Die Ornithologen Mittel-Europasby Ludwig Gebhardt

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<ul><li><p>Die Ornithologen Mittel-Europas by Ludwig GebhardtReview by: Ernst MayrIsis, Vol. 56, No. 3 (Autumn, 1965), p. 377Published by: The University of Chicago Press on behalf of The History of Science SocietyStable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/228127 .Accessed: 15/06/2014 03:21</p><p>Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms &amp; Conditions of Use, available at .http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p><p> .JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range ofcontent in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new formsof scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org.</p><p> .</p><p>The University of Chicago Press and The History of Science Society are collaborating with JSTOR to digitize,preserve and extend access to Isis.</p><p>http://www.jstor.org </p><p>This content downloaded from on Sun, 15 Jun 2014 03:21:46 AMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/action/showPublisher?publisherCode=ucpresshttp://www.jstor.org/action/showPublisher?publisherCode=hsshttp://www.jstor.org/stable/228127?origin=JSTOR-pdfhttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsphttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p></li><li><p>BOOK REVIEWS - ISIS, 56 3 -185 (1965) 377 </p><p>cana, have failed to make much edi- torial comment on the scientific aspects of the expedition which are so apparent in the various manuscripts. The Lewis and Clark expedition was obviously significant not only because of the scien- tific interests of Jefferson, but also be- cause of its results: the first account of Rocky Mountain and inland Columbia River Indian tribes appeared (Biddle, as his ethnographic notes show, tried to be complete in the edition of 1814 on this score); some new species were identified; topographic and meteoro- logic observations were made of an unknown region; the myth of the Northwest Passage was destroyed along with the notion of an easy portage from the headwaters of the Missouri to those of the Columbia. Specimens of animals, an herbarium, and Indian artifacts were sent east where they came to the atten- tion of the learned (Pursh classified the plants) and the public (Peale's mu- seum). Regrettably, the several vocabu- laries of Indian languages have not yet been found. Most important, the ex- pedition set the pattern for government sponsored exploration for most of the nineteenth century in America: the Long, Cass, and Wilkes expeditions all responded to the same demands for scientific information. </p><p>JOHN F. FREEMAN </p><p>IBIOLOGICAL SCIENCES </p><p>Ludwig Gebhardt. Die Ornithologen Mittel-Europas. 404 pp. Giessen: Briuhl- scher Verlag, 1964. </p><p>Few outsiders would have guessed that 1,250 Central Europeans have suffi- ciently contributed to ornithology to deserve being included in this bio- graphical dictionary. Yet, a careful study convinces me that nearly all of them merit this honor, having studied birds in museums, on expeditions, out- dloors, or in zoos. Living ornithologists are not included. Gebhardt's sketches are masterly; in the case of authors per- sonally known to me, he always finds the right words to characterize their </p><p>contributions and personality. Refer- ences are given to published biogra- phies or obituaries. This reference work will be useful to historians of all branches of biology because many of those included had interests well beyond ornithology. </p><p>ERNST MAYR Harvard University </p><p>MEDICINE AND THE MEDICAL SCIENCES </p><p>W. S. C. Copeman. A Short Histo of the Gout and the Rheumatic Diseases. ix + 236 pp., illus. Berkeley/Los An- geles: University of California Press, 1964. $6.00. </p><p>The evolution of internal medicine, nosography, clinical pathology, and therapeutics are neglected areas of medical history. Therefore, every per- tinent presentation and thorough an- alysis of the history of diseases is of great value. It is a fortunate coinci- dence that a modern rheumatologist disposing of historical knowledge and insight undertook the task of writing the history of his specialty up to the present time. His book is stamped by professional competence and historical sensibility. Copeman's monograph pre- sents for the first time a comprehensive history of gout and rheumatic diseases. </p><p>The first part of the book (Chapters 1-7) deals with the history of gout, de- scribing its clinics, pathology, biochem- istry, therapeutics, and its sociology. The gout possessing a clear-cut clinical individuality can in many instances be recognized and identified in early medi- cal writings. </p><p>In ancient Greece, Hippocratic medi- cine made a first attempt to differenti- ate gout from acute rheumatism; this was the first step in the long-lasting and difficult endeavor to classify the "&amp;arthrit- ic diseases." The Byzantine physician Alexander of Tralles introduced col- chicum as a specific drug, but his funda- mental achievement was forgotten and neglected in later times in the Western medical world. Thomas Sydenham, the famous English physiclan of the seven- teenth century and himself a sufferer </p><p>This content downloaded from on Sun, 15 Jun 2014 03:21:46 AMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p><p>Article Contentsp. 377</p><p>Issue Table of ContentsIsis, Vol. 56, No. 3 (Autumn, 1965), pp. 255-400Front Matter [pp. 255-257]Evolutionism and Richard Owen, 1830-1868: An Episode in Darwin's Century [pp. 259-280]Eighteenth-Century Attempts to Resolve the Vis viva Controversy [pp. 281-297]Rafael Bombelli, Engineer-Architect: Some Unpublished Documents of the Apostolic Camera [pp. 298-306]Parting of Gold and Silver with Nitric Acid in a Page of the Codex Atlanticus of Leonardo da Vinci [pp. 307-319]P. H. Maille, a Forgotten Pioneer in Meteorology [pp. 320-326]Documents and TranslationsPart I of Nicole Oresme's Algorismus proportionum [pp. 327-341]</p><p>Notes &amp; CorrespondenceHertz and the Technological Significance of Electromagnetic Waves [pp. 342-345]The Origin of the Four-Color Conjecture [pp. 346-348]Did the Maya Know the Metonic Cycle? [pp. 348-351]Galileo's Experiments on Falling Bodies [pp. 352-354]Nature's "Scientific Worthies" [pp. 354-356]Lamarck's Theory of the Earth: Comments [pp. 356-357]</p><p>News [pp. 358-361]Book ReviewsReview: Plotting the Anatomical Watershed [pp. 362-365]History of ScienceReview: untitled [pp. 365-367]Review: untitled [pp. 367-368]</p><p>Biographical CollectionsReview: untitled [pp. 368-369]</p><p>Social Relations of ScienceReview: untitled [pp. 369-370]</p><p>Physical SciencesReview: untitled [pp. 370-371]Review: untitled [p. 371]Review: untitled [pp. 371-372]Review: untitled [pp. 372-373]Review: untitled [p. 373]</p><p>Exploration and NavigationReview: untitled [pp. 373-375]Review: untitled [pp. 375-377]</p><p>Biological SciencesReview: untitled [p. 377]</p><p>Medicine and the Medical SciencesReview: untitled [pp. 377-379]Review: untitled [p. 379]Review: untitled [p. 380]Review: untitled [pp. 380-381]Review: untitled [pp. 381-382]</p><p>Classical AntiquityReview: untitled [pp. 382-383]</p><p>Middle Ages, ByzantiumReview: untitled [pp. 383-384]</p><p>Seventeenth &amp; Eighteenth CenturiesReview: untitled [pp. 384-386]Review: untitled [pp. 386-387]Review: untitled [pp. 387-388]</p><p>Nineteenth &amp; Twentieth CenturiesReview: untitled [pp. 388-389]Review: untitled [pp. 390-391]Review: untitled [pp. 391-392]Review: untitled [pp. 392-393]Review: untitled [pp. 393-394]Review: untitled [pp. 394-395]</p><p>Contemporary SciencesReview: untitled [p. 395]Review: untitled [pp. 395-397]Review: untitled [p. 397]</p><p>Back Matter [pp. 398-400]</p></li></ul>