design led planning presentation at department of design a world design capital project cape town 22...
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DESCRIPTIONCape Towns Student heartland creates a powerful geometry of opportunity around Cape Towns planned Second Metropolitan Node at Tygerberg. With more than 100 000 students, five higher learning institutions of national significance and excellent logistics and infrastructural linkages, the Student City opportunity will be a major driver of urban regeneration. The presentation explores the meaning and implications of design driven planning, the experience thus far on the Voortrekker Road Corridor and the potentials and possibilities for weaving together an integrated matrix of learning, living, working and cultural opportunities. Place making is seen as a central discipline in the process of developing Student City
STUDENT CITY TYGERBERG: A DESIGN LED PLANNING
Larry PokpasUniversity of Western Cape
Shahid Solomon Greater Tygerberg Partnership
On the cusp of transition: transformation and or global competitiveness?
WOULD YOU RECOMMEND YOUR STUDY EXPERIENCE TO FRIENDS? WHY OR WHY NOT?
• The sub-region is a classical site of spatial apartheid planning. It is physically disconnected from business and neighbouring communities
• Despite strategic location in the geographic centre of metropolis and proximity to transport routes the university remains inaccessible. They arrive at Bellville station and distressed surroundings, then what?
• Oppidan students spend time inefficiently in public transport so cars have become the preferred means of transport
• Pattern of growth is skewed towards high income suburbs and away from the Cape Flats where most of the poor live
Dormitory, unsafe and derelict surroundings and distressed
• Lacks residential neighbourhoods and supportive surroundings. Resident students feel isolated with hermetic experiences impervious to outside influence which effectively make them an invisible population – cut off from culture and social life
• The challenge can be ascribed to a lack of visionary leadership who fail to understand the hidden curriculum or to build vital connection between universities, neighbouring communities and the life of the city.
• In contrast: On campus only, Students build vital connections, a sense of immense pride, belonging and personal development from imbued learning and quality environment.
More than race: The parents of 69% of UWC 2010 graduates (UG) do not have any post school qualifications, 45% do not have matric
(a proxy for income, educational support and social capital)
45 15 19 42
UWC UCT SU CPUT
Lower than matric
Idealistically trying to break the rules of apartheid spatial planning
Creating an environment that represents the enduring nature and ‘permanence’ of universities and a conception and framework to help create a sense of place, mission, purpose, distinctiveness and direction
An environment able to help attract and retain the best minds, empower studentsfrom a variety of backgrounds to operate effectively in the larger society, and serve as agents of transformation.
Reversing the ongoing deleterious effects of apartheid planning in the area surrounding UWC and furthering the ideal of a “livable city” and the reintegration of S.A. society.
Established in 1959Intellectual ‘home of the left’Post 1994 - senior academics and alumni elected to public officeProducer of largest number of black scientists annuallyEngaged University
UWC is 2nd highest provider in mobility
of IUC partnerships
Can we connect to business and social community with innovative business models?
• Improved drug resistance testing in HIV (cheaper and less time-consuming routine testing)
• Engaging industry partners to make components for fuel cells backup power systems and materials for storage in area of renewable hydrogen energy
• Commissioned pilot production plant for the production of lithium-ion batteries that are safer, more durable and portable with higher energy densities.
• Developed water treatment apparatus with specialised photocatalysts to destroy harmful micro-organisms & removal of industrial organic pollutants and also for renewable energy production.
• Developed a botanical product which reverses resistance in plant pathogens when applied in combination with fungicidal and bactericidal compounds (agrochemical pesticide adjuvant)
• Digital inclusion and CodeJam initiatives
Network opportunities and joint leadership
• Create location-specific advantages that consolidates niche areas, knows the local conditions, and creates a sense of place
• Joint planning and purposive design concepts offer unique opportunitiesto reimagine sub-region and align our efforts towards a mature and growing network of active partnerships
• Help create new visions and coordinate all of these moving pieces into a more efficient and liveable address for the Greater Tygerberg: one that is synonymous with opportunity, innovation and entrepreneurship, sustainability, and able to respond to a range of lifestyle preferences.
What international network opportunities enjoy joint leadership?
“It is always about trying to make something other than what exists …
What kind of city we want to make cannot be separated from what
kind of people we want to be” (David Harvey)
What is Design to City Planning?
•Geo-metric & geo-graphic
•Playful & Prototypical
City Design is transition led
• Energy Transition FROM high carbon, fossil fuel based, and inefficient TO low carbon, green/renewable and efficient
• Technology Transition: FROM ICT and traditional materials TO Bio tech and alternative material
• Social Transition FROM suburban segregated communities TO urban, networked and diverse communities
• Spatial Transition FROM road transportation, private transport, low density development, motor vehicles TO rail transportation, public transport, high density development, cycling and walking
• Economic Transition FROM dual economy, old economy TO green and inclusive economy
• Institutional transition FROM silo departmentalism TO partnership
• Ecological Transition FROM extractive TO replemishing
Corridor Transition Period World Transition Transport Driver Urban Response
Regional Wagon Route Outspan at Hardekraaltjie
Age of Steel, Electricity & Heavy Engineering
Hard Road & Railway Line
Country Villages & High Streets
3. City Integration 1940 –1980
Age of Oil, Automobiles & Mass Production
Commuter Rail / Bus Corridor Industrialisation
Satellite Towns & Corridor Emergence
4. Metro Sprawl 1980 –2020
Age of Information & Telecommunications
N1 Regional Motor Corridor, Mini Bus Taxi
Era of Turbulence Bus Rapid Transit, New Trains, Smart Transport Systems
6. Africanisation 2030 -2040
Start of Age of Biotechnology and Renewable Energy?
Fast Rail, Smart Vehicles Off Grid Satellite Towns
7. Regionalism 2040 + Midpoint of Age of Biotech and Renewable Energy?
Walking & Cycling Urban Villages
City Design is geo-metric (structure)& geo-graphic (place)
Design is a funny word. Some people think design is how it looks.But of course , if you dig deeper, it’s really how it works
THE DESIGN CONTEXT
• Bellville / Tygerberg designated as Cape Town’s Second Metro Node, with Voortrekker Road Corridor connecting First Metro Node in the Central City
• Greater Tygerberg Partnership developed Regeneration Framework to 2040 suggesting R 300 bn mega project to:
• Develop viable transit-orientated corridor of development to house 250 000 to 750 000 people in affordable high density housing
• Build a bio technology new manufacturing complex between Bellville and Cape Town International Airport
CLEAN & SAFE STREETS & HOUSING & EVENTS & NETWORKS
2013 – 2040
CATALYTIC PPP REVELOPMENT & UPGRADING: 2013 - 2016
LARGE SCALE REPACKAGING: 2013 –2020
NEW METRO NODE
City Design is Playful & Prototypical
Design is not making beauty, beauty emerges from selection, affinities, integration, love.Louis Kahn
Analysis -driven or design –driven planning process?
ANALYSIS DRIVEN PROCESS
SURVEY > ANALYSIS > PLAN >DESIGN
READY > AIM > FIRE
DESIGN DRIVEN PROCESS
DESIGN > ANALYSIS > PROTOTYPE > DESIGN > PLAN
READY > FIRE > AIM
INITIAL SPATIAL VISION
IMAGINING THE FUTURE
DESIGN THE CITY
REGENERATION FRAMEWORK # 1
CITY STRATEGY & INVESTMENTPLAN
REGENERATION FRAMEWORK # 3
REGENERATION FRAMEWORK # 2
TYGERBERG STUDENT CITY
THE DESIGN PROPOSITION
A powerful geometry of urban regeneration, learning and innovation can be designed around Cape Town’s planned Second Metropolitan Node at Tygerberg.With more than 100 000 students, excellent logistics and infrastructural linkages, the Student City opportunity can embrace an extended campus for:
• The University of the Western Cape
• The University of Stellenbosch: medical and business school
• Cape Peninsula University of Technology
• University of South Africa
• Northlink FET College
Ranking of the world's top 50 best student cities by Quacquarelli Symonds (QS)
+ Quality of Living+ Student Mix + Top Universities+ Affordability
THREE STUDENT TOWNS IN CAPE TOWN STUDENT CITY
Learn WorkPlayLive Connect
Sustaining research momentum (source: CHET 2010)
Build on the complementarity and synergy through collaborative systems around
strategic interest in research niche areas and distinctive innovation capabilities
and increase students’ epistemological access to advanced levels of knowledge
Towards a differentiated university systemsource: CHET 2010
Geo-metric & geo-graphic Potentials and possibilities for weaving together an integrated matrix of learning, living, working and cultural opportunities.
Place making is seen as a central discipline in the process of developing Student City
Lattice of Live Work Learn Innovation Villages
Playful & Prototypical
INITIAL DESIGN CHARETTE
REGIONAL INNOVATION ECOSYSTEM
CITY STRATEGY & INVESTMENTPLAN
GLOBAL INNOVATION ECOSYSTEM
REGENERATION FRAMEWORK # 2
LAUNCHING THE INNOVATION HELIX
Tygerberg Regional Innovation Ecosystem
LAUNCHING THE INNOVATION HELIX
Tygerberg Technology Incubator
Critical questions going forward?