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Annual Report of DHAN Foundation, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India

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  • Building Sustainable LivelihoodsHAN Foundation works to make significant changes

    Din the livelihoods of the poor through building scalable, cost effective and sustainable development

    themes for self-reliance. Keeping innovation as its core

    value, DHAN continues to evolve and nurture new ideas in

    development that can impact the lives and livelihoods of

    the poor on a large scale. Kalanjiam model of community

    banking by and for the poor women, Vayalagam model of

    tank-fed agriculture development, rain-fed farming

    development, coastal conservation livelihoods,

    communication and information technology for

    development and working with Panchayats are the

    development themes nurtured by DHAN over the last two

    decades. Climate change adaptation, migration, youth

    and development are the new themes being piloted now.

    Health, education and tourism have emerged as cross-

    cutting themes to augment the development brought by all

    the existing programmes. A common thread that binds all

    these themes is livelihood promotion. DHAN has observed

    2011-12 as 'Year of livelihoods' to look closely at the

    impact that it has created on the livelihoods of the one

    million poor households organised by it, consolidate its

    experiences in livelihood interventions, and initiate the

    process of strategizing its livelihood approach with its

    experience at the ground.

    Livelihood Matters

    Annual Report 2012DHAN Foundation

    DHAN Foundation (Development of Humane Action)

    18, Pillaiyar Koil Street, S.S. Colony

    Madurai 625 016. Tamil Nadu, INDIA.

    Tel: +91 452 2610794 / 805, Fax: 2602247

    Email: dhanfoundation@dhan.org

    Website: http://www.dhan.org

  • DHAN FoundationMadurai

    Annual Report 2012

  • Contents 5 Abbreviations&Acronyms

    7 IntroductiontoDHANFoundation

    11 LivelihoodMatters 35 AnnualReport2012-Perspectives, Principles and Practices of DHAN Foundation 39 Kalanjiam Community Banking Programme 48 Vayalagam Tankfed Agriculture Development Programme 55 Coastal Conservation and Livelihoods Programme 61 Tata-Dhan Academy 65 Rainfed Farming Development Programme 68 Communication and Information Technology for Development Programme 71 Working with Panchayats Programme 75 Tourism for Development 77 Centres for Integration

    85 Impact

    113 MaduraiSymposium

    125 FinancialStatements

    138 RecognitionstoDHANsWorks

    140 Acknowledgement

    144 BoardofTrustees

    147 DHANFoundation-Addresses

  • ACEDRR AdvancedCentreforEnablingDisasterRiskReduction

    ASKMI AdvancedCentreforSkillandKnowledgeonMutualInsurance

    BCC BehaviourChangeCommunication

    CALL CoastalConservationandLivelihoods

    CDA ClusterDevelopmentAssociation

    CIT4D CommunicationandInformationTechnologyforDevelopment

    CURE CentreforUrbanWaterResources

    DEWATS DecentralisedWastewaterTreatmentSystems

    DHAN DevelopmentofHumaneAction

    DPA DHANPeopleAcademy

    DRC DHANResourceCentre

    JnNURM JawaharlalNehruNationalUrbanRenewalMission

    JSYS JalaSamvardhaneYojanaSangha

    KAMPCOL KalanjiamMilkProducersCompanyLimited

    KDFS KalanjiamDevelopmentFinancialServices

    KRCH KalanjiamReproductiveandChildHealth

    KTL KalanjiumThozhilagamLimited

    LIFE LivelihoodInitiativewithFunctionalEducation

    MAVIM MahilaArthikVikasMahamandal

    MDG MillenniumDevelopmentGoal

    MFG MicrofinanceGroup

    MGNREGS MahatmaGandhiNationalRuralEmploymentGuaranteeScheme

    Abbreviations & Acronyms

  • NABARD NationalBankforAgricultureandRuralDevelopment

    NRM NaturalResourceManagement

    NWDPRA NationalWatershedDevelopmentProjectforRainfedAreas

    PDM ProgrammeinDevelopmentManagement

    PMG PrimaryMarketingGroup

    PPG PrimaryProducerGroup

    SHG SelfHelpGroup

    SUHAM SustainableHealthcareAdvancement

    TDA Tata-DhanAcademy

    TFA TankFarmersAssociation

    VIC VillageInformationCentre

    VTADP VayalagamTankfedAgricultureDevelopmentProgramme

    VTDC VillageTourismDevelopmentCommittee

    WASH Water,SanitationandHygiene

  • Annual Report 2012 7

    Introduction to DHAN FoundationDevelopmentofHumaneAction(DHAN) Foundation,aprofessionaldevelopmentorganisation,wasinitiatedonOctober2,1997.Itbringshighlymotivated,educatedyoungwomenandmentothedevelopmentsector.Theywouldmakenewinnovationsindevelopmenttorootoutpovertyfromthecountry.TheFoundationworkstomakesignificantchangesinthelivelihoodsofthepoorthroughinnovativethemesandinstitutions.

    The broad purposes for which DHAN stands are:1. Mothering of Development Innovations:The

    institutionintendstopromoteandnurturenewideasondevelopmentthemes,suchasmicrofinance,smallscaleirrigation,drylandagriculture,andworkingwithPanchayatswhichcanimpactonpovertyinasignificantmanner.

    2. Promoting Institutions to reach scale: Exclusivethematicorganisationswillbepromotedtotakeupdevelopmentworkwithasub-sectoralfocus.Theprimaryrolewillbetopromoteandensurethatqualitybenefitsreachalargenumberofpoor.

    3. Human Resource Development: Theinstitutionwouldbringyoungprofessionalsintothedevelopmentsectorandgivethemanopportunitytopracticeanddeveloprelevantknowledge,attitudesandskillsneededforlongtermwork.

    TheprinciplesguidingDHANare1. Engaginghighqualityhumanresourcesto

    workatthegrassroots.Thefocuswouldbetoenablethepoor,notdeliverservices.

    2. ValuingcollaborationwithmainstreaminstitutionsandGovernmenttodemonstratenewandeffectiveinterventiontolinkthemwiththepeople.

    3. Promotingpeoplesorganisationstoensureentitlementsandtobuildaneffectivedemandsystemtopromotepeoplesinterest.

    4. Promotinglivelihoodstoaddresstheissuesofpovertydirectly

    5. Enrichingthethemesandretainingsub-sectoralfocusasastrategyforgrowth

    MISSIONBuildingpeopleandinstitutionsfor

    developmentinnovationsandscaling-uptoenablethepoorcommunitiesforpoverty

    reductionandself-reliance

    VISION

    DHANFoundationisalwaysapioneeringdevelopmentinstitutiontobuildpovertyfree,genderbalanced,equitable,ecologicalsensitive,democratic,justandvaluebasedinclusivesociety.Itcreatesfreedomofchoicetothefamilies,groupsandcommunitytodetermineanddevelopthemeaningoftheirlives,theiridentitiesandtheirlifestylesforthewell-beingoftheirlife.

    DHANFoundationopensnewfrontiersforbetterhumanityandwouldbuildscalable,costeffectiveandsustainableinnovationsforself-reliance.

    DHANFoundationwillalwaysbeacknowledgedasaleaderininstitutionbuildingforpoverty

  • Annual Report 20128

    alleviation.Itwouldbetrendsetteringrassrootsdevelopmentwithpeoplegovernanceandmanagement.

    Itwillbeoccupyingitslegitimatespaceinpolicymakingforumstoshapethemacroenvironmenttotherealitiesofgrassrootsandservingdevelopmentcommunitybydisseminatinggoodpractices.Itwillshapethousandsofdevelopmentprofessionalstomakemillionsofpoorlivesdifferentwithdignityandrightlivelihoods.TheDHANFoundationwillfosteralternativeparadigmswithsocialentrepreneurshipandcollectiveleadership.

    Itwillberespectedforitsroleinunleashingthepotentialofthepoorandguidingthemthroughtheirmovementsbybuildingnewinstitutionsforachievingsignificance.Itwillpromotenetworks,alliancesondevelopmentCausewithrelevantstakeholdersAcademia,civilsociety,Government,Businesshouses,Professionalnetworks,Media,Financialinstitutionandotherresourceinstitutionatnational,regionalandglobalenvironment.

    VALUES

    DHANhasrootedinvalues,suchasGrassrootsaction,Collaboration,Enabling,Innovation,Excellence,andSelf-Regulation.DHANbelievesthatthesevaluesareitscorestrengthneededtorealizeitsVisionandMission.

    DEVELOPMENT APPROACH

    DHANFoundationsdevelopmentapproachentailsasystemofinter-linkedcomponents.Thereisathree-waylinkbetweenthematicfocus,socialcapitalandmainstreamcollaborationtopromotesustainabledevelopmentforthepoor.

    DHANlayshighemphasisonthematicfocus.Itbuildssocialcapitalbyorganisingtheunorganisedpoorcommunitiesaroundthethemesofwater,microfinance,rainfedfarming,informationandcommunicationtechnologies,andlocalgovernance.LocalisedPeoplesOrganisationsarebuiltinurban,rural,tribalandcoastalcontexts.Itisthemostcriticalstepinbuildingthecapabilitiesofthecommunitiestohandlethedevelopmentprocessesanditsoutcomesforensuringtheirentitlementsbyacquiringbargainingpower.

    ThesePeoplesOrganisationsprovideplatformfornurturinginnovationsatthegrassroots,scalingdowntechnologiesandcontextualisingthosetechnologiesforaddressingtheissuesofpoverty,whicharehighlycomplexandcontextual.

    Thethirdfactor,themainstreamcollaborationiscriticalforcreatingenablingenvironmentfortheothertwofactorstoperform.ThethematicinstitutionscontinuouslybuildthecapacitiesofthePeoplesOrganisationsbuiltaroundtheparticularthemetobringrelevantmainstreamdevelopmentinstitutions,bothprivateandpublicinstitutionsclosertothecommunities.TheyevolveandnurturetheprincipleofsustainablepartnershipbetweenthePeoplesOrganisationsandthemainstreaminstitutions.ThecollaborationprocesseducatesbothPeoplesOrganisationsandmainstreaminstitutionsabouttheirrolesandresponsibilitiesinsustainingtheircollaborations.

    Conceptually,theinteractionamongthesethreefactorsputtheprimaryinstitutionsatthecentre,whichareidealplatformsforpracticingparticipatorydemocracyandensuringcollectiveempowerment.

    DHANplaysapromotionalroleininitiatingatheme,buildingPeoplesOrganisationsaroundthem,establishinglinkageswithmainstreaminstitutionsandsustainingthem.Thepromotionalrolekeepsevolvingoveraperiod.Asthelocalcapacityisbuilt,therolesgettransferredtopeople.SimultaneouslyDHANasamotheringinstitutionpromotesthematicorganisationsassubsidiariestoupscalethematuredthemestocontinuethepromotionalroletosustainthePeoplesOrganisationsinthespecifictheme.Thethematicinstitutionswouldtakeuptheworkofupscalinganddeepe