COUNTY OF WISE ?· WISE COUNTY COMPREHENSIVE PLAN COUNTY OF WISE, VIRGINIA Prepared for the Wise County…

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  • WISE COUNTY

    COMPREHENSIVE PLAN

    COUNTY OF WISE, VIRGINIA Prepared for the Wise County Board of Supervisors by the Wise County Planning Commission

    with technical assistance provided by the

    LENOWISCO Planning District Commission

    Adopted October 8, 1998

  • WISE COUNTY BOARD OF SUPERVISORS

    Doug Stallard, Chairman Edgar Mullins

    Bob Adkins Jack Kiser

    Betty Cornett Virginia Meador

    Donnie Dowell Doug Mullins

    Scott Davis, Administrator

    WISE COUNTY PLANNING COMMISSION

    Randy Rigg, Chairman Roy Robertson

    Harold Bloomer Faye Barker

    Teddy Bishop Jim Thacker

    Jack Kiser Scott Davis Randy Hamilton

    COMPREHENSIVE PLAN SUBCOMMITTEE

    Sandra Williams, Chairman Doug Harris

    Donnie Dowell Deborah Kilgore

    Kevin Edwards Robert Mullins

    Raoul Gagne William Powers

    Jim Gilley Randy Rigg

    The Comprehensive Plan Subcommittee wishes to acknowledge the many contributions to the production of this document and to especially thank the following:

    Weldon Cooper Center for Public Service, for conducting public meetings and compiling responses to the community survey.

    Mountain Empire Community College, for printing 5,000 community surveys and fliers at no charge.

    The county's major employers, for distributing surveys and fliers.

    Mike Gilliam, for his artistic talents.

  • TABLE OF CONTENTS PART I - INTRODUCTION / SUMMARY

    What is a Comprehensive Plan? ................................................................................ i-1 Why a Comprehensive Plan? ..................................................................................... i-1 Who Does the Planning? ............................................................................................ i-1 The Wise County Comprehensive Plan...................................................................... i-1 Public Participation in the Planning Process .............................................................. i-2 Executive Summary .................................................................................................... i-3 Action Plans ................................................................................................................ i-6 PART II - INVENTORY AND ANALYSIS

    CHAPTER I - HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE Location ................................................................................................................. I-1 Historical Perspective............................................................................................ I-1

    Agriculture........................................................................................................ I-1 Coal.................................................................................................................. I-2

    CHAPTER II - NATURAL RESOURCES Topographic Features .......................................................................................... II-1 Geological Features ............................................................................................. II-3 Climate and Weather ........................................................................................... II-3 Hydrologic Features ............................................................................................. II-4

    Surface Water................................................................................................. II-4 Ground Water ................................................................................................. II-6

    Mineral Resources ............................................................................................... II-7 Coal................................................................................................................. II-7 Natural Gas..................................................................................................... II-9 Iron Ore........................................................................................................... II-9 Other Mineral Resources ............................................................................. II-10

    Forest Resources ............................................................................................... II-10

    CHAPTER III - LAND USE SUITABILITY Physical Considerations to Land Usage ............................................................. III-1 Slopes.................................................................................................................. III-1 Soil Conditions..................................................................................................... III-1 Flood Prone Areas .............................................................................................. III-2 Mineral Land Under Development ...................................................................... III-3 Land Owned by Coal and Resource Companies and the U.S. Government.................................................................................. III-3 Land Subject to Potential Subsidence ................................................................ III-4

    CHAPTER IV - EXISTING LAND USE Current Development Patterns........................................................................... IV-1

    Urban and Built-Up Land.............................................................................. IV-2 Agricultural Land........................................................................................... IV-4 Surface Mined Disturbed Land..................................................................... IV-4 Forest Land................................................................................................... IV-5

    Areas of Expansion ............................................................................................ IV-5 Implications for Future Land Use ....................................................................... IV-6

  • CHAPTER V - POPULATION Total Population Trends and Projections............................................................ V-1 Population Distribution and Density .................................................................... V-2 Age Characteristics ............................................................................................. V-2 Racial Composition of Population ....................................................................... V-4

    CHAPTER VI - ECONOMY Economic Base Analysis .................................................................................... VI-1 Basic Industries .................................................................................................. VI-3

    Mining ........................................................................................................... VI-3 Manufacturing............................................................................................... VI-3 Agriculture..................................................................................................... VI-4

    Supporting Sector Employment ......................................................................... VI-5 Government .................................................................................................. VI-5 Wholesale/Retail Trade................................................................................ VI-5 Other ............................................................................................................. VI-5

    Employment Characteristics .............................................................................. VI-5 Commuting ................................................................................................... VI-6 Labor Force Participation ............................................................................. VI-7 Unemployment.............................................................................................. VI-8

    Income................................................................................................................ VI-9 Retail Sales ...................................................................................................... VI-10 Local Economic Development.......................................................................... VI-11 Discussion of Economic Issues ....................................................................... VI-12

    CHAPTER VII - HOUSING Housing Inventory.............................................................................................. VII-1

    Housing Stock.............................................................................................. VII-1 Public Housing............................................................................................. VII-2 Housing Condition ....................................................................................... VII-3

    Housing Trends and Projections....................................................................... VII-4 Construction................................................................................................. VII-4 Rehabilitation ............................................................................................... VII-5 Deficiencies ................................................................................................. VII-5

    Problem Analysis............................................................................................... VII-6

    CHAPTER VIII - PUBLIC UTILITY SYSTEMS Water and Sewerage Planning Efforts............................................................. VIII-1 Existing Public Water Supply and Watersheds .............................................

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