Diversity Black History Month

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Diversity Black History Month. BY Janette De La Rosa Ducut, Ed.D. Training and Development Officer. Slavery. Cotton is King. Nat Turners Revolt. Civil War. Separate but Equal. Post Slavery South. Jackie Robinson. Brown vs. Board of Education. Emmett Till. Bus boycott. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • DiversityBlack History Month

    BYJanette De La Rosa Ducut, Ed.D.Training and Development Officer

  • Slavery

  • Cotton is King

  • Nat Turners Revolt

  • Civil War

  • Separate but Equal

  • Post Slavery South

  • Jackie Robinson

  • Brown vs. Board of Education

  • Emmett Till

  • Bus boycott

  • Little Rock Nine

  • Sit-in movement1960

  • Freedom Rides1961

  • Ole Miss1962

  • 1963March on Washington

  • 1964Civil Rights Act

  • 1965Selma to MontgomeryMalcolm X assassinated Voting Rights Act

  • 1965Black Power

  • Fair Housing Act 1968

  • King assassinated 1968

  • University of California vs. Bakke 1978

  • South Central riots

  • Colin Powell

  • Chief Mike Lane

  • Obama

  • SummaryBlack History has made its mark in:

    EconomicsEducation (especially UC history)Civil WarVotingCivil rightsHousingU.S. Presidencyeach one of us

    Introduction

    Environmental Health & Safety promotes wellness activities in its comprehensive prevention efforts (for more information, refer to http://wellness.ucr.edu). Social Wellness is the ability to interact with others; involving the use of good communication skills, having meaningful relationships, respecting yourself and others, and creating a support system. The idea is that its better to contribute to the common welfare of our community than to only think of ourselves, and live in harmony with others and our environment than to live in conflict with them. Our monthly diversity lectures fall perfectly in line with the concept of Social Wellness. One particular aspect of diversity training and development is the concept that biases and stereotypes exist. We all experience biases and stereotypes. No one is exempt. Hopefully, the monthly diversity topics will be an opportunity to discuss all those issues.

    February is Black History month

    In the year 2009, Environmental Health & Safety began celebrating Black History Month. It was a perfect time to celebrate black history. We were at a historical turning pointwith recent inauguration of Barack Obama, the first African American President. The next few slides will present a few of the milestones that demonstrate the importance of Black History to each of our identities.

    Source: www.history.com1619 Slavery comes to North America

    Black history is deeply rooted in slavery. To satisfy the labor needs of the rapidly growing North American colonies in the early 17th century, white European settlers changed from indentured servants to a cheaper, more plentiful labor source: African slaves. Slaves were brought on a Dutch ship to Jamestown, VA.1793 Rise of the cotton industry

    As demand for cotton grew, so did the need for slaves to perform the laborious process of removing the seeds from raw cotton fibers, which had to be completed by hand. In this same year, Congress passed the Fugitive Slave Act, making it illegal to assist slaves trying to escape.1831 Nat Turners revolt

    Nat Turner struck fear into the hearts of white Southerners by leading the only effective slave rebellion in U.S. history.1831 Abolitionism and the Underground Railroad

    Growing abolitionism emerged in the North. Antislavery northerners began helping fugitive slaves escape from southern plantations via a loose network of safe houses. Anywhere from 40,000 to 100,000 slaves reached freedom.1861 Civil War and Emancipation

    When 11 southern states seceded from the Union and formed the Confederate States of AmericaPresident Lincoln issued an Emancipation Proclamation, which freed some 3 million black slaves in the rebel states.1896 Separate but Equal

    Southern states began enacting what are known as the Jim Crow laws. There were laws requiring segregation, separate schools for blacks and whites. Persons of color were required to be separated from whites in trains, hotels, theaters, restaurants, etc. In Plessy vs. Ferguson, the U.S. Supreme Court asserted that as long as reasonable equal conditions were provided to both groups, there was no violation of equal protection clauses. The decision was later reversed in Brown vs. Board of Education.1865 Post Slavery South

    Slavery was officially abolished by the 13th Amendment. The right to vote was granted by the 15th Amendment. But blacks saw little improvement in their economics social status. During this time white protective societies arose, notably the Ku Klux Klan (KKK). They sought to disenfranchise blacks by using voter fraud, intimidation, and extreme violence.1920 Harlem Renaissance

    The great migration of blacks from rural South to urban North sparked a cultural renaissance that took its name from the NYC neighborhood of Harlem. It marked the first time that mainstream publishers and critics turned serious attention to black literature, music, art, and politics. Blues singer Bessie Smith, bandleader Louis Armstrong, dancer Josephine Baker, and actor Paul Robeson were a few of the leading entertainers of that time. It opened the doors to the world for mainstream culture to black artists and writers.1947 Jackie Robinson

    Jacki Robinson broke the color barrier when he led the Dodgers to 6 league championships, and 1 World Series victory. After earning his Rookie of the Year honors, and batting a high 0.311 average, other sports were soon integrated (including basketball and tennis).1954 Brown vs. Board of Education

    The U.S. Supreme Court ruled unanimously that racial segregation in public schools were unconstitutional. The 1896 Separate but equal doctrine was reversed. Chief Justice Earl Warren famously declared that separate educational facilities are inherently unequal. This struck a heavy blow to Jim Crow south.1955 Emmet Till

    He allegedly whistled and made a flirtatious remark to a white woman behind a grocery store counter. In the middle of the night, the womans husband and brother-in-law dragged Till from his house, beat him, shot him to death, and threw his body into the river. They were found not guilty of murder by an all white male jury. They later shared vivid details of how they killed Till with a journalist for Look magazine under The Shocking Story of Approved Killing in Mississippi. Tills mother held an open-casket funeral for her son, desiring public attention to the brutal mother. Jet magazine published a photo of the corpse. International outrage helped fuel the civil rights movement.1955 Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott

    Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give her seat up to a white man in Alabama. She was secretary in the NAACP. A few days later, a young pastor named Martin Luther King spearheaded a boycott of the city municipal bus. King and 90 boycotters were found guilty of conspiracy to obstruct bus operations. He appealed, and meanwhile the boycott lasted over a year. After the Court declared the segregation seating policy unconstitutional, Rosa Parks would be one of the first to ride the newly desegregated buses.1957 Central High School integrated

    A federal court ordered desegregation of Central High School, Little Rock, AK. Governor Faubus called out the Arkansas National Guard to prevent the 9 black students from entering. During the event, cameras captured footage of white mobs converging on the Little Rock Nine. President Eisenhower federalized the states National Guard. 1,000 members of the U.S. Army were sent to enforce integration. The Little Rock Nine entered school under heavily armed guard. Faubus closed all of Little Rocks high schools the next year, rather than permit continued integration. Later, 4 of 9 were reopened.1960 SNCC and Sit-Ins

    After four black students from A&T College, Greensboro, NC were refused service because they werent white, they stayed until the store closed. The next day they returned with more students. The Greensboro sit-ins sparked a nonviolent / peaceful protest movement.1961 CORE and Freedom Rides

    7 blacks and 6 whites set out on a bus from Washington D.C. bound for New Orleans LA. They were attacked by angry mobs outside of AL, and one bus was firebombed. U.S. Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy ordered State Highway Patrol protection. Segregation was soon prevented in interstate transportation1962 Ole Mississippi integrated

    President Kennedy sent 31,000 troops to restore order after 2 people were killed during a 2,000 people mob, who formed to prevent James Meredith from being admitted to the University of Mississippi.1963 I have a dream speech

    Some 250,000 people participated in the largest demonstration in the history of the nations capital. During this most significant display of the civil rights movement, the leaders called for voting rights, equal employment, and an end to racial segregation. The last leader to appear was the Baptist preacher Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. His speech served as a defining moment for the civil rights movement. Watch the video at http://www.history.com/genericContent.do?id=61700&milestoneid=23 to learn more about this historic event.1964 Civil Rights Act

    Congress was debating Kennedys civil rights reform bill when he was assassinated in Dallas TX. Using 75 pens, President Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act into law, the most sweeping legislation of its kind. It protected against discrimination on the basis of race, religion, sex, or national origin.1965 Selma to Montgomery MarchAn Alabama state trooper shot a young African American who was demonstrating in favor of black voter registration.No tide of racism can stop us proclaimed King when he lead a massive march protesting violence against blacks.

    1965 Malcolm X assassinatedAn outspoken, charismatic public voice of the Black Muslim faith who challenged nonviolent pursuit of integration by any means necessary was shot in Harlem.

    1965 Voting Rights ActBanned literacy tests as a requirement of voting and mandated federal oversight of voter registration. Ensured protection of voting rights.1966 Rise of Black PowerBlack power suggested that the traditional civil rights movement, emphasizing nonviolence, didnt go far enough. Also Federal legislation failed to address economic/social disadvantages facing blacks. Black power was a form of self-definition and self-defense. It called on blacks to stop looking to the institutions of white America. It required Black Americans to act for themselves, to seize the gains they desired, including better jobs, housing, and education. During this time, college students in Oakland founded the Black Panther Party. They urged African Americans to arm themselves and demand full employment, decent housing, and control over their own communities.1968 Fair Housing Act

    The act addressed racial discrimination for workers, and in the sale, rental, or financing of housing units. Blacks moved into the cities, and whites moved out (taking jobs with them).The inner city ghetto was formed, plagued by high unemployment, crime, and other social ills.1968 Dr. Martin Luther King assassinated

    On April 4, 1968 was shot on the balcony of a Tennessee motel, where he had gone to support a sanitation workers strike. In more than 100 cities, several days of riots, burning, and looting followed his death.1978 Affirmative Action

    UC Davis medical school at one point designated 16% of its sports for minorities. W white man known as Bakke sued UC Davis for reverse discrimination, when he was denied admission.He claimed that his grades/test scores were higher than those minorities who were admitted. The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that strict racial quotas were unconstitutional. However, higher education could rightfully use race as a criterion in admissions to ensure diversity.1992 South Central riots

    LAPD officers severely beat Rodney King for speeding on an LA freeway. It was caught on tape, and outraged the nation for the overt racial profiling. A jury found the four officers not guilty.Rage over the verdict sparked four days of riots. 55 people died, 2300 people were injured, and damages to buildings soared to $1 billion. The next year 2 of 4 were retried/convicted. King received $3.8 million in civil settlement.2001 Colin Powell

    He was the first African American to become Secretary of State, Americas top diplomat.2005 Chief Mike Lane

    Mike Lane became the Chief of the University of California Police Department (UCPD) at Riverside in 2005. He took over when Chief Rosenfeld retired after 30 years. He was at the University of California Riverisde since 1988 as an undergraduate. Lane was once a Resident Director in the Housing (Lothian Hall) department. He patrolled with UCPD shortly after 1996, when attended Riverside County Sheriffs Dept. Academy.2009 Barack Obama

    Barack Obama became the 44th President of the United States, the first African American.These facts demonstrate that black history has made its mark in American economics, education, the Civil War, voting, civil rights, housing, the U.S. Presidencyand in each one of us.