dasar analisis spasial

35
7/23/2019 Dasar Analisis Spasial http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dasar-analisis-spasial 1/35 ANALISIS SPASIAL Sistem Geogra Keseha Masyar Dian Sidik Arsyad, SKM. MKM.

Upload: dian-sidik

Post on 18-Feb-2018

254 views

Category:

Documents


5 download

TRANSCRIPT

Page 1: Dasar Analisis Spasial

7/23/2019 Dasar Analisis Spasial

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dasar-analisis-spasial 1/35

ANALISIS

SPASIAL

Sistem GeograKesehaMasyarDian Sidik Arsyad, SKM. MKM.

Page 2: Dasar Analisis Spasial

7/23/2019 Dasar Analisis Spasial

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dasar-analisis-spasial 2/35

OUTLINE PRESENTASI

TEORI (PENGANTAR)• Denisi dan Konsep Analisis Spasial• Sejarah GIS dan Analisis Spasial Bidang Keseha• Potensial Implementasi GIS dan Analisis Spasia

Bidang Kesmas

• Spatial Analysis Framework •  eknik analisis spasial !erdasarkan jenis data s• "ontoh Pemetaan dan Analisis Spasial Bidang

Kesehatan• St#di Kas#s K#sta di P#la# erpen$il di Indones

PRAKTEK 

Page 3: Dasar Analisis Spasial

7/23/2019 Dasar Analisis Spasial

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dasar-analisis-spasial 3/35

DEFINISI DAN KONSEP ANALISISSPASIAL

 The frst law o geography  according to WaldTobler  is "Everything is related to everything elsbut near things are more related than distantthings!

 DefenisiSpatial Analysis The study o# the locations and shapes o# geograp#eatures and the relationships between them $Earth Systems %ese&nstitute, '(()*

Analisis spasial adalah s#at# inferensi )is#al dalam !ent#k peta ymer#pakan ga!#ngan dari data spasial dan data atri!#t.

Konsep dasar dari analisis spasial adalah *ke+ilayahan

aspek lokasional %space + location*

 Istilah - istilah lain Medi$al eo ra h S atial

Page 4: Dasar Analisis Spasial

7/23/2019 Dasar Analisis Spasial

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dasar-analisis-spasial 4/35

DEFINISI DAN KONSEP ANALISISSPASIAL

• 0akta 1 !er!eda lokasi di m#ka !#mi !erkaitanterhadap per!edaan prol lokasi seperti physibiological, environmental, economic, social,cultural, yang jelas mem!erikan pengar#h

terhadap masalah kesehatan, penyakit sertapelayanan kesehatan.

• Prol +ilayah ini serta h#!#ngannya terhadapkondisi dan masalah kesehatan j#ga !er#!ahseiring dengan !erjalannya +akt#  Konsep

Spatial dan emporal pidemiology.

Page 5: Dasar Analisis Spasial

7/23/2019 Dasar Analisis Spasial

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dasar-analisis-spasial 5/35

SEJARAH DANPERKEMBANGAN

2345 di 6#t!reak 7 8a!ah Kolera di 9ondon menjadi tonggaksejarah !erkem!angnya GIS dan analisis spasial, yang dimotori oleh Dr. :ohn Sno+

Belia# memetakan setiap penderita dan kematian karenakolera dimana 6#t!reak terjadi

Kejadian Kolera saat it# terp#sat %$l#stered' di sekitar pompaair road Street milik So#th+ark and ;a#<hall 8ater "ompany

=ekomendasi Belia#  Melepas handle pompa  Menghentikan transmisi.

Den an men #nakan eta #nt#k men amati dan

Konsep !ah+a lokasi mempengar#hi kesehatan  A!ad ke > SMoleh /ippo$rates, !elia# mengamati !ah+a penyakit?penyakittertent# hanya terjadi di lokasi tertent# saja, dan tidak di tempalain.

Page 6: Dasar Analisis Spasial

7/23/2019 Dasar Analisis Spasial

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dasar-analisis-spasial 6/35

PETA DR. JOHN SNOW%DA@ BB=APA =P9IKASI'

Page 7: Dasar Analisis Spasial

7/23/2019 Dasar Analisis Spasial

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dasar-analisis-spasial 7/35

POTENSIAL IMPLEMENTASI GIS DANALISIS SPASIAL BIDANG KESM

 "omm#ni$a!le Disease "ontrol

n)ironmental /ealth =esear$h, Planning and 6perations

@#trition and Physi$al A$ti)ity

"hild and o#th /ealth

/ealth Promotion

"hroni$ Disease Pre)ention

Al$ohol, o!a$$o and 6ther Dr#gs Ser)i$e %A6DS' pro)ision

Inj#ry

Mental /ealth

;e$tor "ontrolReferensi :S!"i!# An!#$sis% GIS% !n& Re'"e Sensin A#i*!"i"+e He!#"+ S*ien*es% ,---

Page 8: Dasar Analisis Spasial

7/23/2019 Dasar Analisis Spasial

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dasar-analisis-spasial 8/35

 JOURNAL INTERNATIONA

  Jrn!# $!n /er0!i"!n &en!n GIS 1 !n!#isis s!s/i&!n 0ese+!"!n : /ealth ( Pla$e %An International :o#rnal'

http177+++.jo#rnals.else)ier.$om7health?and?pla$e International :o#rnal of /ealth Geographi$s

http177+++.ij?healthgeographi$s.$om7 Spatial And Spatio?emporal pidemiology

http177+++.jo#rnals.else)ier.$om7spatial?and?spatio?temporalogy

Geospatial /ealth

http177+++.geospatialhealth.net7inde<.php7gh International :o#rnal of Applied Geospatial =esear$h %I:AG='

Page 9: Dasar Analisis Spasial

7/23/2019 Dasar Analisis Spasial

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dasar-analisis-spasial 9/35

"6@6/ A=IK9P@9IIA@

 9a#ra Bissonnette, et all, Nei+/r+&s !n& "en"i!# !**ess " +e!#"+f s!"i!# !n& !s!"i!# f!*"rs, /ealth ( Pla$e, ;ol#me 23, Iss#e 5, :#ly C2

 aria atalo)i$h, et all.% Ger!+i* &is!ri"ies in #!"e s"!e /re!s" *!n*res#"s fr' ei+" s"!"es in "+e Uni"e& S"!"es% &nternational -ournal o# .e/eographics C24 231>2

  oshihar# 0#k#da, et all.% 4!ri!"ins in s*ie"!# *+!r!*"eris"i*s f s!"i!# *#s"ers: e5!'#es f *#n% #n !n& /re!s" *!n*er in J!!n% &nternati

.ealth /eographicsCC4312F =osen!erg MS, et all., S!"i!# !"*rre#!"in f *!n*er in Wes"ern ErEpidemiol 2, 24124-.

  ha /an, et all., I'!*" f "/!** "#e" &ensi"$ !n& r5i'i"$ n s'A longit#dinal o!ser)ational st#dy in t+o nglish $ities, /ealth ( Pla$e, ;ol#m

  :ia$hen ho#, et all., De"er'in!n"s !n& s!"i!# !""erns f !&#" 6er7e+$er"ensin in ! +i+ HI4 re6!#en*e rr!# S"+ Afri*!n #!"in

;ol#me 23, Iss#e F, @o)em!er C2.

Page 10: Dasar Analisis Spasial

7/23/2019 Dasar Analisis Spasial

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dasar-analisis-spasial 10/35

"6@6/ A=IK9P@9IIA@

 Ale<is : "om!er, et al. A s!"i!# !n!#$sis f 6!ri!"ins in +e!#"+ !**ess: #in0s*i9e*n'i* s"!"s !n& !**ess er*e"ins% &nternational -ournal o# .eal/eographicsC222-155

 Mar$ia "aldas de "astro et all., S!"i!# !""erns f '!#!ri! in "+e A'!n: I'sr6ei##!n*e !n& "!re"e& in"er6en"ins, /ealth ( Pla$e, ;ol#me 2>, Iss#e ,

 Britton A. Gi!son,et all., A**essi/i#i"$ !n& "i#i!"in !""erns f ! '/i#e '!'n 6#ner!/#e #!"ins, /ealth ( Pla$e, ;ol#me 3, :#ly C25

 =#!en Brondeel,et all., Use f +e!#"+*!re ser6i*es in "+e resi&en*e !n& 7rnei+/r+&: T+e e;e*" f s!"i!# !**essi/i#i"$ " +e!#"+*!re ser6i*es;ol#me >C, @o)em!er C25

 Bam!ang Parmanto, et al., S!"i!# !n& '#"i&i'ensin!# 6is!#i!"in f In&+e!#"+ s"!"is"i*s% &nternational -ournal o# .ealth /eographicsCC3=1>C

  :oseph = Sharkey, et al.% Ass*i!"in /e"7een r5i'i"$ " !n& *6er!e ff!s"9f& res"!r!n"s !n& nn9"r!&i"in!# f!s"9f& "#e"s !n& f!s"9f&!'n rr!# !&#"s% &nternational -ournal o# .ealth /eographicsC222-1>H

 9#kar hornton, et al., Des "+e *+i*e f nei+/r+& ser'!r0e" !*in>en*e !ss*i!"ins 7i"+ in&i6i&!#9#e6e# fri" !n& 6e e"!/#e *ns'

Page 11: Dasar Analisis Spasial

7/23/2019 Dasar Analisis Spasial

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dasar-analisis-spasial 11/35

SPATIAL ANAL@SISFRAMEWORK 

GIS

Visualization

Exploration

Modelling

 Attribute

data

Feature

data

Databases

Maps

Describe

patterns

Testhypotheses

GIS

DBMS

Statistical

Software

Raster 

Point

Line

Pol!on

;e$tor

GIS J Geographi$Systems DBMS J Data!aSystems

"on$ept#al frame+ork of spatial epidemiologi$al data analysis %Spatial Analysis in pidem

Page 12: Dasar Analisis Spasial

7/23/2019 Dasar Analisis Spasial

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dasar-analisis-spasial 12/35

K9S= P@AKI%DISAS "9S=I@G' Denisi Kl#ster Penyakit 1 Kl#ster penyakitmer#pakan pengelompokkan spasial ata# spa$etime s#at# penyakit yang signikan se$ara stati"l#stered Pola penye!aran se$ara glo!al 7 #m

"l#stering

 Pola penye!aran mengik#ti fakto%faktor risiko7determinan'

 Pada a+alnya mendeteksi kl#ster sangat s#lit,dengan adanya teknologi informasi serta aplikasmaka semakin m#dah mendeteksi pola penye!a

pnyakit.

Page 13: Dasar Analisis Spasial

7/23/2019 Dasar Analisis Spasial

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dasar-analisis-spasial 13/35

M6D DKSI "9S=P@AKI

 Metode Deteksi Kl#ster ter!agi menjadi d#G#/!# De"e*"in "es"  Mendeteksi polapenye!aran penyakit dan mendeteksi ada tidakkl#ster terjadi di dari sel#r#h +ilayah penelitian

tanpa menet#kan letak lokasi kl#ster terjadi.L*!# De"e*"in "es"  Mendeteksi polapennye!aran penyakit, ada tidaknya terjadi kl#serta menent#kan dimana %dan kapan' lokasikl#ster terjadi %mendeteksi hotspot'

 Deteksi kl#ster !isa dilak#kan #nt#k data

Page 14: Dasar Analisis Spasial

7/23/2019 Dasar Analisis Spasial

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dasar-analisis-spasial 14/35

B@K SPASIA9P@BA=A@ P@AKI

Page 15: Dasar Analisis Spasial

7/23/2019 Dasar Analisis Spasial

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dasar-analisis-spasial 15/35

TEHNIK ANALISIS SPASIALBERDASARKAN JENIS DATA SPAS

Page 16: Dasar Analisis Spasial

7/23/2019 Dasar Analisis Spasial

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dasar-analisis-spasial 16/35

M6D SAISIK DK"9S= D!"! s!si!# Pin" ("i"i0)G#/!# Tes"

=ipleyLs K 0#n$tion %dan )ariannya'

L*!# Tes"

Kernel Density stimation

K#ldorLs Spatial S$an Statisti$

 D!"! s!si!# #$n (!re!)G#/!# "es"

MoranLs I

L*!# "es"

9o$al MoranLs I

K#ldorLs Spatial S$an Statisti$

Hi"esis n## (se'! !n!#isis &!#!' 'en&e"e#s"er :

• =isiko terjadinysama pada sel#+ilayah st#di %=

•  idak ada peng7 kl#ster yang t

+ilayah st#di %9

Page 17: Dasar Analisis Spasial

7/23/2019 Dasar Analisis Spasial

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dasar-analisis-spasial 17/35

SPAIA9 ( MP6=A9"9S=Spatio-Temporal Diffusion Pattern and Hotspot Detection of Dengue in Chachoengsao Pr

Page 18: Dasar Analisis Spasial

7/23/2019 Dasar Analisis Spasial

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dasar-analisis-spasial 18/35

"6@6/ IMP9M@ASIDKSI K9S=M@GG@AKA@ SAS"A@PADA SDI

9P=6S SD 6@ =M6

KI B=

++

>2

Page 19: Dasar Analisis Spasial

7/23/2019 Dasar Analisis Spasial

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dasar-analisis-spasial 19/35

 Background information on study

General ai"s o# t$e pro%ect& 1. To study the epidemiology of leprosy '( )o stud t$e e##ect o# prop$lactic treat"ent o# contacts on *

deter"inants o# lepros

+Spatial, researc$ -uestions&• Is lepros clustered on t$ese islands

•  Are persons .it$ I!M antibodies a!ainst M.leprae clustered

• Do contacts o# patients $a*e an increased ris/ o# bein! seroand is t$ere a di##erence bet.een tpes o# patients

Page 20: Dasar Analisis Spasial

7/23/2019 Dasar Analisis Spasial

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dasar-analisis-spasial 20/35

 Background info on study area

•Data collected in '000

•1 isolated islands

•2u"ber o# in $abitants& '103'400 per island

•2u"ber o# $ouses& 103110 per island

•'4 $ours b boat #ro" Ma/assar 

• A*ailable "ap& 5&'106000

Page 21: Dasar Analisis Spasial

7/23/2019 Dasar Analisis Spasial

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dasar-analisis-spasial 21/35

 Study area

Page 22: Dasar Analisis Spasial

7/23/2019 Dasar Analisis Spasial

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dasar-analisis-spasial 22/35

Transportation to islands

Page 23: Dasar Analisis Spasial

7/23/2019 Dasar Analisis Spasial

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dasar-analisis-spasial 23/35

 Flat, sandy, coconut trees and coral 

Page 24: Dasar Analisis Spasial

7/23/2019 Dasar Analisis Spasial

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dasar-analisis-spasial 24/35

DAA "699"I6@

• Pop#lation $ens#s %registration of

all inha!itants per ho#se +ith age

and se<'

• A$ti)e s$reening of +hole

pop#lation for symptoms of leprosy

• Ser#m $olle$tion for anti!ody

dete$tion among pop#lation a!o)e

4 years

• "olle$tion of $lini$al sam les from

Page 25: Dasar Analisis Spasial

7/23/2019 Dasar Analisis Spasial

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dasar-analisis-spasial 25/35

P=PA=AI6@ 60 MAPS

• @#m!ered all ho#ses and prepared hand?dra+nmaps indi$ating lo$ation of all ho#ses

• Meas#red latit#de and longit#de of a!o#t e)ery

4th ho#se #sing GPS

• Sit#ated ho#ses +itho#t lat7long !et+een geo?

referen$ed ho#ses in Ar$)ie+

• "al$#lated lat7long of e)ery ho#se

•  :oined SPSS le +ith demographi$ and health

data #sing the ho#se?)aria!le

Page 26: Dasar Analisis Spasial

7/23/2019 Dasar Analisis Spasial

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dasar-analisis-spasial 26/35

 Part of hand-drawn map

Page 27: Dasar Analisis Spasial

7/23/2019 Dasar Analisis Spasial

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dasar-analisis-spasial 27/35

map

Page 28: Dasar Analisis Spasial

7/23/2019 Dasar Analisis Spasial

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dasar-analisis-spasial 28/35

map

Football

Schools

MosquesHealth

centre

Page 29: Dasar Analisis Spasial

7/23/2019 Dasar Analisis Spasial

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dasar-analisis-spasial 29/35

 Disease mapping

Page 30: Dasar Analisis Spasial

7/23/2019 Dasar Analisis Spasial

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dasar-analisis-spasial 30/35

P=06=MI@G SAS"A@

• P#rely spatial

• Berno#lli model %#sed +hen there are $ases andnon?$asesN people +ith or +itho#t a disease'

• "asesJleprosy patients per ho#se

• "ontrolsJe<amined persons +itho#t leprosy

per ho#se

• "oordinatesJlat and long of e)ery ho#se

Page 31: Dasar Analisis Spasial

7/23/2019 Dasar Analisis Spasial

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dasar-analisis-spasial 31/35

‘hotspots of patients’ identified y S!TS"!# 

Page 32: Dasar Analisis Spasial

7/23/2019 Dasar Analisis Spasial

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dasar-analisis-spasial 32/35

P=SIAPA@ P=AKKA@A9ISIS SPASIA9

Page 33: Dasar Analisis Spasial

7/23/2019 Dasar Analisis Spasial

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dasar-analisis-spasial 33/35

PERSIAPAN @ANG DILAKUKAN

• Memahami pertanyaan penelitian yang sesdengan spasial  Pelajari artikel penelitianyang mengg#nakan metode analisis spasia

• Menyiapkan data yang ses#ai #nt#k analisis

spasial  Pand#an SatS$an

• Menginstal aplikasi GIS #nt#k )is#alisasi pedan analisis spasial  &GIS ? SatS$an

Page 35: Dasar Analisis Spasial

7/23/2019 Dasar Analisis Spasial

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dasar-analisis-spasial 35/35

UANTUM GIS(/P177&GIS.6=G7ID7SI7)

• &GIS m#lai dikem!angkan pada tah#n CC oleh GarySherman

• A+alnya hanya !isa dig#nakan di 6S 9in#< 7 ni<

• ;ersi pertama C.C.2 - Alpha %:#ly CC'

• ;ersi .3. - 8ien %0e!r#ary C24'

• ;ersi .2C - *.... %:#ni C24'

• ;ersi terakhir .2 *9yon %6kto!er C24'

• Mer#pakan salah sat# openso#r$e GIS ter!esar dari sisi j#mlah pengg#na

• 0asilitas yang $#k#p lengkap dan 0udah digunakan