Databases , Emerging ICT for Libraries, ICT and Libraries

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Five laws of library science and emerging databases

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  • 1. FIVE LAWS OF LIBRARYSCIENCEAND EMERGING DATABASE TECHNOLOGIESBY :PARDEEP RATTANLibrarianGovernment College, Phase- VI,Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar (Pb.)pardeeprattan@ymail.com 1

2. PRESENTATION AGENDA1. OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY2. INTRODUCTION3. DATA,INFORMATION,DBMS4. RANGANATHANS FIVE LAWS IN DIGITAL ERA5. EMERGINGING DATABASE TECHNOLOGIES5.1 INTERNET DATABASES5.2 WEB DATABASES5.3 DIGITAL LIBRARIES5.4 MULTI-MEDIA DATABASES5.5 MOBILE DATABASES5.6 GEOGRAPHICAL AND SPATIAL DATABASES6. EXAMPLES OF DATABASES & SEARCH ENGINES2 3. 1. OBJECTIVE TO STUDY THE RELEVANCE OF FIVE LAWS OFLIBRARY SCIENCE IN MODERN DIGITAL ERA TO INTRODUCE LIBRARY PROFESSIONALSWITH SOME OF THE DATABASETECHNOLOGIES EFFICIENTLY USED INLIBRARY AND INFORMATION CENTRES 3 4. 2. INTRODUCTION INROADS BY COMPUTER AND OTHERCOMPONENTS OF ICT INFORMATION SOCIETY, INFORMATIONNEEDS : VARIED & ON THE RISE LIBRARIES FROM STATIC TO LIVEENTITIES, DOORSTEP OF THE USER, 24x7FUNCTIONAL WITHOUT BARRIERS OF BRICKS/WALLS andTIME QUICK, EFFICINET, PERTINENT POSSIBLE BECAUSE OF ICT and DATABASETECHNOLOGIES 4 5. 3. DATA, INFORMATION, DATABASE &DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM(DBMS) DATA : RAW FACTS WHICH CAN BE PROCESSED INTOACCURATE & RELEVANT INFORMATION INFORMATION : DATA THAT HAS BEEN PROCESSED OROPERATED ON BY COMPUTATION especially by adevice like computer DATABASE : A COLLECTION OF DATA OR FILES SERVINGAS A DATA RESOURCE FOR COMPUTER BASEDINFORMATION SYSTEM DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM : A COLLECTION OFINTERRELATED DATA AND A SET OF PROGRAM TOACCESS THE DATABASEData and information are closely related in the sense that information is processed, organised or summarised data. 5 6. 4.FIVE LAWS AND DIGITAL ERA 1. Online resources are available when Law 1) Books are and where needed,for use 2. Effective use of E resources prove Law 2) Every that wherever thereader his/her relevant material isbook available in the network that can be Law 3) Every accessed.book its reader 3. WWW, Law 4) Saves Networking,the time of theSharing and libraryreader Consortia , Law 5) A library 4. Multidimensional key word searchingis a growing options,organism 5. No boundary and barrier of time/anytime anywhere6 7. 5.EMERGING DATABASE TECHNOLOGIES WHY ? EFFICIENT MANAGEMENT OF INFORMATION FILTERATION EXTRACTION BY ACTING AS A REPOSITORYOF INFORMATION WITHIN ORGANISATIONSINFORMATION SYSTEM COLLECTION,PROCESSING,STORING,ANALYSIS: DISSEMINATION 7 8. 5.1 INTERNET DATABASES INTERNET IS AN SELF REGULATED NETWORKOF COMPUTER NETWORKS CONNECTINGMILLIONS OF INFORMATION CENTRES,BUSINESSES, INDIVIDUALS, GOVT. AGENCIES,EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS AND OTHERORGANISATIONS ALL OVER THE GLOBE. RESULTED IN THE EMERGENCE OF WWWWHICH ALLOWED THE USER TO HAVE DIRECTACCESS TO DATABASES VAST WEB OF ELECTRONIC NETWORKS :INFORMATION SUPERHIGHWAY 8 9. INTERNET APPLICATIONS DISCOVERY : BROWSING,INF. RETREIVAL, DOWNLOADS COMMUNICATION : INF. TRANSFER, EMAIL, CHAT & DISCUSSION GROUPS COLLABORATION : B/W INDIVIDUALS,GROUPS, ORGANISATIONS(teleconferencing, resource sharing,screen sharing..) 9 10. 5.2 WEB DATABASES WWW or W3 the WEB is Not a synonym ofinternet but an APPLICATION OFINTERNET Internet acts as a transport mechanism MOST POWERFUL COLLABORATIVENETWORKED INFORMATIONDATABASE HANDLES ALL TYPES OFDIGITALINFORMATION : text,hypermedia, graphics, sounds STORES,RETREIVES,FORMATS andDISPLAYS INFORMATION contd. 10 11. WEB IT IS THE SYSTEM OFDATABASESINTERLINKED HYPERTEXT MULTIMEDIA DOCUMENTSMOST WIDELYUSED WEB 1.0 : BASED ON FTPWEB BROWSERS AND WAS A READ ONLY WEB INTERNETEXPLORER WEB 2.0 : READ & WRITE WEB WITH USERNETSCAPECOMMUNICATION/NAVIGATORINTERACTION MOZILA WEB3.0 : SEMANTIC WEB, COLLABORATION OF CONTENTS. MORE LINKAGES & TAGGING WEB 4.0 : FACILITATED USE OF RICH NEDIA 11 12. 5.3 DIGITAL LIBRARIES WHAT ?WHEN THE INFORMATION IS STORED ONCOMPUTERS AND WHICH ISACCESSIBLE ONLY THROUGH AND ONCOMPUTERS INFORMATION IS STORED IN DIGITALFORMATS AND RETRIEVED OVERNETWORKS ARCHIVES AND REPOSITORIES AREORGANISED DIGITAL LIBRARIES FOR ALONG TERM PRESERVATION . contd.12 13. DIGITAL LIBRARY NEED : SPACE CRUNCH LIBRARY A GROWING ORGANISM DIRECT AND MULTI LEVEL ACCESS LONGEVITY LOW COST COMPUTING TECHNOLOGIES ELECTRONIC STORAGE CAPACITY CONGREGATION OF RICH MEDIA HIGH SPEED BROWSING NETWORKING13 14. 5.4 MULTIMEDIA DATABASESIMAGES( pictures, photographs) VIDEO CLIPS(movies,news..) AUDIO CLIPS(speeches..) TEXTUAL(books,jls.) DATA STORAGE CONTENT BASED RETRIEVAL ,LOCATING A PARTICULAR VIDEO ORAUDIO, IMAGE SEARCHING(MOSTPREVELANT DATABASES) APPLICATIONS : REPOSITORYAPPLICATIONS, PRESENTATIONS,EDUCATION & TRAINING, INTERACTIVEKNOWLEDGE DISSEMINATION.14 15. 5.5 MOBILE DATABASESi. WIRELESS TECHNOLOGYii. 3G & 4G MOBILE TECHNOLOGYiii. SATTELITE PHONES FITTED WITH WITH LATEST SOFTWARES FACILITATES ACCESS FROM REMOTE LOCATIONSiv. SMS/MMS, GPRS, INTERNETv. Eg., Sybase, SQL Anywhere, EVERYPLACE 7, IBM DB2, WINDOWS CE EDITION, Oracle 9i LIVE15 16. 5.6 SPATIAL AND GEOGRAPHICAL DATABASES DATA BASED ON SPATIAL LOCATIONS USEFUL FOR INDEXING & QUERYINGDATA ON THE BASIS OF SPATIALLOCATIONS HELPFUL IN DISASTER MANAGEMENTPINPOINTING EXACT LOCATION Eg., ROADMAPS, LANDUSE MAPS,TOPOGRAPHICAL MAPS IBM Spatial Extender, Oracle Spatialare COMMONLY USED DATABASES 16 17. 5.7 ACADEMIC DATABASESAND DEARCH ENGINESEXAMPLES : Academic Search Multidisciplinary Subscription based www.ebscohost.com African journals Online Multidisciplinary Freewww.ajol.info AGRICOLA Agriculture Freeagricola.nal.usda.gov AGRIS Agriculture, Forestry Freeagri.fao.org Books In PrintBooks Subscription based www.booksinprint.com Chemical Abstract Service Chemistry Subscription basedwww.cas.org DOAJJournals Free www.doaj.org Open J- GateOpen Access Journals Free www.openj-gate.com Scopus Multidisciplinary Subscription based www.scopus.com 17 18. 18

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