Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Development Through the Lifespan Chapter 9 Physical and Cognitive Development in Middle Childhood This multimedia product.
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Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2004 Development Through the Lifespan Chapter 9 Physical and Cognitive Development in Middle Childhood This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law: Any public performance or display, including transmission of any image over a network; Preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or in part, of any images; Any rental, lease, or lending of the program. Slide 2 Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2004 Body Growth in Middle Childhood Slow, regular pattern Girls shorter and lighter until about age 9 Lower portion of body growing fastest Bones lengthen Muscles very flexible All permanent teeth arrive Slide 3 Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2004 Common Health Problems in Middle Childhood Vision - MyopiaMyopia Hearing - Otitis media (middle ear infection)Otitis Malnutrition Obesity Illnesses Injuries Slide 4 Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2004 Causes of Obesity in Middle ChildhoodObesity Overweight parents Low SES Parents feeding practices Low physical activity Television Cultural food environment Slide 5 Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2004 Deaths from Injuries, North American Children, Ages 519Injuries Slide 6 Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2004 Motor Development in Early Childhood Gross Motor Skills Improvements: Flexibility Balance Agility Force Fine Motor Skills Gains: Writing Drawing Slide 7 Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2004 Physical Play Development in Middle Childhood Games with Rules Sports Invented Games Video Games Adult-organized sports Physical Education Slide 8 Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2004 Piagets Theory: Achievements of the Concrete Operational Stage Conservation Decentration Reversibility Classification Seriation Transitive inference Spatial Reasoning Directions Maps Slide 9 Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2004 Key Information Processing Improvements Increase in information- processing capacity Gains in cognitive inhibition Both may be related to brain development Slide 10 Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2004 Attention in Middle Childhood Attention becomes more: Selective Adaptable Planful ADHD Slide 11 Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2004 Development of Memory Strategies Rehearsal early grade school Organization early grade school Knowledge base helps organization Elaboration end of middle childhood Meaningful chunks of information Slide 12 Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2004 Information Processing and Academic Learning Reading Whole-language approach Basic-skills approach Mathematics Drill Number sense Slide 13 Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2004 Sternbergs Triarchic Theory of Intelligence Slide 14 Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2004 Gardners Multiple Intelligences Linguistic Logico-mathematical Musical Spatial Bodily-kinesthetic Naturalist Interpersonal Intrapersonal Slide 15 Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2004 Explaining Differences in IQ Genetics Accounts for about half of differences Environment SES Culture Communication styles Cultural bias in test content Slide 16 Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2004 Language Development in Middle Childhood Vocabulary Increases fourfold during school years 20 new words a day Grammar Passive voice Infinitive phrases Pragmatics Adjust to people and situations Phrase requests to get what they want Slide 17 Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2004 Learning Two Languages Bilingual Development Learn both languages at the same time Learn first language, then second Sensitive period - childhood Bilingual Education Language immersion Bilingual education Slide 18 Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2004 Academic Achievement and Class Size Slide 19 Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2004 Educational Philosophies and Practices Traditional v. Open Classrooms New Directions Theory Reciprocal teaching Teacher-student Interaction Self-fulfilling prophesies Grouping for learning Slide 20 Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2004 Teaching Children with Special Needs Learning Difficulties Mainstreaming Gifted Talented Divergent thinking and creativity