day one: the folklore tradition & their eyes were watching god ms. boehm ap language & composition...

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  • Slide 1
  • DAY ONE: THE FOLKLORE TRADITION & THEIR EYES WERE WATCHING GOD MS. BOEHM AP LANGUAGE & COMPOSITION Florida, the inner melting pot of the great melting pot America. --ZNH
  • Slide 2
  • INVESTIGATING THE FOLKLORE TRADITION Zora Neale Hurston's fiction sings (sometimes literally!) with the sounds, songs, and stories of the Southern black folk tradition. Their Eyes Were Watching God, often acclaimed Hurston's masterpiece, is perhaps the richest beneficiary of her work as a folklorist: its evocation of picking in the jook joint (bar), playing the dozens (spoken insult game, think roasting), and petitioning root doctors (doctors who used roots, potion, and spell remedies) shows a compelling combination of cultural reality and lively setting and characterization. Why is this important? Relationship between place, tradition, history, and story (purpose & audience) To understand both as formal analysts of voice and style and as historians of literature the crucial role of oral folklore in Hurstons writing This will help us to better understand/analyze TEWWG and write our own folktale
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  • THE BASICS OF FOLKLORE Culture Everything that human beings do that isnt motivated solely by natural instinct Sleeping is a natural instinct, sleeping using a pillow is cultural Describes groups of individuals who share common cultural traits but who differ in some way(s) from members of other such groups Tradition Meaningful cultural behavior (or lore) that exhibits continuity in time often over several generations and continuity in space (or among the folk, because by space we mean the people within a folk group) Narrative A story of any kind involving both plot and characters
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  • THE BASICS OF FOLKLORE Orality A quality of anything that is spoken, chanted, recited, sung, or read aloud rather than written down or read quietly. Most folktales are oral in nature, or were once upon a time. Why does oral language matter? Oral language shows a conversation which contains more than just the written word. In oral language, it is easier to hear voice. Performance An essential artistic dimension of orality The traditional rendition of a piece of folklore Includes features such as tone of voice, dynamics, pacing, interaction with an audience, gestures, and costume
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  • DEFINING FOLKLORE Folklore The traditional beliefs, myths, tales, and practices of a people These beliefs have usually been spread from person to person in an informal matter, such as word of mouth Folk or Folk Group Any two or more people who share at least one significant cultural thing in common Lore or Traditional Culture Traditional behavior or material shared by members of a folk group E.g. narratives, costumes, beliefs, customs, music, dance
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  • REVISITING GENRE Genre A category of artistic composition, as in music or literature, characterized by similarities in form, style, or subject matter Within the Folklore tradition, there are many genres Folktales Folk song Folk art
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  • DEFINING FOLKTALE Folktale A story or legend forming part of an oral tradition. Folktales possess many or all of the following characteristics: Generally part of the oral tradition of a group Passed down from one generation to another Take on the characteristics of the time and place in which they are told Sometimes take on the personality of the storyteller Speak to universal and timeless themes Try to make sense of our existence, help humans cope with the world, or explain the origin of something
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  • TYPES OF FOLKTALES Tall Tale An extravagant, fanciful, or greatly exaggerate story Usually focuses on the achievements of the ultimate hero Myth Traditional, typically ancient stories dealing with supernatural beings, ancestors, or heroes that serves as a fundamental type in the worldview of a people Legend A traditional tale handed down from earlier times and believed to have a historical basis Fable A short narrative making a moral point Often employs animals with human characteristics as the main characters Fairy tale A fanciful tale of legendary deeds and creatures usually intended for children
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  • THE FOLKLORE TRADITION & ZORA The Federal Writers Project (FWP) A U.S. federal government project to fund written work and support writers during the Great Depression Part of the Works Progress Administration (WPA), a New Deal program FDR and the 3 Rs: Relief, Recovery, and Reform FWP creates the Joint Committee on Folk Arts Planned an expedition to the southeastern United States to record the songs and stories that WPA workers had uncovered Zoras name was brought up to cover Florida due to her extensive knowledge of the state X
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  • THE FOLKLORE TRADITION & ZORA Proposed Recording Expedition Into the Floridas Response to the request of FWP A synthesis of what Hurston termed the inner melting pot of the great melting pot America Divides Florida into four sub-regions: The tobacco and corn growing area of northwest Florida The maritime and shipping district of the eastern seaboard The vegetable growing lands of central Florida The foreign culture area of south Florida Each sub-region reveals a unique influence of place, tradition, history and story X
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  • PROPOSED RECORDING EXPEDITION INTO THE FLORIDAS AREA II De Capn cant read, de Capn cant write How does he know that the time is right? I asked me Capn what de time of day He got mad and throwed his watch away. (Sung by Willie Joe Roberts, Jacksonville, FL.) X
  • Slide 12
  • PROPOSED RECORDING EXPEDITION INTO THE FLORIDAS AREA II From the St. Marys River, which is the Georgia Florida boundary line, to Gainesville on the south and from Lake City to the Atlantic Ocean is northeast Florida. In this area we have a conglomerate of many cultures. There is the Georgia Alabama Cracker with his farms and cows, his old-English traditions and ways. But here also are the descendants of the great old English, French, and Spanish families and their monuments and culture. *** In this same area there are men like old Pap Drummond of Fernandina who tell tales of the pirates who roamed the Spanish Main and tell of buried treasures. Pap Drummond lives in his shack on the outskirts of Fernandina with his family of rattlesnakes rustling now and then in their dugout near at hand, and draws a long bow on the lawless men of the skull and crossbones of yesteryear. He claims to have aided in the last recovery of pirate treasure. The term "Cracker," while now more widely known as a derogatory term for rural whites, has a more specific--and less insulting--definition in Florida. The Florida Crackers are whites of Celtic descent who first settled South Florida around the mid-eighteenth century. Crackers usually migrated to the Florida Everglades from Alabama, Georgia, and the Carolinas, drawn to the fertile land for ranching and farming, and to the peninsula's plentiful resources for fishing. X
  • Slide 13
  • PROPOSED RECORDING EXPEDITION INTO THE FLORIDAS SUMMARY There is not a state in the Union with as much to record in a musical, folklore, social-ethnic way as Florida has No other state in the Union has had the history of races blended and contending. Nowhere else is there such a variety of materials. Florida is still a frontier with its varying elements still unassimilated. There is still an opportunity to observe the wombs of folk culture still heavy with life. Recordings in Florida will be like backtracking a large part of the United States, Europe, and Africa, for these elements have been attracted here and brought a gift to Florida culture each in its own way. The drums throb: Africa by way of Haiti and Martinique; Africa by way of Central and South America. Old Spain speaks through many interpreters. Old England speaks through black, white, and intermediate lips. Florida, the inner melting pot of the great melting pot America. X
  • Slide 14
  • WHATS YOUR STORY? Assignment: create your own folktale Our focus for the assignment: Folklore Characters and story Language use Why folktales? I write to discover what I know Flannery OConnor Our folklore tradition helps us to find our voice in writing Voice in writing is a highly regarded and impressive skill that will aid in your success on both the AP exam and writing in general
  • Slide 15
  • BRAINSTORMING-- FOLK What folk traditions and folk groups do you belong to? Remember the definition of a folk group Two or more people who share one common factor Instructions: Write down at least 10 folk groups that you belong to Some ideas Gender Family Class Age Interests
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  • BRAINSTORMING-- LORE Looking at your list of folk groups, identify different traditions that unite that specific folk group If you can, categorize the different traditions or lore Folk narrative Folk beliefs Folk costumes
  • Slide 17
  • YOUR FOLKLORE TRADITION Looking at your Folk and Lore brainstorming Create a folktale by first identifying the following components Folklore Purpose, audience, and setting Evidence or history of a folk group (folk) and their traditions (lore) Characters and story Social relationships, conflicts, dialogue and narrative Language use Style, voice, orality, language conventions (punctuation, grammar) Overall, keep in mind the place, tradition, history, and story
  • Slide 18
  • FOLKTALE ASSIGNMENT Component 1: Your folktale (Due on _____date of your performance____) 1-2 pages in length (typed is pre