Course Outline WEEK 1. Introduction to Course WEEK 2. Quality Concepts WEEK 3. Total Quality Management, Philosophy and Principles WEEK 4. Quality Gurus:

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<ul><li> Slide 1 </li> <li> Course Outline WEEK 1. Introduction to Course WEEK 2. Quality Concepts WEEK 3. Total Quality Management, Philosophy and Principles WEEK 4. Quality Gurus: Their Philosophies, principles and methods WEEK 5. Focusing on Customers WEEK 6. Techniques in Total Quality Management </li> <li> Slide 2 </li> <li> Course Outline WEEK 7. Managing Human Resources In a Total Quality Environment WEEK 8. MIDTERM WEEK 9. Building and Sustaining Total Quality WEEK 10. Total Quality in Hospitality Sector WEEK 11. Benchmarking WEEK 12. ISO WEEK 13,14 ORAL PRESENTATIONS WEEK 15 FINAL </li> <li> Slide 3 </li> <li> TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT The leading trend in competition within the market was by having effective cost management strategies up to the 1970s. However, after the 70s, this has left its place to the fast growing trend of Total Quality Management. </li> <li> Slide 4 </li> <li> TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT TOTAL - stands for the inclusion of all areas of the business and all staff.............Principle of staff briefing QUALITY - stands for the consistent gearing of all activities to the quality requirements of internal and external customers/guests...........Principle of guest-led action MANAGEMENT - stands for the responsibility of the top management as regards systematic quality development and assurance........Principle of management responsibility. </li> <li> Slide 5 </li> <li> . Integrates all functions and processes within an organization to improve the quality of goods and services..People-focused management system.Focuses on increasing customer satisfaction and reducing costs..Stresses learning from and adaptation to change.Based on the scientific method </li> <li> Slide 6 </li> <li> Advantages of TQM TQM offers firms several advantages such as having less bureacratic work environment, more flexibility, opportunity of working in groups, freedom of speech and thoughts, creating an environment within complaints, being customer oriented, implication of continuous development and education,realizing the importance of the staff and an environment where responsibilities are greater. Staff within the firm are seen as inside customers and motivation through this. </li> <li> Slide 7 </li> <li> Like any other industry, TQM is very important for the tourism industry and the outcomes are highly visible. Tourism ind. based on service and the employes within this industry must be highly skilled and educated. If these 2 requirements are fullfilled, customer satisfaction and profits will be at high levels. </li> <li> Slide 8 </li> <li> TQM can be seen as a sort of a philosophy. It aims for greater level of service commintment and satisfying customers within a democratic and visible management strategy. </li> <li> Slide 9 </li> <li> QUALITY Quality is meeting or exceeding customer expectations. </li> <li> Slide 10 </li> <li> Modern Importance of Quality The first job we have is to turn out quality merchandise that consumers will buy and keep on buying. If we produce it efficiently and economically, we will earn a profit, in which you will share. - William Cooper Procter </li> <li> Slide 11 </li> <li> Quality Assurance are methods to ensure costumer quality. </li> <li> Slide 12 </li> <li> History of Quality Assurance Skilled craftsmanship during Middle Ages Interchangeable parts (H. Le Blanc, T. Jefferson &amp; E. Whitney) Early 20 th Century: scientific management (Taylor), Henry Ford, Bell System (Western Electric) (Hawthorne Effect, statistical methods (Walter Shewhart, Deming,Harold Dodge, etc.)) </li> <li> Slide 13 </li> <li> Quality control during World War II: MIL-STD. </li> <li> Slide 14 </li> <li> History of Quality Assurance Post-war Japan: evolution of quality management Kaizen: Continuous improvement Deming Prize </li> <li> Slide 15 </li> <li> History of Quality Assurance Quality awareness in U.S. manufacturing industry during 1980s: from Little Q to Big Q - Total Quality Management Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award (1987) </li> <li> Slide 16 </li> <li> History of Quality Assurance European Foundation for Quality Management: European Quality Award ISO 9000 standard Turkish Quality: Turkish Center for Quality (KalDer) (www.kalder.org) </li> <li> Slide 17 </li> <li> History of Quality Assurance Emergence of quality management in service industries, government, health care, and education Evolution of Six Sigma Current and future challenges: A race without a finish line. David Kearns, Xerox. </li> <li> Slide 18 </li> <li> Contemporary Influences on Quality Partnering Learning systems Adaptability and speed of change Environmental sustainability Globalization Knowledge focus Customization and differentiation Shifting demographics </li> <li> Slide 19 </li> <li> Definitions of Quality Transcendent definition: excellence Product-based definition: product attributes/capabilities User-based definition: fitness for intended use Value-based definition: quality vs. price Manufacturing-based definition: conformance to specifications </li> <li> Slide 20 </li> <li> Customer-Driven Quality Meeting or exceeding customer expectations Customers can be... Consumers External customers Internal customers </li> </ul>

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