 7

_

4-vast array of 41_1

iventrod, . a ag 44k4-4- E _ 4 A a

CA-g- AI=

T1 I ties

-= -_

_4 a47

1

--

4-0- v-=

a.--

-7._

wrp-

Ea.

process,=

aa.

I

that= _" _ =- A a commands a r

7.7-g

Lrli OW4, , awa-

the frortr-21 tigevas, come. Cd ihte4

ja the r4 d

41211 W ALDO EMFA:1ON

bibs arethie hReR.

.

Cotmervation is 0A: bronii and so con =ire-43ertsive it relates to .i.,1..ny areas of learn'ng and touchesnearly ever:. friam o* 1 suchsub*t.da geography, engi-

economies, and Forled lead , tA be dynamic and to ba fmus&i. basic

-ase

for

ts reLaW to th wise q.---. oe rwic) -Tea, 4hou1d

age sietr vely a I, wiety of andnflevelsfor sail iwni ation education is continuous

Ang. ii&i' j ,.nw con n underge=":-7 change,new ri (live .,.orces are through the;

sgtivitha of pup a rtDrieflta-Uo'if tatudes reahaping of haldts INcomeThe only must ir,g7 alert to 1i

t must understand "when," :Whatthey mczt etaifteast r achieving of over-

Cert- wires of injuntRtion and all media should beth advastan, ca;--, tiny planned field

I 00 Meta i naturalare unpar*leil:44 in value. T a 4

d rect contact resource i neithe vac--A nor ut at B in development of the.

and various typtv, of audio-visual aidsThe radio, zz'o'.*en pfctues. Ud photo-

! graphs, maps, makethe 1ndr

Cite of major nsibhilthgt teacher involvesof the materials, selecting

tittm the ptaiAmt TJ aittiag the&wow the needs of t4 p pits; the school, and thecommunity VieW, in Ps proper setting.

a examination of

t

I.

kt4:

I;

HE K.

is rtlatoi-

maw-

a andr11 t it

_ tqt

gi

nand a

toobjedive.

toutilized

logical

arecharts.

each

57

LIVING TRROUa TTLA E-S

3 gichildren kV A --11ff. - - pine 4=2School a

ff

#A

MMW MA M-M--VA.

A A A=M

.41

specificavailable

* a===.laws w aa_ E

*

rf

essential A M

LnizA=

=

the

teaching-

E

most

w

A -

_

evalun- i

A V

--

_77--

V 7-----17#

aN

contributions,.opment

behavior

-

4

58 BETTER WISE OF RESOURCES1

Courte, S. &Mit-0an old Ne4 fteld.

a great range of, material which must bethe of or

Teachers in Evaluating MaterialsFor of to be hi I'learning be selected or developed onthe their to tlie promotion of sound viewsand to of desirable attitudes and patthrns ofrelative to the most important as-leets of conservationproblems.

it

vitaliwtriartional

j ---- 0 6 -

II

s

Lf"kaa--=ffl -0a=

-a=a -a-a a aaraa- 0

a -2

programA a5 a

a a

TUCK I N G

s

'71 AIDS=- a Ea- .6 -6 6 E I _ga a

12=2 muh_La 6IrtAnng crr 3

E- 2-41 .7.6 r-'2 I ££g g a

A _

5--4-a r_A a= rag_

t 1 A-=,

4._

01

mattera

sag..4-444,0.

_.ref=lq

tJ

fa'7a-i.E 5 a

21'-T z&-ca

6 6lit I

E

.6.--aagAgita-42211-6---a

.660a.-6a F-

and24.6.

v-tr IT a Akr: 2 24-

Na----

a 6g

i:i A LA

s.. 2- E2 2

4

-g I

En- a. A -a.. embody

developmentof con gp ry 7-

6' aaaP6-6-£4_40 E2g0-.Egge=_e

2. Pu poseern

-=-=a 3-a

=

1,0.0a6 6 6- -'=1 1 1=

judgment, not LAJ

Treatment

that

unity

e_ A---(fil 1 v a

3-

.aa.271 5 5" 5

d L._ a t.

U

and

-

the

A--I I aff= a,*

the teachera-- 5 a. . = -

a- A a-

is .atE 2V-z

for

Bulletins

g-6 00gA A-A

e6 6-1

gaa

g=ta .a- ow

--2 al

2-1 1 I .%A

Lilt-1

2-a. a_a=

_ .I6, =

...17A- - g

E ta. .1 E-EEEE r g. Ea a 06-

7=--1. 1.: 1

undistorted=

atri ea

a---I-44_

wr goI _riled4

f-711 y 7-1 ari Tien or

sntr-D.t-r-1 n--TgAnrtr. _ 5-- tta, fal---1

2X-OILS pS

E

"flaEUI ,the "= A

narksucceed on

ofand

One" and- = 1

Ta,

remote.6F

7.t.--1,512

E

not agains.thement

.066.16- EA t0 aa0

#

life

.4 =.

z

E 2-2._.7

EN IA a

A t---4.1a.-Aa A

spreads

1724

.=-2- a-ell 1

a

a=

(42

±---a =e

A A acam rt. a a a

E

E

7a

-a. Eaa asEEE 26

concepts a_vew of natural

relationecological

to appealnt.

6.6aatE = E g E

mustE

to reason°

things, s =frj Al

Man must be viewedschem,,,f

a 0 a64-4 Wa2

6-6.4_7aaa

a£EIM 0 a

= =r_ I

0-1 ei4,,t,maLgi.t. Accuracy

r

'2 aE y

,

4

A Ails

et.

otherelement

parts,integral

which heonly by working with Naemphasisa must he

the nature o-nnomic,

dependency of numan0 a 0 theWEE.

JMaterials that

L.ave no A-a- a

-6.ff

eai-tI LW. ra---rao

placed

t 0E - -2 L..%A A

SS

meet acidthe_ nT scientificin e the educational

1_ it, a_aa_a Leacock emed nail 6-46-6*

6=4 as

.:I

aft 60;-A k-

:aria is always more iorcible thazi a whole one.1)1.- LI 1-=.1 4

£ 40170 -1 iu.E1.

ea.

Controve.zivse

0,aa

be clearlybo preserikad- in sum a m_s-=.3===.

a

r in ther0=7:7-440

a a1 4fEILIL

4

It carriesfield tii c.:on

aIF/ aaa_r-.6 4. 4-.6 e

a a a a_as =

/

af

t-. - ,. 7- ;..

. 1- '4..1. , :, ' .: -.',p iT ,

, 1

1,-

What specific g1Ude thiswork? e TE,Ity kie of

1. Theme

theme

. bettering the formust be or other

aids, no how colorful or o*rwise howplace in a

theof

to As

.41

be aa'and

3. 0

Theadequately recognized. 'The clearly reveal

that damagemi anyof ay area

kith near$ 1. - can

permanent basisher.

eA71sti tween man',.- treat-of resources and is and

The welfarein be

4.

fail -frAt 4und-'mess program:" Fo

Phen

issues. they

must that 'T will 1 the

-

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ti

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6J-

59

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toas an

as

must

FL.

1-= UNIX THROUGH

I

op

= 4=-"a7Lia-a,;&_, _- =

a or use with=

-

i

AI _

theipthefor I

e a

E F f=1E.EE r- - Content

34,

Va_ a =3a=

3 3 -7_ =E E

a_ 1

-6

=3.

a = thea =1 'kJ A

_

v

content e

only -tonous-1y

33.- - - 3 3 IN j = 6rj Ha 3=3 gva V

0re-t I

B

ritti "Dreconservation educatioi .

ucation. or health

"save,"

t To.

-E =E EtzEL,ff. Eff= =

Effectiveness4g V

m a Et=AI.E1F 1= A, A

t

1 ra

33,

usefacilitate an

conservation

A N._3 3 3A-a =-A EL

st

t rese&to bli d acceptance.

5. Recencycy

It is highly important thatFigures, 'WO ids, textu Iditions which d4 :!,t, exist today,deaden the interest 'Of pupapresent and r future.

-73-f-Z.f4AV-

_

11441,

4' - -f: -

**

_.; -4- _ `T..'A

4'ib*

. rtez.

,I

;

thar

the materials De up tigt Mtmaterials, etc., depicting con-

lase their liecti ei clconcerned primarily vita

aion, about past con-bring mat tresaditions is of value, primarily, ts

possible comparisons.

6. Adaptability

Are the materials for pupils othcuiricu materials? Do they fit into the program ofthe particul r grade leveR for which intended? Ar the

'exiiiY daptable for use to aid in meetingneeds of the' school, the community, the region, andNation Do the professional jnatzri is appropriate

uatey relate conservation problems to theUlm!, soci 0--orldi

7.

Does the essentials adequatetreatment of the ,given problem of conservation, or thelimited vague Feneralities 7 I "conservation"

"pro-tect"? presentedrnted only as -study, lucid-ion? .1t is essentialt the materials give of sub-stantial content designed to understanding ofthe WHOLE PROBLEM of and to further the rof its EAL MEANING.

Unquestiothe gr %steel; As)

The graphic a6 r

poin-RP

wive, w .11 1.11 .strated materials haveibilities of vitalizing conservation ucatJon. g-

pictorial quality, color, --:ckt, Quality -of f:nce t:r!, pL

consideration,that meet 65,4

*3 1...----

t ',.. ...._----

t :

- ...-1tit P

0.. , ''. ...: I. I ' ' ; , -,, i ) 'i4 "; I

.- ., : 7 ..i,est".

7; .-..- . . 0 , -; rsii . ,". ., . '. ' _. ` 4 4 ::;,k ii,./' '7 fthu,k. 2-kylif 4,,,t,. .,-,,... : - r it -t:r- cl.i.::?.-; ; i ,. .; - , 1 7. . 4 , ':t'A- . k 1 f 7 !=. -,.. ,ii"-i '.14r,i1-'4' ii.-7:....Le.ii .ri-%tflii -`1Wei i-4

=

WISE USE illeOUICIS

and activities rather

the thethe-

and to make

today.?

and matter are

1110

11

ITT

, 011

1111

t,Pl

i 111

rti

wit.

111

411

,111

itiei

4-

It

It

_-;_

1_: -:z L :t-

'-,_.-w _=-:: - __ _-

-

. -, ;!.

7_

4 .

:- :

,--

2 a&'rr Lriuo iouaii wia usi o uicI

free cr jricef a a nim&uü fee Materith ?flOi1Ceti k71 thc-?rsk are c;=itinab criiI:, fv=?j the issuing agency.

For (cfltF1flCO C1 th U1 materials ar arranged inoie groups : Selected References for Schools;

iected References for Secondary Schools ; ifi E:ectedelices fçj;

Seiecte4 References f5=r elementary Schools.

-' L f ::-g ! _L I STATE FOREST -

and THE zj SJtj =-7OUr Forest r r v v4 (_t__ =

;- 16'= -_; j --=--- t .k , = =- -- v E

A fou:(i1or weak Jook that ir 50 meta= pnI the toty c r ___wjv w houid tk cr OX thfl. Lioy. tJ t1r pt=.vntttig Li rIt tc7.

:L

Land=: and WILLIAM ( I Defend.BENNETT, --- --

York hingrrnns, Grer:e and Co., p.I:e land resulting from 4time = -It_ It= whit conservation *

R 'T-f=- IZT'I Ui 3 J'-- Lr_i j e . It E Together.U

?t!-W(J IØ4DÔ j

For ' ifl t=t ccnd grd- Ftant Jflflgj the }vfl1Ttcq, flL, I:o- Peter andt -

1=1-.

be u.ezI in dekq-fn n elementary f and an forK:yd to third grs }eveI

1IJff1, 2tY8 and SHEPARD, V*iu-. C'iu ZJ of *e Land. i:Harper and 1939. 303 n

-= It_It _- vita !_ _J_ -

- ---t

- =- - -.

I3Jid1 Tt3 iiuie- Inra SL2-It tt4nt ctJyitL d proistflrTTt:(' YT Sail, Water, tj? T:t 1f± P-I T4;

a # -= ---

Uo,I94i. 41;'

For t- In tdiin o41 vtk i= tI Amr Ita17 -(UNN!N(, IOSERT, aitd GUNNING, bs:y. EI:c j i1,. iiLr

t

Charles =-.ItIt1-_It

__"_ffi 512. _£tJ

=

Fr i n the balance ofof plants and ilinM nd basis pthi cf coneyvtk-. W#FiL foi use n fifth

MALL. Our Land of ZflIJ- TJI±h Wonder Book 5OL Columbug,J:I1-t Chre3 L. rij1 i::s. 82Iictur t =-!fI dft:on tt *our land f p!t,?* j45waud 1T and for In iJ water forest, and mineral i;c4ji= FLftbzrde veI \

T;1cARD, }-i __ 11 LLW? lJttIe wonder P:= 607. oIrnith-u -1dcP=1Charles I!a itill Co Inc., 11147. 36 .

WT1tt W Ifl tb sixth rde; tb vaIu th ;-mI of dtrtion, and =- --- -; -- --: -= F --I1)wg-t1 1+1NRu Awrgw& Middy Vier York, ftz!Lqj I:uoond

(280 ==cikcji Avenue) 94 p,A ch midst drvnM1 cry cf Jerry 4 Wll Todd th!r yttgm C1!Ur IVj .

- living for t- Th iit f ,iOrMIG a dJ 2rvUc ay b u in I fifth nd sixth aM*;;:;;:&;i;

iv., awd Vims, f13N-3 Comps. Range? 'Ritkmeti

.

:_

-- .1 - -I1 - -' 7

:I: : : :

_*

;- -:S:H

- -

"!.-4t;

.

r

, .

L, I

1110.,;MiLi'r-. r'.tox '

-- t,t

4- 4-- --

t,t

'teacher,following Omen

Teachers.

FORESTERS, U. &D. C., American

eves

friable&

We New9,2. 107

we% settlement and exploitation t f pgAg.the new gave am i.Live

y1943.

&v understanding op. r-ibtion shaft.

York,Bros.,

fand

1

p.

Nature,Ohio, E. VA if,.

I developing understanding of' nature,tr

DOROTHY.

Cap., Inc., .tn

occupancy,

T' of-.4.5---Aqrvation QL--Almeib remB

ew441).

tul= improve

' IN.. _

t

andwItr-4-zt vocut no that es..402ki .

dimmed t the inclusionalso

\

. .... I',.. /.1_./. , --,(:. =

:-:_., ,_ .:1 i

'''s ^' ..- ...,.....",. -". -

_=-

I, Gi. A-.:7.

r i , pi P...... .. - -t At- tf

- - , ,-_. . , ' ",$.....' .'- . -: : !,'-i.- i!'!3^-, ...,- I. -..i' 'r ''''- = III- ,G.It'I ' r"-- !--,,,.".. 1.',-,x-,'.. 4 )."--

Refer-

foreststhe to

modernto

Evinston,' Ill., Row,ancrCo., 36

Co.,

reNted water, rms.

grades.

Inc.,an the interd-e-K----E._

Ia

the has .methods

streams forests.

presenting alearned an old, it yield

th story is nevertrades ia

-fl. -- -; : -- t. . '_Si_ _ __ ! = . --- - -- S

4 fS -S----

-.. ;I : 41

S +

,

TIACKING MATtJflALS AND AIDS

_+--4, rr a T=_4 of Agriculture. Washington, .S; :__ ;-- = --- - - - , _4 r = J '+-+ +E W

n- --_ n -__ w Printing Office, S 10 _ e

Contains p p _i LtP WIIU &T' integrating

LILLIAN. 7 T- L.. itrv 1% t . +

- + -- -+-- _1- r-= if "- = = 5+-; - Trees, a -- W a a -_ a a+ ++ +, aa t 5 a a s a a =_- _ + a J e % s- & e %_

A y bulletin . == - better . -- - & _- - natura. -++-- ++_p =&i 4

++- += ____-+ -+----- S_+- - +-_-__ - them.their - - - - . --

-- -- - .-+ oftrew. _ ,-++-- --a -+ + - I

-= -S ? ahem I f and Land Conservation _tI, Your:= £J -; F--

=5 S +7 & w - 1942. = -

- - -++--- __j A Live\ i

2 4 = I

- +-

--- p.

%VftAhiTW1i Ii. J4atiozJi Wildlife Federation.r- -+5+-- F:xT fJ1 Ti1 facilitate water, -5- - ++ - +-- - . a-

tY__-_-++w -_ and T- a .'. . C. I + + and the Forest -_ IED i F J -E l = = = S'+.- -I--=-j %- a .+i , vv

El K' -=-= irIA ri

+ story J- ' fires, 1+ _ I k II II -

I# , +J £LL F £ JLI 4I+.L +&J L A.. JkJ LJ

w+ t-= kith _'_&-+ - - +5- - - - . .. --- =+ e a

- - - - 5- -- -+ - - - ea major characteristics +r++ . a5 .

w I I _I + f I I I w -= ,=-w+ =5 a W =- = W I=+ I L7 New

;Harcourt,., -+--=++ '+ Co.,p '+

s _=- +;.

Ltk w w!5:- aa thr wu,w. Wrwi- for i t

: .-.-++- . -

! vi= IJ2sAL bAM . and Erwu ii. jj; I Soil York, OxfordStory t_IJ,r! I- '

A rri..;a=i-:on nl t:h ri

t -

- tI -4 £5, + . for + . - 4 . +- I-+S S= 5iff gwza:a -. ,g aga aL7(VJLFLJ

F

TeJ and CLARK, T

7 W. 1;1 Link soil People.A- HENRY +1 IL T E 1TI41

on !q I U-- it? Agriculture, T1!-F- tf I iA 4f- =, - ++ 5 .- V ' E W Wisconsin,,

F

w I--V I-a Wisconsin . e -5- 5aa-E area.- = =5 = 5- a ------ - aa but a- -3 a.-.

- ;--_.aaa -_-, : production ==== legumes. nature= - a _ +_ __ ._ -+--- Week with

-==+=+--++-+-"-=+= ++ : + 5PLANT -+--= I . aSJ a+- __+, __JJ U £ FI++U- ' fl44 -'-' IJ j J +I J % Iaf: ciz:;:4

EdJ17 fcna of _t1ctai arrteulture. but niv be H!I

I+a=--rr: w:-i-u IFt

A-=;ni:

Vi nnn.-j Sten., i+HUGH tieL- 1T Its -iP ii1 I

I77L:Ti:ia!1Dn. ;ou t;on3fI+vtu;aIb IIttT, tj!Saia Ct CJU:L?a!*i11gto!1, tJi. )VT11fl1LM1t f'U1t!1 =Jt!CZ, 1S4L I

=!:r4it! tb Z! pt r _ajfl /3f *-

: _ct&n; 227 z t=t t *4d tü th unrntnMn

and Ju=iit t

h:a77 If attd and

+y 4A-

S

S

++-:'--.-,,+: + + ++ +-+-. 4S+A ; - c,;+,

A

3

ebt tztb.g-meo td="omiligfa raatimisatie4, wtmee or social

$3

Merrill Co., 1847. 32 .dimiani a of

and moans

Would Yent Lake Have Lived 1941. 32

,._i',-.* oili-P-t*

p.,A Natures Batik' \INS. 65_7T--;

a C.,2-

a A adequateconservation.

fr

4

It =V a, American p. .

of the cause 4 result% them.PAMWM 2R74A and MARGALLer 71,x,341 The rt

;content may =al

the -L3

cow of the vital mineral r=warz.You Waste.

York,Tu_w upper elementary

GMARAN, Renewed.TheI New University tro46.

110 p.dbeetersua effmtA LaWor t prntk AT-

nit2=a3t etift peotasm dm, United &stint w u both upperrsentary =new and i jun* bleb mbineL

andt- p.

andrather against Em3D.

tiL11. Our Lam and Its Washington,Inc., 1949. p.

studentsand ucetion.

tami

Department 4ffri811

needs and -==-aw mmitair TeginethissricuA ural land* and ji etet coirv=im- Material relative to tiw wise 414 -3V1

--le 4 lb

?gpfrP9 Our National Parks and Monuments .

ton TA = IE it 911,

pktui and materialfort the

IP 6 : :41-

conservationstudif.

E. Inc., p.

M evils

b.

to ofwpdlife

---.---3_ TreeB

I 4

1.a

!- MORRIS, PA-R.KM, a3;

5. be theg

of toof .

S.

miourceeand

erosion, andin b in the ele-

th

Free.for we schools,

ofthan

V

.tezr., U. S. D C.,American 64

Dmisned in at.1 wra its

p.

use a-- e7

t-On,TY - I Wk_= WV;tr

1 ri A Qem C'41 4Po

BOS-

mem dftiarnftlparks ht.id to Osirabk

111M

1111

171c

111M

1i,1

1,11

,(1,

1II

MU

UM

IIIM

Uic

itttlu

m u

.1

0

- I

, :

'.-

LIVING =rLLt i='u=I

programs of ;CtIOfl t Dt*?Ct flQ to T1Vt th buti i1d E-:! fl1BUTLR oVID 1. CflWV1LtO71 tL twtie and ut tO1Y. Wft8tUfl;4 thzi )C C: The Americax 1OrestTy Assccation 1941. 160 .

R-Lt the ro! of tW ttL1i ti U VIO1i!rit 0! OUT cc=tmtrv.p1etL1r the u td of t:r iLion Tvmt11t in ==

HARRY and PERKINS, .w.-I-.

jL Nation'sFLYNN, r'-.

f-i

iJT

Rescus New York, The Macma i5C:rTr both iaturai nd human resources. 8uftbk for use a text in th zn1rvt

r1== QE- U. CAGRICULTURE. Forest - .7 NationalLjdhrrL 'fir unu

IPrG;:-fit:d 4 Reappraisal i :k Situation the (ned S:aMi&::elLarteouS Publication ot=ô. r;nrngton. U. &Government rrlflungO1CT ins. p.

:ring togrther in cOfl form content material; of va1u in furtherIng an understandingcif our fort rorc--their u- nd their- S-f !F ed! QO4: r::e (Miscellaneous Publication34 v:t. i: s Government Printing Office, 22 r.

;pc4J-ight and It rcfaI qtoii rt to t) present upp1y of timber, itgr::wt!:= : ; crn d the irT:e f cw:u:erhi- Your YJter8hL4 U S. ver:e-::t Printing

Offiee 13Gtv material basic to an of what eont1tit- b1thy" watersheds, thirTLtOfl O bOtfl wtr itm!y nd flood entrI rd wn of protecting t-bm!

=-- -£ . :=- = j;LLWZL:i I (I -V (Lf4 VLL-L

]L(NUFAc:#rTRFJts ASSOCIATION. Forgotten 4cre. Chieago III American%%arait a!acturer Aoc:aui &- N. Lake Shore Drive, 1949.Free. (p36 IJ.

Of ai value fr= : vxtonaEGABRIE&:N IA Lose-c:;t. ':ew York The Macmillan1948 250 t.

Emphasises the S

of ,

forests.related T-()UrV Ue WIXU1I.Bofl- id wter arid treats of the jy of tortkt jrqnation. ad u ofwildiif

L-viu: T S Minerals in iVord Affair New York, Prentice-Hail, 1nc1943. :::94 !

A Ir1ifd trtrnent of the vital re1tIo of met to the i&I nd p&ItJca!I' d7ekptflt11th LUJ ntliin.

xw r,, ihroug, Seven j1tf:US1 Years.

Soil ,- -.

U. r DepartmentWashington, U!:8!va-$jn u Agctre=_;;ie= f-:- Free.Presents dire =---=

r u =- =_*fl L= .

fl1tY L L1 il IWorld to pitL , tooccupancy of tI land.

:M:cKEY KARL Ii :1'rL £Zfli tFL SOIl. Thic-a !nLOnai kiaivester Co.P:1+;1m Department, IQA5 11(1:=_ E - 4 y -

Presents b=ic pet of o11 tiivtJcm; gJv reality tc th dpenden 'cf hunWi?C 01- OflTVt1Ofl

P&1ancc in Nature. Evanston, ilL, Ikw Pet*ron

FcUItt n cf tb intet in ntr iid thvnt&2 0! tJc In n:u My b used Ii t1 upper elementary ad= ui 1n tt

1tE 1, Conservation 8nd fWzen

' -1nc1iid kffiLfl nd waste f-ftra g

,

-

.

t,

1i-

( : ----

tt

-=

M.-

't--

k. 5r" t. ._S ; 4 ."

,,L -4 wo

1, -

1"F- "

f theAmerican

organic -.4 rM8abuse mamma. east traces the development the conserva-th Unit.. States.

Co., 1941.as

Fore iNo.

99

For'ests No.1946.

answersalpmpurisbn the upon forest management.

Washington,it4. p.ntkerstazdifg

strategic aTHE

arricu:ture classes or-in adult education work."life Co.,

_===

g-

asproblems

A

evsnouticeofUMBER -10 Conquest t Lend

Service,.

tae of relates lessons Taro the OWpregen_ t-dzy American problems; and the a enduring pattern for

11362`StaaidilMg Mennh

Pim Gala= T., and WILLIAM EYork, D. C. p. M7 .

natural tamesources, a *0407

az Is,nec=o=kg for using motlemm

..7

..,...

,

;.

WISE RESOURCES

p.

abuse.

Know

-

inessur.

ad-4Juhior high achocd.

ship. New Co.,resouroes emphasises extravagant

utilizatkin, and morewisay.

Mk,

-

I,I

-: : ::

--: ;- --- -'..- ,: I

I

£:L

-

iI1-, -

U! Naturale

La LORI", =

Y Ult=

I j ZA =iW VY A I 1LL& £1 E. ( 7TUtLMFTh& if Co., 1i#tti £1I1 I Ill iuI=:e, iO LL

=_4 ==1:

L -- Units CentralM k

schools. Contains - - -==_in -- ; 9J- J 4

L11 L7-- - -

-,'-,-

,-

SERVICE,. -w-

A . 'T ( ='-ia' *- £ ã=7 -?e " - t %IA' JA# A # I-

- Land. TTL:=4 U. S. Printing' i ; M TV Ai JL4 Government kkL;-

-= gJ#

:rcnt tw ,vi u=nyjj i1 the rwiitz of o{J =er*ticin-=

- ----- Soil t2T;d Wner (-r-n ir. :h

U. S. of Agriculture,I7P1RfjjJtf1L ii r

J i1 ir English nd French of funi re

!!! to t:h ,f =t:1 --I t=_ TJr; Stt; 1Lt!! iW- conservation iaii -n otn-r exitin zbiet-

----=- S. Use the and Save!

- DEPARTMENT iI IIE

4# 5à 1 1949. &#

iJilc:u? L-c ;t1i nnd wntr m(ti and -xfl1ii aw tr-==&_ Conservation ,_._______ -&;-i;r

:Z=w :; landowners.VALLEY A -P-' ! ?7 ' ) .TENNESSEE I%J f T4; I 14

. IAUTHORITY. JJ . i_= 4 w t. WH £IL i 4L*1i'.

; :: ri%i JV1

?,_CHICAGO RouND TABLE.

a . n Progress---U- -- - z - _ _ --X LL:tJ1TU n'u;rcr; UIIU

I- ; !: t- Chicago 1949.- -- ;I of := .1

relate President rimn cr&ni f aid to underdeveloped rva to currni urohkzn of

Foür-uR& ye-nuI*ticr rwur. nn1 conservation rd&v._____ ---- - ------ - -

-== --- if -==- - - =p__=_ ___ -=- - ---- =- - and - _ =- g =_ --= I = --_ ==--=-=-- AA * -Z t f (- IL , i. U-Ltion Eductition lidisozi. Cooperative Educational Planning Pro-'

gram, ffli of 0-f P:h1i, Instruction, Iree.; t i =

.- it --- materials-. ,, . . .- . -.---; =-4 - -=

Selected References ifor TeachersARTICLES

---- F.BARTON, E --=.-------- __i_ floured - - ----- .- -.IL iI4øJU J-JHZ YL=LVU. (II IJUTUUfl

can pLWe h-hxI ec=f-oz edui.' v ;-i=_ LO wFm cutm &!Wi fl ! c

-

i_a

- =

-- - -- '

the - -____i - --p---aa ---

-

Education,'-

aa5

-

- a-

1i = 1, . -

= a

I, a_p ;

thAr a-= a

Blum', FRED. Inches a& - Thea

- _

a

- , & 1' J44

U]ipbjy rct tM tifet!ng ilt3 c soil __kt to In== --- human _=T_

t:AJ-IK1 N2N T11 :(J j$ Clearing 110L1,I=_-&

A vIg- pIes f introduction f aiou 1i theuctIon chok.

, .,a-_4S I .

------- , &L;i:- : : *______ _ _____ '- .

ft

, I

0

40.

AIDS

,fieoptcroos.' A unit for Experimental o the North

Association ct Ocilmes &belytidary /kottiW U.* facilitate effective teaching of eorsservatitmvaluable illustration&

projects for action rf.T.rasol4.

OF

1949.Free.

laiVidtfie erosion and beneficial

United States.949. 3

raphic,%11_y botheerrvation water an for

cratt=,4ern)

arts &peas.

AGRICULTURE. thehia ,on, U. S. overnment Office, 16-1 0

tufts MIA7 f&I to soil

Wash-U k Government Printiu Office, [no date.]

GraphiAmilly Dictum what is happening to the country's farm lands Tennessee Valleyâtecrib ome prent practices .deziene4i to further the f oil and the

its

p.2IBC radio discussion bi.E4-ward Ackerman, Williarif Von. ;And Gilbert White who

Chicago,3:1*Eatelt to serve es rz- text for a course in conservation in the Junior or easier

high school work. Providcz Comprehensive treatment of essential areas of oselotation.WISCONSIN STATE DEPARTMENT Or PUBLIC INSTRUCTION. Guide to Cotiservar.,

Wis.,gupergntyndent 1949. tift p.

use Att to teac6e

47:81-92, March 19Explains how wm1=0.47 dovextmasi.

vgimk: -,terfau.

amid howanalyses hanitica stm.friu 4m-a---Rm; and suggests skit i1t eMilaecawrvectot P.r:e4ftriaSAX p. .40

.41,1 rolV!

and animal

e

54g.

lies to impairment, Cotition

22:t17-41, 1949.

pUnt

.1

. .

e

14

;

474L

-7=

Pa

F

^- .

o,'

r1:-

AND 65

aqd

Washington,

ga

prwram in

Free.

An

speciala

of

apprrAct

eradicate Zmm;rin prwentIns a

4deIElie!

the

INT

INN

IME

NE

MIN

IMIN

PR

IPIP

IMP

RE

ME

NE

NO

SIM

mum

enum

nam

mum

omm

min

ntom

man

orm

wer

nom

umem

mum

mffi

num

hm.d

om..1

1111

1111

1111

MIM

IIIIM

Ill

S

.

- - - --:- -=---=-----=------ --

;: = -

5= = ---- -'-

-!=: -

::

.

EI-t-gUYHW-; wn p

________ __:-

iL LJ= Im_.= _=.-__:= TT

VW i------___1 fg 4L_=iJLL- ij

T=ofl _____

cLAY1t)?i A. S;. 3}j; Teach? Iii-

i_ A==tt i'5

LU1=L £ f4=

nave% field

The LI A A i ;- .A Lfl::A tj

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i

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A

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t, 1 tt chwa la xv_sigWhat Conservation Attitudes

goon 27 :10-11, October .0Ww-a- a new orientation for education wEte *or trotfti-T,

. Conowtratis rdtsmmerica-14y -4_ . ,

istaitstou 4vocational rtiklargim.H., and gt,

and Conservation,acipift and criteria ,,q--6:etivo emaw,attem primraim;the iatreZtrtablea relating -nesatil mama the 'major jf

rl-tAr#:=r2,- eltiuwADP. family ,uge, con-Tv-ntion# and attra; and aiseloestritql4towe rmi a ft Priwram.to

Pictures, ; Slides; .14-1141-ps;.Lemom Models; V, Mils; VI,Pictures. of , Nevezom42:33-47, HS; :,69-6. retiMal

A artkk with ammo =atertia,6.Edwa'on

, , .ertiatf_x p=66; ft-pta ofand

kftlLAWM141 ii---v.7.,-71Luent° 'Cisr-a,tdom v_= lownElI match 1to.

wft---ro4-"AwisvmA $4.&htlag kom 7:-2

q=i

,

5-614-

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the

iP47.wars catt ko

:=7TENNW.,

_ tke samftipziv-ciltsr =eh

analysis of the wrote ralwat,"the apur--e mow? than Emtv pritt wk4c.1 ffial awe tft.at...

sold iza=m mxqsrlas 'olto evaab44 pi OW enduring9A4 new blift-o Mrati040, t) prftiom baLL upon

=

STEELE,Challenge.

tka national 'tho icm-*Ran-t

&lab tul national.

,--1/81A

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MOrmitiv."A71

Ta4a, 8.1M-104, P imaary 19&,.e-

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1.

66 F-MOOMICIIS

1944.goab m uideVofts to aid

Wesive

in th um ofM.

nA

effeincy.

in

in theWatr Ari1 1949.Suggests for the dewk-vm,---int ofistrt of the to prohisma evf

djrhI cm-citizens

=r of brthlim-raphlft of

Tra=7,e,iy. Giog

rflikm

toD rwram.

SIP

give tr*,--ial in-earwig* to hi'TtiunCHARLEs

Outll th. c-c-n-rvati ande_-.=;;--zation a

edumtion.

ofwait,

sonservatioa

GEORGE

Kappan,cmciae of (4 the retlirezting

of wealth the by Prntsof to_ka,

a a action-

Emfnfight of ocr dwin_dlingodycwetin

a lay--m-----:;-; of educath.ft far Om. w...-W tw 'aor le,

PATiL eaching Ecological7

I

_gy

w

neZvahtatft a

eas.

giaL

i i:i

-=-r ;--a

- - . .

1 '

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- ------.-- = ------------------=- r_=-_--

-- (_)L 1(I It=W of Destruction and tY T üTflT I- - - - - - - - . - a _-__,

JL LJA --L Geographers, 30:143-62, tD1km[WF

CRAr c? I := r IN-i:it:JR- V:r-: w::-.---" 1949.iFi

n =- =-;=; ;- j; films R : _ f ;_ :

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= =_; &-w 7

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VT TU 1949. I

r-7vwi Lat:r&I Ttfltt(* t= i_. +k ei fi= -= '=--

L Forest alma.U. Q E--

'-

A!

&_

I CITY-_-I ff .'

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-4_ =I - -; -- --u ' L= I_fI=

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F -=

i-;- £ Lt i J LLL 7 1 L 01t=__ sa__ - ---

SERVICE,- t = -- __%__=-___- = ;::i = = I - -=- : i r

; - - =- = -=- -- , = - MotionttCtUTtE LulL1 t1tW KUTfl= Ufl UL4 ÜICi -VLt1 ,UqRiVLIMOfl. VY8SfI1flftOfl

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g-- - - SCIENTIFIC L -- I LML tJ I f it I

1 ! = I I Conservation I A- =-- ---

- - - -- -- ---- theI '- --'-

405 East 4:!i Street. =w i1: (&e. FSCTGi, triii 149w175 .L

, ecm-prFnJ' bi!krnhy dined ti internatkta1 dItribut1oi of the oreuseful iii i rnne±

t

vi-t4

RTy=&Ti A U. t -

t'v THE INTERIOR.iiLIU. J4[ I1!DIi:; 17k4 the 1949.A-1 Bureau, Ti

_4---- ------- - , -

!' P L- =wii uwcUr- nu itinzr ttnv i which value for.1

--=--- e ra

a

.

F- -#: : ..- ;-_- ---=--=--= - _ - . -- _-_

gi,w tataism fTRA:=7,7-.

of ConservationI 1E 2r- January 1,94A

rokth,..bY the

tob

- ConservationAmr.riAt-4 Annals, 1940.

ty-w-ms the hk4uw- thong, ea u-legui---ve dfotnsetiois and conservation from worM. view ,within the last century.

17

geld "PH-

the Social Studies:

Aurnio-Arigum. AiDs

_tL "THE Fil62 p. Free.

A loan theFISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, U. S. Dmkurrb,:Err OF .1.11E INT MOIL Fish!

Motion Picttrea. Washington, the Service, :949. Leaflet zs&

A kht of notefoun corituvimiai operatiara, the motion pics-- was. NII-nowed free

etmme up=For

WServi-64, p. Thvi-

p naol ati: applicationfor 74_1-, and an an a the available Service

BOARD OFEDUCATION.Seriez, zi . 52 p. Second Series,

ft-rip eo ,ft.s

ticnj are available from the U.&

. First4

fr: of theStar-Acta it Office Ethaerrlitar,_

14a. radio stations, AA fouservetion study WIWips. They are iiig-tmedagt net tc--) Oionagraph speed

RPM. "btvond"

1

zWil; for ofvaiie*Aow, a which films

and ift them noterdtg the followiws' four wain grail p : films prettwaneimetzzie, foreign

and rivoimrtame..Toacor---a'Sot Y,g1ie Washington,

A mt of 4r-ft. _ rot* by :=1 outline,Practices." ---avairk to satrvada loan or bp purckwe for 16 cents a ;slide.

ett andResources.

stimulate.4

DEPARTNUNT . of6.

', i%t

of Geography

tr---eati_ theMucaticet. aad

in

c a xInntf

DEPARTMENTWaahington,

on

8 p. Free.iuttkina1

wnMrag-tit:IL

the nggives

Washington,p.

Lae a,---tionon loan

D. C., to sch-ooki, for

lm aeries.'U.

Briefly asbe

Service."Soil

Tlw set is on

p.

fields.

OP'

of are of uss.

Iiii

i121

1111

1111

1111

1111

1110

11

---

,-'----, =- -- ==- -- = -

:i__

- -- '

=_$= :-. : --

, ,__ -! 12 I USE TL & t L 3j.

=y ELEANOR ", Comp. 1-sit c:F Aiaêe Fbitiot ' tA: Iiec fPsf ai=I =.

rgt U. S Government Printing Cflfice. 19*T;. 1:7A it cf trm rtr uf which d in n-i4rtin cie

Q-wr=- U. q A. LI=- DEPARTMENT -= j

CG-?se-- ?:!::::g: U- ::vn:Tt!:=: f:;gYTC: p rre!

inriu-i !tr-1 r1wtd to eurrkuhim jmch2ng ctiU1r- brief phIt

-IALEE -- R1 -'I arid g

T Programs and IConservation. -,

Aids; inexpensive Teaching Vf 1311th Wa3km1gtorz Cflic ;:f I'dT1 StCUZ1tYg;±-:y 4 ai: bibliography). Circular N .

, =-- -- of -=---- - ---- __E---

- first L: L- :_ - -=-- - --= :4:dir with bjt n;hj nd thnc i4 i! aunty.the z__ F --- =- - - - - = ------=- - ---- -

tr -!

P ehIn of uby c--j; th Pfth (h1

-- [-;flfTteo Ø! on Cratir %Vs}iriitori. Office ofcation, Federal #_

Agency,'- - t! -'--- _A' ___a

__&_=__ - - =-

r! ' i T- fl uJ i_ I UF -i ifor rt1rv =-i- f

JORGENSEN, ft}Ti1tR %. (irrr,it and Selected n

Conservation-

!

Ar It_rtg i recent rui1 t---rthng titecb,-= d for purI ekmnt&ry ; terTTwtht ri tip-

Cfi!r1YrTb: POLICIES t,: and OPicOF CATIO-N. ni: Selected References ;i ((i71t71iItU; TO nd

:Y ;L Office -=--= A.Teachers.r tti . Security

- (Circular 307.) T=t

A zt *t_p_1 rhn to ieri rd -rca *for =?y !)w inrTdt and th wni Lttf--t tr4= fcr- - - -- = =- =-e-- = &-= _ - = = -S

SOIL ioNEr:AT:N SE%E=. 1. S 01 AGRICULTURE.. AvailablePlitilia1tio-?s of TPu cerj ;'tE71Y1Cf. arrigWii. the rVIC1948 := Free.

contains fei c to many bulletins, publications, vt cncircular*, r-d err ttr d ct oti materiels of aIue t=i uf nrat tr--- I Literature cyn (.(711Jfi J()r Schools..tJ Service, [no at..J 1U3 r EttirA Fi=DortNo. A

C!I r- of books id pmpfrt ufthk ki ue texts.rtdcr ii the km=ntry nd c1rir --=_ E - _ ANN. Your v- -=

Resources. y .

aSflV1!C. Tenn.,IA:ai. ii*Ry :rgjon s A&1OR4Materials rvz C;i- rge FaT:-);iy =g for Teachers, !-a7..A - biW ic r phy of nit- rI pe iiy t- resources 01t_1_ \

Vi::i AT J3OARfl F &UCAT;ON. 7J Cor-i=ui f Natural J?.

;Va., Saa Board of

1945:}o:' dtVI e-iOfl I w:

tint.° I e-kK:- - r71 :primrj gj4 IId a bIc f icr td; id Ftkx 11 IiMJn mt*ri .tv-i c;Efz-!:=v rktM w

.:i: .:.

4,L*.%- ffr 40.

4-1"4

'

- s

'1

,

--_ .

- 1'4, .

QY'

1:ftartiott,e4mt Agriculture. Publicationp. Free.

nriayat all Itm. aTrack Forest K4t S.

1049.noota,ion.,-.4

tN-0._10-visma1 alets beU*Az.

HATCHER, for the Teaching Geography andProcedures;Audio-Visual 1V, Materials; A Bibliography

EducaLion19. . 310. rte.three

materialsiustrort_ktrt, uults ete-:of free in vitediAingt .qoarv- arid gives mAt till rwn,ct

Edu-2 p.

clamt toschools, and ,i6-cbel.a.

References Conservation.Madison, Wis., 1949. 15 p. Free.materials ths beNt suited fers#1t th rly ateraoVntarv high-levels.

NATIONAL ON CONSERVATION EDUCATION.r Pupil

of Education,1959. No.

of materials rvferwama irefervrithe eien-tertary. hittle-e.okoord levels of Dro-

DEPARTMENTSoil

10

miscenarktear

Washington, Conservation. Free.

dotal-0ref7----Aketv*gupplenwr

149 .annotatedAlava

ibliogrephy. Richmond, Education,

Contains two dealing audio-visual aids ant printedroateri levels, c t high the grades, and thecording

V-L---=4 8 liOntsurvatfifot anti resource use.

- , 'f

= '=," s,-

.. e

i. lI ., -,,...... -4 4 ; 4...... I * A -i ;-_, ..--: - ' : ' 1N ....i 4 V , '--'

;*- -: 4 ,;Tr*,t,,

4=t

68

60). Wash-

be corrserrationlearning.

Help

5

.

A

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charts,

asand!*vels.

th*__

p. Free.

wrcAlw-43

materialsa rkumber of

II 4-.

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V

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rm,--thetic and

Land York,Pr--est 1944.

BOOKS

ASSOCIAnoN FOR StirlatVISION AND CIAIRICULLTsi DgMAIIIPMEN-T. LAI ge Raiaur Vatural anti

n, D. C., ASCD, ..onal Education _ 19-k- 213 p.tw-..k.grmand

hoots .-

for hapWammUmg No_ter taldersup.rW aruirv-z-i-u- far lectiott and

practt 7.7

try 1.,pr-,4r

lk-4-4 war, aff L _

tww7Wmfw-1

IlUtAi Vemem4Hill Book Co Inc., 1-4-41.

the &a pecte

WildlLfe Fetiera on,

-

ngum, A

and inat&-riale ue

M

arhi

ERNON M n Wash Na

A a mania vlerrrtnta a- hrek:wz

the crelpst

onI

crawling

Pr---oedings of tAe er-Americvn onof

-10, rigtont

A mt-fta-Mie arranfed atnextrdtaw to the-r-odurtivc Capacity a t.b

Sertk--m 111 La nd 11we

fc-41.--"wine pros-rartz E----=-11-4.--41 Hur-o&n Ptvpulat-Ek------tkvn Renewalv- rvas ana intof

_col-7wIEEL-4E-

PA

IV. thea a _

aa.aa. TIT ;

aito irft_ r We, wITk L. 4

ma _atne

Fictitaim

rx0 iiw-Urld

C;ctk

Conser-tv_twn Edu

ri A s 151 p.its human

a the

Preau

tion in

222 p.t

Offers

and New York, Oxford

land practice' and t ift3 vtronsE meaning r tti e wren tnto aarittubli-y-Era and native

p and omp ye tr-t..*.t.w-nt wive 6-m4-use praetkAm rt.u,ureefor aal and wat4-r mirmervatim; a --:Laoftil refee toc4 for

F. Book1948.

Bkc and prim-tined summations as and iritiety

Herald Inc., 19481 2-47 p.

UNISO

ma sofk.

papers affiwz Tribl~

don 1949. p.P-r-znts eimpk; form bswic t*rena, concepts. and thraztos ootansocly mod cos-

servaticni of re_--=-1----W a r rots.

Our IlosLon, Co217 p

011,

of tl-semrth and pre=nts t---ak information todeepen tkm maws mania nAtitre and tbe c4J11qt.wnce.

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ty, r

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P1r4F ALMON E., ãd 11tAK J RU&4tLL (I Rrosr:\ctJa-4 Tr Yc:k WJt Sun&

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CHARTS AND

:m U. F; IJFAMThNT OF Aicumii What W G Frcmfr15293. Wa2hingtQn, U. :- GVfflflflt 1TtnUflg i946 :r

.; Trees,A i-=tkIi- t, ti : b&rk id whIte. 11" 1. ftI forr; tg I I f depict k1&ll t =Jd-d pLtdT h u

=-Hi Tree - t--- - -= U. c Printing-- - 3 Juts. VT rg=::rh vrTt (i=i:19. Fr?

A ehE7t ir 2i. t i t t:i fri rvu ui---- PiTU !TfI L4 Forest =

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Offk

U S; Na=tic;nLlI IorfSa U. S. Government )?inting1c4OAn 1Z t 4 ciy pvt*rg natiw.al forests 4

e-

Conserm jow New and irc., LOU.

otakw * a gvaavv_- gul-vv.r tku =naauFf---titaer--4M.Ow a istoaecr-v

to elzotaraiisvJ &mans. (V*16 r-TmmiTI* vogA far ttmgrzmaerw Ork, C.16n

evavt.k.,mv-wrin-wid t

ppi*rgh to Pit441,44

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SOIL r VAT1ON SE:esnca An Outline for 'on in RuralElementary 21 p.; An Outline for Teachiii, Urb

p. 13; An Outline for Teaching iJunior High Schools. p. 26; A Outline for Teachin Conservation

56 p. U. S. Department of Agriculture, 1945.

?a* - # 1"7.s.,14....:e::*;* T.f` 46 c,i)loct_;.? tp, el, ` etl-,* \iiTligg'411 '4-c4,-4-4:``i 1* .111-P--41i,. ,..`.*

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!`ETTER LIVING THROUGH WISE USE OF RESOURCES13.

I

A series of dy.itz to objectives, topics study or references.

WALKER, ERNEST D., n4 ftIll., Department of Public Instruction,

Contains material and accilviti to facilitatestanding of, an an incmiffei in soil its

WARING, P. A. Save Washington,U. S. Department of An i p.

Written with nn especial appeal to farmers and to embody principleshy which soil be achieved. Of male for project

use

of Mcgrials Aids

on andconservation 'education is tswealth of materials Aids readilylocal or public libraries, -andagencies, and from activeMany of ftte agencies and organizations incitad:* in the followingJisting provide invaluable materials,

excellent bibliographies, sample. units of Work, speakers,projects, work service for in-and loan materials. The listis by no means exhaustive,

does fQr selected of sources-fr9m of materials, and aids may bi obtaipet

Governmental AgenciesBuREAu OF ECONOMICS, OF

INGTON, D. C.

BUREAU

7Collects nd dissemi tee ::,gricultural staiistics; acquires, analyzes, in E

tevorets, and diffuses us'eful economic iziformation relative. to Ii,griela'and utilization, and their F.

kno aspects; compiles, u d economic and stabs-res,':ating to agriculture food.

OF AGRICULTURAL AND _ 11USTRIAL CHEMISTRY, OF AGRI- __:=7

CULTURE, WASHINGTON, c.and experiments 5

andto for agri.01Enial

'through in and related sciendes.:MAU OF. HomE DEPARTMENT OV Adgl-

CULTURE, IMSH 111 N,Conducts tit to of their ii

to obtain the 1:aemith ecTliChec

,

*4 4,

d. I71' .`414 .,3or .

4,11'

'It, . -

in

in

A

4

4L

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living. N

r= -I - -*;.-::ç: -,; - -C--

R(

TWA,CREING MAMMALS AND AIDS

,I_[_: --.- ;

rT:::

\t- FP_TBUREAU

guidance for conservation andimprovement of the and through planned and-use. irrit.ion erosion

. r- -- :- = - 4= ._= .: = _ _ =-= a=_ 4- and the development of t- fl ' e St I - .= . - r -LJHLfU1 iUrL1 y ztu. u e-ui xsProvIdes a eierai health ;rogra :or! for the econcn1c, edua.tiO!UUE CiVIC advancement of the 1IKiar; '

flT1 LAND MANAGEMENT, 1)PA}F?ENT OF THE I TER1OR, V%TASIflNGT0N,

D. tT::.I

. Responsible for surveying, managing, aiid: disposing of public lands andr

their resources Rfl(1 1Gr the fljflfl anti flh1fl:flL! leaSinglaws and the Taylor Grazing Act.

BUREAU F IINES, DEPM:Th:.? OF THE INTERIORS WASHINGTON. D. C.Responsible for rnaung stuce! -eJoncmi prb:ms affecting mineralLrurWs ; for collectir and tubshn diuI ronern;n nicra pro-duction in :Le L]ri;e States; and for fn,stigatnig the me:is and the /u:ij:a::n arid ;_f rierii suta:1:E Fi 1tthe 'x-k1nQ c-onthtiuns ,f the miners and to prevent:n waste throuir;crezk:i jc1eE=J.

flhjTi F cLAMAT:GN e? THE INTERIOR, %ASENG1N. D.Prfjmuts tfl Cvc:pent 0 aricu1tura t-iG 15t:hI mis: con-strurts a::id operates muitzphpurpose proect -tr for riga-

- t1L flrU!erC en'ff:J i.,fltrO1 of oocs rd wvaton witer fordomestic and and ctr purposes.

EX'ZIG: SEKvicE :)PART=ENT OF AGRICULTURE, wtTASHNGTON D CProvks leadership general educational programs C tLe DCart-

i ment for various tion :encjes and makes available to farmers, farmfl:flfl9 and Filrkj youth t:e results of rsearct. riated to local farm

I y- home conditions.FEDFJtAL Tow COMMISSION, WASHINGTON, D. C

iAthninisthrs the Federal Power A4 (ilq flf4 sale of naturalgas, conducts enerai 1vEstecr:S rejated to XiW rE=rceS.

iH:Ni WILDLIFE SERvIcE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR, tAS1INGTON, D C.YT()motes the conservt1on 01 wildlife; aumulisters lekierai wildlife.con-servation laws; acquires and maintains game refuges and preserves;

:engages in research on wild1ife ; furthers the extension of wise inanagement and utilization of firJ resources of re ; Jir:CtE tCpropagation, and i-ributio of food fishes i suitable vr;exarir1es the methods of he fisheries and tiiza:ion of fishery prothcts;conducts investigations compiles 'the i * and L

r ani aata on m,.nerie-s ;I

the fisheries of Alaska, the blac1 bass, the thaling treaty :ets, azulthe act athoriz-rg fishery cecerave-s.

?=-!(:ST EE:vu:E, DEPARTMENT OF &;R!uLTU; D C.Charged with resp-onibility for promoting th cons-ervati'r nd wiseuse of LIje Nation' lorest im1uding, among other things, theIei1al aimini?-trao-n o the ;aa forests ; ccowrati ini programs

or T)r:)teetir)n and improved management of St-a: and 'rva forestiaith?and c-E:carLh in treat Thanare7:it, wa-rE:iec1 pro-teet1en

GUOLOCIC c4- THE INTKB1OR VASflINGNN D CCan!fuIIy exa!!Ine! fflla CHI551ne public lands a t; Jirfor mineral development and water ywer utilization; comlucts izivestiatk;is 16tOii%ifle the ditribUtiOfl, cjbsnUty, quality, and availability of

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73

AFFAIRS, D. C.Provides agricultural .and

andsoc1a1 and

E. BUREAU

!,

administerifta

.LI

the

preparation ;to improvin

DEPARTMENT C.7-1

providing

industrial uses,

in all

.

salvaging,

WASHINGTON,the

lands,

. the

. and utilization y- prodizNZINIIFT; 1WARTmint7

Tote

to

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74 BETTER THROUGH USE OF REsouRcEsLIVING WISE

mineral res-;ourc: vater supplies in the United States ; studies theof 4_' tr public use; 1 Y=power

gas, and fluhling operations on public lands included in rospecting perw=itand le-ases under mineral leasing) laws.

!J TUrJ A' 1? VAPflS J-L tf IJLPJ p. ' - 4 - '- ---'- A W W = J C.

Determne &i:ci and approves programs for federal rchaL f for-lands for the protection of watersheds, regulation of streamflow ani

t

. other ttat-!e=iial forest pUrp=°;e

NAiuNAL iFJWiCE, DEPARTMENT OF THE Ii11tRIOR WASHINGTON, E. C.j-i te resonsibilitv of adrniriisterh the ntionaI erks and

montii:t±: jnotect;r and -e-ervng i-ir vaee for allof iJj5jj ti:t t; tii best advantae4or -eneation, and of cooler_with regional and State :ianntg iarã -ri conservation azencie

OFfF1C1: fl lTcio, ijT SECURITY AGENcY VAs:RIr4GToN7 D CMaintains cooperative relations dth schools at all kve):s of learniii inthe United Lats aric Vr1tIi Iriterilatlonal, national, regional, atj:

rour?s seeking to effect vitalized rogr-anis of conservittion edu:cation.Cor;Lct researc. advisory. and fcr=acna1 ser:iees on au ttr-c-e-iceiied with education, rc!udirr c=-:vaton education.

OFFICE OF LAND UTILIZATION, DEPARTMENT OF IiI: INTERiOR, WASHINGTON,I_,

Responsible fo and the land-use and management activities of the Department and ior maintainingcooperative relations with fe:IeraI, State, and private agencies in theprotection and wise use oi public lands of tI United States ani Alask&

OIL ANI) GAS DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF THE JNTEIOR ?VASHING!'3N IL C.Charged w:1 cooi:--:ting and uifyi ffrEi pOLC:S on fOflSVntor of oil nd gas; with considering and renndr: necessaryto feguard our petroleum future ; and with iniristringthe Coiinall:Law, th ipment in -: interstate fjy ecrirrc01 petroleulTi or its 'prOaUct8 pro-mcec1 lfl VIO!BXIOfl OX ;ta law.

PRODUCTION AND MARKETING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURLA;iLiP'G?tJN, U-. (.

By working through Com:tees composed of cooperating farmers. thagency carries out certam prv:n f the aii Conservation aid D=iInestie Allotment Act, a arne11eu atflOrIz!rg rayMEt3 Ai agTra.producers for voluntary in program !ezr:ed to usethe national resources; o check the i of soil fertE::v

; to preserve,maintain, and thuih1 the farm igj lnjc: resources ; andappreciably the purcIi:asing power of the farmers.

SOIL =iULMSRYAJLON SE:F710E, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, WASHINGTOND.

Aidsin effecting desirable adjustwienth in land use designed to better

h:=man we1far, conserve natural resources, establish a piUiflt. bal=jIfP(J agriculture, flflU reduce the izards of floods anI sedimentation;prepares valuable teaching aids to help implement effective' conse-rvtionUJi

; develops a w1rounded coordinated ir'grain eand waer conservation nd !aid use; cc:erates with the c'il

servation districts ; md conducts research in oi! and conervationccfw 7 A Y A_ rr r 'I r A . z . I'

y1= TENN.Responsible for ti adoption of improved jractiees reat to h nrtection of the Tennessee River watershed and to the development

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P-F-SOURCES POLICY COMMISSION; WASHINGTON,rec-enIy organized mnussiuheath,*sourcese uhe s eVOnomic

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Hussformulating

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