d3.3 - standardisation proposal

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  • EUROPEAN COMMISSION SEVENTH FRAMEWORK PROGRAMME

    GA No. 610990

    Cooperative dynamic formation of platoons for safe and energy-optimized goods transportation

    D3.3 - Standardisation Proposal

    Deliverable No. 3.3

    Deliverable Title Standardisation Proposal

    Dissemination level Public

    Written By Sergi Urpi, Applus+ IDIADA

    Jordi Pont, Applus+ IDIADA

    14/08/2016

    Checked by Marcos Pillado (Applus+ IDIADA) WP7 Leader

    Snke Eilers (OFFIS) WP3 Leader

    Christian Bruns (Volkswagen) WP4 and WP8 Leader

    Henrik Petterson (Scania)

    Marta Tobar (Applus+ IDIADA)

    17/08/2016

    Approved by Magnus Adolfson (Scania) Technical Coordinator 30/09/2016

    Issue date

    30/09/2016

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    History log

    Name Status Version Date Summary of actions made

    Applus+ IDIADA Jordi Pont Sergi Urp

    Editor 0.1 08/08/2016 First draft

    Applus+ IDIADA Marcos Pillado

    Reviewer 0.2 11/08/2016 Revision

    Volkswagen Christian Bruns

    Reviewer 0.3 22/08/2016 Revision

    Applus+ IDIADA Marta Tobar

    Reviewer 0.4 23/08/2016 Revision

    OFFIS Soenke Eilers

    Reviewer 0.5 23/08/2016 Revision

    Scania Henrik Pettersson

    Reviewer 0.6 24/08/2016 Revision

    Applus+ IDIADA Sergi Urp

    Editor 0.7 31/08/2016 Incorporated comments

    Applus+ IDIADA Marcos Pillado

    Reviewer 1.0 02/09/2016 Revision

    Applus+ IDIADA Sergi Urp

    Editor 1.1 23/09/2016 Some extra information added

    Applus+ IDIADA Marcos Pillado

    Reviewer 1.2 30/09/2016 Revision

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    Executive summary This document reports the work done in task 3.3 Standardisation Proposals of WP3 Architecture

    and Technical Specifications of the COMPANION project.

    This work package concentrates on the development of the overall system architecture. This includes

    concepts for the definition of necessary information and its granularity, modelling of information

    structure, quality of service and quality of data aspects as well as standardisation proposals.

    COMPANION architecture and technical specifications should be developed according to the published

    standards to the date regarding the different components to be developed. Communication protocols

    and interfaces should be compliant to open, standardised interfaces towards optimising deployment

    and scalability (e.g. ETSI ITS or GTFS standards).

    In order to implement the new technologies related to platooning in advanced and efficient new

    vehicles, it is necessary to set up the standardisation proposals related to the technical specifications

    and requirements these involved vehicles and operations should fulfil. According to this, it is necessary

    to obtain a validated understanding of the different aspects of the overall system architecture and

    information models.

    This deliverable will summarises the main standardisation proposals, based on the analysis of test

    results performed along the project. These proposals will be compiled and made available to the EC

    and the different standardisation bodies as recommendations for future regulatory and self-

    compliance initiatives from public and private parties (e.g. Car 2 Car Consortium).

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    Contents

    History log .................................................................................................................................................... 2

    Executive summary ...................................................................................................................................... 3

    Contents ....................................................................................................................................................... 4

    List of Figures ............................................................................................................................................... 5

    List of Tables ................................................................................................................................................ 6

    1. Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 7

    2. Current Status ........................................................................................................................................ 8

    2.1. ETSI ................................................................................................................................................. 8

    2.1.1. ETSI TR 103 299 ........................................................................................................................ 9

    2.1.2. ETSI TR 103 298 ........................................................................................................................ 9

    2.2. SAE ................................................................................................................................................. 9

    2.3. IEEE............................................................................................................................................... 10

    2.4. 3GPP ............................................................................................................................................. 10

    2.5. ISO ................................................................................................................................................ 11

    3. Standardisation Activates ..................................................................................................................... 12

    3.1. COMPANION VRA joint Workshop ............................................................................................... 12

    3.2. ETSI working item C-ACC and Platooning..................................................................................... 12

    4. COMPANION Proposals ........................................................................................................................ 13

    4.1. Frequency Channel ...................................................................................................................... 13

    4.2. Extended Message Set of CA and DE ........................................................................................... 13

    4.3. New Message Set ......................................................................................................................... 14

    4.4. Message Transmission Requirements and Future needs ............................................................ 14

    4.5. V2I Communications .................................................................................................................... 14

    5. Conclusions ........................................................................................................................................... 16

    References ................................................................................................................................................. 17

    Glossary ...................................................................................................................................................... 18

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    List of Figures Figure 1. Example of ITS reference architecture ..................................................................................... 8

    Figure 2. Frequency Band ...................................................................................................................... 13

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    List of Tables Table 1. Message Fields ......................................................................................................................... 14

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    1. Introduction Simple 'cruise control' was the automation of speed maintenance at a single automobile. The concept

    of C-ACC aims at the same level of automation but in a cooperative manner between several vehicles:

    while in CC mode, when a vehicle in front slowly decelerates, this vehicle will also do, such as to

    maintain distance, and relieve driver from taking over control.

    Cooperative Adaptive Cruise Control (C-ACC) and Platooning are two use-cases related to the

    COMPANION system that are addressed differently depending on the Standards Development

    Organizations (SDOs). C-ACC (Cooperative Adaptive Cruise Control) automatically controls the

    longitudinal distance, enabling the creating of chain of vehicles following each other at constant speed.

    Mainly, C-ACC functionalities are directly related to driver comfort.

    Instead, Platooning has a similar concept but it is more related to energy efficiency. Specially, it is

    expected that with large vehicles following each other at short distances the air-drag is reduced,

    influencing directly on fuel consumption gains.

    Both C-ACC and Platooning require V2X information exchange. These needs could be directly supplied

    for the other vehicles, performing V2V (vehicle-to-vehicle) communications, or with the assistance of

    a fixed communication infrastructure (vehicle-to-infrastructure).

    The COMPANION system goes one ste

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