cultural heritage of india

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  • INDIA has the Largest and most populous Democracy in the World 12th Largest Economy in nominal dollars Population: 1.15 billion, 1.7% growth rate 70% Rural with severe cases of Urban Agglomeration
  • Society: Family and Customs Regional Diversity Languages Religion Festivals Cuisine Performing Arts Sports Literature Indian Film Industry
  • Strict social hierarchy Patriarchy Caste system Integration of religion Traditional Indian Families: Large joint families Mostly rural Modern Nuclear Families
  • Respect for Elders Respect one another Being Helpful Treat guests as Gods
  • 1576 mother tongues!!! 29 languages > 1 million speakers 60 languages > 100,000 speakers 122 languages > 10,000 speakers Two major groups: Indo-European or Indo-Aryan languages Dravidian Languages Northern Indian: Gujarati, Hindi, Marathi, Punjabi, Sindhi, Bengali and Oriya Southern Indian: Tamil ,Kannada, Malayalam, and Telugu
  • Major Religions: Hinduism 80.4% Islam 13.4% Buddhism Jainism Sikhism Christianity Plays a central and definitive role in the lives of most people
  • National Holidays: Independence Day 15th August Republic Day 26th January Gandhi Jayanti 2nd October Harvest Festivals: Sankranti Pongal Onam Religious Festivals: Diwali Ganesh Chaturthi Holi Navratri Rakshabandhan Dussehra Durga Puja Buddh Purnima Christmas Eid and Ramadan FESTIVALS AND HOLIDAYS
  • Combination of Middle East, Central Asia and Mediterranean Major types of cuisine: North Indian: Mughlai, Punjabi, Kashmiri Western Cuisine: Gujarati, Maharashtrian, Rajasthani, Goan Eastern Cuisine: Bengali Southern Cuisine North Eastern
  • Theater: Kutiyattam oldest 1.Folk Theater 2.Puppet Theater 3.Modern Theater Dance: Folk: Bhangra, Dandiya, Garba, Ghoomar Classical: Bharatnatyam, Kathak, Kuchipudi, Oddisi Music: Hindustani and Carnatic Folk Music: Bauls, Bhangra, Bhavageete, Dandiya, Lavani Popular (Filmi) music Qawwali, Rabindra Sangeet, Rajasthani Modern Music: Indi-pop music, Rock and Metal music, Dance Music
  • Cricket Most Popular Indian Cricket Team (BCCI) Indian Cricket League (ICL) Field Hockey National Sport Indian Hockey Team Premier Hockey League (PHL) Football (Soccer) Popular in the East
  • Classical Literature: Sanskrit Tamil Sangam Pali Canon Epics: Mahabharata and Ramayana Regional literature as many languages Contemporary Indian writers: Salman Rushdie, Vikram Seth, Shashi Tharoor, Vikram Chandra, Amitav Ghosh, Jhumpa Lahiri
  • Bollywood Mumbai based film industry Tollywood Kolkata based film industry Kollywood -Bengali, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Tamil, Telugu POLLYWOOD-Punjab based film