Crowd Control & Riot Manual (Booklet)

Download Crowd Control & Riot Manual (Booklet)

Post on 02-Dec-2014




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Be sure to also read "Methods to Defeat Law Enforcement Crowd Control Techniques" informing Police how to counteract protesters probable actions from reading this manual, found here:


How to Use this ManualThis manual is divided into 2 sections: Crowd Control "& Riot. It is intended for self-study as well asfor use in training classes. If training, these subjects are best taught with groups of at least 4, and up to40. When training is conducted in preparation for potential conflict, it may be necessary to prioritizematerial & shorten total number of classes. Physical training, including games such as Red Rover,should" be included. These lesson plans are meant as a" guide & may be adjusted according to situation.Lesson PlansClass Content8 Classes TotalEach class is approximately 45 min.-Ihour in length. (Defme Crowd Control & Riot)CROWD CONTROLEquipment & Weapons (Individual & Team)Crowd Behaviour & PsychologyDeployment of CCU, and Techniques ofFormations & SignalsCheck-StepReserve ForceLethal Overwatch "Options, Threat AnalysisIdentifying Leader/AgitatorContainment/DispersalCharges & Attacks on CrowdEscape RoutesVerbal WarningFormations & Signals Review"Arrest Teams & Snatch SquadsPrisonersBarricades & Blockades, Person & VehicleBurning TireslBarricadesUse of Projectiles/Vehicles/Lethal ForceRIOTTRAININGKnow Your Enemy: Riot CopCheniical, Defense Against, DecontaminationPolice WeaponsCC TacticsPreparation for RiotIndividual Equipment. & WeaponsThrowing-ProjectilesRecon ofArea, Routes IN/Out, RV PointsTeam Code-NameMoving Thru CrowdFirst AidAvoid Arrest!ArrestRiot Action & ConductStay aware & with TeamAttacksEscape & EvasionAfter-Action AnalysisTotal: 8 Classes at 1 hour each: 8 hoursTraining Aids Whenever possible, use actualequipment, tools, & weapons as trainingaids. When training involves physical actions,these should be done. Ifthe training isformations, these should be carried out;if it is throwing proj ectiles, this shouldbe practiced. Crowd Control training is more effectivein larger groups, with some acting asCCU-& others acting ,as rioters. "Padded plastic batons, rubbers balls, etc.can be used for such training. Useplastic water bottles with rag wicks tosubstitute for Molotovs, etc. Use Video footage ofriots to educate &inspire.Training Tips Be Motivated & enthusiastic. Know your subject. Studythis & othermanuals/reports. Keep up to date onnew technologies & tactics. Emphasize important points & concepts.This manual covers a lot ofmaterial &students may be at first overwhelmedwith new info. Use Intro, body; & conclusions.. Ifpractical, hold training classesconsecutively (one after another), orsplit into two days. When practical, conduct CC/Riottraining in outdoor areas awayfrompublic view. Warm-rip prior to physically demandingactivities.WARRIOR Crowd Control &RiotM,anualINTRODUCTIONCrowd control refers to the organized use of force to stop, .limit and/or disperse large, hostilegroups. As a warrior, it may be necessary to carry out crowd control against mobs of settlers,vigilantes, drunk hooligans, etc.Riots occur when large, hostile groups gather & carry out property destruction & looting,frequently fighting with police who are deployed to carry out crowd control. As a member of theresistance, it may be necessary for you to engage in riots.This manual is divided into 2 main sections: Crowd Control & Riot Training. Althoughsimilar, some important differences exist between the two. While crowd controls teaches you how tocontrol an unorganized crowd, riot training focuses on countering. police crowd control tactics &techniques. By knowing the methods of both, you will be better prepared to carry one out, & tocounter the other. Crowd Control & Riots can occur in urban, suburban or rural settings.Contents1. CROWD CONTROL 2Crowd Control Unit ~ 2Training 2Individual Equipment & Weapons 2Team/Squad Equipment & Weapons 4Crowd Behaviour & Psychology 5Deployment of CCU 5Crowd Control Techniques 5Formations & Signals " 6Marching/Check-Step " 7Reserve Force 7Lethal Overwatch 7Crowd Control Option's 7Threat Analysis 7Identifying Crowd Leaders/agitators 7Containment Vs. Dispersal, 8Charges & Attacks on Crowd 8Escape Routes 8.Verbal Warning 8Arrest Teams/Snatch Squad 8Prisoners 8Barricades/Blockade Road 9Anti-Personal Blockades 9Anti-Vehicle Blockades 0 10Burning Tires Barricade 10Burning ofBarricades 0 0. 11Use ofProjectiles in CC uUse of Vehicles in CC . 11Use ofLethal Force 1112. RIOT TRAINING 12Know Your Enemy: Riot cop 12Police Riot Control Weapons 13Chemical Agents 13Tear Gas 13Pepper Spray 14Defense Against Chemical Agents 14Decontamination 0 0 15Police Weapons 15Police Crowd Control Tactics 18Preparation for Riot 19Individual Riot Equipment 19Individual Riot Weapons 19Throwing Projectiles 20Recon ofArea 21Planning Routes InIOut, RV Points 21Team Code-Name 21Moving Through Crowd 21First Aid 21Actions to Avoid Arrest 21Actions ifArrested 21Riot Action & Conduct." """. " " 22Stay Aware 22Stay with Your Team! 22Attacks 22Escape & Evasion: 23After-Action Analysis 231. CROWD CONTROLCrowd Control is the organized use offorce to stop, limit and/or disperse a large,hostile group (Le., 8 or more persons).Organization for crowd control includessquad/teammembers (the 'crowd control unit'),formations, hand & audio signals, weapons &equipment. - Stopping and/or dispersing ahostile mob involves the use, or threat to use,violence.Crowd Control Unit (CCU)The CCU (also referred to as riot squad) iscomprised of squad/team members trained &' equippedfor crowd control. A CCU can be as small as a team (4members), a squad (12-13), or aplatoon (30). Each CCUshould have a commander and second-in-command (2iC)to help with coordination & communications.TrainingCrowd control training is included as part ofbasic warrior training. Regular training should occurafterwards to maintain skills & equipment. At squadlevel & above, have some members act as hostile riotersthrowing projectiles .S: fighting. with sticks to simulateconflict situations.Crowd control can involve-running.ez marching'many 'miles throughout a dayIornight). -It can be aphysically demanding task in which fitness is essential tosuccessful deployments. Training should involve somerunning & marching with equipment & weapons. .Training should include individual equipment,use of weapons, formations, hand & audio signals, crowdcontrol strategies & tactics. Video footage & analysis ofriots can also be used as training aids, as well as othermanuals, news articles, etc.Equipment &. WeaponsSpecial equipment & weapons. are usedfor crowd control, for both defensive &offensive purposes. This list is based on tools& equipment that are commonly available (atthis time). Warriors should gather '& maintainthe following equipment, ensuring it isserviceable & ready to go at short notice:Individual Crowd 'Control 'Equipment(head to toe)1. Helmet. A,helmet is worn' to protect your head fromprojectiles & batons. Helmet can be military surplus,motorcycle, mountain climbing, or hockey. Other than2military helmet, all civilian versions should be spray-painted matt black. If gas masks are to be worn, helmetsmust not have face or mouth guards that will prohibit useof gas masks.2. Gas Mask. Gas masks protect you from the effectsof chemical agents such as' tear gas & pepper spray. Amilitary gas mask is recommended (either Canadian or, US). These can ,be bought from surplus stores. Get anunused filter without a broken seal. Ensure glasseyepieces are not damaged and that all straps work.Alternately, civilian gas masks can bebought that consist of a filter piece over nose &mouth. Wear eye goggles to protect eyes.To Use Gas Mask:a. Prior to deployment, attach filter tomask.b. When pepperlbear spray or some otherchemical agent is seen amongst crowdor is discharged, OR, prior to your ownuse of any chemical agents,' removemask from carrying bag. Hold yourbreath if discharge is in your area.c. Remove helmet.d. Once mask is on, blow forcefullyoutward. Replace helmet.3. Eye GoggleslBandana in Apple-Cider Vinegar. Asa back up to gas mask, or if you do not have a gas mask,a set of eye goggles, and a bandana soaked in Apple-Cider Vinegar should be carried. This solution helps tolimit the effects of tear' gas & pepper sprays. Prepareonly prior to deployment.. Put soaked bandanain sealedzip-lock. bag along .with goggles, and keep in easilyaccessible pocket or pouch.The eye goggles 'should cover & seal botheyes. Swimming goggles tend to fog up. Findlarger, one piece skiing goggles, etc. Avoiddarkly tinted goggles as these will reducevisibility at night or in low-light.4. Uniform. Whenever possible, some type of uniformclothing should be worn by CCU, for psychological aswell as tactical reasons. A group all wearing similarclothing projects strength & unity, this can discourage.opponents. Individuals wearing uniform clothing can behard to distinguish from one another, and make it hardfor our opponents to identify & track us during times ofaction. Regular combat clothing or bluelblack coverallscan be used. Body armour should be worn underuniform. Civilian clothing should be worn underuniform to assist in escape & evasion.5. Gloves. Thick leather or winter gloves can be used as, protection against baton strikes & projectiles. The mo!epadding on the top of fmgers & backhand the better, butshould .not impair movement of hand & fmgers. If it .isnecessary to remove your gloves to use equipment (i.e., ,pepper spray) attach glove with string through sleeves &back to other glove. r6. Body Armour. In some situations, i.e., very large &hostile crowds (or police CCU), b04Y armour should beworn to, better.' protect your, body 'from projectiles &baton strikes'. Improvised armour should not limit yourmovement l1;0r be excessively thick & bulky. Its purposeAmbushes .can be part of traps into which smallgroups of police are lured, or set up when the opportunitypresents itself The team should hide behind a corner,vehicle, in building entrance, roof-top, overhangingbridge, etc., and on signal carry out the attack. Anescape route & RV Point should be established prior tothe attack.2. Attacks on. .Govemmeut-Corporate Property:There are 2 methods. of. attacking government &corporate property: economic sabotage & looting ofresources. Whenever possible, these .should be pre-panned, with targets selected, their security analyzed, &tools brought to inflict damage/gain entry.A. Sabotage: the systematic destruction ofvehicles, offices & equipment to disable, disrupt, &damage the conduct of government or business. Thereare also associated repair & insurance costs, lost time &productivity, which increases the economic impact ofsabotage.Sabotage can be carried out using whatevermeans are available to smash & destroy. windows,computers, cash registers, vehicle windows, dashboards,& tires, etc. Tipping or throwing over machinery Scequipment, may besufficient. Set off, firealanns& sprinklersystems (waterdamage). Rocks,metal pipes, hammers,'etc. can also be used.Fires can be set orMolotovs used.B. Looting:the taking of materialresources from officesor stores (i.e., tools &23equipment, clothing, food, etc.). Whenever possible,looting should be pre-planned, with targets & methods ofgaining entry pre-selected. Bring the tools you'll need togain. entry (i.e., crowbar, sledgehammer, bolt cutters,etc.). A careful recon of target & area will provide thisinformation. Devise a plan for getting looted goods outof an area of conflict.Escape & EvasionWhen your team makes the decision towithdraw from the .. riot zone, you should move along apre-designated escape route (or, one of opportunity).Your escape route should avoid all, police checkpointsleading out of area. At the first secure point (Le.,sheltered from any video surveillance or observation),remove your outer layer & protective gear. Stash inback-packs (or, in emergency, dispose of all riot gear).Fix hair & civilian clothing, review .cover story(explaining what you are doing in area, destination, etc.).-l-person teams should divide into buddy teams and re-group at RV Point. The best buddy teams are male-female.After-Action AnalysisAfter any militant action.or attack, it is a good idea to de-brief as soon as possible. .Thepurpose of de-briefing is too reviewteam . action & conduct, whatworked & what didn't work, howthings could be done better, toshare what each member observed& experienced, etc. The moretime that passes from the time ofthe action to de-briefing, the lessdetail will be remembered.UNARREstdeployed to crowd control. Special detention centersmay be set JlP (in abandoned military bases, warehouses,etc.). It I U ~ y take days for you to beprocessed & thenreleased (depending" on charges & bail conditions). Ifyou areInjuredmedical assistance may be delayed.In some riot situations arising from politicalprotests, prisoners have refused to cooperate with police,withholding their names, etc. When enough peoplerefuse to cooperate this can put a significant drain onpolice resources. Demands have included immediaterelease of prisoners, medical attention, etc. Otherwise, itis advisable to follow the procedures outlined in theescape & evasion manual for arrests (providing name &date of birth will facilitate your .release, depending oncharges). You must refuse to answer any questionsduring interrogation. When .large numbers of prisonersare held, it is easy for undercover police to pose a...