Digitization Of Historic Museum Collections Of Taiwan Deposited In Foreign Counties (Nx Power Lite) Final

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  • 1.Digitization of Historic Museum Collections of TaiwanDeposited in Foreign Countries Arrival in Bankinsing Augustine Henry Bunzo Hayata Dr. Chang-Fu, Hsieh National Taiwan university Dr. T.Y. Aleck Yang* National Museum of Natural Science

2. Digitization of Historic Museum Collections of Taiwan Deposited in Foreign Countries

  • Introduction
  • Project achievements
  • Botanical exploration and specimen collections (1854-1895)
  • Digitization of plant type specimens deposited in herbaria in Europe
  • Botanical exploration and specimen collections (1896-1921)
  • Digitization of plant type specimens deposited in herbaria in Japan

Outline 3. Main objectiveTo collect contents about Taiwan that had been scattered overseas for many years. These collections include a variety of specimens, ranging from anthropology, botany to zoology, and they provide cultural data and biodiversity information of Taiwan more than 150 years. Introduction South Cape in 1882 4. Institutes involved:Academia Sinica National Museum of Natural Science National Taiwan UniversityThere are 7 subprojectsunder the project. Introduction Project scheme 5. The original specimen from which the description of a new species is made is known astype specimen , which should bepreserved forever . Since they are considered permanent reference specimens, types are the most important specimens in a herbarium.What is type specimen? Epilobium nankotaizanense Introduction 6. Cunninghamia konishiiHayata ,Gard. Chron. III. 43: 194. 1908. Type specimen Introduction Specimen label 7. Cunninghamia konishiiHayata ,Gard. Chron. III. 43: 194. 1908. Original publication for the new species Introduction 8. Kyushu University Museum (KUM, Japan) The Hokkaido University Museum (HUM, Japan) Nishinomiya Shell Museum (Japan)Naturhistorisches Museum, Vienna (NMW) Hungarian Natural History Museum (HNHM) Deutsche Entomologische Institut (DEI, Germany) The British Museum (UK) Museum of Comparative Zoology Harvard University (MCZ, USA) Bernice P. Bishop Museum (USA) Foreign museums and institutions of zoology visited Project achievements 9. Naturhistorisches Museum Vienna (NMW) Foreign museums and institutions of zoology visited Hungarian Natural History Museum (HNHM) Project achievements 10. The Herbarium of Tokyo University (TI, Japan) Kanagawa Prefectural Museum of Natural History (Japan) V. L. Komarov Botanical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences (Russia) Paris Phanrogamie, Musum National d'Histoire NaturelleLondon Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (UK), Foreign herbaria visited Project achievements 11.

    • 1. The digitization of the native vascular plant type specimens includes: over 500 species, 1,080 sheets of important specimens of Orchidaceae in Taiwan and over 1,000 images of specimens and protologue.
    • 2. A total of 699 pieces of insect specimens are digitized and available online, including 448 type species and 185 synonym, over 3,000 specimen images.
    • 3. Taiwanese ethnological specimens (No. 151-300) deposited in the British Museum have been digitized and data constructed.

Database and website constructions Project achievements 12.

    • 1. Agreement between the British Museum and National Taiwan University.
    • 2. Memorandum of understanding between the Herbarium of the University of Tokyo (TI) and the Research Center for Digital Humanities of National Taiwan University (RCDH).

Agreement and memorandum Project achievements 13. Botanical exploration and specimen collections (1854-1895) 14. The first botanical collections from Taiwan (Formosa) were made byRobert Fortune(Scottish botanist). Hevisited Formosa in 1854 on the American ship "Confucius", and landed in "Tamshuy of northern Taiwan.Botanical exploration and specimen collections (1854-1895) Sidewheel paddle steamer"Confucius", 1852 15. Robert Fortune collected Rice paper plant ( Aralia papyrifera)and lily Aralia papyrifera Botanical exploration and specimen collections (1854-1895) 16. Lilium formosanum (1880) Lilium browniiMiellez Botanical exploration and specimen collections (1854-1895) 17. Charles Wilford ( Collector, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew) In June and July 1858 they participated in the circumnavigation of Formosa on board HMS Inflexible, and collected a formidable number of animal and plant specimens.Robert Swinhoe (British consul and naturalist)HMS Inflexible wood paddle sloop ( 24May1845) Swinhoe, R. 1864. Journal of the Royal Geographical Society 34: p. 6Botanical exploration and specimen collections (1854-1895) 18. Tripterygium wilfordii Cocculus cuneatus Sedum formosanum Lysimachia acroadenia Ehretia formosana Helicia formosana Callicarpa formosana Gelonium aequorum ( ) Asplenium wilfordii Wilfords specimens were deposited atRoyal Botanic Gardens, Kew . Duplicates were distributed to the principal herbaria of Europe (e.g., Bot. Garden, St. Petersb.)Some of the new species found by Wilford: Sedum formosanum Asplenium wilfordii Botanical exploration and specimen collections (1854-1895) 19. Tripterygium wilfordii Famous Chinese HerbalBotanical exploration and specimen collections (1854-1895) 20. British Consulate at Taiwan-fu (Tainan) photographed in 1860s (Pickering :'Pioneering in Formosa') Robert Swinhoe 1856, 1858, 1861-1866 (British vice-consul and consul) Botanical exploration and specimen collections (1854-1895) Swinhoe was one of the most successful exploring naturalists. 21. Laportea pterostigmaWedd. Sabia swinhoei Hemsl. Rubus swinhoeiHance Boea swinhoeiHance Ficus swinhoeiKing Robert Swinhoe published a list of plants in 1863, enumerating 246 species. The specimens were deposited at Kew. Some of the new species found by Swinhoe: Laportea pterostigma Botanical exploration and specimen collections (1854-1895) 22. William A. Pickering, 1865. Pioneering in Formosa.Takao (Kaohsiung, southern Taiwan) in 1865 (rising to the left is Ape's Hill). One of the main specimen collection areas.'S S Clover' or Dent & Co's opium receiving ship, 'Ternate', an old Dutch frigate.Botanical exploration and specimen collections (1854-1895) 23. Takao (Kaohsiung, southern Taiwan) in1875, with some Formosan date ( Phoenix hanceanaNaudin ) . Botanical exploration and specimen collections (1854-1895) 24. Exploration around the Kaohsiung Lagoon during Swinhoe's time.One of the main specimen collection areas.Botanical exploration and specimen collections (1854-1895) 25. Richard Oldham (collector, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew) Richard Oldham explored northern Formosa ( Tansui and Kelung ) in 1864. He collected 600 species and sent all specimens to Kew. Oldham's collections were studied mainly by Hance as well as by Maximowicz.Some of the new species found by Oldham: Liquidambar formosana Rhododendron oldhamii Bambusa oldhamiiMunro Titanotrichum oldhamii Saurauja oldhamii Freycinetia formosanaChloranthus oldhamii Diospyros oldhamiiMaxim. Scolopia oldhamii Daphniphyllum glaucescens subsp.oldhamii Tamsui in 1874 Botanical exploration and specimen collections (1854-1895) 26. Rhododendron oldhamii This species was introduced to gardens by Charles Maries who sent seeds to Messrs Veitch in 1878. Plants raised from these seeds were exhibited in London in the spring of 1882. Digitization of Historic Museum Collections of Taiwan Deposited in Foreign Countries 27. Liquidambar formosana Formosa SweetgumA genus of four species.Botanical exploration and specimen collections (1854-1895) 28. 1866 Botanical exploration and specimen collections (1854-1895) 29. In 1892-1895 Dr. Henry made large collections atTakow, Bankinsing and South Cape in 1892-1895 . Duplicates to over 2000 numbers have been sent to Kew, comprising about 1000 species in all. Some of the duplicates were distributed to other herbaria in various parts of the world.Augustine Henry (Irish plantsman) Botanical exploration and specimen collections (1854-1895) 30. Takao, Bankinsing and South Cape. "Carte de L'ile Formose." 1893. Map. By C. Imbault-Huart, Consul of France.Botanical exploration and specimen collections (1854-1895) 31. Wanchin church in 1870 Dr. Henry was stationed at Bankinsing (Wanchin) church, 30 miles east of Takow. Arrival in Bankinsing Botanical exploration and specimen collections (1854-1895) 32. Bankimcheng in 1877 Dr. Henry employed native collectors at the village of Bankinsing. Botanical exploration and specimen collections (1854-1895) 33. Wanchin church in 2009 Botanical exploration and specimen collections (1854-1895) 34. South Capein1882 South Cape (the southernmost Taiwan) has plenty of tropical plants. Botanical exploration and specimen collections (1854-1895) 35. Specimen collected by Henryat Bankinsing, No. 123 Botanical exploration and specimen collections (1854-1895) 36. In 1896 Dr. Henry published a comprehensive list of lowland plants: A List of Plants from Formosacontaining 1,288 species of flowering plants.Transactions of the Asiatic Society of Japan24,supplement (December 1896): 1-118. Botanical exploration and specimen collections (1854-1895) 37. A List of Plants from Formosa Botanical exploration and specimen collections (1854-1895) 38. Digitization of plant type specimens deposited in herbaria in Europe 39. V. L. Komarov Botanical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences(LE) 40. Staff in LE Curator of C. and E. Asia-Alisa Grabovskaya Dr. Dmitry Geltman Dr. Marina MikhailovaDr. Tatyana Krestovskaya 41. Entrance and inside of LE 42. Work 43. Phanrogamie, Musum National d'Histoire Naturelle ( P) 44. Staff in P Curator of Herbier historiques Dr. Grard Aymonin; Curator of Aisa Area Dr. Sovanmoly HulStaff of Type image of Ferns Project Mr. Vincent 45. Inside of P 46. Library 47. Princess of Wales ConservatoryPalm H