Developing the next generation of academics:
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DESCRIPTIONDeveloping the next generation of academics:. The need to change national policy frameworks A.B.K.Kasozi. 1.Factors influencing the Academic Landscape in Uganda. National macro policies have conditioned the academic staff creation and retention. The market models policies, 1990-2006 The SAP - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Developing the next generation of academics:The need to change national policy frameworks
1.Factors influencing the Academic Landscape in UgandaNational macro policies have conditioned the academic staff creation and retention.The market models policies, 1990-2006The SAPThe neglect of HE by both the state and the international financial institutionsFailure of African states to integrate HE in Poverty Alleviation Programs and MDGs
1.Factors influencing the Academic Landscape in UgandaExpenditure per student in Uganda, 1970-1985From 1997 to 2006, public universities share as a %age of GDP was 0.35%. Kenya 0.9%Research and postgraduate training received almost 0% from the state
1. World Bank financing for Education in sub-Saharan Africa, 2003-2006 in US$ (millions)
1.Factors influencing the Academic Landscape in UgandaHigher Education not integrated and linked to national development strategies which centered on:Poverty Eradication Alleviation Plan (PEAP)The MDGs and Sectoral plansHE not seen as a denominator in skills needed for development.
1.Factors influencing the Academic Landscape in UgandaUniversities and Colleges not listed for funding as part of national innovation system but mere education institutions.PEAP and MDGs do not pin down core competences required for realization of development strategies.Knowledge as a basis of development is not stressed as is the role of its creators, the academic staff.Research and postgraduate training not funded by state since the 1990s
2. The academic landscape in Uganda, 2006
2. The academic landscape in Uganda, 2006Brain drain reduces the number of academic staff. In 2005, some 1.07million people left Africa, 30% believed to be highly skilled.Infectious disease and malaria continue to decrease number of skilled people.Retirement policies at age 60rob the university system of skilled people.Therefore brain drain must be factored in academic staff creation; its positives and negs.
3.The regulatory framework in Uganda and its role in advances qualityGood academics can only be developed in high quality institutions.NCHE QA FrameworkMacro (national level) includes institutional and program accreditations; merit addimision of students, setting minimum requirements for courses of study.
3.The regulatory framework in advancing qualityThe Micro level at the institutionEach institution is required to put in a placea QA unit, do an internal audit each 2-5 years and report to NCHEAn external Audit is carried out one every five years.All Academic staff and students must have given qualifications. For staff, next table.
3.The regulatory framework in advancing quality
4. The way forwardThe way forward in creating the next generation of leaders is to:Adequately finance institutions of higher learning to enable them do their work well;As states cannot come up with all funds needed, innovative diversified national funding models must be designed.HE must be integral to national deve. Strategies.
4. The way forwardIncrease institutional autonomies of institutions to increase the confidence of leaders to take decisions;Increase accountability of institutional leaders so that populations have confidence in them,Design attractive packages of salaries, retirement benefits, work environment, improved upward social mobility,