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CONTROLLED LANDFILL DESIGN BASED ON

SOLID WASTE GENERATION ANALYSIS

IN IPB CAMPUS DRAMAGA

ANDITA DWI SEFIANI

DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING

FACULTY OF AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY

BOGOR AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY

BOGOR

2016

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STATEMENT ABOUT UNDERGRADUATE THESIS AND

SOURCES OF INFORMATION AND COPYRIGHT

Hereby I declare my undergraduate thesis entitled Controlled Landfill

Design Based on Solid Waste Generation Analysis in IPB Campus Dramaga is my

original work under supervision of my advisor and has not been submitted in any

form to any universities. The information source which has been cited from

published and unpublished work from another writer has been mentioned in text

and has been included in reference page.

Hereby I bestow the copy right of my undergraduate thesis to Bogor

Agricultural University (IPB).

Bogor, July 2016

Andita Dwi Sefiani

NIM F44120047

iii

ABSTRACT

ANDITA DWI SEFIANI. Controlled Landfill Design Based on Solid Waste

Generation Analysis in IPB Campus Dramaga. Supervised by ARIEF SABDO

YUWONO.

Bogor Agricultural University (IPB) is only managing the transportation of

solid waste to open dump without provide a proper final disposal site. Therefore,

controlled landfill needs to be built in IPB. The objectives of this research were to

calculate the solid waste generation, to determine the controlled landfill location,

to design a proper controlled landfill, and to calculate the discharge of leachate.

The method to measure the solid waste generation refered to SNI-19-3964-1994.

Furthermore, the determination of controlled landfill location refered to SNI 03-

3241-1994 and Peraturan Menteri Pekerjaan Umum RI by using ArcGIS 9.3.

Controlled landfill was designed using AutoCad 2010 and the discharge of the

leachate was calculated using rainfall data from Dramaga Weather Station. IPB

solid waste generation in 2016 were 15 m3/day. The biggest composition of solid

waste was plastic. The proper location for controlled landfill was land A. The

capacity of controlled landfill for 20 years is 122,523 m3

with area 110 x 107 x 10

m and slope 30%. The landfill will be covered by compacted clay and

geomembrane as liners. Leachate discharge was about 4x10-3

m3/s.

Keywords: controlled landfill, IPB campus, leachate, solid waste, waste

generation.

ABSTRAK

ANDITA DWI SEFIANI. Desain Controlled Landfill Berdasarkan Analisis

Timbulan Sampah di Kampus IPB Dramaga. Dibimbing oleh ARIEF SABDO

YUWONO.

Institut Pertanian Bogor (IPB) hanya mengatur tata cara pengangkutan

sampah ke tempat pembuangan akhir sampah tanpa menyediakan tempat

pembuangan sampah yang sesuai standar. Oleh karena itu, controlled landfill

perlu dibangun di IPB. Tujuan penelitian adalah menghitung timbulan sampah,

menentukan lokasi controlled landfill, mendesain controlled landfill yang sesuai,

dan menghitung debit lindi. Metode pengukuran timbulan sampah sesuai dengan

SNI-19-3964-1994. Selanjutnya, penentuan lokasi controlled landfill ditentukan

berdasarkan SNI 03-3241-1994 dan Peraturan Menteri Pekerjaan Umum RI

dengan aplikasi ArcGIS 9.3. Desain controlled landfill dilakukan menggunakan

AutoCad 2010 dan debit lindi dihitung berdasarkan data curah hujan dari stasiun

cuaca Dramaga. Timbulan sampah di IPB pada tahun 2016 sebesar 15 m3/hari.

Komposisi sampah terbanyak adalah plastik. Lokasi yang sesuai untuk controlled

landfill adalah lahan A. Kapasitas controlled landfill selama 20 tahun sebesar

122,523 m3

dengan ukuran 110 x 107 x 10 m dan kemiringan 30%. Controlled

landfill akan dilapisi dengan tanah liat dan geomembrane sebagai liners dan debit

lindi yang diperoleh sebesar 4 x10-3

m3/dt.

Kata kunci: controlled landfill, kampus IPB, lindi, sampah padat, timbulan

sampah.

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CONTROLLED LANDFILL DESIGN BASED ON

SOLID WASTE GENERATION ANALYSIS

IN IPB CAMPUS DRAMAGA

ANDITA DWI SEFIANI

Undergraduate Thesis

Submitted as a compliment of the requirement for degree of

Sarjana Teknik

at Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

DEPARMENT OF CIVIL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING

FACULTY OF AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY

BOGOR AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY

BOGOR

2016

vi

PREFACE

Praise Allah SWT because of His grace and mercy, this undergraduate thesis

entitled Controlled Landfill Design Based on Solid Waste Generation Analysis in

IPB Campus Dramaga could be finished. This study was conducted since

February until May 2016 in Bogor Agricultural University (IPB) Campus.

I would like to thank my supervisor, Dr. Ir. Arief Sabdo Yuwono, M.Sc for

his valuable guidance and help throughout my final undergraduate thesis.

Specially, I want to thanks Dr. Ir. Meiske Widyarti, M.Eng and Joana F.

Tampubolon, S.T, M.T as my examiner. Thanks to my parents and my brother,

Budi Wiyono, Ida Farida, and Irfan Adi Pratomo for their support and

encouragement. Also, thanks to Arum, Rika, Andini, Naura, Yoga, Ario, Uno,

Hamzah, Fajar R, Ade, Fatma, Ridwan, Alfandias and all of my friends at Civil

and Environmental Engineering Department 2012. I hope everybody that related

with this research could give suggestion, feedback, and constructive solution to

develop this undergraduate thesis. Hopefully this study could be helpful.

Bogor, July 2016

Andita Dwi Sefiani

vii

TABLE OF CONTENT

LIST OF TABLES viii

LIST OF FIGURES viii

LIST OF APPENDIX viii

INTRODUCTION 1

Background 1

Problems 2

Objectives of Research 2

Benefits of Research 2

Scopes of Research 2

RESEARCH METHODS 2

Location and Time 2

Tools and materials 2

Research Procedures 3

RESULT AND DISCUSSION 7

Solid Waste Generation Analysis 7

Controlled Landfill Design 9

CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION 11

Conclusion 11

Suggestion 12

REFERENCES 12

APPENDIX 15

BIOGRAPHY 21

file:///D:/SIL%2049/penelitian/DRAFT%20penelitian/DRAFT/ANDITA_REVISI%20SKRIPSI%203.docx%23_Toc461738634

viii

LIST OF TABLES

1 Total occupant in research venue 7

2 Generation from each type of solid waste in IPB 7

3 Solid waste generation in IPB 8

LIST OF FIGURES

1 Research procedure 3

2 Solid waste measurement and collection procedure 4

3 Determination of controlled landfill location 6

4 Fraction of solid waste 9

5 Unused land map of IPB 10

LIST OF APPENDIX

1 Research documentation 15

2 Site plan of solid waste management in IPB 16

3 Layout of Controlled Landfill Design 17

4 Controlled Landfill Design Section A-A 18

5 Leachate pipeline design 19

6 Gas ventilation pipeline 20

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1

INTRODUCTION

Background

Bogor Agricultural University (IPB) is one of the universities which now

implementing green campus program. IPB has conducted several things to

implement this program, such as improving of garden landscape, limiting of

vehicle, providing and using public transportation as a main transportation in IPB

Campus Dramaga. Whereas, IPB has been managing solid waste transportation

for open dumping without providing a proper final disposal site.

Waste management practice in IPB is characterized by open dump and

burning waste beside the river. They can pollute the surface water (such as rivers

and lakes), groundwater, and air as a result of the decomposition of waste

received at the final disposal site (Ghazali et al. 2014). They also can pose an

epidemic risk because of the development of harmful microorganisms which can

be spread by animals foraging at the final disposal (Mesjasz-Lech 2014).

Recent condition shows that the development of open dump at least needs

some suggestions to protect the environment itself (Fauziah and Agamuthu 2012).

A landfill is an area of land onto or into which waste is deposited. Landfill aims to

avoid any contact between the waste and the surrounding environment,

particularly the groundwater (Naraya 2008). Landfill was supposed to be a public

facilities or campus facilities that provide the internal and external community

around campus to minimize the emission of solid waste

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