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  • Demystifying Dyslexia:

    Riverside County Office of Education Special Education Legal Series

    October 19, 2017

    Presented By:

    Summer D. Dalessandro

    Karin M. Anderson

  • SUMMER D. DALESSANDRO | San Diego LozanoSmith.com

    SUMMER D. DALESSANDRO PARTNER sdalessandro@lozanosmith.com

    9444 Waples Street, Suite 285 San Diego, CA 92121

    T 858.909.9002 | F 858.909.9022

    EDUCATION J.D., University of San Diego School of Law

    B.A., Cornell University

    PRACTICE AREAS Special Education Students Charter Schools Labor & Employment

    BAR ADMISSION California, 2004 Minnesota, 2007

    OVERVIEW Summer D. Dalessandro is the Managing Partner of Lozano Smith's San Diego office. Ms. Dalessandro began her legal career with the firm in 2005. She is a noted education law attorney, representing K-12 school districts throughout the state in administrative hearings, federal court appeals, mediations, and the special education IEP process. In addition to special education matters, her practice encompasses the full spectrum of student-related, charter school, labor and employment, and board governance issues that school districts face.

    Prior to joining the firm in 2005, Ms. Dalessandro served as a law clerk for Judge Robert E. May in the Superior Court of California, County of San Diego.

    PRESENTER EXPERIENCE Ms. Dalessandro is a skilled trainer, lending her knowledge of educational issues to presentations in many areas of education law, including all aspects of student discipline, special education, investigations, and the Brown Act. She has presented before the California Council of School Attorneys (CCSA), Association of California School Administrators (ACSA), California Association of School Business Officials (CASBO) and California Association of Supervisors of Child Welfare and Attendance (CASCWA), among many others.

    EDUCATION She received her J.D. from the University of San Diego School of Law and studied abroad in the area of international and comparative constitutional law at Oxford University. She received her B.A. from Cornell University. Ms. Dalessandro was admitted to the California State Bar in 2004, and is also admitted to practice law in the state of Minnesota.

    COURT ADMISSIONS Ms. Dalessandro is admitted to practice before the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals and the Southern, Central, and Northern Districts of California.

  • KARIN M. ANDERSON | San Diego LozanoSmith.com

    KARIN M. ANDERSON ASSOCIATE kanderson@lozanosmith.com

    9444 Waples Street, Suite 285 San Diego, CA 92121

    T 858.909.9002 | F 858.909.9022

    EDUCATION J.D., University of San Diego, School of Law

    B.A., University of California, San Diego

    PRACTICE AREAS Labor & Employment Special Education Students

    BAR ADMISSION California, 2011

    OVERVIEW Karin M. Anderson is an Associate in Lozano Smith's San Diego Office. Ms. Anderson specializes in the Labor and Employment, Special Education and Student aspects of educational law

    ADDITIONAL EXPERIENCE Prior to joining Lozano Smith, Ms. Anderson served as Staff Attorney at the Center for Education Policy and Law in San Diego, where she performed substantial research to draft reports regarding various issues in education law. She also served as a summer law clerk with the legal services office of the San Diego Unified School District

    EDUCATION Ms. Anderson received her Juris Doctor degree from University of San Diego School of Law. As a student, she earned several awards, including the Highest Grade in Class Award for "Tax I" and "Employment Discrimination", High Pass Award for "Lawyering Skills I", and earned the Honor Scholarship for the 20102011 academic year. Ms. Anderson graduated from the University of California, San Diego with a Bachelor of Science in Psychology.

    COMMUNITY INVOLVEMENT Ms. Anderson regularly volunteers as a mentor to local high school students, providing guidance to help students achieve success in their education and college and career preparation.

  • Demystifying

    Dyslexia

    Riverside County Office of Education

    Special Education Legal Series

    October 19, 2017

    Presented By:

    Summer D. Dalessandro

    Karin M. Anderson

    Agenda

    Background: Terms & AB 1369

    California Dyslexia Guidelines

    Assessments

    Eligibility & FAPE

    2

    Background:

    Terms & AB 1369

    1

  • -

    Dyslexia & Related Terms

    Not defined in IDEA or Education Code

    CDE definition: SLD that is neurobiological in origin

    Difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition

    Poor spelling and decoding abilities

    Typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language

    Problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading

    experience that can impede growth of vocabulary and

    background knowledge

    (International Dyslexia Association)

    4

    Dyslexia & Related Terms

    Dyslexia is an alternative term

    used to refer to a pattern of

    learning difficulties characterized

    by problems with accurate or

    fluent word recognition, poor

    decoding, and poor spelling

    abilities. (DSM V, p. 67.)

    5

    Dyslexia & Related Terms

    Dyscalculia Dysgraphia

    Brain disorder Difficulty with handwriting

    Severe difficulty in making Impacts ability to express arithmetical calculations ideas

    Numbers and math Where to put pencil and concepts how to form letters

    Math learning disability Student forgets what he or or math dyslexia she meant to express

    6

    2

  • Dyslexia & Related Terms

    Phonological Processing Distinguish sounds at the syllable, word, and

    sentence level

    Auditory processing most strongly related to

    mastering reading and written language

    Impairs ability to segment written word into

    phonological components

    7

    AB 1369 Legislative Concerns

    Students not found eligible

    IEP team misstatements

    Lack of education

    8

    AB 1369

    Educ. Code 56334

    Phonological processing added to definition of SLD

    Educ. Code 56335

    Requires state to develop guidelines

    9

    3

  • AB 1369 Potential Consequences

    Identify more students as eligible for special education

    Existing federal regulations define SLD as:

    a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological

    processes . . ., including conditions such as

    perceptual disabilities, brain injury, minimal brain

    dysfunction, dyslexia, and developmental aphasia.

    (34 C.F.R. 300.8(c)(10).)

    Are Districts seeing increase in SLD eligibility due to dyslexia?

    10

    AB 1369

    Phonological processing now referenced in CA definition of SLD

    Disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language,

    spoken or written:

    attention,

    visual processing,

    auditory processing,

    phonological processing,

    sensory-motor skills,

    cognitive abilities. (5 C.C.R. 3030(b)(10).) 11

    AB 1369

    State Guidelines for Dyslexia

    Assistance to identify, assess and educate students

    Guidelines to address:

    Educational Services

    evidence based, multisensory, direct, explicit, structured and sequential approach to instruction pupils who have dyslexia

    Characteristics

    Remediation Strategies

    Information to distinguish dyslexia vs. normal development (Educ. Code 56335.)

    12

    4

  • 2017 California Dyslexia Guidelines

    CA Dyslexia Guidelines

    Signs of Dyslexia

    Children with dyslexia may have trouble with:

    - Reading fluently

    - Rhyming

    - Spelling

    - Learning a foreign language

    - Recognizing sight words

    14

    CA Dyslexia Guidelines

    Students Reading Below Basic

    Achievement Levels 90%

    80%

    70%

    60%

    50%

    40%

    30%

    20%

    10%

    0%

    in CA Nationally

    4th Graders 4th Graders with disabilities

    15

    5

  • CA Dyslexia Guidelines

    Universal Screening

    MTSS/Rtl Assessment/IEP

    16

    CA Dyslexia Guidelines

    Universal screening of all students, beginning in kindergarten

    General education teachers, reading specialists, RtI specialists

    Evidence-based and user-friendly

    Areas to include?

    17

    CA Dyslexia Guidelines

    This figure is viewable on the

    California Department of

    Education Website.

    18

    6

    http://www.cde.ca.gov/ci/cr/ri/mtsscomprti2.asp

  • l

    i

    i

    i i

    CA Dyslexia Guidelines

    Dont forget!

    Developmental, medical, family, and school history

    Teacher reports, self-reports, parent-reports

    Social and emotional status

    Current classroom performance

    English language proficiency*

    19

    CA Dyslexia Guidelines

    Teaching Strategies

    Evidence-based

    Instruction

    Structured Literacy Instruction

    Accommodations

    Progress Monitoring

    20

    21

    CA Dyslexia Guidelines

    Accommodations

    Reducing homework

    calcu ator

    aud obook

    Text to speech

    Extra t me

    Graphic organizers

    Word pred ct on software

    7

  • CA Dyslexia Guidelines

    Assistive Technology

    Used to maintain or

    improve functional

    capabilities

    IE

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