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<ul><li><p>District </p><p>SCIENCE/TECHNOLOGY &amp; </p><p>INVENTION FAIR </p><p>STUDENT SUPPORT PACKET </p><p>District Science Fair </p><p>Saturday </p><p>February 20, 2016 </p><p> General Information </p><p> What is not allowed and allowed </p><p> (ISEF) International Science Engineering Fair Categories </p><p> Project Display </p><p> Written Report Outline </p><p> Oral Presentation Outline </p><p> Science Project Checklist </p><p> Display Board Headers </p><p> Sample Abstracts </p><p> Science Project Completion Schedule </p><p> STUDENTS NAME: _______________________________________________________ </p></li><li><p> 2 </p><p> SCIENCE FAIR PROJECT EXPECTATIONS </p><p>General Information </p><p>A. All projects must follow the scientific method. </p><p>B. Projects should have a type-written or computer printed report. </p><p>C. Projects should include a journal, which logs events of project from beginning to the end. </p><p>D. Models (i.e., Solar System, etc.) and demonstrations will not be accepted. E. Team projects should include each team members name on report, abstract, journal and display </p><p>board. </p><p>F. Project topics that are not acceptable: 1. Tornadoes 2. Volcanoes 3. Egg and Vinegar 4. Electromagnets 5. Dancing Raisins </p><p>PROJECT DISPLAYS A. Make sure the display reflects the current years work only. </p><p>B. All printed items should be typed or computer printed. </p><p>C. Use Word or computer printed type programs if possible. </p><p>D. A good title is extremely important as an attention grabber. It should simply and accurately represent your research. </p><p>E. Take photographs of important phases or parts of your experiment. F. Be organized so that your display is logically presented and easy to read. </p><p>G. Check the following for accuracy: 1. Spelling 3. Adhere to size limitations 2. Content 4. Safety rules are followed </p><p>H. Use neat, colorful headings, charts, and graphs to present your project. (i.e., charts, graphs, tables, pictures, etc.) </p><p>I. Not allowed at project or in booth: 1. Living organisms, including plants </p></li><li><p> 3 </p><p>2. Taxidermy specimens or parts 3. Preserved vertebrate or invertebrate animals 4. Human or animal food 5. Human/animal parts or body fluids (for example, blood, urine) </p><p>6. Plant materials (living, dead, or preserved) that are in their raw, unprocessed, or non-manufactured </p><p> state (Exception: manufactured construction materials used in building the project or display) </p><p>7. All chemicals including water (Exceptions: water integral to an enclosed, sealed apparatus.) </p><p>8. All hazardous substances or devices [for example, poisons, drugs, firearms, weapons, ammunition, </p><p>reloading devices, and lasers (as indicated in item 5 in the section of these rules entitled Allowed </p><p>at Project or in Booth BUT with the Restrictions Indicated)] </p><p>9. Dry ice or other sublimating solids </p><p> 10. Sharp items (for example, syringes, needles, pipettes, knives) </p><p> 11. Flames or highly flammable materials </p><p> 12. Batteries with open-top cells </p><p> 13. Awards, medals, business cards, flags, logos, endorsements, and/or acknowledgments </p><p>(graphic or written) unless the item(s) are an integral part of the project (Exception: Intel ISEF </p><p>medal(s) may be worn at all times.) </p><p>14. Photographs or other visual presentations depicting vertebrate animals in surgical techniques, </p><p>dissections, necropsies, or other lab procedures </p><p>15. Active Internet or e-mail connections as part of displaying or operating the project at the Intel </p><p>ISEF </p><p>16. Prior years written material or visual depictions on the vertical display board. [Exception: the </p><p>project title displayed in the Finalists booth may mention years or which year the project is (for </p><p>example, Year Two of an Ongoing Study)]. Continuation projects must have the Continuation </p><p>Project Form (7) vertically displayed. </p><p>17. Glass or glass objects unless deemed by the Display and Safety Committee to be an integral and </p><p>necessary part of the project (Exception: glass that is an integral part of a commercial product such </p><p>as a computer screen) </p><p>18. Any apparatus deemed unsafe by the Scientific Review Committee, the Display and Safety </p><p>Committee, or Society for Science &amp; the Public (for example, large vacuum tubes or dangerous </p><p>ray-generating devices, empty tanks that previously contained combustible liquids or gases, </p><p>pressurized tanks, etc.) </p><p>J. Allowed at project or in booth BUT with the RESTRICTIONS indicated: 1. Soil, sand, rock, and/or waste samples if permanently encased in a slab of acrylic </p><p> 2. Postal addresses, World Wide Web and e-mail addresses, telephone and fax numbers of Finalist </p><p> only </p></li><li><p> 4 </p><p> 3. Photographs and/or visual depictions if: a. They are not deemed offensive or inappropriate by the Scientific Review Committee, the </p><p> Display and Safety Committee, or Society for Science &amp; the Public. This includes, but is not </p><p> limited to, visually offensive photographs or visual depictions of invertebrate or vertebrate </p><p> animals, including humans. The decision by any one of the groups mentioned above is final. </p><p>b. They have credit lines of origin (Photograph taken by... or Image taken from...). (If all </p><p> photographs being displayed were taken by the Finalist or are from the same source, one credit </p><p> line prominently and vertically displayed is sufficient.) </p><p>c. They are from the Internet, magazines, newspapers, journals, etc., and credit lines are attached. </p><p> (If all photographs/images are from the same source, one credit prominently and vertically </p><p> displayed is sufficient.) </p><p>d. They are photographs or visual depictions of the Finalist. </p><p>e. They are photographs of human subjects for which signed consent forms are at the project or in </p><p> the booth. </p><p> 4. Any apparatus with unshielded belts, pulleys, chains, or moving parts with tension or pinch points </p><p> if for display only and not operated. 5. Class II lasers if: </p><p>a. The output energy is </p></li><li><p> 5 </p><p>Human and animal behavior, social and community relationships psychology, sociology, anthropology, archaeology, ethology, ethnology, linguistics, learning, perception, urban problems, reading problems, public opinion surveys, educational testing, etc. </p><p>2) Biochemistry Chemistry of life processes molecular biology, molecular genetics, enzymes, photosynthesis, blood chemistry, protein chemistry, food chemistry, hormones, etc. </p><p>3) Botany Study of plant life agriculture, agronomy, horticulture, forestry, plant taxonomy, plant physiology, plant pathology, plant genetics, hydroponics, algae, etc. </p><p>4) Chemistry Study of nature and composition of matter and laws governing it physical chemistry, organic chemistry (other than biochemistry), inorganic chemistry, materials, plastics, fuels, pesticides, metallurgy, soil chemistry, etc. </p><p>5) Computer Science Study and development of computer software and hardware and associated logical devices. </p><p>6) Earth and Space Sciences Geology, mineralogy, physiography, oceanography, meteorology, climatology, astronomy, geology, speleology, seismology, geography, </p><p>7) Engineering Technology projects that directly apply scientific principles to manufacturing and practical uses civil, mechanical, aeronautical, chemical, electrical, photographic, sound, automotive, marine, heating and refrigeration, transportation, environmental engineering, etc. </p><p>8) Environmental Sciences Study of pollution (air, water, and land) sources and their control; ecology. </p><p>9) Gerontology Study of the aging process in living organisms. </p><p>10) Mathematics Development of formal logical systems or various numerical and algebraic computations, and the application of these principles calculus, geometry, abstract algebra, number theory, statistics, complex analysis, probability. </p><p>11) Medicine and Health Study of diseases and health of humans and animals dentistry, pharmacology, pathology, ophthalmology, nutrition, sanitation, pediatrics, dermatology, allergies, speech and hearing, etc. </p><p>12) Microbiology Biology of microorganisms bacteriology, virology, protozoology, fungi, bacterial genetics, yeast, etc. </p><p>13) Physics Theories, principles, and laws governing energy and the effect of energy on matter solid state, optics, acoustics, particle, nuclear, atomic, plasma, superconductivity, fluid and gas dynamics, thermodynamics, semiconductors, magnetism, quantum mechanics, biophysics, etc. </p><p>14) Zoology Study of animals animal genetics, ornithology, ichthyology, herpetology, entomology, animal ecology, </p><p>paleontology, cellular physiology, circadian rhythms, animal husbandry, cytology, histology, animal physiology, </p><p>invertebrate neurophysiology, studies of invertebrates, etc. </p></li><li><p> 6 </p><p>THE OHIO JUNIOR ACADEMY OF SCIENCE </p><p> THE WRITTEN REPORT </p><p> 1. General Instructions: Each project must include a written report covering in detail all of the work done, </p><p>references consulted, and acknowledgements of assistance. The experimental data, statistics, notes, and computations should be recorded in logs or record books, but only the description of the work, the results, and the conclusions should be included in the report. This report should follow an accepted form of technical reporting and should be carefully checked for correctness of punctuation, spelling and grammar. Never copy a reference work unless such a quote is properly indicated, but every word of the quote must be understood. If possible the report should contain illustrations in the form of photographs, sketches, graphs. or charts, but only where they contribute to the effectiveness of the material presented. </p><p> 2. Format and Suggestions: The following outline is suggested for the typical written report. </p><p>A. Title Page: Center the project title, and put your name, school, and grade at the bottom right. B. Table of Contents: Include a page number for the beginning of each section. C. Abstract: The abstract should be one page in length. You are required to write a maximum 250 </p><p>word summary. The abstract should include the (a) purpose of the experiment, (b) procedures used, (c) data, and (d) conclusions. It may also include any possible research applications. The abstract should focus on work done since the last fair. </p><p> D. Introduction: Prepare the reader for understanding the report by writing about the following: </p><p>(1) Description of the problem (2) Historical background of the problem (3) Scope of the study and report </p><p> E. Technical Discussion: Use a general narrative style to describe the project in some detail, </p><p>progressing from the most important general ideas to the more detailed and specialized discussion. The technical discussion typically consists of the following: (1) Method: Describe what was done to solve the problem including the basic ideas and </p><p>approach, experimental procedures and equipment, and data treatment. (2) Results: This section may include data (in tabular form with dates), calculated results, </p><p>charts, graphs, illustrations. and photographs. (3) Discussion of Results: Give an explanation of the results obtained. Wherever possible, </p><p>relate your experiment to similar material found in the literature. Discuss possible sources of error in your experiment. </p><p> F. Conclusions and Recommendations: </p><p>(1) State the general conclusions which the results of the study will support. (2) Describe (recommend) some additional work which could be done to improve the </p><p>understanding of this problem or a related problem. G. Acknowledgements: Always credit those who assisted you, including individuals, businesses, and </p><p>educational or research institutions. Identify any financial support or materials donations received, but do not put on display board. </p><p> H. References: Your reference list should include any documentation that is not your own (i.e., </p><p>books, journal articles). Example: Foley, J. D. (1987). Interfaces for Advanced Computing. Scientific American, 257: 127-135 </p><p> 3. Style Guide: More detailed suggestions for the written record and the oral presentation may be found in the </p><p>Technical Writing Style Guide, which may be available from your school Library. </p></li><li><p> 7 </p><p> THE OHIO JUNIOR ACADEMY OF SCIENCE </p><p>ORAL PRESENTATION 1. General Instructions </p><p>The participant must be prepared to give a clear and concise oral presentation of his project to the judges, to answer their questions, and to define any terms used. This oral presentation should be limited to a few (perhaps ten) minutes. If a question is not clear, ask the judge to rephrase it. If the answer to a question is not known, admit it. Do not attempt to recite a formal, memorized speech. </p><p> 2. Suggestions </p><p>A. Introduction </p><p>The judges will introduce themselves. Be prepared to introduce yourself, your school, your grade, and the title of your project in a clear and positive manner. </p><p> B. Content of the Oral Presentation </p><p> Be prepared to describe your project to the judges. The content of your presentation should be based on your introduction and the technical discussion sections of your written report. End the presentation with a good statement of your experiment's conclusions and recommendations. </p><p> C. Style of Delivery </p><p> The way that you give your oral presentation (your "style") is important. Stand with good posture and look the judges in the eye occasionally. Use your visual aids effectively, and speak clearly to the judges. </p><p> D. Question Period </p><p> After your description of your project, the judges will usually carry the discussion further by asking questions and making suggestions. Be prepared to discuss your recommendations for further study. It is not expected that you can answer all the questions, but try to keep the discussion going in a positive way, while trying to learn from the judges. </p></li><li><p> 8 </p><p>SCIENCE PROJECT CHECKLIST </p><p> Ask a QUESTION/PROBLEM that you can investigate yourself. Begin a JOURNAL to write down everything you do, observe, and think during your </p><p>investigation. Do RESEARCH on the TOPIC of your question. Form a HYPOTHESIS about what you think the answer to your question will be. Plan a PROCEDURE to TEST your hypothesis. Decide what MATERIALS </p><p>you will need and write STEP-BY-STEP DIRECTIONS for what you will do and explaining how you will do it. Make sure you follow the rules for SCIENCE SAFETY and WORKING WITH ANIMALS. </p><p> Construct a CHART to help you COLLECT and ORGANIZE your DATA. Fill out your SCIENCE PROJECT PROPOSAL and sign it. Then, have your teacher and your </p><p>parents sign it too. Do this before you actually do the steps of your procedure. Follow the step-by-step directions of your procedure and RECORD your data onto your chart. Summarize the RESULTS of your testing in a WRITTEN SUMMARY. Make a GRAPH of the results, so others can see at a glance what you've learned. Write a CONCLUSION statement which either restates your hypothesis (if it is supported) or </p><p>revises it (if it is not supported). Write a SCIENCE PROJECT REPORT that summarizes your investigation. Be prepared to give an ORAL PRESENTATION. </p><p> Construct your SCIENCE PROJECT DISPLAY. Your teache...</p></li></ul>


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