COURT OF BOSNIA AND OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA Case No.: X-KR-05/24-1 ... 92 G. Genocide was Committed in Srebrenica in Accordance with this Plan.....93 VI. THE

Download COURT OF BOSNIA AND   OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA Case No.: X-KR-05/24-1 ... 92 G. Genocide was Committed in Srebrenica in Accordance with this Plan.....93 VI. THE

Post on 09-Mar-2018

212 views

Category:

Documents

0 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

<ul><li><p> SUD BOSNE I HERCEGOVINE </p><p> COURT OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA </p><p>Case No.: X-KR-05/24-1 </p><p>Date: Delivered 29 July 2008 Published 4 February 2009 </p><p> Before: Judge Hilmo Vuini, Presiding Judge Paul Melchior Brilman Judge Shireen Avis Fisher </p><p>PROSECUTORS OFFICE OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA </p><p>v. </p><p>PETAR MITROVI </p><p> FIRST INSTANCE VERDICT </p><p> Counsel for the Prosecutors Office of Bosnia and Herzegovina: </p><p>Mr. Ibro Buli Mr. Kwai-Hong Ip </p><p> Counsel for the Accused Petar Mitrovi: </p><p>Mr. Todor Todorovi Ms. Vesna Tupaji-kiljevi </p></li><li><p>TABLE OF CONTENTS </p><p>VERDICT .................................................................................................................................7 </p><p>I. PROCEDURAL HISTORY .........................................................................................................9 </p><p>II. GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS OF EVIDENCE.......................................................................11 </p><p>A. Generally......................................................................................................................11 </p><p>B. Credibility of S4...........................................................................................................12 </p><p>1. Plea Agreements and Immunity Generally .........................................................12 </p><p>2. Discrepancies between Investigative Statements ................................................14 </p><p>3. Credibility of Facts ................................................................................................16 </p><p>III. SUMMARY OF EVENTS ......................................................................................................17 </p><p>A. Background and Summary of Events .......................................................................17 </p><p>1. Preparation for Attack on Srebrenica .................................................................17 </p><p>2. Attack on Srebrenica and Aftermath...................................................................18 </p><p>3. Participation of RS MUP Units in the Aftermath...............................................21 </p><p>4. Widespread and Systematic Attack .....................................................................23 </p><p>5. Structure of the 2nd ekovii Detachment............................................................24 </p><p>B. Operations of the 2nd ekovii Detachment and the 3rd Skelani Platoon ...............25 </p><p>1. 10 July 11 July .....................................................................................................25 </p><p>2. 12 July .....................................................................................................................26 </p><p>3. 13 July: Sandii Meadow.......................................................................................27 </p><p>4. 13 July: Kravica Warehouse.................................................................................28 </p><p>5. 14 July 15 July .....................................................................................................31 </p><p>C. The Execution at the Kravica Warehouse ................................................................33 </p><p>IV. LAW OF GENOCIDE ...........................................................................................................43 </p><p>A. Elements of the Crime ................................................................................................43 </p><p>B. Actus Reus ....................................................................................................................45 </p><p>C. Mens Rea ......................................................................................................................45 </p><p>1. Intent to Kill ..........................................................................................................46 </p><p>2. Genocidal Intent.....................................................................................................47 </p><p>a. Aim (Intent).................................................................................................47 b. to Destroy .......................................................................................................48 </p><p>Case No. X-KR-05/24-1 29 July 2008 2</p></li><li><p>c. In Whole or in Part .........................................................................................48 d. A national, ethnical, racial or religious group ................................................49 </p><p>D. Proof of Genocidal Intent ...........................................................................................49 </p><p>E. Findings on Protected Group .....................................................................................50 </p><p>1. The Accused knew that the Victims of the Killings at the Kravica Warehouse were Bosniaks from Srebrenica............................................................50 </p><p>2. The Bosniaks of Srebrenica were a Part of a Protected Group.................51 </p><p>V. GENOCIDAL PLAN AND CONTEXT THE LIBERATION OF SREBRENICA ......................54 </p><p>A. The Liberation of Srebrenica.................................................................................54 </p><p>B. Phase One: Military Takeover of Srebrenica ...........................................................55 </p><p>C. The Second Part: Phase Two Eradication of the Bosniaks ..............................58 </p><p>1. The Role of the Security and Intelligence Organs in Phase Two ......................60 </p><p>2. The Role of the MUP forces in Phase Two ..........................................................61 </p><p>D. Phase Two: Eradication of Bosniaks Forcible Transfer.......................................62 </p><p>1. Preparation for the Transfer Plan........................................................................62 </p><p>2. The Deception.........................................................................................................64 </p><p>E. Phase Two: Eradication of Bosniaks Killing of the Men......................................66 </p><p>1. Preparation for the Killing....................................................................................66 </p><p>2. The Killing Plan: 12 July 1995..............................................................................69 </p><p>a. The Killing Plan: Potoari..................................................................................70 b. The Killing Plan: The Column...........................................................................73 </p><p>3. The Killing Plan: 13 July 1995..............................................................................78 </p><p>a. Killing ................................................................................................................78 i. Ambush, Shelling, and Murder.....................................................................78 ii. Organized Multiple Killings ........................................................................78 </p><p>b. Induced Surrender..............................................................................................79 c. Transfer and Collection for Execution...............................................................80 d. Simultaneity .......................................................................................................80 </p><p>4. The Killing Plan: 14 July 19 July 1995 .............................................................81 </p><p>5. No Deviation from the Killing Plan ......................................................................82 </p><p>F. Phase Two: Eradication of Bosniaks The Decision to use the MUP Special Police to Implement the Plan Came From the Top .........................................84 </p><p>1. The Order to Use the MUP Special Police came From the Top ....................85 </p><p>2. Importance of the MUP Special Police ................................................................86 </p><p>3.The Mission of the MUP came From the Top ..................................................88 </p><p>a. Civilian Structures..............................................................................................88 b. Military Structures .............................................................................................89 </p><p>Case No. X-KR-05/24-1 29 July 2008 3</p></li><li><p>4. Activities of the MUP were known To the Top ...............................................90 </p><p>5. The Killings at Kravica were Consistent with the Plan By the Top..............92 </p><p>G. Genocide was Committed in Srebrenica in Accordance with this Plan.................93 </p><p>VI. THE ACCUSED GENOCIDAL INTENT ..............................................................................96 </p><p>A. The Accused knew the Basic Elements of the Genocidal Plan................................96 </p><p>1. Timing .....................................................................................................................98 </p><p>2. Content....................................................................................................................98 </p><p>a. Content: Liberation of Srebrenica......................................................................98 i. Liberation of Srebrenica meant the Eradication of the Bosniaks .................98 ii. Eradication of the Bosniaks meant Killing the Men and Forcibly Transferring the Women, Children and Elderly ..............................................99 </p><p>b. Content: The Order for Redeployment of the Platoon to Srebrenica to Assist in the Liberation came From the Top........................................................100 c. Content: The Details of the Detachments Part in the Liberation of Srebrenica were not to be Talked About..............................................................100 </p><p>3. Manner..................................................................................................................101 </p><p>4. Reactions ...............................................................................................................103 </p><p>B. The Accuseds Knowledge of the Genocidal Plan was confirmed by the Genocidal Context Obvious to Them ...........................................................................103 </p><p>1. The 2nd Detachment was Involved in Phase Two of the Mission to Liberate Srebrenica .............................................................................................104 </p><p>2. The Goal of the Mission was to Permanently Eradicate the Bosniaks who lived in the Safe Area of Srebrenica...............................................................104 </p><p>3. Permanent Eradication of the Bosniaks meant the Forcible Transfer of the Women, Children, and Elderly ........................................................................104 </p><p>4. Permanent Eradication of the Bosniaks meant Killing the Men .....................105 </p><p>5. The Orders were coming From the Top ........................................................106 </p><p>6. The Mission was Not to be Spoken of Outside the Detachment ..................107 </p><p>C. The Genocidal Act.....................................................................................................107 </p><p>1. The Number of Victims .......................................................................................109 </p><p>2. Physical Targeting and Language ......................................................................109 </p><p>3. Systematic and Methodical Manner of Killing .................................................109 </p><p>4. Weapons Employed .............................................................................................110 </p><p>5. Extent of Bodily Injury........................................................................................110 </p><p>6. Targeted Regardless of Age ................................................................................110 </p><p>7. Targeted Survivors ..............................................................................................111 </p><p>8. Methodical Planning ............................................................................................111 </p><p>9. Manner and Character of the Perpetrators Participation..............................112 </p><p>Case No. X-KR-05/24-1 29 July 2008 4</p></li><li><p>D. Conclusion..................................................................................................................113 </p><p>VII. CRIMINAL RESPONSIBILITY OF THE ACCUSED.............................................................114 </p><p>A. Accused Petar Mitrovi ............................................................................................114 </p><p>B. Credibility ..................................................................................................................117 </p><p>C. Mental Capacity of the Accused ..............................................................................120 </p><p>D. Joint Criminal Enterprise ........................................................................................122 </p><p>1. Law on Joint Criminal Enterprise .....................................................................122 </p><p>2. Prosecutors Submissions ....................................................................................122 </p><p>3. Analysis .................................................................................................................123 </p><p>E. Parts of Charges Left Out of the Operative Part of the Verdict...........................127 </p><p>VIII. APPLICABLE LAW ........................................................................................................129 </p><p>IX. SENTENCING ....................................................................................................................132 </p><p>A. Law on Sentencing ....................................................................................................132 </p><p>1. Necessary and Proportionate to the Gravity of the Crime ..............................132 </p><p>a. Danger and Threat to Protected Objects and Values .......................................132 b. Suffering of the Direct and Indirect Victims ...................................................133 c. Deterrence ........................................................................................................134 d. Express Community Condemnation ................................................................134 e. Educate as to Danger of Crime ........................................................................135 f. Educate as to the Fairness of Punishment ........................................................135 </p><p>2. Necessary and Proportionate to the Individual Offender ................................136 </p><p>B. Accused Petar Mitrovi ............................................................................................137 </p><p>ANNEX A: EVIDENCE.............................................................................................................141 </p><p>ANNEX B: PROCEDURAL DECISIONS ....................................................................................166 </p><p>A. Decision on the Motion for Disqualification ...........................................................166 </p><p>B. Protective Measures ...................................................................................</p></li></ul>