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  • 2015

    The Global Leadership and Strategy Summit 2015

    STUDY GUIDE UNGA DISEC [ ]The official study guide for UNGA DISEC at GLASS 2015. No part of this document may be copied or reproduced in any form without the prior permission of the Secretariat.

  • General Assembly DISEC Study Guide

    1 | P a g e

    Contents Letter from the Executive Board ..................................................................................................................... 2

    The United Nations General Assembly ........................................................................................................... 3

    The First Committee ....................................................................................................................................... 4

    What are threats to International Peace and Security? ................................................................................. 4

    How international law applies to conflicts ..................................................................................................... 5

    The meaning of Sovereignty & its implications: ......................................................................................... 5

    Types of Conflict: ........................................................................................................................................ 6

    The Geneva Conventions: ........................................................................................................................... 7

    Common Articles 2 & 3 relating to Armed Conflicts: .............................................................................. 7

    Article 2- Relating to International Armed Conflicts: .............................................................................. 7

    Article 3- Relating to Non-International Armed Conflict: ....................................................................... 7

    Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties (VCLT) & Intervention in case of Conflict: .............................. 8

    Factors to Determine a Type of Conflict: .................................................................................................... 8

    Background Causes & Foreground Factors: ............................................................................................ 9

    Injustice & Mobilisation: ......................................................................................................................... 9

    Ethnicity & Conflict: ................................................................................................................................ 9

    Methodology & Typology: ...................................................................................................................... 9

    The Right to Self Determination ...................................................................................................................11

    Case Studies ..................................................................................................................................................13

    Q. A. R. M. A (Questions a Resolution Must Answer) ...................................................................................13

    References ....................................................................................................................................................13

    Annexure: List of documents to be considered ............................................................................................13

  • General Assembly DISEC Study Guide

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    Letter from the Executive Board Dear Delegates,

    Welcome to the United Nations General Assembly at VIT GLASS 2015. I along with Vibha Vasuki will be

    the Co-Chairpersons of this committee and we are honoured and excited to be on board. This committee

    is the most deliberative of all the organs of the General Assembly and we hope to ensure the same at this

    very simulation.

    The agenda is a pertinent one, because of the growing loopholes in the international law and incapability

    of it to address internal conflicts which are becoming internationalised. The growing number of such

    threats to international peace and security is only testimony to the need to address this issue at hand.

    From the ISIS in the Middle East to the Crimea, the world needs your thinking and rationality to find a

    solution.

    So put on your thinking hats, research hard and debate, deliberate and we assure you it will be a fun yet

    technically challenging council at this years conference.

    May the Odds be ever in your favour!

    Co-Chairperson Co-Chairperson

    Shouryadipta Sarkar Vibha Vasuki

  • General Assembly DISEC Study Guide

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    Addressing threats to international peace and security due to internationalization of internal armed conflicts between a state party and groups seeking the right to self-determination.

    The United Nations General Assembly The United Nations General Assembly, one of the six principal organs of the United Nations (UN) and the

    only body in which every member of the organization is represented and allowed to vote. The first

    session of the assembly convened on Jan. 10, 1946, in London, with 51 countries represented. As of 2006

    there were 192 members of the General Assembly. Numerous no-nmembers, such as states,

    organizations, and other entities (e.g., the Vatican, the African Union, the International Committee of the

    Red Cross, and Palestine), maintain observer status, enabling them to participate in the work of the

    General Assembly.

    The General Assembly exercises deliberative, supervisory, financial, and elective functions relating to any

    matter within the scope of the UN Charter. Its primary role, however, is to discuss issues and make

    recommendations, though it has no power to enforce its resolutions or compel state action. Other

    functions include admitting new members; selecting members of the Economic and Social Council, the

    non-permanent members of the Security Council, and the Trusteeship Council; supervising the activities

    of the other UN organs, from which the General Assembly receives reports; and participating in the

    election of judges to the International Court of Justice and the selection of the secretary-general.

    Decisions usually are reached by a simple majority vote. On important questions, howeversuch as the

    admission of new members, budgetary matters, and peace and security issuesa two-thirds majority is

    required.

    The General Assembly convenes annually and in special sessions, electing a new president each year from

    among five regional groups of states. At the beginning of each regular session, the General Assembly also

    holds a general debate, in which all members participate and may raise any issue of international

    concern. Most work, however, is delegated to six main committees, known as (1) Disarmament and

    International Security, (2) Economic and Financial, (3) Social, Humanitarian, and Cultural, (4) Special

    Political and Decolonization, (5) Administrative and Budgetary, and (6) Legal. (Committees are generally

    referred to by their number; thus, the Disarmament and International Security Committee is known as

    the First Committee.)

  • General Assembly DISEC Study Guide

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    The First Committee The First Committee deals with disarmament, global challenges and threats to peace that affect the

    international community and seeks out solutions to the challenges in the international security regime.

    It considers all disarmament and international security matters within the scope of the Charter or relating

    to the powers and functions of any other organ of the United Nations; the general principles of

    cooperation in the maintenance of international peace and security, as well as principles governing

    disarmament and the regulation of armaments; promotion of cooperative arrangements and measures

    aimed at strengthening stability through lower levels of armaments.

    The Committee works in close cooperation with the United Nations Disarmament Commission and the

    Geneva-based Conference on Disarmament. It is the only Main Committee of the General Assembly

    entitled to verbatim records coverage.

    The First Committee sessions are structured into three distinctive stages:

    1. General debate

    2. Thematic discussions

    3. Action on drafts

    What are threats to International Peace and Security? In accordance with article 39 of the UN Charter, the Security Council shall determine any threat to the

    peace, breach of the peace or act of aggression.32 notwithstanding, the main problem is that neither

    the terms breach of the peace act of aggression or threat to the peace have been defined in the UN

    Charter. So, in these regards, an analysis of the form in which the Security Council has been interpreting

    this article has to be done and also if it achieved the requisites established in the Vienna Convention.

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    At the time when the UN Charter was draft the only problems known or imaginable by the drafters were

    military threats as constituting threats to the peace.33 But the problems and circumstances changed

    through the years and after the Cold War the Security Council increased its activity, especially in framing

    Security Council resolutions in a

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