Deploying Remote Desktop Gateway Step-by-Step Guide

Download Deploying Remote Desktop Gateway Step-by-Step Guide

Post on 19-Aug-2014

148 views

Category:

Documents

4 download

TRANSCRIPT

Deploying Remote Desktop Gateway Stepby-Step GuideMicrosoft Corporation Published: June 2009

AbstractRemote Desktop Gateway (RD Gateway), formerly Terminal Services Gateway (TS Gateway), in the Windows Server 2008 R2 operating system, provides technologies that enable authorized remote users to connect to resources on an internal corporate or private network, from any Internet-connected device that can run the Remote Desktop Connection (RDC) client. In this guide, we will set up an RD Gateway server to use for connecting to a Remote Desktop Session Host (RD Session Host) server by using a Remote Desktop client computer.

Copyright InformationThis document supports a preliminary release of a software product that may be changed substantially prior to final commercial release, and is the confidential and proprietary information of Microsoft Corporation. It is disclosed pursuant to a non-disclosure agreement between the recipient and Microsoft. This document is provided for informational purposes only and Microsoft makes no warranties, either express or implied, in this document. Information in this document, including URL and other Internet Web site references, is subject to change without notice. The entire risk of the use or the results from the use of this document remains with the user. Unless otherwise noted, the companies, organizations, products, domain names, e-mail addresses, logos, people, places, and events depicted in examples herein are fictitious. No association with any real company, organization, product, domain name, e-mail address, logo, person, place, or event is intended or should be inferred. Complying with all applicable copyright laws is the responsibility of the user. Without limiting the rights under copyright, no part of this document may be reproduced, stored in or introduced into a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means (electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise), or for any purpose, without the express written permission of Microsoft Corporation. Microsoft may have patents, patent applications, trademarks, copyrights, or other intellectual property rights covering subject matter in this document. Except as expressly provided in any written license agreement from Microsoft, the furnishing of this document does not give you any license to these patents, trademarks, copyrights, or other intellectual property. 2009 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, and Active Directory, RemoteApp, Windows, and Windows Server are trademarks of the Microsoft group of companies. All other trademarks are property of their respective owners.

ContentsDeploying Remote Desktop Gateway Step-by-Step Guide.............................................................1 Abstract....................................................................................................................................1 Copyright Information......................................................................................................................2 Contents..........................................................................................................................................3 Deploying Remote Desktop Gateway Step-by-Step Guide.............................................................4 About this guide...........................................................................................................................4 What this guide does not provide.............................................................................................4 Technology review.......................................................................................................................5 Scenario: Deploying Remote Desktop Gateway..........................................................................5 Step 1: Setting Up the Contoso Domain.........................................................................................6 Configure the RD Gateway server (RDG-SRV)........................................................................7 Step 2: Installing RD Gateway........................................................................................................9 Step 3: Verifying RD Gateway Functionality..................................................................................11

Deploying Remote Desktop Gateway Stepby-Step GuideAbout this guideThis step-by-step guide walks you through the process of setting up a working Remote Desktop Session Host (RD Session Host) server accessible by using Remote Desktop Gateway (RD Gateway) in a test environment. During this process, you will create a test deployment that includes the following components: An RD Gateway server An RD Session Host server A Remote Desktop Connection client computer

This guide assumes that you previously completed the steps in the Installing Remote Desktop Session Host Step-by-Step Guide (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=147292), and that you have already deployed the following components: An RD Session Host server A Remote Desktop Connection client computer An Active Directory Domain Services domain controller Set up the necessary servers in the CONTOSO domain. Install and configure the RD Gateway server. Configure the Remote Desktop client for the RD Gateway server. Verify that the RD Gateway server is functioning correctly.

As you complete the steps in this guide, you will:

The goal of RD Gateway is to enable authorized remote users to connect to resources on an internal corporate or private network, from any Internet-connected device that can run the Remote Desktop Connection (RDC) client. The network resources can be RD Session Host servers, RD Session Host servers running RemoteApp programs, or computers with Remote Desktop enabled.

What this guide does not provideThis guide does not provide the following: An overview of Remote Desktop Services. Guidance for setting up Active Directory Domain Services or an RD Session Host server. This information can be found in the Installing Remote Desktop Session Host Step-by-Step Guide (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=147292). For a downloadable version of this document, see the Installing Remote Desktop Session Host Step-by-Step Guide (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=147293) in the Microsoft Download Center. 4

Important If you have previously configured the computers in the Installing Remote Desktop Session Host Step-by-Step Guide, you should repeat the steps in that guide with new installations. Complete technical reference for Remote Desktop Services.

Technology reviewRD Gateway uses the Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) over HTTPS to help establish a secure, encrypted connection between remote users on the Internet and the internal network resources on which their productivity applications run. To function correctly, RD Gateway requires several role services and features to be installed and running. When you use Server Manager to install the RD Gateway role service, the following additional roles, role services, and features are automatically installed and started, if they are not already installed: Remote procedure call (RPC) over HTTP Proxy Web Server (IIS) [Internet Information Services] Network Policy and Access Services

IIS must be installed and running for the RPC over HTTP Proxy feature to function.

Scenario: Deploying Remote Desktop GatewayWe recommend that you first use the steps provided in this guide in a test lab environment. Stepby-step guides are not necessarily meant to be used to deploy Windows Server features without additional deployment documentation and should be used with discretion as a stand-alone document. Upon completion of this step-by-step guide, you will have an RD Session Host server that users can connect to with the Remote Desktop client computer by using RD Gateway. You can then test and verify this functionality by connecting to the RD Session Host server by using RD Gateway from the Remote Desktop client as an authorized remote user. The test environment described in this guide includes four computers connected to a private network using the following operating systems, applications, and services.Computer name Operating system Applications and services

CONTOSO-DC RDSH-SRV CONTOSO-CLNT RDG-SRV

Windows Server 2008 R2 Windows Server 2008 R2 Windows 7 Windows Server 2008 R2

Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS), DNS RD Session Host Remote Desktop Connection RD Gateway

5

The computers form a private network and are connected through a common hub or Layer 2 switch. This step-by-step exercise uses private addresses throughout the test lab configuration. The private network ID 10.0.0.0/24 is used for the network. The domain controller is named CONTOSO-DC for the domain named contoso.com. The following figure shows the configuration of the test environment.

Step 1: Setting Up the Contoso DomainTo prepare your RD Gateway test environment in the CONTOSO domain, you must configure the RD Gateway server (RDG-SRV). Use the following table as a reference when setting up the appropriate computer names, operating systems, and network settings that are required to complete the steps in this guide. Important Before you configure your computers with static Internet Protocol (IP) addresses, we recommend that you first complete Windows product activation while each of your computers still has Internet connectivity. You should also install any available critical security updates from Windows Update (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=47370).Computer name Operating system requirement IP settings DNS settings

CONTOSO-DC

Windows Server 2008 R2

IP address: 10.0.0.1 Subnet mask: 255.255.255.0

Configured by DNS server role

6

Computer name

Operating system requirement

IP settings

DNS settings

Default gateway: 10.0.0.1 RDSH-SRV Windows Server 2008 R2 IP address: 10.0.0.2 Subnet mask: 255.255.255.0 Default gateway: 10.0.0.1 CONTOSO-CLNT Windows 7 IP address: 10.0.0.3 Subnet mask: 255.255.255.0 Default gateway: 10.0.0.1 RDG-SRV Windows Server 2008 R2 IP address: 10.0.0.11 Subnet mask: 255.255.255.0 Default gateway: 10.0.0.1 Preferred: 10.0.0.1 Preferred: 10.0.0.1 Preferred: 10.0.0.1

Configure the RD Gateway server (RDG-SRV)To configure the RD Gateway server, you must: Install Windows Server 2008 R2. Configure TCP/IP properties. Join RDG-SRV to the contoso.com domain. Install the RD Gateway role service.

First, install Windows Server 2008 R2 on a stand-alone server. To install Windows Server 2008 R2 1. Start your computer by using the Windows Server 2008 R2 product CD. 2. When prompted for a computer name, type RDG-SRV. 3. Follow the rest of the instructions that appear on your screen to finish the installation. 7

Next, configure TCP/IP properties so that RDG-SRV has an IPv4 static IP address of 10.0.0.11. To configure TCP/IP properties 1. Log on to RDG-SRV with the RDG-SRV\Administrator account. 2. Click Start, click Control Panel, click Network and Internet, click Network and Sharing Center, click Change adapter settings, right-click Local Area Connection, and then click Properties. 3. On the Networking tab, click Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4), and then click Properties. 4. Click Use the following IP address. In the IP address box, type 10.0.0.11. In the Subnet mask box, type 255.255.255.0. In the Default gateway box, type 10.0.0.1. 5. Click Use the following DNS server addresses. In the Preferred DNS server box, type 10.0.0.1. 6. Click OK, and then close the Local Area Connection Properties dialog box. Next, join RDG-SRV to the contoso.com domain. To join RDG-SRV to the contoso.com domain 1. Click Start, right-click Computer, and then click Properties. 2. Under Computer name, domain, and workgroup settings, click Change settings. 3. On the Computer Name tab, click Change. 4. In the Computer Name/Domain Changes dialog box, under Member of, click Domain, and then type contoso.com. 5. Click More, and in the Primary DNS suffix of this computer box, type contoso.com. 6. Click OK, and then click OK again. 7. When a Computer Name/Domain Changes dialog box appears prompting you for administrative credentials, provide the credentials for CONTOSO\Administrator, and then click OK. 8. When a Computer Name/Domain Changes dialog box appears welcoming you to the contoso.com domain, click OK. 9. When a Computer Name/Domain Changes dialog box appears telling you that the computer must be restarted, click OK, and then click Close. 10. Click Restart Now.

8

Step 2: Installing RD GatewayTo install and configure an RD Gateway server, you must add the RD Gateway role service. Windows Server 2008 R2 includes the option to install the RD Gateway role service by using Server Manager. This topic covers the installation and configuration of the RD Gateway role service on the RDG-SRV computer in the CONTOSO domain. Membership in the local Administrators group, or equivalent, on the RD Gateway server that you plan to configure, is the minimum required to complete this procedure. Review details about using the appropriate accounts and group memberships at http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/? LinkId=83477. To install the RD Gateway role service 1. Log on to RDG-SRV as CONTOSO\Administrator. 2. Open Server Manager. To open Server Manager, click Start, point to Administrative Tools, and then click Server Manager. 3. Under the Roles Summary heading, click Add Roles. 4. In the Add Roles Wizard, if the Before You Begin page appears, click Next. 5. On the Select Server Roles page, under roles, select the Remote Desktop Services check box, and then click Next. 6. On the Remote Desktop Services page, click Next. 7. On the Select Role Services page, select the Remote Desktop Gateway check box. 8. If prompted to specify whether you want to install the additional role services required for Remote Desktop Gateway, click Add Required Role Services. 9. On the Select Role Services page, click Next. 10. On the Choose a Server Authentication Certificate for SSL Encryption page, select Create a self-signed certificate for SSL encryption, and then click Next. 11. On the Create Authorization Policies for RD Gateway page, select Now, and then click Next. a. On the Select User Groups That Can Connect Through RD Gateway page, click Add. In the Select Groups dialog box, specify Domain Users, and then click OK to close the Select Groups dialog box. Click Next. b. On the Create an RD CAP for RD Gateway page, enter the name RD_CAP_01 for the Remote Desktop connection authorization policy (RD CAP), select Password, and then click Next. c. On the Create an RD RAP for RD Gateway page, enter the name RD_RAP_01 for the Remote Desktop resource authorization policy (RD RAP), and then select Allow users to connect to any computer on the network. Click Next. 12. On the Network Policy and Access Services page (which appears if this role service is not already installed), review the summary information, and then click Next. 9

13. On the Select Role Services page, verify that Network Policy Server is selected, and then click Next. 14. On the Web Server (IIS) page (which appears if this role service is not already installed), review the summary information, and then click Next. 15. On the Select Role Services page, accept the default selections for Web Server (IIS), and then click Next. 16. On the Confirm Installation Selections page, verify that the following role services will be installed: Remote Desktop Services\RD Gateway Network Policy and Access Services\Network Policy Server Web Server (IIS) RPC over HTTP Proxy

17. Click Install. 18. On the Installation Progress page, installation progress will be noted. 19. On the Installation Results page, confirm that installation for these roles, role services, and features was successful, and then click Close. To export the SSL certificate for the RD Gateway server and copy it to the CONTOSOCLNT computer 1. On the RD Gateway server, open the Certificates snap-in console. If you have not already added the Certificates snap-in console, you can do so by doing the following: a. Click Start, click Run, type mmc and then click OK. b. On the File menu, click Add/Remove Snap-in. c. In the Add or Remove Snap-ins dialog box, in the Available snap-ins list, click Certificates, and then click Add. d. In the Certificates snap-in dialog box, click Computer account, and then click Next. e. In the Select Computer dialog box, click Local computer: (the computer this console is running on), and then click Finish. f. In the Add or Remove snap-ins dialog box, click OK. 2. In the Certificates snap-in console, in the console tree, expand Certificates (Local Computer), expand Personal, and then click Certificates. 3. Right-click the certificate RDG-SRV.contoso.com, point to All Tasks, and then click Export. 4. On the Welcome to the Certificate Export Wizard page, click Next. 5. On the Export Private Key page, click Yes, export the private key, and then click Next. 6. On the Export File Format page, ensure that Personal Information Exchange PKCS #12 (.PFX) is selected, select the Include all certificates in the certification 10

path if possible check box, and then click Next. 7. On the Password page, enter 123 for the password to protect the private key for the certificate, enter 123 to confirm the password, and then click Next. 8. On the File to Export page, in the File name box, click Browse. 9. In the Save As dialog box, in the File name box, enter RDG-SRV, and then click Save. 10. On the File to Export page, click Next. 11. On the Completing the Certificate Export Wizard page, confirm that the correct certificate is specified, that Export Keys is set to Yes, and that Include all certificates in the certification path is set to Yes, and then click Finish. 12. After the certificate export has successfully completed, a message appears confirming that the export was successful. Click OK. 13. Close the Certificates snap-in. 14. Copy the RD Gateway server certificate c:\users\administrator.CONTOSO\Documents\RDG-SRV.pfx, to the CONTOSO-CLNT computer.

Step 3: Verifying RD Gateway FunctionalityTo verify the functionality of the RD Gateway deployment, complete the following: Install the SSL certificate for the RD Gateway server on the CONTOSO-CLNT computer. Log on to CONTOSO-CLNT as Morgan Skinner and use Remote Desktop Connection (RDC) to connect to the RD Session Host server (RDSH-SRV) by using the RD Gateway server (RDG-SRV). To install the SSL certificate for the RD Gateway server on the CONTOSO-CLNT computer 1. Log on to CONTOSO-CLNT as CONTOSO\Administrator. 2. Open the Certificates snap-in console by doing the following: a. Click Start, click Run, type mmc and then click OK. b. On the File menu, click Add/Remove Snap-in. c. In the Add or Remove Snap-ins dialog box, in the Available snap-ins list, click Certificates, and then click Add. d. In the Certificates snap-in dialog box, click Computer account, and then click Next. e. In the Select Computer dialog box, click Local computer: (the computer this console is running on), and then click Finish. 11

f.

In the Add or Remove snap-ins dialog box, click OK.

3. In the Certificates snap-in console, in the console tree, expand Certificates (Local Computer), and then click Personal. 4. Right-click the Personal folder, point to All Tasks, and then click Import. 5. On the Welcome to the Certificate Import Wizard page, click Next. 6. On the File to Import page, in the File name box, click Browse, and then browse to the location where you copied the SSL certificate for the RD Gateway server. From the file type drop-down list, select All Files (*.*). Select the certificate RDG-SRV.pfx, click Open, and then click Next. 7. On the Password page, in the Password box, enter 123, verify that the Include all extended properties check box is selected, and then click Next. 8. On the Certificate Store page, accept the default option (Place all certificates in the following store - Trusted Root Certification Authorities), and then click Next. 9. On the Completing the Certificate Import Wizard page, confirm that the correct certificate has been selected and that the following certificate settings appear: Certificate Store Selected by User: Trusted Root Certification Authorities Content: PFX File Name: FilePath\RDG-SRV.pfx.

10. Click Finish. 11. After the certificate import has successfully completed, a message appears confirming that the import was successful. Click OK. 12. With Certificates selected in the console tree, in the details pane, verify that the correct certificate appears in the list of certificates on the CONTOSO-CLNT computer. The certificate must be under the Personal store of the local computer. 13. Log off from the CONTOSO-CLNT computer. To connect to RDSH-SRV with RDC by using RDG-SRV 1. Log on to CONTOSO-CLNT as Morgan Skinner. 2. Click Start, point to All Programs, point to Accessories, and then click Remote Desktop Connection. 3. In the Remote Desktop Connection dialog box, click Options. 4. On the Advanced tab, click Settings. 5. On the RD Gateway Server Settings page, click Use these RD Gateway server settings, enter the following settings, and then click OK. Server name: RDG-SRV.contoso.com Logon method: Allow me to select later Bypass RD Gateway server for local addresses: Clear check box

6. On the General tab, in the Computer box, type rdsh-srv, and then click Connect. 12

7. In the Windows Security dialog box, type the password for contoso\mskinner, and then click OK. 8. If the connection is successful, a Windows desktop will appear on the screen for RDSH-SRV. You have successfully deployed and demonstrated the functionality of RD Gateway on Remote Desktop Services by using the simple scenario of connecting to an RD Session Host server by using RD Gateway with an authorized remote user account by using Remote Desktop Connection. You can also use this deployment to explore some of the additional capabilities of Remote Desktop Services through additional configuration and testing.

13

Recommended

View more >