copyright © allyn & bacon 2007 development through the lifespan chapter 9 physical and cognitive...

Download Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007 Development Through the Lifespan Chapter 9 Physical and Cognitive Development in Middle Childhood This multimedia product

Post on 19-Dec-2015

214 views

Category:

Documents

1 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • Slide 1
  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007 Development Through the Lifespan Chapter 9 Physical and Cognitive Development in Middle Childhood This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law: Any public performance or display, including transmission of any image over a network; Preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or in part, of any images; Any rental, lease, or lending of the program.
  • Slide 2
  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007 Body Growth in Middle Childhood Slow, regular pattern Girls shorter and lighter until about age 9 Lower portion of body growing fastest Bones lengthen Muscles very flexible All permanent teeth arrive
  • Slide 3
  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007 Common Health Problems in Middle Childhood Vision - Myopia Hearing - Otitis media (middle ear infection) Malnutrition Obesity Illnesses Injuries Vision - Myopia Hearing - Otitis media (middle ear infection) Malnutrition Obesity Illnesses Injuries
  • Slide 4
  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007 Health Risks for Obese Children More likely to be overweight adults Lifelong Health risks High blood pressure, cholesterol Respiratory problems Diabetes Liver, gall bladder disease Sleep, digestive disorders Cancer Early death More likely to be overweight adults Lifelong Health risks High blood pressure, cholesterol Respiratory problems Diabetes Liver, gall bladder disease Sleep, digestive disorders Cancer Early death
  • Slide 5
  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007 Causes of Obesity in Middle Childhood Overweight parents Low SES Parents feeding practices Bad eating habits Low physical activity Television Cultural food environment Overweight parents Low SES Parents feeding practices Bad eating habits Low physical activity Television Cultural food environment
  • Slide 6
  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007 TV Viewing and Body Fat Gains
  • Slide 7
  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007 Psychological and Social Consequences of Obesity Feeling unattractive Stereotyping Teasing, social isolation Depression, emotional problems School problems Problem behaviors Reduced life chances Feeling unattractive Stereotyping Teasing, social isolation Depression, emotional problems School problems Problem behaviors Reduced life chances
  • Slide 8
  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007 Illness in Middle Childhood High rates first two years of school Chronic conditions Asthma Severe chronic illnesses High rates first two years of school Chronic conditions Asthma Severe chronic illnesses
  • Slide 9
  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007 Asthma Bronchial tubes very sensitive to stimuli Cold, infection, pollution, stress Wheezing, coughing, breathing problems Increasingly common Heredity, environment increase risk Bronchial tubes very sensitive to stimuli Cold, infection, pollution, stress Wheezing, coughing, breathing problems Increasingly common Heredity, environment increase risk
  • Slide 10
  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007 Fatal Injuries in Middle Childhood and Adolescence
  • Slide 11
  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007 Motor Development in Early Childhood Gross Motor Skills Improvements Flexibility Balance Agility Force Fine Motor Skills Gains Writing Drawing
  • Slide 12
  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007 Sex Differences in Motor Development Girls better at fine motor skills Boys better at gross motor skills, sports Social environment Parental expectations Self-perceptions Coaching, media messages
  • Slide 13
  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007 Physical Play Development in Middle Childhood Games with rules Sports Invented games Rough-and-tumble play Video games Adult-organized sports Physical education Games with rules Sports Invented games Rough-and-tumble play Video games Adult-organized sports Physical education
  • Slide 14
  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007 Piagets Theory: Achievements of the Concrete Operational Stage Conservation Decentration, Reversibility Classification Seriation Transitive inference Spatial Reasoning Directions Maps Conservation Decentration, Reversibility Classification Seriation Transitive inference Spatial Reasoning Directions Maps
  • Slide 15
  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007 Piagetian Class Inclusion Problem
  • Slide 16
  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007 Development of Mapping Skills Preschool, early school age Landmarks Ages 8 - 10 Landmarks along organized route of travel End of middle childhood Overall view of large-scale space
  • Slide 17
  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007 Limitations of Concrete Operational Thought Operations work best with concrete information Problems with abstract ideas Continuum of acquisition Master concrete operational tasks gradually, step by step Operations work best with concrete information Problems with abstract ideas Continuum of acquisition Master concrete operational tasks gradually, step by step
  • Slide 18
  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007 Follow-up Research on Concrete Operational Thought Culture and schooling affect performance on tasks Going to school gives experience on Piagetian tasks Relevant non-school experiences of some cultures can help too Going to school gives experience on Piagetian tasks Relevant non-school experiences of some cultures can help too
  • Slide 19
  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007 Information-Processing View of Concrete Operational Thought Neo-Piagetians: Gains in information processing speed, rather than shift to a new stage Automatic schemas free working memory Central conceptual structures Automatic schemas free working memory Central conceptual structures
  • Slide 20
  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007 Key Information Processing Improvements Increase in information- processing speed and capacity Gains in inhibition Both may be related to brain development Increase in information- processing speed and capacity Gains in inhibition Both may be related to brain development
  • Slide 21
  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007 Attention in Middle Childhood Attention becomes more: Selective Adaptable Planful
  • Slide 22
  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007 Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Inattention Impulsivity Excessive motor activity Results in Social problems Academic problems Inattention Impulsivity Excessive motor activity Results in Social problems Academic problems
  • Slide 23
  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007 Development of Memory Strategies Rehearsal (early grade school) Repeating information to oneself Organization (early grade school) Grouping related items together Elaboration (end of middle childhood) Creating a relationship between pieces of information not in same category Rehearsal (early grade school) Repeating information to oneself Organization (early grade school) Grouping related items together Elaboration (end of middle childhood) Creating a relationship between pieces of information not in same category
  • Slide 24
  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007 Culture, Schooling and Memory Strategies Memory strategies useful for remembering isolated bits of information Western schooling gives little practice in using everyday cues: Spatial location Arrangements of objects Western schooling gives little practice in using everyday cues: Spatial location Arrangements of objects
  • Slide 25
  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007 Second-Order False-Belief Task
  • Slide 26
  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007 Promoting Cognitive Self-Regulation Point out important features of tasks Stress importance of planful learning Suggest effective learning strategies Provide for evaluation of effectiveness Emphasize monitoring of progress
  • Slide 27
  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007 Information Processing and Academic Learning Reading Phonological awareness, info-processing speed, practice contribute to reading skills Mix whole-language & phonics Mathematics Learn facts & skills through practice, reasoning, strategies Blend drill and number sense approaches Mathematics Learn facts & skills through practice, reasoning, strategies Blend drill and number sense approaches
  • Slide 28
  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007 Intelligence Tests Group Tests Allow testing of large groups Require little training to administer Useful for instructional planning Identify students who need individual testing Group Tests Allow testing of large groups Require little training to administer Useful for instructional planning Identify students who need individual testing Individual Tests Examiners need training & experience Provide insights about accuracy of score Identify highly intelligent children and children with learning problems
  • Slide 29
  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007 Sternbergs Triarchic Theory of Successful Intelligence
  • Slide 30
  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007 Gardners Multiple Intelligences Linguistic Logico-mathematical Musical Spatial Bodily-kinesthetic Naturalist Interperso

Recommended

View more >