DEVELOPING GRADUATE EMPLOYABILITY ?· Furthermore, the perspectives of employers in developing graduate…

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  • DEVELOPING GRADUATE EMPLOYABILITY SKILLS

  • DEVELOPING GRADUATE EMPLOYABILITY SKILLS Your Pathway to Employment

    Mercy V. Chaita

    Universal-Publishers

    Boca Raton

  • Developing Graduate Employability Skills: Your Pathway to Employment

    Copyright 2016 Mercy V.Chaita All rights reserved.

    No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage

    and retrieval system, without written permission from the publisher

    Universal-Publishers Boca Raton, Florida

    USA 2016

    ISBN-10: 1-62734-056-4 ISBN-13: 978-1-62734-056-4

    www.universal-publishers.com

    Cover image Tashatuvango | Dreamstime.com - Employment. Business Concept. Photo

    Publishers Cataloging-in-Publication Data Chaita, Mercy V. Developing graduate employability skills : your pathway to employment / Mercy V. Chaita. pages cm ISBN: 978-1-62734-056-4 (pbk.) 1. Career development. 2. Vocational guidance. 3. College graduatesEmployment. 4. Occupational aptitude tests. 5. Success. I. Title. HF5381 .C43 2015 370.113dc23 2015911951

  • v

    Table of Contents

    Acknowledgements ............................................................................................................................. ix Preface .................................................................................................................................................. xi Chapter 1 How to Build Employability Skills ........................................................................................ 1

    The importance of employability skills ..................................................................................... 1 Employability skills audit............................................................................................................. 3 Complementing your skills with experience ............................................................................ 5 How to showcase your abilities .................................................................................................. 6 Demonstrating your skills and abilities ..................................................................................... 6 Assessment of skills performance level .................................................................................... 7 Skills performance level assessment .......................................................................................... 8 Personal SWOT analysis technique ........................................................................................... 9 Self SWOT analysis ................................................................................................................... 11 Action plan ................................................................................................................................. 12 Why create a career action plan? ............................................................................................. 12 Knowing yourself ...................................................................................................................... 13 Your preferences ....................................................................................................................... 13 Your values ................................................................................................................................. 13 Your interests ............................................................................................................................. 14 Your abilities .............................................................................................................................. 14 Your skills ................................................................................................................................... 15 Your traits ................................................................................................................................... 15 Your personal priorities ............................................................................................................ 15 Action plan for a job search .................................................................................................... 16 Job search action plan template .............................................................................................. 18 Conclusion .................................................................................................................................. 18

    Chapter 2 Creating a CV that attracts a Job Offer .............................................................................. 19

    How to market yourself through a CV .................................................................................. 19 Choosing the right type of a CV ............................................................................................. 19 Applying your skills to problem-solving ............................................................................... 24

  • DEVELOPING GRADUATE EMPLOYABILITY SKILLS

    vi

    Problem-solving techniques ..................................................................................................... 24 Solution focused approach ...................................................................................................... 25 Creating an accomplishment-focused CV ............................................................................. 26 How to document your accomplishments ............................................................................ 26 Applying the PAR model to problem-solving ...................................................................... 27 Writing your CV ........................................................................................................................ 32 CV Checklist ............................................................................................................................... 36

    Chapter 3 Important Letters to Consider in Job Seeking .............................................................. 39

    Job search letters in context ..................................................................................................... 39 The benefits of a cover letter ................................................................................................... 39 How to structure a cover letter ............................................................................................... 40 Sending off your cover letter ................................................................................................... 42 Example of a Cover Letter ...................................................................................................... 44 Mistakes to avoid regarding cover letters .............................................................................. 46 Interview acceptance letter ...................................................................................................... 49 Sample of an interview acceptance letter ............................................................................... 50 Follow-up letter after the interview ........................................................................................ 51 Sample for a follow-up letter ................................................................................................... 52 Salary negotiation letter - after the interview ........................................................................ 53 Sample of a negotiating letter .................................................................................................. 54 Job acceptance letter ................................................................................................................. 55 Sample job acceptance letter .................................................................................................... 55 Declining an offer ...................................................................................................................... 56 Sample of the decline letter ...................................................................................................... 57

    Chapter 4 Effective Pre-interview Techniques ................................................................................... 59

    Pre-interview preparation ......................................................................................................... 59 Acknowledge the interview invitation .................................................................................... 60 Research the company .............................................................................................................. 60 Creating a memorable impression .......................................................................................... 61 Non-verbal cues ......................................................................................................................... 62 Verbal cues ................................................................................................................................. 65 Dressing for success .................................................................................................................. 66

  • TABLE OF CONTENTS

    vii

    The importance of timing ........................................................................................................ 67 Anticipate and prepare for interview questions .................................................................... 67 Preparing for behavioral based interview .............................................................................. 68 Applying the STAR model interview technique ................................................................... 69 Avoid blame ............................................................................................................................... 70 Preparation for your own questions ....................................................................................... 70 Identify the location prior to the interview ........................................................................... 71 How to prepare for telephone interviews ............................................................................. 71 Ways to overcome interview nerves ....................................................................................... 72 Visualize the interview .............................................................................................................. 72 Practice your responses ............................................................................................................ 73 Be prepared ................................................................................................................................ 73 Think positively ......................................................................................................................... 73 Post interview evaluation ......................................................................................................... 74

    Chapter 5 How to Deliver an Effective Interview ............................................................................. 75

    Tackling tough interview questions ........................................................................................ 75 How to answer warm up questions ........................................................................................ 75 Would you tell us about yourself? ........................................................................................... 75 What attracted you to apply for this job? .............................................................................. 76 What can you offer in this job that someone else cant? ..................................................... 77 Work history and experience ................................................................................................... 78 Competency-based Questions ................................................................................................. 80 Personality questions ................................................................................................................ 82 Perceptions ................................................................................................................................. 85 Achievements ............................................................................................................................. 87 Team work .................................................................................................................................. 88 Management Style...................................................................................................................... 89 Motivation .................................................................................................................................. 90 Leisure ......................................................................................................................................... 91 Activity sheet: How to tackle interview questions ............................................................... 92 How to manage inappropriate interview questions ............................................................. 94 Creating the final impression by asking questions ............................................................... 96 Questions about career development and progression ....................................................... 97 Questions about the strategic direction of the organization .............................................. 98 Questions about the interviewers own experience ............................................................. 98

  • DEVELOPING GRADUATE EMPLOYABILITY SKILLS

    viii

    Questions you should never ask in a job interview.............................................................. 98 Interview conclusion ............................................................................................................... 100 Post interview etiquette .......................................................................................................... 101

    Chapter 6 Stepping into the Real World of the Workplace .......................................................... 103

    Starting your new job .............................................................................................................. 103 How to dress on the first day ................................................................................................ 104 Punctuality - starting and finishing time .............................................................................. 104 Getting along with your colleagues ..........

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