Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company Unit 3 Lesson 1 The Electromagnetic Spectrum

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<ul><li>Slide 1</li></ul> <p>Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company Unit 3 Lesson 1 The Electromagnetic Spectrum Slide 2 Electromagnetic Light Show Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company What is the nature of light? Light waves are different from other kinds of waves. When an electrically charged particle vibrates, its fields also vibrate, producing an electromagnetic (EM) wave. Light waves are vibrating electric and magnetic fields that transfer energy through space. Unit 3 Lesson 1 The Electromagnetic Spectrum Slide 3 What is the nature of light? EM waves travel perpendicular to both electric and magnetic fields. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company Unit 3 Lesson 1 The Electromagnetic Spectrum Slide 4 What is the nature of light? Radiation is energy that has been transmitted by waves or particles. This transfer of energy is called EM radiation. All EM waves move at the same speed in a vacuum: the speed of light. EM waves can travel through many materials. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company Unit 3 Lesson 1 The Electromagnetic Spectrum Slide 5 What determines the color of light? Different wavelengths of light are perceived by our eyes as different colors. White light is what we perceive when we see all the wavelengths of light at once, in equal proportions. Our eyes only register three colors of light: red, green, and blue. All other colors we see are a mixture of these three colors. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company Unit 3 Lesson 1 The Electromagnetic Spectrum Slide 6 Invisible Colors Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company What are the parts of the EM spectrum? The range of frequencies that EM waves can have is called the electromagnetic (EM) spectrum. Unit 3 Lesson 1 The Electromagnetic Spectrum Slide 7 What are the parts of the EM spectrum? Infrared light has slightly longer wavelengths than red light has. Ultraviolet (UV) light has slightly shorter wavelengths than violet light has. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company Unit 3 Lesson 1 The Electromagnetic Spectrum Slide 8 Star Light, Star Bright Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company How much of the suns energy reaches us? Most of the suns energy is in the narrow visible light range, but the sun gives off some radiation in every part of the spectrum. Unit 3 Lesson 1 The Electromagnetic Spectrum Slide 9 How much of the suns energy reaches us? Not all wavelengths of light penetrate the atmosphere equally. Radio waves penetrate the atmosphere easily. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company Unit 3 Lesson 1 The Electromagnetic Spectrum Slide 10 How much of the suns energy reaches us? Some EM radiation can be dangerous to humans, so we take extra steps to protect ourselves. UV light can be harmful. It can penetrate clouds. In space, the dangers from EM radiation are very high because there is no atmosphere to filter the radiation. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company Unit 3 Lesson 1 The Electromagnetic Spectrum Slide 11 Frequency Asked Questions Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company How much energy does EM radiation have? Different frequencies of EM waves carry different amounts of energy. High-frequency EM waves have more energy than low-frequency EM waves have. Unit 3 Lesson 1 The Electromagnetic Spectrum Slide 12 How much energy does EM radiation have? Because low-frequency waves, such as radio waves, carry less energy, they are safer. Walkie- talkies and baby monitors use radio waves. High-frequency waves, such as UV light, carry more energy and can be harmful. UV light causes sunburns, and X-rays require precautions. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company Unit 3 Lesson 1 The Electromagnetic Spectrum Slide 13 Fire in the Sky Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company The stream of electrically charged particles from the sun is called the solar wind. When solar wind encounters Earths magnetic field, the particles are accelerated. When the accelerated particles collide with the atmosphere, they give off EM radiation in the form of light. Slide 14 Unit 3 Lesson 1 The Electromagnetic Spectrum Fire in the Sky Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company Near the poles, the accelerated particles form an aurora that can light up the sky. The aurora at the North Pole is called the aurora borealis. At the South Pole, it is called the aurora australis. The color of the aurora depends on the type of atoms in the atmosphere that react with the solar wind. </p>

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