Definition of landscape planning

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<ul><li><p>Landscape Planning, l(l974) 105-110 o Elsevier Scientific Publishing Company, Amsterdam - Printed in The Netherlands </p><p>Views and Ideas </p><p>The section uiews and ideas is intended for short contributions, within the scope of the journal, which are not research papers or fullbodied review articles. These may be brief reports on current trends, ideas for research topics, critical notes, discussions of published works (other than book reviews), background information to understanding problems encountered in landscape planning and management, etc. Submission of manu- scripts by readers of the journal is welcomed. </p><p>DEFINITION OF LANDSCAPE PLANNING </p><p>It serves a useful purpose to refer in the first issue of a journal called Landscape Planning to a definition of the subject field. The one below has been prepared by the Landscape Planning Commission (now: Environmental Planning Commission) of the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) : </p><p>Landscape planning is a continuing process that strives to make the best use for mankind of the limited area of the earths surface while conserving its productivity and beauty. </p><p>Its aim is to reconcile the needs of competing land uses and to incorporate them into a landscape in which mans civilizations can prosper without de- stroying the natural and cultural resources on which societies are founded. </p><p>Based on an understanding of the nature and potential of landscape, it endeavours to conserve and create the widest diversity, which implies a land- scape capable of multiple use; in a way, it is creative conservation, since it may involve deliberate modification of existing landscapes. </p><p>The basis of landscape planning is survey and analysis. They are as impor- tant a component of basic planning as the more widely recognized methods used in economic and social development. Data on the physical features of the land are recorded and their interaction or interdependence are assessed. Various specialists concerned with climate, water resources, geology and soils, topography, the living content of the landscape, scenic qualities and visual landscape characteristics, features of special scientific or cultural significance, as well as the effect on all these of human interventions, are involved in this compilation. Survey and analysis should always precede the design process. </p><p>This approach is essential if development, management and maintenance of a landscape are to be guided to create a healthy environment and viable landscapes in which the long-term interests of mankind always prevail and in which a choice of further development is left for future generations. </p><p>V. Vanicek Brno, Czechoslovakia </p></li></ul>

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