count and non count nouns

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  • 1. Count and Non-count nouns Gonzalo Smith Sifuentes Zavala

2. 3. 4. Noun

  • Nouns represent persons , places , things and ideas .

5. refers to Noun Persons Places Things Ideas 6. 7. types Noun Proper Noun Common Noun 8. ProperNouns

  • Proper nouns name particular persons , places or things.
  • They are usually unique and are capitalized in writing.

9. Example:

  • China
  • Dr. Olsen
  • The Empire State Building

10. Common Nouns

  • Common Nouns refer to people , places , or things but are not the names of particular individuals.

11. Example

  • scientist
  • building
  • department store.

12. CommonNouns Count Nouns No- Count Nouns types 13. Count Nouns

  • Count Nouns refer to things that you can count separately .
  • They can be singular or plural.
  • You can useaoranbefore count Nouns.

14. Example

  • Nine planets
  • That`s an interesting question
  • This is a delicious sandwich

15. Non- Count Nouns

  • Non-Count Nouns refer to things that you can`t count separately.
  • They usually have no plural form.
  • We don`t usually useaoranwith non-count Nouns , though they are often preceded bysomeorthe .

16.

  • Common mistakes:
  • I have a lot ofhomeworksto do
  • Se is washing herhairs
  • Theequipmentsweren`t working well.

17. Example

  • I boughtrice
  • Let me give yousome advice

18. Be careful!

  • Many words have both count and non-count meanings.
  • Check your dictionary to avoid mistakes.

19.

  • She heard a noise in the attic.
  • Noise can be harmful to health

20.

  • We normally use a singular verb with a non-count noun.
  • Example:Rice feedsmillions.
  • We use a singular pronoun to refer to the noun.
  • Example:Itfeeds millions.

21. Categories of Non-Count Nouns

  • Medical Condition:
  • Cancer
  • AIDS
  • Typhoid
  • Syphilis

22.

  • Scientific process or procedures:
  • anesthesia
  • dissection
  • electroshock

23.

  • Wholes composed of individual parts:
  • mail
  • clothing
  • garbage
  • baggage
  • jewerly

24.

  • Abstractions:
  • honesty
  • love
  • hate
  • education
  • beauty
  • maidhood

25.

  • Activities:
  • basketball
  • dancing
  • tennis
  • soccer
  • golf

26.

  • Foods:
  • beef
  • bread
  • fish
  • fruit
  • meat

27.

  • Gases:
  • air
  • carbon dioxide
  • oxygen
  • smoke

28.

  • Liquids:
  • coffee
  • gasoline
  • milk
  • tea
  • water

29.

  • Natural Phenomena:
  • snow
  • heat
  • rain
  • thunder

30.

  • Particles:
  • dust
  • pepper
  • salt
  • sand
  • sugar

31.

  • Solid elements:
  • gold
  • iron
  • plutonium
  • silver

32.

  • Subjects:
  • Chinese
  • English
  • physics
  • science

33.

  • Others:
  • equipment
  • furniture
  • money
  • news

34.

  • We frequently make non- count nouns countable by adding a phrase that gives them a form , a limit or a container.

35.

  • Non count nouncountable form
  • furniturea piece of furniture
  • lightninga bolt/flash of lightning
  • meata piece of meat
  • ricea grain of rice
  • tennisa game of tennis
  • thundera clap of thunder

36.

  • Non Count NounCountable Form
  • watera cup of water
  • milk , juicea carton of juice , milk
  • lettucea head of lettuce
  • bananaa bunch of bananas
  • buttera piece / stick / bar of butter

37.

  • Non Count NounCountable Form
  • chocolatea bar of chocolate
  • margarinea tub of margarine
  • breada loaf / slice of bread
  • ice creama tub , scoop of ice cream
  • mermeladea jar of mermelade
  • sugara lump of sugar
  • garlica clove of garlic

38.

  • We use manynon-count nouns in a countable sense without the addition of a phrase ( such as a piece of).
  • We can use these nouns with a / an or in the plural to mean kind / type / variety of

39.

  • Example:
  • Do you likepasta ?
  • In Italy , I tastedanewpasta .

40.

  • A / an and plurals can also be used to indicate discrete amounts.
  • Example:
  • I dranka soda
  • Please bring us twoorange juices

41.

  • Some nouns are irregular:
  • A) A few non-count nouns end in-S
  • News
  • Mathematics
  • Economics
  • physics

42.

  • B)A few count nouns have irregular plurals:
  • Singular Plural
  • criterionCriteria
  • phenomenonphenomena
  • nucleusnuclei

43. 44.