Creating ADA Compliant Studies
Post on 23-Feb-2016
DESCRIPTIONCreating ADA Compliant Studies . Kelly Hermann, Director of Disability Services Kathleen Stone, Director of Curriculum and Instructional Design. Laws and Regulations. ADA: American with Disabilities Act of 1990 T he Rehabilitation Act of 1973 504 508 WCAG 2.0 Guidelines. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Online Education and Accessibility
Creating ADA Compliant Studies Kelly Hermann, Director of Disability ServicesKathleen Stone, Director of Curriculum and Instructional Design
1ADA: American with Disabilities Act of 1990The Rehabilitation Act of 1973504508WCAG 2.0 Guidelines
Laws and RegulationsIn 2008 ~ 11% of students in higher ed had some type of disability. (NCES - http://nces.ed.gov/fastfacts/display.asp?id=60)
Rehabilitation Act 1973Section 504 states that "no qualified individual with a disability in the United States shall be excluded from, denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under" any program or activity that either receives Federal financial assistance or is conducted by any Executive agency or the United States Postal Service.
American with Disabilities Act Dept of Justice Civil Rights DivisionThe ADA is one of America's most comprehensive pieces of civil rights legislation that prohibits discrimination and guarantees that people with disabilities have the same opportunities as everyone else to participate in the mainstream of American life -- to enjoy employment opportunities, to purchase goods and services, and to participate in State and local government programs and services. from ADA.govThe ADA stipulates that reasonable accommodations that do not fundamentally alter the program requirements or standards are to be provided unless they cause an undue burden.
Section 508 (1998) specifically applies to technology use provides the detail to technology accessibility to support 504. NY now requires we meet 508, this includes SUNY http://www.suny.edu/System_Links/Web_Accessibility/web_accessibility.cfm
WCAG 2.0 Web Content Accessibility Guidelines voluntary right now but proposed rule on federal register by the justice department on requiring WCAG 2.0 or 508 regulations as part of ADA.
The Teach Act Technology, Equality, and Accessibility in College and Higher Education was introduced less than a month ago by Congressman Tom Petri with NFB and Association of American Publishers looking to set guidelines for all of higher education and educational technology providers.
H.R. 3505 Rep. Tom Petri introduced in House 11/15/13 referred to the House Committee on Education and the WorkforceS.2060 Senator Elizabeth Warren Introduced in Senate 2/27/14 referred to the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions.
2Compatibility with assistive technologyNavigation to required course components and structuresUse of third party vendor sites and products where accessibility is unknownCaptioning and transcriptsWhat are the issues3Kindle the case that started it allLouisiana Technical university working with My insert your subject here labs and other third party sitesSouth Carolina Technical Community College system no complaint necessary
Relevant cases4Strategies: DocumentsStyle headingsAlternative text for images, tables, chartsNull attribute for purely decorative images (alt="") Complex images explained in contextDescriptive text for linksTable of contents for longer documents
Font size smaller than 9 pointsLow contrast between the text and the backgroundClick here and Read more as link textVisual clues only (e.g., click on the red button)
Bad Document!Intrinsic and extrinsic motivations are often seen as the opposites of one dimension (Lepper, Corpus, & Iyengar, 2005). This means that students are engaged in an activity either because they are interested in the activity or because they are interested in the reward they will get after completing the activity. Read moreIntrinsically motivated students persist when confronted with a challenge and generally exhibit higher academic performance than extrinsically motivated students (Goldberg & Cornell, 1998).Look at the diagram of intrinsic motivation definition on the right.Whats wrong with it?Low contrast between the text and the backgroundText is in a drawn textbox a screen reader will not be able to access it.The remaining issues are on the following slide.6Intrinsic and extrinsic motivations are often seen as the opposites of one dimension (Lepper, Corpus, & Iyengar, 2005). This means that students are engaged in an activity either because they are interested in the activity or because they are interested in the reward they will get after completing the activity. Read moreIntrinsically motivated students persist when confronted with a challenge and generally exhibit higher academic performance than extrinsically motivated students (Goldberg & Cornell, 1998).Look at the diagram of intrinsic motivation definition on the right.
Bad Document continued
Whats wrong with it?No title/headingRead more link labelUse of sensory verb LookUse of directional instructions (on the right).The image is not labeled.The image is not described in the context.
7Accurate synchronized closed captions If audio only - transcriptIf video only descriptive text transcript of screen actionUse our Library resourcesFilms on demandAlexander Street Press
Closed captions able to be turned off, open burned into the video.
Vimeo vs. YouTube
Vimeo does not allow for captioning of videos, it also is very difficult to find any information on their websiteto elude to their 508 compliancy.
YouTube however allows for you to place captioning or transcripts into the video for those hard of hearing or thosefor whom English is not their first language. 9Some Basic QuestionsCan you use the keyboard instead of the mouse?Does the cursor move in a logical order or flow? Is there ALT text for all non-text elements?Are there captions for audio and visual elements or transcripts for audio only elements?VokiVoicethreadPrezi
Strategies: Web 2.0 ToolsKathyWeb 2.0 Tools VokiVoicethread and VT UniversalPreziWeb2Access is a site that may help http://www.web2access.org.uk/
10Student Services and/or Disability Services with concerns about a student. We are here to help and happy to consultInstructional designers and web designers especially when developing/revising a course
Where to go for more info: Kelly11Web resources some valuable places to go:Web AIM www.webaim.orgPenn State Accessibility website accessibility.psu.eduOthers on our website www.esc.edu/disabilityservicesDisability Services Blog http://commons.esc.edu/disabilityservices/
Where to go for more info cont. 12Questions?Kelly.Hermann@esc.edu Director of Disability Services
Kathleen.Stone@esc.edu Director of Curriculum and Instructional Design