defense!!!!!! emotions/ road rage communicating space cushion changing lanes passing/ being passed...
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Slide 2 Slide 3 DEFENSE!!!!!! Slide 4 Slide 5 Emotions/ Road Rage Communicating Space Cushion Changing Lanes Passing/ Being Passed Following Distance Inclement Weather/ Road Conditions City vs. Country Driving Night Driving Slide 6 What is Defensive Driving? Driving in a way that keeps you as a driver safe and the other drivers and passengers on the road safe as well. It involves being alert in all different types of situations on the road. Slide 7 Preventing Accidents Most accidents are caused by Driver Error The error may be yours or the other drivers. Slide 8 Preventing Accidents Reduce chances of accident by following this formula... #1--- BE ALERT Never think the other driver will not make a mistake #2--- BE PREPARED Learn how to have a good reaction time #3--- ACT IN TIME Try not to panic. Dont get nervous, stay calm, cool, and collected Slide 9 Avoid DISTRACTIONS & MULTI-TASKING Try it in your seats!!!!! Slide 10 Smoking should not be doing that anyway. Slide 11 Watching children or pets in the car Slide 12 Eating while driving Slide 13 The most common of all! Slide 14 Using a cellular phone Slide 15 Distractions!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Changing a CD Checking out your brand new head unit Getting that perfect song on your ipod Tuning the right radio stations Programming your GPS Slide 16 Get a good nights sleep Dont take medicines that can cause drowsiness Do not drive long hours Take rest stops even if you arent tired Switch drivers Do not stare Chew gum or sing with radio Open window for fresh air Trance-like/ hypnotic state resulting from driving long hours on a monotonous, non-scenic road such as a highway. HOW TO AVOID Slide 17 How does one drive defensively? Make sure everyone in the car is secured (wear seatbelts). Do not drive under the influence. Drive at the speed limit. Be aware of what other drivers on the road are doing, so you can react to them easily. Slide 18 How to drive defensively Follow the laws that control the roads do not tailgate abide by and anticipate the changing of the traffic lights read and follow road signs. Make sure your car is safe and all parts are maintained. Slide 19 Why should one drive defensively? 41,000 people die each year from motor vehicle accidents. Over two million people receive disabling injuries from motor vehicle accidents each year. It is the drivers responsibility to protect yourself and others on the road by driving defensively. Slide 20 Road Rage Causes Symptoms How to protect yourself Slide 21 What are they? Slide 22 Slide 23 Left Turn Slide 24 Slide 25 Right Turn Slide 26 Slow and/or Stop Slide 27 Slide 28 Here are the steps for making a lane change: 1. Check mirrors for a space in traffic where you can enter safely. 2.Check blind spot by looking over your shoulder in the direction of the lane change. Signal that you want to move left or right. 3.Check again to make sure the way is clear and that no one is coming too fast from behind or from two lanes over on a multi-lane road. 4.Steer gradually into the new lane. Do not slow down - maintain the same speed or gently increase it. Changing Lanes Slide 29 Space Cushion Slide 30 SPACE CUSHION Space between your car and others on all sides. The space between you and other vehicles gives you time to react in emergencies. Space cushion between desks? Slide 31 Passing on the Left Your lane has a solid yellow center line. You cannot safely return to the right lane before reaching a solid yellow centerline for the right line. You cannot safely return to the right lane before any approaching vehicle comes within 200 feet of you. You are approaching a curve or the crest of a hill on a two-way road and cannot see around or over it. You are within 100 feet of a railroad crossing on a two-way roadway. You are within 100 feet of a bridge or tunnel on a two-way road and your view is obstructed. Passing will interfere with oncoming traffic. DO NOT Pass if Slide 32 Why is it important to keep a safe following distance? The space provides motorists with time to react in case of an emergency or sudden shift in traffic flow. Increased reaction time helps drivers avoid accidents. Slide 33 The Wrong Thing To Do: Tailgating Tailgating is following too closely being the vehicle directly in front. Tailgating is dangerous because it decreases a drivers time to react. Slide 34 Tailgating Slide 35 There are two methods drivers can use to determine a safe following distance. Slide 36 One Car-Length Method Keep at least one car length (about 20 feet) for each ten miles per hour of speed During bad weather or at higher speeds, increase following distance Slide 37 You Speed: 30 mph Road Condition: Ideal 3 Car Lengths (about 60 feet) Slide 38 Two-Second Rule This rule takes into account the traveling speeds of the two cars. It can help develop good judgment for proper following distances. During bad weather, the two second rule should be increased to four or more seconds. Slide 39 How to: 1. Choose a fixed object such as a sign or a tree, ahead of the car directly in front of you. 2. Make sure the object does not cause any distraction 3. At least two seconds should elapse between the two cars passing the sign or tree. Slide 40 ObjectYou Slide 41 Count One Two Slide 42 Object You Slide 43 vs. Slide 44 What is the best thing to do in bad weather? It is best not to drive! = But if you have too Slide 45 Before driving in cold weather (snow) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5XzIcGr4S2Q&play next=1&list=PL61BBA0BBFD412110&index=10http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5XzIcGr4S2Q&play next=1&list=PL61BBA0BBFD412110&index=10 Let the vehicle warm up Remove all snow and ice from the car (including the roof). Always make sure the vehicle has windshield wiper fluid. In New Jersey, motorists are liable if ice flies from a vehicle and causes death, injury, or property damage. Use studded snow tires for better traction from Nov 15 th April 1 st. Slide 46 When driving in the rain Turn on windshield wipers. WIPERS ON, LIGHTS ON! Allow additional stopping distance. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GxwgH GCrrS4&feature=autoplay&list=PL61BBA0 BBFD412110&index=12&playnext=2http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GxwgH GCrrS4&feature=autoplay&list=PL61BBA0 BBFD412110&index=12&playnext=2 Slide 47 During the first few minutes of rainfall, road surfaces are the most slippery. Hydroplaning 35 mph and up- contact with road surface is like a windshield wiper Like water skiing At about 55mph the tire will lose control with the road. No friction to brake Slide 48 When driving in fog Slow down in patches of fog Turn on your low beam headlights or fog lights why? Turn on your defroster and windshield wipers Be alert for surrounding traffic In heavy fog, roll all your windows down (one can hear cars before you see them) Slide 49 Slide 50 Night Driving 90% of driving decisions are made based on observations..At night vision is reduced Slow down Be sure you can stop within the distance you can see ahead Drive within the range of headlights 500 feet-- high beams 350 feet-- low beams Slide 51 Dangers People Drinking and Driving Reckless Driving Inexperience Elderly (poor eyesight) Slide 52 Night Driving Slide 53 Danger Conditions/Weather Few or no street lights Windy/poorly maintained roads Deer/animals run towards oncoming cars Slide 54 Danger Mechanical Dirty lights/windshields/mirrors Wrong mirror angle Slide 55 Stats Traffic death rates are 3X as high at night than during the day 50 yr. old drivers need twice as much light to see as well as a 30 yr. old driver When smoking, the nicotine and carbon monoxide hamper night vision On average, 45% of all car accidents with fatalities were the result of drunk driving Slide 56 Sources Images: http://www.flickr.com/photos/sovietuk/5861614/ http://www.flickr.com/photos/ottoman42/24385675/in/set-569819/ http://www.flickr.com/photos/pbo31/143596412/ http://www.flickr.com/photos/fish_at_taipei/198024832/ http://www.flickr.com/photos/miika/216440150/ http://www.flickr.com/photos/pbo31/183862233/ http://www.trucks.about.com/.../l/bl_ramsrt10_8.htm http://www.uniqueshoppes.com/rafflecorvette http://www.autobarthobraat.nl/productssimple1.html http://images.google.com/ http://www.whatisnext.co.uk/files/night_driving_1280x1024.jpg http://www.mpi.mb.ca/Images/WFPColumn/NightDriving.gif http://www.keacher.com/photos/images/small/1079591066.jpg Information: New Jersey. Motor Vehicle Commission. New Jersey Driver Manual. New Jersey, 2006. http://www.nhtsa.dot.gov/people/injury/research/Aggressionwisc/chapter_1.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intermittent_explosive_disorder http://www.state.nj.us/lps/p80418a.htm http://www.state.nj.us/mvc/pdf/Licenses/Driver%20Manual/Chapter_5.pdf http://nydmv.state.ny.us/dmanual/chapter06-manual.htm http://www.drivingschool.ca/drivereducation/page6.html Driving in Bad Weather. Bergen County Office of Emergency Management. 2005. 16 November 2006. http://www.bcoemorg/driving.htm Safe Communities of Wright County. Concentrate on Driving. 2006. 16 November 2006. http://www.safecomm.org/inclement_weather.htm http://www.nsc.org/library/facts/nightdr.htm http://www.roadandtravel.com/safetyandsecurity/nightperils.html