craig morris, ph.d. deputy administrator livestock, poultry & seed

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U.S. Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Marketing ServiceLivestock, Poultry, & Seed Program

Craig Morris, Ph.D.Deputy AdministratorLivestock, Poultry & Seed1AMS ProgramsLivestock, Poultry, & SeedDairyFruit & VegetableCotton &TobaccoNational Organic ProgramTransportation & MarketingCompliance and AnalysisScience and TechnologyLivestock, Poultry, and SeedProgram Overview

3Livestock, Poultry, and Seed ProgramOne of the commodity programs in AMSApproximately 1,000 Federal staff members and an additional 1,000 State employees who work for the Program under cooperative agreements with all 50 StatesWide array of markets covered: Cattle/Beef, Hogs/Pork, Sheep/Lamb/Goats, Poultry, Shell Eggs, Aquaculture/Wild Caught Seafood, Grains/Oilseeds/Hay, Bioenergy, Organic, InternationalServices segment value differences throughout the supply chainAuditing quality management systems for unique marketing claims Reporting on the marketsAdding value through grading and certificationHelping convey quality attributes to the consumer5LPS Services & ProgramsGrading and CertificationVerificationStandardizationFood Safety and Commodity SpecificationMarket InformationMarketing Programs (R&P)Country of Origin LabelingSeed Regulation and TestingAgricultural AnalyticsQA & CertificationAssuring quality of products and production processesApplying stamp and certification of approval

7LPS Service & BenefitsInstrument GradingOfficial U.S. grade standards: Grade A, Grade AA, Prime, Choice Marketing Claim Standards: Process Verified Institutional Meat Purchase Specifications (IMPS)International Standards (UNECE)LPS Grading ServicesProvided for poultry, shell eggs, beef, lamb, pork, veal, and calfVoluntary; requested by industryApplication of quality grades based on written standardsCertification based on detailed specification requirements

9LPS Service & BenefitsValue guideline

Marketing tool

Consumer guide to palatability

Ensured compliance with specifications and contracts for benefit of purchaser

10LPS Verification ServicesIndependent audits

Standards are internationally recognized

Ensure product quality and program conformance

Domestic Fowl Program

11LPS Verification ExamplesApplying marketing claimsCage FreeQuality Systems Assessment ProgramsAntibiotic usage Responsible use of AntibioticsNational Organic ProgramVerifying Accredited Certifying Agents Export Verification ProgramsFurther Processed Egg Program12Avian Influenza DetectionsVoluntary Grading:177 USDA plants: 300+ USDA GradersShell Egg Surveillance: 500 facilitiesAvian Influenza DetectionsAvian Influenza DetectionsAvian Influenza Detections

AMS ResponseMonitor APHIS AI announcementsPosted on website after confirmation by National Lab Shell Egg SurveillanceSuspend SES inspections in affected areas (county)Posted affected counties on AMS websiteNon affected areas adjust schedule to warmer monthsVoluntary Grading Program177 Full Time USDA plants310 Federal / State employeesRelief staff appropriate biosecurity considerationsSupervisory visits timing flexible Performance reviews, plant surveys, licensingAudits UEP cancelledFood Defense (Commodity contracts) only if needed

Updating Information

http://www.ams.usda.gov/AMSv1.0/PYEggExportRequirementsU.S./Canadian Regulatory Cooperation Council (RCC)AMS worked closely with industry representatives, CFIA, and NAMA U.S. Poultry Trade StandardsUpdating IMPSHarmonizing U.S. and Canadian documentsUpdating the meat and poultry products in the Meat Buyers GuideU.S. Chicken and Turkey Trade Standards and Institutional Meat Purchase Specifications (IMPS)Updating Chicken and Turkey Trade Standards in 2016

Chicken and Turkey Trade StandardsCFIA translation from English to French

17UNECE Standards Further processed poultryGained concurrence and subsequent adoption by the Working Party on the standards.

UNECEs website http://www.unece.org/trade/agr/standard/meat/meat_e.html

ISO Standards: Animal WelfareAMS Chairs the U.S. representation at the ISO animal welfare working group.

Working to develop international welfare standards for food producing animals based on the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) Chapters.

Standards to be in place by the end of 2015.

Market InformationMarket News is

The Eyes and Ears of American Agriculture

This teams high profile work products include the economic analyses used to determine when support of certain commodity markets such as the egg, livestock, poultry, and seafood markets, is warranted as well as issuing public-facing publications such as The Economic Landscape, a monthly overview of key production, price, and trade factors that is used to inform both internal and external stakeholders.

20Market News Provides The base that all other agriculture statistics are built upon

A neutral, third party that is widely recognized and trusted

A critical link between individual entities and the market

This teams high profile work products include the economic analyses used to determine when support of certain commodity markets such as the egg, livestock, poultry, and seafood markets, is warranted as well as issuing public-facing publications such as The Economic Landscape, a monthly overview of key production, price, and trade factors that is used to inform both internal and external stakeholders.

21Reports: ExampleInternational Canadian Egg Market MAY 25, 2015. FEDERAL-STATE QUEBEC/MONTREAL: WHOLESALE PRICES-GRADED IN CARTONS (CANADIAN DOLLARS) AS REPORTED BY AGRICULTURE AND AGRI-FOOD CANADA, AISD, AID, POULTRY SECTION

FOR THE WEEK OF MAY 11, 2015 GRADE A XLARGE LARGE MEDIUM SMALL

MINIMUM PRICES FOR PRODUCERS FOB FARM FOR WEEK OF MAY 11, 2015 AS SET BY ONTARIO EGG PRODUCERS.

GRADE A XLARGE LARGE MEDIUM SMALL 1.90 1.90 1.69 1.26 This teams high profile work products include the economic analyses used to determine when support of certain commodity markets such as the egg, livestock, poultry, and seafood markets, is warranted as well as issuing public-facing publications such as The Economic Landscape, a monthly overview of key production, price, and trade factors that is used to inform both internal and external stakeholders.

22Reports: Example INTERNATIONAL: Weekly Major Wholesale Markets-Mexico City(Tue) Cents per pound for the week ending May 22, 2015 Whole Legs Necks, Backs Livers/

Chickens Breasts with Thighs and Wings Gizzards Hens -------- ------- ----------- ----------- -------- ---- RAYON Low | 102.38 * 178.05 * 94.96 * 44.51 * 20.77 * 74.19 * High | 103.86 * 192.89 * 109.80 * 53.42 * 23.74 * 74.19 * Mostly | 103.86 * 186.96 * 103.86 * 47.48 * 20.77 * 74.19 *

SAN JUAN Low | 101.49 * 178.05 * 94.96 * 41.55 * 20.77 * 74.19 * High | 102.97 * 189.92 * 106.83 * 50.45 * 23.74 * 74.19 * Mostly | 102.97 * 183.99 * 100.90 * 44.51 * 20.77 * 74.19 *

NEW SAN JUAN Low | 102.97 * 181.02 * 100.90 * 47.48 * 23.74 * 80.12 * High | 104.46 * 195.86 * 112.77 * 56.38 * 26.71 * 80.12 * Mostly | 103.86 * 192.89 * 106.83 * 50.45 * 23.74 * 80.12 *

This teams high profile work products include the economic analyses used to determine when support of certain commodity markets such as the egg, livestock, poultry, and seafood markets, is warranted as well as issuing public-facing publications such as The Economic Landscape, a monthly overview of key production, price, and trade factors that is used to inform both internal and external stakeholders.

23Agricultural Analytics DivisionProvides a wide range of economic, scientific, statistical, mathematical, and market analytic expertise in support of both Federal Government and industry.

This teams high profile work products include the economic analyses used to determine when support of certain commodity markets such as the egg, livestock, poultry, and seafood markets, is warranted as well as issuing public-facing publications such as The Economic Landscape, a monthly overview of key production, price, and trade factors that is used to inform both internal and external stakeholders.

24LPS Research & Promotion

25A Few Closing Points

Questions and ContactCraig Morris, Ph.D.Deputy AdministratorLivestock, Poultry, & Seed Programor Craig.Morris@ams.usda.govor visit us on the

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