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Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer FuturityMuñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity. New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 2. http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unalbog/Doc?id=10425196&ppg=2
Copyright © 2009. NYU Press. All rights reserved. May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted under U.S. or applicable copyright law.
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Cruising Utopia
Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity. New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 3. http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unalbog/Doc?id=10425196&ppg=3
Copyright © 2009. NYU Press. All rights reserved. May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted under U.S. or applicable copyright law.
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"'''Al CUt TU." G,nmll Edil",,: J"'" E,lobm Muflo••nd Ann Ptllegriní
11m" s.¡""" R,d, 11"", So¡""" 81", SmlUol R. o.lany
Ptw..I< Affal.., Cnlk.,] rrnlu", in 'n, Cullu" ofSod.J R<iatio,,, Phímp Bri>n Horpor
In y"", Fa,,: 9 S<xual srudj" "t>ndy Mord
Trop;';j ofv.,¡", Inl<'rv<'rrlions from Qu«r L!h'na Ammea Jo'" Quir,,&,
Mani,n'n8 M_aliniti", filnloui<, af Grnd" anJ Vial.." in In, Arnm",n Cn'rn, Nowl
Gres fu"" Ou, Moni"" Oa,,,I,,,,, 1h< din",n Ajai' anJ m, l\'alio""llnl"'<I
EJited b,' L,"",n Be,bnt .nd U.. Da¡;¡;>n
81"," Gay Man, &>ay, Robon Roíd PhMr, Fo",,"o,d by Samu,1 R. D,bny
Poui"!: Idrnlily ami lnl"p",ali,," jn S<xuallty. Ra", ara! R<ilgi"" EJ",d by M>ri.l Cm. S>nch...nd Lin.!> Schloub<rg
Th, &planatlon far Evaythl"!' fu.!ay' "" S<xual Sab;<cti";ty P.ul Morrison
1h< Qut<"'t Art, &..Iyo "" w¡'jon ara! Gay 1h<al" EJited by Ají.. Solomon and Fr>mjí Minw.lb
Q'«<' Globah'",tion" Citiun,nip ami th, ....ftmlf' of ú>1""jaUim EJited by Am.ldo Cruz ,,1>1."" md M:ulin F. "t>nilin"", N
Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity. New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 4. http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unalbog/Doc?id=10425196&ppg=4
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Qun' LltiniJ.J, 1Jmtity p,..,ai"" Di>am"" S¡nu<> ¡....na M>rÚ RoJriguf'l
Lav< rh, Sin: s...""l R,sul.!tion .nJ tll, Li",I/> of R,JjSiOUi ToI",,,,,, J>n<t R. J.kol=n >nJ Ann Pell<g<ini
Boricu. PoP' """ro Rk"", .nJ ¡J" Lztinl<otion 01 Am"i",n Cultu" F'>n<.. No'gron-.\lunt>ne,
M.nnio~ tlr< R.", RLJornti"l! B1u. Mm in 'n, JI", C""", EN M:uIon Ro",
/0 o Qu'" 11"" ooJ Pi.", T"''''S,od<, BoJi,~ S"N"I,"",l Liv<. JuJilh H.ll><<>'>m
II'hy 1Ha" A""""",,,,, onJ Fllch:
fu"'y' on Ro«"nJ s...""Ury In tlr< U.S. Dwight A. McBrid,
CoJ H.". "'Ss; Th, Rh<rork. 01 R,lIgiou, Vio/,ou Mid,..ICobh
an" rou Co BI.!,., C/wiu, [H.i", anJ rh, BLu. Amrrk"n In"II""",,1 Roben RoiJ-Phur
Th, L.tioo BoJY' Cri,I, 1J,ntiti<> In A=rlíon Lit""? .-1 Cuitu",1 Mano?
U=o Lim.,¡
Am"'gins Gri'¡' Sam?J Tim, .nJ tll, Ilody in Nin'k,n'n_úntury A""",," D.na Ludmo
ü,,~io~Utopio: Th, 1h<n alld Th", 01 Q"U' F"rurity Joú E¡"""n Mwloz
Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity. New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 5. http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unalbog/Doc?id=10425196&ppg=5
Copyright © 2009. NYU Press. All rights reserved. May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted under U.S. or applicable copyright law.
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Thi" page imentio"a/(,' leji M""k
Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity. New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 6. http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unalbog/Doc?id=10425196&ppg=6
Copyright © 2009. NYU Press. All rights reserved. May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted under U.S. or applicable copyright law.
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Cruising Utopía
José Esteban Muñoz
fl NEW YORK UNIVERSITY PRESS N<w York and lom/on
Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity. New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 7. http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unalbog/Doc?id=10425196&ppg=7
Copyright © 2009. NYU Press. All rights reserved. May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted under U.S. or applicable copyright law.
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Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity. New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 8. http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unalbog/Doc?id=10425196&ppg=8
Copyright © 2009. NYU Press. All rights reserved. May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted under U.S. or applicable copyright law.
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Intro<!uction: F<eling Ulopi>
Queeme.... Horiwn: 19 Ulopi>n Hermeneutic. in lhe F.e< of G.y fugm>'i.m
2 Gh",t> of Public Su: Ulopi.n Longing>. Queer Memon.. 33
J lhe Fulu", lo in lhe fu",nl: S<xu>l Avml-G.rJ.. 49 ;onJ the P<rform>nce of Utopi•
.¡ G",lure, Epheme"".nJ Que.. Feeling: 65 Apprwching Kevin A,imce
S Crui.ing the Toilet: !.eRoiJon../ Amiri B.nh, 8J R.<!ic.l Bl.ck Tr.Jilion., .nd Que.. Futurity
6 SUS''' Qu..n, Punlrs, ;onJ the Ulopi.n P<rfonn;¡'i,.., 97
7 Ulopiú Se.ting Ch>rt: R>yJolu"on, JillJohn.ton, .nd liS Que.. Intermedi> .. Sy>tem
8 Ju.. Like He""eu: [JI Que.. U'opi;on An md ,he Ae..hetic Dime""ion
9 AJet" Out ,he Window: F.-.d Heoo>'. Inc;onJe..en' lIlumüution 147
10 Aft..J"k: Queer F.i1u"" Queer Virtuooity
Condu,;on: "T.ke Ec"..y with Me"
No'",
Bibliogr.phy
'" '"

Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity. New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 9. http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unalbog/Doc?id=10425196&ppg=9
Copyright © 2009. NYU Press. All rights reserved. May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted under U.S. or applicable copyright law.
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Thi" page imentio"a/(,' leji M""k
Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity. New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 10. http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unalbog/Doc?id=10425196&ppg=10
Copyright © 2009. NYU Press. All rights reserved. May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted under U.S. or applicable copyright law.
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Acknowledgments
THIS BOOK HAS l>e<n io th. worb for over t.o y,,,.n. I c.ooot hopo lo proporly Kl.:nowlodge.1l th. I""pl ho h...e l>e<n .upportive of !he ..riting and r<>.,rch th>, weot ioto ,h p.g••. I h>ve p",..nted the wriliog th>! l>e<:.me lh... ch.pler> .t ...min¡;ly muntl... univmili<>, museum., perfornuoce 'pac.., .od coof.",oces. A, ,h••• v>riou. io"itu­ tk>n. many .udi.oce.li.t.ned 'o tlu. worl< .od .ogaged in benefid.1 w»". Queer frieod.hip h>. pr",..o to he !he coodilk>o of po..ihility for im.gio­ in¡; ..h.l qu«m... e>o .od .hould memo The .ctu,¡] ",l.ltiou,¡] circuito I '1'0 lucky .nough to find m)""lf helooging to ..het m)' desi", fur future collectivity.

Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity. New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 11. http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unalbog/Doc?id=10425196&ppg=11
Copyright © 2009. NYU Press. All rights reserved. May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted under U.S. or applicable copyright law.
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md Ano Pell.grini m;¡k. i",litutioIl>lllf......arniog. Ano h... l>e<o a en­ <dito, of lhe ••ri•• lhi. 000k appea" io, aod I ,oold o...., h.... ."liri­ p.t.d eojoying .ueh. fun and h.irmonioWl lrooong rel.tionship. [eannot begin to .xp.... pmpe'ly rny gratitude to th••taff at Perform."ce Studi•• ...ho enabl. my ...ori< aJI a chair, • farulty m.mbe" md a ochola,. Thank ron N""I Rodrigue>, Patt)' Jang, md Laura EI.n. FOIt.. fo, yoo, ..trem. eompet.nce and good humo,. Many fri.nd. oubid< of Performmce Stud­ i.. at NYU n«d to be th..nked ror thei, centribution. to lbe t.xtu.. of my Jife."d thinkins- Th. finl to be m.ntiooed i. Li... Du¡;¡;.", who has be.o a .tauoeh .11)', loving friend,."d brilliant interlocuto,. üthor f,i.nd. indud. AnIl> McCarthy, Jo..fina Saldan.-Portil!o, G.yat,i Gopinath, Ana
Dopico, PNllip Brlan Harpe" ."d Carol)'I1 Din.ha.... Th. thre. sehol... who haye re.d thi. book ro, tbe pre.. io diff.rent
d,aft. off.red me ""lcomed engagem.nt. Elizabetb Freeman and I m" .ach otber a. precociou. graJuate "ooen!> on lh. confe,ence circule, and J ... in h.. wor!< lOme of th. ;""1 tbinking of my :«cond-g<neration quee, th<c>ry echo". Judith Halbenlam ha. >imply be.n ." ide.1 enll.ague .nd reade,. Sh. i. al", an >m.lzing fri.nd. [ fe.1 priYileg.d to h.... lhe brilliant F,ed Molen aJI' f,i.nd, enmrade, and int.rlocuto,. M)' <dito" E,ic Zin­ n.., read IN' book ...ilh gr.at GI,e ."d >kil!. Ciar. MeLaughlin ."d Emil)' Par!< ha... be<n .;"0 b<en .rtremely helpfuL A granl frem lbe líoch D.an·. Farulty Ik\'elopm.nt Aw..d has belped m. indude colo, im;¡g" in IN' book. [ .m "p<ei.ally grateful to Marvin Taylo, and Ann Butle'.t th. FaI•• Library, N.... Yor!< Uniye"ity.
John Andrew< .howed up io th. middl. ofth¡" w'itiog pmj<et. H. ha• ...pond<d to my "",\; with «¡nal part> .nthu.ium aud >keptiri.m. H. has be<n • perfect r«d.. and lbe Ye'Y be.t enmp.any J enuld h""e aJlk.d fo,. My olhe, gre.t enmp.anio", duriog th. ",~iting of thi. boo\; h",.. b••n my p'ince" bulldog•. The late greal L>dy Bully .howed me lhe grandru, of enmp.anioo-.p<ci•• utopi.., and Dulc< Mari. ¡" h.""lf tbe .turdy em­ Mimeol ofth. good life. M)'f>mily are amuingly "'pporti.... My bmlbe,
Al.ú "'pport i. Ye'y touching. My cOWlin Albm "mlled ioto my ""'Y­ day life quile uneopectedlyand has becom•• I<>v.1y p,e..nce, helping m• ...aleh th. No,th.rn Fmnt S>m Green i. rny \;indred ulopian <piril; hi• ...or!< .nd ou, hond in.pire me. I am fortunate lo kn"",' J.nnif.. Do)i., ...ho has ' ..pend.d to my life md lror!< with '" much love, g.nem.ity, .nd int.llig.n«. I ow•• gre.t d.bt lo Kevin McCarty fo, h.lping me gliml'" utopia. LuXe Do...d ha. be<n my fri.nd fore..." .nd I continuo to I..rn fmm bi. wor!< md fiod b.auty lh.re. Tony Ju<t'. imag.. h..Ye al.o provid.d
Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity. New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 12. http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unalbog/Doc?id=10425196&ppg=12
Copyright © 2009. NYU Press. All rights reserved. May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted under U.S. or applicable copyright law.
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noce....'Y ...th.tic pl.....re. N.., Bu""",,,,," i••imply .",..som•. Her fri.nd.hip ..nd .rt m..n the world to m•. Time 'ren' ",..r lhe yom with Jon..llun Fl"tley Iu. be.n ..t!em.ly rew..nling. Nick Tmy'. fri.ndship i. tre...ured. 1 h..ve .njoye<! gctting to know ..nd writ...oonl My B.ro.ri,;¡n (M..lik G.in••• J.de Gordon, ..nd Al.. Seg>d.). K..lup UnZ)'. md Dp"'''Y H..ndb.g (Jib. C""'eron). An incomplet. li,t of«holm•.m",. ""d col­ 1"00""0,, who h..ve r..d lhi. work. pu.hed ,h... id..., or g.n.",1ly .n­ g:oged m. indude l..lu...n IIerlm'. Ann C....kovich. RkMdo Ortil. Cm.. Freccero, Lid. Fk>I-"bt.>. Rebece. Schn.idor. Hen'Y Abelove. Mkl....1 Moon, Jos. Qui",&,. Jorge Ign>cio Cortin.., A1i"" Troy..no/Cum.lit.> Tropic..... , El" Troy""o, An;¡ "brg"'et S..nchez. K....n Tong><>n. c.rlo. C..rujo, D..vid Romm. Anj..lli Arond.k..r. P..trici,;¡ dongh.J..bir Pu"'. Mi­ clu.1 Cobb. Jo.h Kun. H""ther Luk••• Molly McG",'Y. George H.¡;gert)·. G",in Bun. Dominic Johnoon, V..gi....J D.vi., J""el J..cob••n. Iúthl..n McHugh, chon Norieg>. Eric Len. Cindy K.n. Do""ld P..... Mkl....1 W""g. Jn..... M..ri. Rodrigue>. Rebece.. Sumn<r Burgos. Coco Fusco. Ah. Wein'",nb. ""d Sh.,¡ FriJo'. M)' found..tio",,1 fri.nd.hip with Antonio Viego "",u. tlU. work md.o mnch more I""'ibl•. Guin"'..... Tumor h.. upt ,hingo ....:1 in lh. mo.t Iulludn..lory "'''y<. Evo Ko",M:y Sedgwick p....d .. [fini.hed lhi. 000•. Sh. ¡,.., be.n my g....l mend ..nd menlor. Her gentl. touch ""d lnminou. in'pi""ion i. ev.rywh.... fur m•.
Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity. New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 13. http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unalbog/Doc?id=10425196&ppg=13
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Thi" page imentia"al(,' leji hi""k
Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity. New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 14. http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unalbog/Doc?id=10425196&ppg=14
Copyright © 2009. NYU Press. All rights reserved. May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted under U.S. or applicable copyright law.
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Feding Uropia
A "'"'P of,h. "",.Id ,tw Joo.o no< induJo "'op" .. n'" w""h g1onci"S ot.
-O",,, WilJo
QlHERNESS IS NOT )"<1 hero. Qu.eme.. i. an id..lity, I'u, IDOIh.. woy, ...e ;ore no< ret qu«,. We nuy n,,,.... tooeh queem.... but we can f..1 ~ •• the "'.."" ilIumin.¡lion of a honron imbueJ ilh poI.n'iility. We !uve nover b.en queer, rol qu..me.. ex¡<I. fu, u 0 ideility thit can b. dio- tillod from lh. f"S' and us<d 'o imagino a futuro. u.. futuro i. queeme.ú <!onuin. Qu..me.. i•• >trucluring and odu«tod modo of de>iring thit il­ lo>.~ "' lo """ ""d feell>eyoOO the quagmire of ,he pre..n!. The h.", anJ 00... i. a pri><>n hou.., We mu,t >tri,"", in ,he f.¡ce of ,he hero ""J now '. to,il­ izing ronJ.ring of ",ilil)', lo ,hin\; and feelal"'" ami th<rt, Sorne ",ill ""Y thit ill we hi...... the pie.",,,,. of this moment, bul we must neve, ..ni< ro, t1ut minimil ''''"'P"rt; "'"" must Jream anJ en.¡ct new and b.ne! ple»u",., othe, ..."Y' of l>eing in lhe orld, aud ultimate!)' new world~ Qu.em... i. a longing ,lut prop<l. WI oo nI, l>eyond romances of ,he negative anJ toiling in ,he pros<nt. Queemes< i. ,lut thing t1u, lel> u. feel thit ,hi, ...orid iJI no!
enough, thit indood >omething iJI mis>ing, OOen "'.. can s1ímp"" ,he worlJ. propo>ed and promiJlod by queeme.. in ,he ro.1m of the a..thetic. Tho <>es­
thotk, esp«iilly tho queer .."helie, fro<jYendy cont';", bluepríot. anJ ..he­ mal.;¡ of. forwm:l-da"'TÚng futurity. Both ,he omouneoiil and ,he quotidian can eontain a nup oftho ulopi.l t1ut i. que<mess. Tuming 'o tI>< .",tholk in tho « .. of queem... i. nothiog ~ke ID ese.p< from tI>< ><Kiil ",ilm, iMOW .. queer .."h.ti", nup futuro sociil re!a'ioO>. Queeme.. i ••Iso. I"'rforma­ ID" bec.u.. it iJI no' >imply. l>eing but. <!oing f", and 1o...",J tb< futuro, Queem... i. e.>enti.lUy .I>out the rejection of a bere .00 oow anJ an imio­ lenee on poteotiility o, cone""e po><ibilil)' fu, IDotb.....orid.
Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity. New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 15. http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unalbog/Doc?id=10425196&ppg=15
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fu. i< .h. argum.n. lnuke in C...ui"l: urop"" .ignifiemtly intlueucod by .h••hinking and Imguag. of .h. Gmnan ide.ü.....dition .nu""ting from .h. work oflmmanuel Kan' md Georg Wilh.lm Priedrich Hegel. An a,J'ff' of ltu. Iin. of .hough. i< eonc....iz«l in .h. erilica! philooophy u­ ooci.>.l.d ",ilb Ih. Pr>nkfurt 5<hool, mo.' noubly in Ibe work oflhe<>dor Adorno, W.ller !len¡amin, .nd H.rh<rt "tueu... lh= .hr« .hinh" wi.hin Ih. M....i<1 lradi'ion have all guppled wi.h Ihe comp1ru'ies of .h. utopim, Ye! Ih. voic< ID<! logic ltu. mo.' .ouehe. m., mo,l.nimal.. m)' .hinking, i. lha. of .h. philoooph<f E.rm' Bloch.
Mo", ]"",ely ••ooci.ll.d ",ilh .h. Pr>nkfurt 5<hool .han Ihe afor.m.n­ .ioned philoooph.rs, Bloch'. work w....hn up by bolh ühe....ion .h.oI­ oS)' and .h. p..i.ian .Iud.nl movem.nlJ of 1%8. He "'... bom in 1885 '0 an .,rimii.lt«l J.wi.h ...ilw.y .mploye. in Ludwig.hafen, Germm)'. During Wotld W.. 11, Bloch rl.d Nui Gernun)', ..",n.uall)' ..ttling for. 'im. in Cambridg., M=chWl.tt•. Alt., .he wu Bloch ....umed lo E... G.rmany, ",h.", hi. Muxi.ln philo"'phy "'......tt .. loo revi<ionary. A' .h. um. lime he "'.. derided fur hi< ,.,riou. defem.. of Stiliniun by 1.11 commenta'on lbroughoul Europ< .nd Ih. Unil.d SUI... H. partid­ pal.d in lbe inl.Il«Iu;¡1 drd.. of Georg Simmel .nd, L.,,,, M.. Weber. Hi. fri.nd,hip .nd ",melime rivalri", ",ilb Adorno, B.n;",,;", and Georg LuH", ..e no.ed in EuroI"m 1.11 in••lledual hi'lory,' Bloch', poli'ic.1 in­ muri,lend.. md .tyl., whieh h•• be.n deocrib.d .. both .Uiptiea! .nd lyrie.I, luve led B10ch lo an odd ",d un.,,,,n "'''ptiou, U.ing Bloch for a pro;.clltu. und.ntand. its<lf .. part of qu«r criliqu. i••1",. ri.ky m",,,, heuu.. il hu be<n rumored Ih.. Bloch did no' hold very prog""­ .i,,,, opiniou, on i..u.. of gender ID<! ..=lily.' lh... biog..phical fad. a", b<.id••h. poinl b.,au.. 1 .m uring Bloch'••h<ory no' .. orthodOIf bu. im••a<! lo e"'ate .n op.ning in qu«r .hought. 1.m uring .h. oce••ion md .nmpl. of Bloch'. Ihougb., a10ng with ltu. of Adorno, MmWl', .nd o.h., philoooph.n, ... portal '0 ",olher modo ofqu«r critique .hal d.­ .,.;,... from dominanl pr>ctiees of Ihougbl ru..ing wilhin qu«r eri'iqu. 'oday. In my ...imalion a lum lo • «rUin critica! ide.ü.m cm he "'''1''­ cially "",fui hermeueulie
Por ",m. time now I tuve been working wilh B1och', .h",.-vo1um. phil=phiea! .",ati.. n" Pri"árlt of Hopt.' In hi hau,'i", book Bloch muridm '" expmd«l id.. of Ihe ulop"n .hal ,"'p lhonuo Mo",'. formolatio" of ulopi.. b,..«I in fm...y, 111, m'"ár!' of Hap< offen .n .neyc!opedic .pp.....eh.o lbe ph.nomenon of ulopi.. In .hal 1... h. di,­ <=1...Ilnunn<f of u'opia induding, bul no' ümi.ed '0, .oc"l, li',,,,,y,
Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity. New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 16. http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unalbog/Doc?id=10425196&ppg=16
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technologic.I, medic.I, ."d geoguphi< ulopi... Bloch hI. h><! ••luki<r ""eption io the U.S. ae.demy th." Iu,.. sorne of hi. frieod••nd "qLl.lio­ bo..._.uch .. Il<nj.min. Fur me, Bloch', otility h.l, much lo do ,.,ith /he '"")' he theori"" utopi.. He m.ke•• CIiti..l di,tinchon betw...,o .1>­ '¡uct ulopw md conc",te utopi.., v.:lning .b",..l otopi.. only in",br .. they po><' eriliqoe fuoctiou th.lt foel•• criti..1md poleotWly tr.".­ form."i,.. politic.1 inugin.lion.' Abnucr utopi.. f.!ter for Bloch bec.u", /hey .... untethe",d from .oy hinori..1 ",,,,dou.ne... Concrete utupw
Me reutiou.;¡1 to hi>tori..11y .il'"'ted ,¡ruggle" • collecri';'y th.l i. >ctu.!­ iud or poteoti.l. [n our eYeryd.y life .b.l....l utop'" "e .ldn lo b>n.J optimi>rn. (Recent ..11. for &,)' or que.. optimi.m ",em loo do", to elile homo",.u.1 ",..ion of poIiti<s.) Concrete utopi.. c.".1so be d».,j",.m­
liu. but they "e the hop<' of. collectiYe. m emerg<nt group, or eYeo /he solit;ory oddb.:ll who i. lhe one who d",.m. for m."y. Cone",.. utupi.. Me the ",.Im of edu..lecl hop<o In • 1\l61 lectu", titled "C.n Hop< Be Di"ppoioted¡" Bloch deocribe. differeul ..pecb of edu..led hop<o "N<>I only hop<'• .tfect (with ib peod>ot, feM) bol eYen mo", so, hop<', meth­ odology (wilh ib p<od.nt, memory) d",..I)' in /he ...-gion uf /he nut-yet, • puco whe", entuo.. .,,<1, .bo>·e .11, fin;¡1 content .... nurked by.o eodur­ ing iodet..miu.;¡ey'-' lhi, ide. of iudelerminaey in both .ffect md meth­ odology "",... lo. criti<.1 proce" th.lt ¡, ..tuned lo wh.lt Ibli." phi­ l""'ph.. Giorgio Ag.>mbeo d=ribe••• potent"lily." Hope .Joug ,.,ilh ib <>Iher, f..r, ;ore .tfective ,truCIo",. th.. e." be de",ribed •• ."ti<ip.to')'.
C",i>i"~ Utopiú firn moYe ¡, lo d=rihe. mod.:lity uf que.. utop"­ ni.m th.t [loc... within. hi>tori..lly >p«ific o<>u. of rultor.! produc­ tion before, "ouod, .nd dishtly .lter the Ston.....J1 rehellion of 1969. A B1och"o .pproaeh lo .e>thetic theory ¡, invested io descrihiog the .,,­ ti<ip.to,), illomin.tion of .rt, ,.,hich cm be ch.lucreril«! •• /he proce" uf i<leulifyiog cm';n prop<rti.. llut ..n be det«ted in ...p.....ul.tlolUl praetice. helping o. to ... the not-yel-con",iou~' lhi. nut-yet-con",k>", i. know:lble, lo sorne exleul,'" utop"n f«liog. Wheo Bloch de.eri;'" /he IDtidp.tory illumin;¡tioo of .rt, one CID uode ....IDd thi. iIlumin;¡tiou ":l ,u'Pl", of…