Creating a Literature Review. What is a literature review? A critical, comparative review of relevant literature – critique, compare and contrast writings.

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Creating a LiteratureCreating a Literature ReviewWhat is a literature review?A critical, comparative review of relevant literature critique, compare and contrast writingsResearch-based (empirical)Conceptual (theory)Use direct referencesProperly referenced, avoiding plagiarismBe critical!End with a summary of main points and link to next section2Stages of a lit reviewhttp://info.emeraldinsight.com/authors/guides/literature.htm?part=23DefineDefine your terms what are you looking forAnd what are you NOT looking for?Think sideways... Eg. You may be looking for parental engagement but part of the world calls it parental involvement4SearchSearch databases (See the Useful Links page)Use the resources on the Library Webpages - LINKBe methodical!Keep good, clear records of what you have looked for(and search terms)of what you foundof what you have readThe table on the next slide shows one way of keeping track5This shows the data base searchedThese are the terms used in the search6Keeping good records of your searchesAllows you to maximise your time (you wont repeat searches)Allows you to show you have looked at the literature carefullySee pages 17 18 of THIS REPORT for an example of how searches can be reportedEvaluate (Criticality)Be critical about what is includedIs it a reputable publication?Is the study robust, and does the study support the conclusions?Be critical about how it is includedIs it worth the emphasis you are giving to it?Include, as appropriate, information about the study when, where, who, how many...?8AnalyseSo, what does all this mean?A literature review isnt a list it needs to be more than that; its not a book report it must relate to your central research question SHOW how it relates, dont assume the reader will figure it outThemes? Conclusions?9Literature reviews...The point is a *review* of the main publications about a subjectIt does not need to and can not contain a reference to *every* publication on the subjectIt is a *review*, not a list10Read other lit reviewsFind one on your subject, and read that...Include it in your review it will, by definition, be older than yours!11Meaning peer reviewed journalsGoogle scholarAcademic data basesThese supplement books - but they do need to be thereAcademic sources12Very important in terms of the subject of your research Current or recentIf there really arent any, say so its a gap in the knowledge base(But be sure there really isnt anything out there!)Academic sources13

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