Count and non count nouns

Download Count and non count nouns

Post on 01-Jun-2015

5.218 views

Category:

Career

0 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

<ul><li> 1. Count and Non-count nouns Gonzalo Smith Sifuentes Zavala</li></ul> <p> 2. 3. 4. Noun </p> <ul><li>Nouns represent persons , places , things and ideas . </li></ul> <p> 5. refers to Noun Persons Places Things Ideas 6. 7. types Noun Proper Noun Common Noun 8. ProperNouns </p> <ul><li>Proper nouns name particular persons , places or things. </li></ul> <ul><li>They are usually unique and are capitalized in writing. </li></ul> <p> 9. Example: </p> <ul><li>China </li></ul> <ul><li>Dr. Olsen </li></ul> <ul><li>The Empire State Building </li></ul> <p> 10. Common Nouns </p> <ul><li>Common Nouns refer to people , places , or things but are not the names of particular individuals.</li></ul> <p> 11. Example </p> <ul><li>scientist </li></ul> <ul><li>building </li></ul> <ul><li>department store. </li></ul> <p> 12. CommonNouns Count Nouns No- Count Nouns types 13. Count Nouns </p> <ul><li>Count Nouns refer to things that you can count separately . </li></ul> <ul><li>They can be singular or plural. </li></ul> <ul><li>You can useaoranbefore count Nouns. </li></ul> <p> 14. Example </p> <ul><li>Nine planets </li></ul> <ul><li>That`s an interesting question </li></ul> <ul><li>This is a delicious sandwich </li></ul> <p> 15. Non- Count Nouns </p> <ul><li>Non-Count Nouns refer to things that you can`t count separately. </li></ul> <ul><li>They usually have no plural form. </li></ul> <ul><li>We don`t usually useaoranwith non-count Nouns , though they are often preceded bysomeorthe . </li></ul> <p> 16. </p> <ul><li>Common mistakes: </li></ul> <ul><li>I have a lot ofhomeworksto do </li></ul> <ul><li>Se is washing herhairs </li></ul> <ul><li>Theequipmentsweren`t working well. </li></ul> <p> 17. Example </p> <ul><li>I boughtrice </li></ul> <ul><li>Let me give yousome advice </li></ul> <p> 18. Be careful! </p> <ul><li>Many words have both count and non-count meanings. </li></ul> <ul><li>Check your dictionary to avoid mistakes. </li></ul> <p> 19. </p> <ul><li>She heard a noise in the attic. </li></ul> <ul><li>Noise can be harmful to health </li></ul> <p> 20. </p> <ul><li>We normally use a singular verb with a non-count noun. </li></ul> <ul><li>Example:Rice feedsmillions. </li></ul> <ul><li>We use a singular pronoun to refer to the noun. </li></ul> <ul><li>Example:Itfeeds millions. </li></ul> <p> 21. Categories of Non-Count Nouns </p> <ul><li>Medical Condition: </li></ul> <ul><li>Cancer </li></ul> <ul><li>AIDS </li></ul> <ul><li>Typhoid </li></ul> <ul><li>Syphilis </li></ul> <p> 22. </p> <ul><li>Scientific process or procedures: </li></ul> <ul><li>anesthesia </li></ul> <ul><li>dissection </li></ul> <ul><li>electroshock </li></ul> <p> 23. </p> <ul><li>Wholes composed of individual parts: </li></ul> <ul><li>mail </li></ul> <ul><li>clothing </li></ul> <ul><li>garbage </li></ul> <ul><li>baggage </li></ul> <ul><li>jewerly </li></ul> <p> 24. </p> <ul><li>Abstractions: </li></ul> <ul><li>honesty </li></ul> <ul><li>love </li></ul> <ul><li>hate </li></ul> <ul><li>education </li></ul> <ul><li>beauty </li></ul> <ul><li>maidhood </li></ul> <p> 25. </p> <ul><li>Activities: </li></ul> <ul><li>basketball </li></ul> <ul><li>dancing </li></ul> <ul><li>tennis </li></ul> <ul><li>soccer </li></ul> <ul><li>golf </li></ul> <p> 26. </p> <ul><li>Foods: </li></ul> <ul><li>beef </li></ul> <ul><li>bread </li></ul> <ul><li>fish </li></ul> <ul><li>fruit </li></ul> <ul><li>meat </li></ul> <p> 27. </p> <ul><li>Gases: </li></ul> <ul><li>air </li></ul> <ul><li>carbon dioxide </li></ul> <ul><li>oxygen </li></ul> <ul><li>smoke </li></ul> <p> 28. </p> <ul><li>Liquids: </li></ul> <ul><li>coffee </li></ul> <ul><li>gasoline </li></ul> <ul><li>milk </li></ul> <ul><li>tea </li></ul> <ul><li>water </li></ul> <p> 29. </p> <ul><li>Natural Phenomena: </li></ul> <ul><li>snow </li></ul> <ul><li>heat </li></ul> <ul><li>rain </li></ul> <ul><li>thunder </li></ul> <p> 30. </p> <ul><li>Particles: </li></ul> <ul><li>dust</li></ul> <ul><li>pepper </li></ul> <ul><li>salt </li></ul> <ul><li>sand </li></ul> <ul><li>sugar </li></ul> <p> 31. </p> <ul><li>Solid elements: </li></ul> <ul><li>gold </li></ul> <ul><li>iron </li></ul> <ul><li>plutonium </li></ul> <ul><li>silver </li></ul> <p> 32. </p> <ul><li>Subjects: </li></ul> <ul><li>Chinese </li></ul> <ul><li>English </li></ul> <ul><li>physics </li></ul> <ul><li>science </li></ul> <p> 33. </p> <ul><li>Others: </li></ul> <ul><li>equipment </li></ul> <ul><li>furniture </li></ul> <ul><li>money </li></ul> <ul><li>news </li></ul> <p> 34. </p> <ul><li>We frequently make non- count nouns countable by adding a phrase that gives them a form , a limit or a container. </li></ul> <p> 35. </p> <ul><li>Non count nouncountable form </li></ul> <ul><li>furniturea piece of furniture </li></ul> <ul><li>lightninga bolt/flash of lightning </li></ul> <ul><li>meata piece of meat </li></ul> <ul><li>ricea grain of rice </li></ul> <ul><li>tennisa game of tennis </li></ul> <ul><li>thundera clap of thunder </li></ul> <p> 36. </p> <ul><li>Non Count NounCountable Form </li></ul> <ul><li>watera cup of water </li></ul> <ul><li>milk , juicea carton of juice , milk </li></ul> <ul><li>lettucea head of lettuce </li></ul> <ul><li>bananaa bunch of bananas </li></ul> <ul><li>buttera piece / stick / bar of butter </li></ul> <p> 37. </p> <ul><li>Non Count NounCountable Form </li></ul> <ul><li>chocolatea bar of chocolate </li></ul> <ul><li>margarinea tub of margarine </li></ul> <ul><li>breada loaf / slice of bread </li></ul> <ul><li>ice creama tub , scoop of ice cream </li></ul> <ul><li>mermeladea jar of mermelade </li></ul> <ul><li>sugara lump of sugar </li></ul> <ul><li>garlica clove of garlic </li></ul> <p> 38. </p> <ul><li>We use manynon-count nouns in a countable sense without the addition of a phrase ( such as a piece of). </li></ul> <ul><li>We can use these nouns with a / an or in the plural to mean kind / type / variety of </li></ul> <p> 39. </p> <ul><li>Example: </li></ul> <ul><li>Do you likepasta ? </li></ul> <ul><li>In Italy , I tastedanewpasta . </li></ul> <p> 40. </p> <ul><li>A / an and plurals can also be used to indicate discrete amounts. </li></ul> <ul><li>Example: </li></ul> <ul><li>I dranka soda </li></ul> <ul><li>Please bring us twoorange juices </li></ul> <p> 41. </p> <ul><li>Some nouns are irregular: </li></ul> <ul><li>A) A few non-count nouns end in-S </li></ul> <ul><li>News </li></ul> <ul><li>Mathematics </li></ul> <ul><li>Economics </li></ul> <ul><li>physics </li></ul> <p> 42. </p> <ul><li>B)A few count nouns have irregular plurals: </li></ul> <ul><li>Singular Plural </li></ul> <ul><li>criterionCriteria </li></ul> <ul><li>phenomenonphenomena </li></ul> <ul><li>nucleusnuclei </li></ul> <p> 43. 44. </p>