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  • DEMOGRAPHICS

  • The Demographics of AgingPopulation Trends in the United StatesFigure 1.1 Population demographics for 2000

  • Figure 1.2 Population demographics for 2025The Demographics of AgingPopulation Trends in the United States

  • Figure 1.3 Population demographics for 2050The Demographics of AgingPopulation Trends in the United States

  • Figure 1.4 Population demographics for 2100The Demographics of AgingPopulation Trends in the United States

  • Diversity of Older Adults in the U.S.Figure 1.5 Population trends for minorities

  • Did You Know?The older population (65+) numbered 37.3 million in 2006, an increase of 3.4 million or 10% since 1996The number of Americans aged 45-64 who will reach 65 over the next two decades increased by 39% during this decadeSince 1990, the percentage of Americans 65+ has tripled

  • Did You Know?About one in every eight of the population is an older AmericanOver 2.2 million celebrated their 65th birthday in 2006Older women outnumber older men at 21.6 million to 15.7 millionThe 85+ population is projected to increase to 8.9 million in 2030In 2004, persons reaching 65 had an average life expectancy of an additional 18. 7 years

  • Indicator 1 Number of Older Americans

  • Indicator 1 Number of Older Americans

  • Indicator 2 Racial and Ethnic Composition

  • Indicator 3 Marital Status

  • Indicator 4 Educational Attainment

  • Indicator 7 Poverty

  • Indicator 8 Income

  • Indicator 10 Net Worth

  • Indicator 10 Net Worth

  • Indicator 14 Life Expectancy

  • Indicator 15 Mortality

  • Indicator 16 Chronic Health Conditions

  • Indicator 17 Sensory Impairments and Oral Health

  • Indicator 18 Respondent-Assessed Health Status

  • Indicator 24 Physical Activity

    Image of cover page of Older Americans 2008: Key Indicators of Well Being.Population Section divider pageThis chart for Indicator 1 - Number of Older Americans shows the large growth of the population 65 and older from 1900 to 2006 and the even greater projected growth from 2006 to 2050. It also shows the growing numbers of persons 85 and older and their large projected growth to 2050. This map chart for indicator 1 - Number of Older Americans shows the percentage of persons 65 and older by county. The highest percentages are in rural areas of the central and western part of the country, some areas of the eastern states, and Florida. This chart of Indicator 2 - Racial and Ethnic Composition shows the strong projected growth of the minority older population which will reach 39 percent of the 65 and over population in 2050. Black elderly are project to grow to 12 percent in 2050 and Hispanic elderly are projected to grow to 18 percent. This chart of Indicator 3 - Marital Status shows that most older men are married but a lower percent of older women are married. These percentages of married elderly decline with aging, especially among women. Over half of older women aged 75 to 85 are widows and 76 percent of those over 85. This chart for Indicator 4 - Educational Attainment shows the growing increase in the number of persons over 65 who are high school graduates about 76 percent in 2007. The percent of college graduates is also increasing although it is much lower.

    Economics Section divider pageThis chart for Indicator 7 Poverty shows that the percentages of persons 65 and over who are below poverty has decrease from about 40 percent in 1959 to about 9 percent in 2006. In recent years this percentage has been around 10 percent. This chart for Indicator 8 Income shows the decline from 1974 to 2006 in the percentage of persons 65 and over who are in poverty or are low income and the increase in the high and middle income groups. This chart for Indicator 10 - Net Worth shows the increase in median household net worth for white and Black older person from 1984 to 2005. However, the net worth of white elderly remains substantially higher. This chart for Indicator 10 - Net Worth shows that older persons with higher levels of educational attainment show higher levels of median household net worth. Health Status Section divider page

    This chart for Indicator 14 - Life Expectancy shows the steady increase in life expectancy at ages 65 and 85 for men and women from 1900 to 2004. This chart for Indicator 15 Mortality shows a steep in deaths from heart disease from 1981 to 2004 but much less or no decreases for other major causes of death. This chart for Indicator 16 - Chronic Health Conditions shows the percent of men and women reporting selected chronic conditions. Over half of men and women reported hypertension with arthritis and heart disease as the next most common conditions. This chart for Indicator 17 - Sensory Impairments and Oral Health shows that in 2006 48 percent of men and 35 percent of women reported any trouble seeing; 16 and 18 percent respectively reported any trouble seeing, and 27 and 25 percent respectively report that they had no natural teeth.This chart for Indicator 18 - Respondent-Assessed Health Status shows that the percent of persons over 65 who report good to excellent health declines with age and that non-Hispanic whites report higher levels than non-Hispanic Blacks and Hispanics. Health Risks and Behaviors Section divider pageThis chart for Indicator 24 - Physical Activity shows that in 20052006, 22 percent of people age 65 and over reported engaging in regular leisure time physical activity. The percentage of older people engaging in regular physical activity was lower at older ages, ranging from 26 percent among people age 6574 to 10 percent among people age 85 and over. There was no signicant change in the percentage reporting physical activity between 1997 and 2006.

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