contoh proposal

Click here to load reader

Post on 14-Dec-2014

69 views

Category:

Documents

1 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

STUDY ON NEELY CRENSHAWS LOVE IN THE NOVEL BLEACHERS BY JOHN GRISHAM

THESIS

BY: DATUK SUTRISNO 99360024

ENGLISH DEPARTMENT FACULTY OF TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION UNIVERSITY OF MUHAMMADIYAH MALANG April, 2006

This thesis written by Datuk Sutrisno was approval on April 28, 2006

By:

Advisor I,

Advisor II,

Drs. Sudiran, M.Hum.

Nura Inayati, S.E, S.S.

This thesis was defended in front of the examiners of Faculty of Teacher Training and Education of University of Muhammadiyah Malang and accepted as a partial requirement to achieve Sarjana Degree in English Education on April 28, 2006

Approved by: Faculty of Teacher Training and Education University of Muhammadiyah Malang Dean

Drs. Fauzan, M.Pd.

Examiners 1. 2. 3. 4. Dra. Thathit Manon Andini, M.Hum. Dra. Erly Wahyuni, M.Si. Drs. Sudiran, M. Hum. Nura Inayati, S.E, S.S. 1. 2. 3. 4.

Signature

MOTTOKekuatan hati adalah harta yang berharga untuk mencapai cita. Usaha yang keras adalah alat bagi kita untuk menggapai mimpi Cinta adalah penyangga yang menjadi segalanya untuk mencapai dan meruntuhkan apapun.

DEDICATIONsI dedicated this thesis to my beloved parents My young brothers, I love you all Friends in English Department 99A, graduate early guys (for you that have not graduate yet) Friends in Griya Shanta C-5, you all my faithful friends Ida, Afifa, Ririn (my helpers that give me more support in doing this thesis) especially Arry (don`t be cerewet).

ACKNOWLEDGMENT

Alhamdulillah, my greatest thanks to Allah, the Lord of the world for the blessing and mercy that enable me to have courage and patience so that this thesis can be properly finished. I would like to express my grateful to many names that has contributed me in finishing thesis: Drs. Sudiran M.Hum. as my advisor I and Nura Inayati S.E, S.S. as my advisor II for their suggestions, attention patiently in accomplishing this thesis. Ill never forget you. To the entire lecturer of English Department in University of Muhammadiyah Malang who has given me valuable knowledge on support to finish this thesis. My beloved parents who always give advice, pray in the night, support to reach the success, care, endless love, and everything that I cannot mention it. I love you with all my soul. My younger brother thanks for your support, attention, and advice to the writer until finished the thesis. All members of my family, who always gives motivation and support to finished the thesis. All my friends in Griya Shanta blok C-5 and All my friends in English Department 99A.

And the last, I realize that this thesis is far from perfect but I expect it will be useful not only for myself but also to the readers. For that reason, I hope suggestion constructive critics and thoughtful from this reality wants to make this thesis better improved.

Malang,

April 2006

The Writer

TABLE OF CONTENTAPPROVAL .................................................................................................. LEGALIZATION .......................................................................................... MOTTO AND DEDICATION...................................................................... ABSTRACT .................................................................................................... ACKNOWLEDGMENT ............................................................................... TABLE OF CONTENT................................................................................. CHAPTER I : INTRODUCTION 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 CHAPTER II Background of Study ............................................. Statement of Problem ............................................ Purpose of Study.................................................... Significance of Study............................................. Scope and Limitation............................................. Definition of Key Term ......................................... 1 2 2 2 3 3 i ii iii iv v vi

: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE 2.1 2.2 Literature ............................................................... Kinds of Novel....................................................... a. Psychological Novel ......................................... b. Adventure Novel............................................... c. Detective Novel ................................................ d. Sociological Novel............................................ e. Political Novel .................................................. 2.3 Elements of Novel ................................................. a. Character........................................................... b. Characterization ................................................ c. Characteristics................................................... d. Setting ............................................................... e. Conflict ............................................................. 4 4 5 5 5 5 5 6 6 7 8 8 9

f. Plot .................................................................... g. Theme ............................................................... 2.4 Love ....................................................................... a. Compassionate Love......................................... b. Passionate Love ................................................ c. Maternity Love ................................................. d. Self Love........................................................... e. Love Toward Lord ............................................ 2.4.2 The Factors of Love............................................... CHAPTER III : RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 Research Design .................................................... Approach ............................................................... The Object of Study............................................... Data Collection ...................................................... Data Analysis......................................................... 2.4.1 Kinds of Love ........................................................

10 11 12 13 13 13 13 14 14 14

16 17 18 18 19

CHAPTER IV : FINDING AND DISCUSSION 4.1 The Factors Make Neely Crenshaw falls in Love with Cameron.... 4.1.1 Pretty Girl ..................................................... 4.1.2 The Girl in the Past Life ............................... 4.1.3 Good Woman................................................ 4.2 CHAPTER V The End of Neely Crenshaws Love...................... 20 20 21 23 24

: CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION 5.1 5.2 Conclusion ............................................................. Suggestion ............................................................. 27 28

BIBLIOGRAPHY APPENDIX I APPENDIX II

CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION

1.1. Background of the Study Literature is one of the most exciting part in the extent of every language. Literature has excited since thousand years ago in many kinds of preserving. Long (1945:2) says that by reading literature people can get knowledge about the expression of life in the words of truth and beauty because it is written record of mans spirit of his taught, emotions and aspirations. Literature is a mirror of society; it is created from the authors imagination and ideas. It can be applied from humans daily life. Literary works involves human life and their relationship each other. Therefore, by reading literature, the reader has a better view of things that happen in peoples mind and new experience. As a result, it will be precious for reader. Moreover, analyzing literature needs deeply thinking and challenging intelligence. It will train the reader to become a criticism person, it enables the readers to know the way to handle difficult situations and understand other peoples thoughts. Thus, it can be concluded that by reading literature, we do not only get an entertainment, but also trains the readers intelligence in reading literature to receive and comprehend information inside. In this study, the writer of this thesis really wants to search for Bleachers, the romantic novel by John Grisham. It has romantic and exciting story filled with delightful surprise. Based on this reason, the writer of this thesis wants to know what makes Neely falls in love and the end of Neelys love.

1

2 1.2. Statements of the Problem Based on the background above, which has been discussed, the writer of this thesis formulates the problems as follows: a. b. What factors make Neely Crenshaw falls in love with Cameron? What is the end of Neelys love?

1.3. Purposes of Study The purposes of study are directly related to the problems of the study. They are: a. To describe the factors that makes Neely Crenshaw fall in love with Cameron. b. To find out the end of Neelys love. 1.4. Significance of the Study Human beings are unique with their complexity and various way of life and thinking. By analyzing the love aspects of human being in novels, the readers can get knowledge of life, and understand themselves since many aspects of life are reflected in novels. Moreover, this study is expected to give deeper information. It is used: a. To show the students who study literature especially novel. It will give values of education and valuable lessons b. To motivate the students of English Department to love more on literary studies especially for novel c. To give helpful guidance to thoroughly understand the novel deeply and enjoy its beauty

3 1.5. Scope and Limitation of the Study Novel has many elements such as plot, character, conflict, theme, which are interesting to analyze. However, the writer of this thesis will focus on the analysis of loves as a scope that has limitation on Neely.

1.6. Definition of Key Term a. Study is an activity of learning or gaining knowledge of particular subject (Hornby, A.S., 1995: 1187) b. Love is a feeling of attachment to someone with the desire to share the feeling of each other (Warga, 1993:313). c. John Grisham is the author of Bleachers novel, who is the National Bestselling Author. d. Novel is book length story in prose, whose author tries to create the sense that while are read, they experience it (Kennedy, 1983:180). e. Bleachers is the title of the novel written by John Grisham which is firstly published in 1995 by The Bercley Publishing Group.

4

CHAPTER II REVIEW OF RELATED LITERTURE

2.1. Literature Literature is very interesting to be discussed when a reader can understand and like it. Koesnosoebroto (1988) states that literature presents something that pleasures us. Moreover it pleases the reader by imitating life, or more preciously by showing event, or experience as it is or as the writer of this thesis it should be. According to Come (1972: 559), Literature is one of the great creative a universal means of communicating the emotional spiritual or intellectual concern of human kind. Based on the statement, it means that literature is a creation on expressing of emotion and concerns with humans activities. There are attitudes, behaviors, characteristics which are expressed in daily life and careful words that have imitation on written art only. Literature should not only provide enjoyment for its reader but it should also give something more important to life. Because by understanding literature, it will expand to refine the readers minds or quicken their sense of life.

2.2. Kinds of Novel According to Muchtar Lubis in Tarigan (1990: 82), there are five kinds of novel; they are psychological, adventure, detective, sociological and political novel.

5 a. Psychological Novel Psychological novel is emphasizing on the description of psychological development of characters. In psychological novel, which becomes authors attention are the psychological changes of characters. This novel is talking about psychological side of the character. b. Adventure Novel In the adventure novel, the most dominant role is a man because the content of this story involves mans problems. If the woman is mentioned in this novel, may be just a small part of it. c. Detective Novel This novel tells about the crime or the criminals. To expose the crime secret in the detective novel, of course, needs some proofs in order to catch the criminals, the author always tries to create the good technique by rising suspense. It makes the readers guess the following story. d. Sociological Novel In sociological novel the woman and man characters include into society and their class. So, it emphasizes the influence of social and economic conditions on characters and events. e. Political Novel In the political novel, the problems are not observed from peoples problem point of view as individual, but they are observed from the groups problem point of view in the society.

6 Based on types of the novel, Bleachers is categorized into the sociological novel. Because it just explains about the man and woman problems as society, especially love story that has faced by Neely Crenshaw as the main characters.

2.3. Elements of Novel In this study, the writer of this thesis presents some opinions stated by outstanding writers in reference books which refer to the element of novel, but the elements which are considered crucial refer to this study are character, characterization, characteristics, plot, theme, subject matter, conflict and setting. a. Character Kennedy (1933:45) tries to define character as an imagined person who inhabits a story. It means that character is who become the main element in the story. Sadness, happiness, anger, or relation may become the part of character that builds the story. But this definition, as he himself admits, is over simplified, in stories. It may not only happen to people but also to elements of nature such as the wind, the wave, grass or stone of even animals. Usually, in the main characters of story, recognizing human personalities becomes familiar to us. There are two types of character, they are main character and minor character. Main character is the most important character in a story; while minor characters are characters of less important than those of the main (Meyer, 1990:65).

7 While, E.M. Forster (in Koesnosoebroto, 1988:67) introduces popular new terms for an old distinction in discriminating between flat and round character. Flat character is built around a single idea or quality and is presented in outline and without much individualizing detail, and so it is adequately described in a single phrase or sentence. Round character is complex in temperament and motivation and is represented with subtle particularly. Based on the role-play, character can be categorized into protagonist and antagonist. The chief character in a play is called protagonist. A character dominates in the story. This character likes goodness, patience and kindness. Meanwhile, antagonist who provides opposition is presented in cruel, coward, impatience and rough (Nurgiyantoro: 2000). b. Characterization Mac Millan (1987:40) states that characterization is the depicting of clear images of person. There are two ways to characterize character in story. First is direct way, the author tries to tell the readers about the characteristics of the characters. Before showing it, the author wants to show the characters attitudes, characters thought, conversation or dialogue to the readers through the verbal context around the character. The author does not show the character directly, but it is showed with something around the character or the background of the character. The second characterization is indirect characterization. In this characterization the author reveals a characters words and action through what other characters says and thinks about the character. The characterization equality is indeed to be determined by the authors intelligence in creating the person

8 characters. The trip of story will depend on the character, when the character is poor then the story would be poor too. Every person has a special characteristic that depends on his past time, education, environment and experience. From the explanation above, it can be concluded that characterization is an illustration of clear image of person and technique of expressing character in writing story. c. Characteristics Characteristics is the personality of person. As in the story, the readers must understand how to appreciate the personality of character. The readers must know a person behavior by learning his of her feeling, thought and perception. Munn (1965) points out that personality is the most characteristics integration of the individuals structure and activities. It is characteristics in a dual sense because (1) it is unique, thus distinguish the individual from all others, and (2) it is fairly consistent representing the customary integration of particular individuals structure and activities. d. Setting Kenney (1966:40) states that setting is everything that happens somewhere at sometime. Setting is very important in a story since it gives the reader information about where and when the story is taking place. Lostracco et.al. (in Koesnosoebroto, 1988:80) write that setting is used to see the meaning of a story. They recognize two kinds of setting, the specific and general. In specific setting, the author gives the place and time of his story clearly. Setting can also influence the conflicts existing in a story.

9 Minot (1965) classifies the setting into three; first is partial setting related to obstruct aspects such as social life environment. Second, is temporal setting. It shows the situation and occasion, for example days and years. Seasons, the last is geographic setting. And the last is quite clear that geographic is the place where the events happened, example; village, sea and mountain. Setting does not only show the place and when it happens but also a strong relation with character, theme and the situation of the story. e. Conflict Merriam (1985:281) states that conflict is competition or mutual interference of opposing or incompatible forces or qualities (as ideas, interests and wills). While, according to Tarigan (1986:134), conflict is a struggle life of character to solve the obstruction in getting a purpose. He also categorizes into two groups these are internal and external conflict. Internal conflict comes from the inside factor of individual, such as psychological conflict, this characteristic of internal conflict is abstract. Internal conflict is usually something contradict in human personality, while external conflict comes from the outside factors individual, they are society, season and geography where the character lives. External conflict is something contradicts with outer aspect of personality. On the other hand, there are three kinds of conflicts. They are psychological, physical, and social conflicts. Psychological conflict is the conflict arises when a person has two incompatible, demands, opportunities, needs or goals. There is not complete solution for the conflict, the individual must give up

10 one of high goals, modify one or both, or delay one. This conflict arises between in one self. Physical conflict. It is the conflict between human being. It is conflict where a man opposes a man, the main character maybe against people or group of person. And the last is social conflict. It is the conflict between human being and nature; it is also called elemental conflict where the readers can find a man who is conflict with the nature, a man against the environment (Moskowitz, 1969: 89). f. Plot Plot is the framework of incidents, however simple or complex upon which the narrative of drama. It is constructed by the events of the depicted struggle, as organized into an artistic unit (Shipley, 1962: 310). Plot is a sequence in a story, it usually follows the pattern below.

4. Climax

3. Raising action

5. Falling action

1. Exposition

2. Narrative hook

6. Resolution

In the exposition, the author introduces the story, character, setting and situation to the readers (Kennedy, 1966: 15). The narrative hook is the point at which the author catches the readers attention. It is the beginning of rising action

11 of the plot, the readers become aware of the characters problems, and from this point, the readers are in suspense about what will happen next. The rising action leads up the climax. Rising action is the section when the author proceeds to introduce the complication or conflict (Rohrberger, 1971: 21). The climax usually indicates the way in which the story suffering will be solved. And the failing actions reveal the outcome on the climax, and the resolution brings the story to a satisfying and logical conclusion. Plot can be divided into open and close plot. Open plot is in the end of story the author did not give the resolution, but in close plot the author gives the resolution, in the course of action, there can be suspense and surprise. Michael Meyer (1990: 196) says that plot can be divided into two, they are straight and flashback plots. Straight plot the events which can be presented in variety of orders of chronological arrangements begins with what happen first, then second, and soon, until the last incident is related. Flashback plot is some stories begin at the end lead up to why or how events worked outs as they did. g. Theme Kennedy (1966: 11) says that subject matter is not what the work contains, but what the work refers to, subject matter answers to the question of what the subject story is, it exists before the story is written and would exist if the story is never written. Theme in the novel has an important role to the readers to understand the story. It provides such kind of education values which describe message of the story. The theme of novel is underlying idea that the author presents (Jones,

12 1968). It can often be simply expressed. On the other hand, many themes can be drawn from the story. It depends on someone who reads. Moreover each of the reader may draw different themes. Therefore, in understanding theme, the ways of specification as follows: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Understanding the setting of the story. Understanding the characterization of the main character in the story. Understanding the event, idea and the plot in the story. Combining the idea with the other idea that expresses in the story. Concluding the authors expression of the ideas in the story. Interpreting the theme of the story that is implied in the sentence which is the basic of the study.

2.4. Love Love is a feeling of warm personal attachment or deep affection as for a friend, parent of child; a strong passionate affection for a person of the opposite sex (Pei, 1994:89). Chaplin (1982:95) says that love is strong feeling of attachment for a specific person, usually with a sexual component. The million acceptance, perhaps are unable to find it satisfactorily because love is not a single thing, it is a term to many people and even a different thing to the same people at different times, love is simply a complex thing to define so easily. But the recent studies of falling in love have indicated that there is a sense in which love is from ones toward another.

13 2.4.1 Kinds of Love Love is composed of three elements: attachment, caring and intimacy. Attachment refers to powerful desire to be in the others presence, to make physical contact, to be approved of, and to be cared for. Caring is the willingness to sacrifice oneself for the joke of the other person. While, Intimacy is the union and bond between these two individuals. Feeling of love takes many forms depending upon the particular nature of the perceived relationship of object and self. There are some kinds of love: a. Compassionate Love Compassionate love has trust and tender feelings for someone who is closed. Compassionate love is achieved only between partners who have trust, tender feelings and affection. b. Passionate Love Passionate love is characterized by passion of intense feeling; expressing passion or strong feeling (Pei, 1994:102). This kind of love has exclusive and universal characteristic, it is often mixed by personal experience, like two stranger persons who are falling in love in one occasion. It implies on desire heart, this is of course, much more to love than cognitive labeling. Indeed, love cannot be regarded only as an emotion, it is also particular sort of interpersonal relationship that takes time to grow and develop. c. Maternity Love Maternity love establishes to more love and cares, not only around life and surviving but also until the end of the world. It is eternal love, strengthen love by

14 devoting through the attention and responsibility of absolute of education children and their grow (Sumiati, 1997). d. Self Love According to Freud, love is the manifest of sexual desire toward other people especially in versus sex. While, Sumiati (1997) says that people with unselfish characteristic have a narcissistic, as he has withdrawn his love from other people and reversed to himself. This theory can be proved by an analysis of risk experience. It is about unselfishness that has neurotic and the other aspects. It talks about general indication that usually disturbs not causes that indication, but causes another phenomenon which has close relation such as depressed tired, unable to work, failure in making love and the like. e. Love Toward Lord All human being should love Lord; they only love each other only for the love of Lord. The form of religious love is called Love toward Allah that love comes from the need of being obeyed and loyal to whom He creates the selves and the world. God is a concrete object of love, and He responds to his lovers. The attitude of being obeyed indicates of recognizing the Lord.

2.4.2 The Factors of Love According to Al-Mukaffi (2002:29), there are three factors that trigger the growth of love. The first, the characteristics that are owned by a person that make other people love him. The second, lovers attention toward those characteristics.

15 The third factors is the correlation between a person who fall in love and somebody he loved. Based on what Al-Mukaffi said, that there are three types of someone character when they were in love. The first is someone loves him or her because of his or her characteristics. It can cause someone loves other. The second one is someone makes attention to the partners characteristics. This type can cause someone understands the weakness of the partner. If the partner has a weakness, he tries to recovery her weakness. The third is the two persons see or contact each other. It can arouse someone loves to the partner.

16 CHAPTER III

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

In this occasion, the writer discusses about the aspects dealing with the research methodology, which are used to analyze the novel. They are (1) Research Design, (2) Approach, (3) Object of Study, (4) Data Collection, and (5) Data Analysis.

3.1

Research Design Research can be classified into two types; they are qualitative and

quantitative research. Qualitative research focuses on the subjective experience and perception of research subjects. Here, researcher is the essential instrument of data collection. In contrast, the focus of quantitative research does not only describe but also analyze; it seeks to look at the why of events not just the what. It means that the researcher does not only finding such problems when they have investigation but also finding the solution to resolve the problems (Tuckman, 1988). This literary study employs the qualitative research because the object of the study is a novel which describes certain concepts on phenomenon that provides the description of men, setting or places, action or dialogues. Then, according to Nawawi (1992) the quantitative research doesnt conduct in the form of literary work because it uses numbers and statistical computation.

17 The technique used in this method is library research where the information in the form of books and dictionaries that may have any relationships to the study. By collecting these sources, the data were carefully examined. Later, the writer of this thesis concerns on Neelys love in Bleachers novel.

3.2 Approach Abrams (in Sumiati, 1997) formulates the four kinds of approaches. These are (1) mimetic, (2) pragmatic, (3) expressive, and (4) objective approach. The first approach is mimetic approach, it views the literary work as an imitation, or reflection, or representation of the world and human life, and the primary criterion applied to a work is the truth of its representation to the object that should be represented. The second approach is pragmatic approach. Here, the work is as something which is constructive in order to achieve certain effect on the audience, such as instruction, kind of emotion, or aesthetic pleasures. And it tends to judge the value of the work according to its success in achieving that aim. The third approach is expressive approach which treats a literary work primarily in relation to the author. It expresses the feeling of the author. Basically, it concerns with the authors life. The last approach is objective approach that describes the literary product as itself. It is to be analyzed and judged by intrinsic criteria such as complexity, coherence, equilibrium, integrity, and the interrelation of its components and elements.

18 In analyzing the novel, the writer of this thesis used the objective approach because it is not necessary to study the authors life, the backgrounds of the work, or the background of the society. In this case, the writer analyzed the word itself. That is Neely Crenshaws love in Bleachers novel.

3.3 The Object Of The Study According to Ary (1972: 29), the object of the study is the matter that is analyzed to describe the problem. The object of the study is the whole events in John Grishams novel Bleachers that have close relationship with Neely Creenshaws love. The data were taken from paragraphs, dialogues, and quotation that available in the novel. In this literary study, the writer used object of study because the writer only described the conversation that related to the tittle.

3.4 Data Collection The data of this study were taken from paragraphs, events and dialogues that existed in the Bleachers novel which were selected purposively. There were some steps to collect the data. They were as follows: 1. 2. 3. 4. Reading and understanding the story of the novel Bleachers. Choosing the data dealing with the problems that will be investigated. Selecting data dealing with the purposes of the study. Surveying the paragraphs and dialogues on the novel Bleachers.

19 3.5 Data Analysis After collecting the data, the last step was analyzing data in order to reach the appropriate result. The steps were: 1. 2. 3. Predicting the problems. Analyzing data based on the study. Drawing the conclusion based on the result of the study.

20 CHAPTER IV

FINDING AND DISCUSSION

This chapter presents the result of study and the discussion about the finding. The writer of this thesis focuses on what factors make Neely Crenshaw falls in love with Cameron and its end of Neely Crenshaw. The writer of this quotes some sentences to answer the problems. The finding is presented below.

4.1

The Factors make Neely Crenshaw Falls in Love with Cameron To answer the first question about what makes Neely Crenshaw falls ini love

in John Grishams novel Bleachers, the writer of this thesis gets the answer that is presented in the following parts.

4.1.1 Pretty Girl Camerons beauty makes Neely falls in love with her. Neely loves Cameron because she is a pretty girl in this school. He said that Cameron is the pretty girl even for this time. It is supported by the following quotation. You look great, he said as he admired her. (page 174) While, the event that shows that Cameron is pretty is shown in the dialog in such event. It is viewed from Neelys point of view. He saw that Cameron much prettier than she was. She was much prettier than in high school. Her thick auburn hair was pulled back into a ponytail. Her dark blue eyes were a bulky cotton sweater and tight faded jeans that declared that this was a lady who stayed in shape. (page 174)

21 The dialogue above shows that Cameron is still a beautiful woman even that she is older. She stays in shape even that she has two children. She is a perfect woman for Neely Crenshaw, all-American the best quarterback of Spartans in Messina. Based on the dialog above, it can be concluded that Neely loves Cameron because of not only her beauty, but also her beautiful performance. Neely looks it from Camerons thought, feeling, and habit when they were in school.

4.1.2 The Girl in the Past Life Cameron was the girl in Neelys past life that she loves Neelys performance so much, Neely tries to assure Cameron to be back for him. He realizes that he is wrong and tries to fix it. Okay, here goes. A long time ago, I did a very bad thing something Ive been ashamed of for many years. (page 176) The statement above shows that Cameron falls in love to Neely when they were in the past. They fall in love in high school . Then, statement below becomes the evidence that shows Cameron is the girl who lives in Neelys heart when he and she study in high school. Neely is as a quarterback in Spartan. I was wrong. It was stupid, mean, lousy selfish, harmful, and the older I get the more I regret it. Im apologizing, Cameron, and I ask you to forgiving me. (page 176) The statements above show that Cameron was the girl in Neelys past life. She loves Neely very much but he betrays her. As the all-American the best quarterback in Messina Spartans, he feels that he becomes the famous fellow for

22 the girls. He is a hero in football, but then he feels sorry for his arrogant attitudes. He is conceited, egoism, and selfish. Another event that shows Cameron is the girl in Neelys past life is that she remains Neely for their love in the past time. We were in love, Cameron. I adored you from the time me mere ten yeards old and holding hands behind the gym so the other boys wouldnt see me. (page 177) The statements above tell that he always remembers the girl who has ever lived in his heart. He asks Cameron to be back to have relation with him but she refuses. Neely always remembers the day when Cameron supports him in the game, greet and gives with fresh smile. It is the beautiful occasion actually, but Neely is being late to realize that. The other evidences that show Neely wants to be back to Cameron is that when they were kid, in sixteen years old, they were in love even that it just for Cameron. We were just kids, Neely. Sixteen years old. It was another lifetime. I really dont want to hear this. (page 177) The dialogs above show that she confesses that Cameron was the girl in the Neelys past life. The girl who has ever lived in his heart, but because of Neelys egoism so that Cameron neglects him.

23 4.1.3 A Good Woman One proof that Neely loves Cameron is that Cameron is a good woman that everybody likes. It occurs because she is a simply woman. It can be seen from the story that she is a good friend for the other and has good characteristics. The following fragment will show that Cameron is a good woman for his friend, Nat. She knew I was different, and she always protected me. I tried to protect her, but she fell for you and that was a huge mistake.. She can do everythin for you Neely. Do you realize it? (page 98) The following quotation shows that Cameron is a good woman for her friend. She cares for Nat although he has physical defect. On the other hand, Cameron is a simply woman so that Nat Sawyer compares her with Screamer, the other woman in high school with various oddities. Screamer looks like an aging high-dollar call-girl, which she probably is. Cameron is nothing but class Those days has over, Nat. Tell Cameron Id like to see her. I have something to say. (page 98) Sawyer sees Cameron as a good woman with beautiful performance. It is because Cameron never uses too many accessories when she makes her up. She is beautiful even in simply dress. It is different with Screamer who uses too much cosmetic and bright accessories to attract a man. She is a pretty, good woman and the girl in Neelys past life. Neely wants Cameron to receive him back to be his lover, but in fact Cameron has hurted with Neelys attitude in the past.

24 4.2 The End of Neely Crenshaws Love Nat Sawyer, and Cameron are friends since they were in kindergarten. Cameron falls in love with Neely Crenshaw, but Neely does not realize it yet. The reason is that he is a football player and becomes the best quarterback in Messina, he is all-American the best quarterback. The following quotation will show this: Cameron was a close friend from kindergarten, before you came to town Screamer decided she wanted the all-American. The skirts got shorter, blouses tighter and you were toasts. My beloved Cameron got thrown aside. (page 98)

The statements above are said by Nat Sawyer and it shows that Cameron loves Neely Crenshaw and he does not know about that. At that time, Neely prefers going with Screamer, the girl that has the most patient to be received by Neely. Neely realizes that he also loves Cameron at present. He wants to get Cameron to be his couple. Neely asks Cameron to have it, but she refuses it. Come on, Cameron, this is your chance to unload with both barrels. Why should I? Youre here trying to force me to dig up bad memories that took years to forget. What makes you think I want to go back to high school and get burned again? Ive dealt with it, Neely. Obviously, you havent. (page 182) The dialogue above shows that Cameron refuses what Neely wants. She makes him disappointed. Neely has a purpose that he wants to have Cameron in his life, to be his couple but Cameron does not accept that. Cameron has married with Jack Seawright and has two girls. She loves her husband and wont be back to Neely. The dialogues below will show it. Whod you marry?

25 Jack. Jack who? Jack Seawright It took ten years to get you out of my system. When I fell in love with Jack, I was finally able to forget you. I hoped I would never see you again. (page 175) The above evidence shows that Cameron will never want to recall Neelys name in his heart because she feels that she hates Neely very much. It is because he chooses another girl than her and it is hurted her. Beside, Cameron has married so she cannot receive Neely. Neely still has a hope for his love although he does not know what the answer later. But he keeps trying. I swear. Isnt it comforting to know that someone will always be waiting for you? . Can I kiss you on the cheek? (page 192) Those statements above show that Cameron will not accept what Neely hopes from her. She does not want to know about that and she still refuses. She did not care for everything happened in the past between Nelly and her. She just wants to run her life in more comfortable conditions without any cruel problems from the past in relation with Neely or even what he hopes in the present. Finally, Cameron does not have comfortable farewell meeting. She looks hates Neely so much. It is because she has no belief that Neely would change to be better in love matter. Can I kiss you on the cheek? No. Theres something magical about the first love, Cameron, something Ill miss forever. Good-bye Neely. Can I say I love you? No. Goo-bye, Neely. (page 192)

26 The conversation above shows that Cameron would not return to Neely because Cameron is disappointed to Neely for his past behavior. He prefers choosing Screamer than her. Neely has left her for another women. The fragments and the conversations above indicate that Neely fails to get Camerons love. It is because Neely is arrogant for Cameron and he is the man that is easy enough to be attracted by beautiful woman. He does realize that his famous name will cause Cameron disappointed. It is because Neely forgets about the girl who loves him very much when he is flied by popularity for being a wellknown quarterback. He is the handsome man with the big name from allAmerican as the best quarterback that is surrounded by many beautiful women. One of them has attracted him even he has nice girlfriend named Cameron. She is Screamer, but at that time, his choice is wrong. He chooses a wrong woman, he should choose Cameron that loves him very much at that time.

27 CHAPTER V

CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION

In this chapter, the writer draws the conclusion and gives suggestions, related to John Grishams novel Bleachers.

5.1

Conclusion After analyzing John Grishams novel Bleachers, the writer of this thesis

gets the results based on the purposes of this study. It is to describe some factors that make Neely Crenshaw falls in love and to find out the end of Neelys love. There are many factors which make Neely falls in love to Cameron. The first factor is that Cameron is a pretty girl, especially when she is in high school. Beside that, she is Neelys girl in the past life. The third, Cameron is a good woman. She never differentiates any friends she has whether they are ugly, bad, good, nice, or else. Based on the factors stated above, it indicates that Neely was an arrogant person in the past so that he did not care of the woman who loved him very much. On the other side, Cameron is a simple beautiful woman. At present, Neely is too late to realize his attitude to the woman and he wants to improve it. Unfortunately, Cameron refuses it. She is hurted by past memory and she tries to forget it to get the better life.

28 5.2 Suggestions The writer conducts this study in order this literary work is available and accepted as one of the media to recall the judgement when the reader is interested in literary, at least as the median of reading-matter. In investigating the analysis of the novel, there are suggestions for the readers, especially for students of English Department in University of Muhammadiyah Malang. These suggestions are: 1) it is hoped that literary work will give stimulus of art touch of the student, 2) novel is not only a reading book, but also has many experiences that can be learnt and taken as a model of life or as the additional of the knowledge out of school, 3) reading novels is enjoyable although sometimes the readers need full concentration, so that the authors message can be caught. Therefore, to have more insight of the story in a novel, the reader still finds some difficulties because they only read the novel without understanding the message behind the story and what the author actually wants to say is.

29 BIBLIOGRAPHY Ary, Donald et al. 1979. An Introduction to Research in English Education. New York Holt, Rinehart and Winston. Chaplin. 1982. Dictionary Psychology. Dell: Publishing Co, Inc Connoly, Francis. 1955. The types of Literature. New York: Harcourt Brance & Co. Henny, 1999. A Study on Guidance in Louisa May Alcots novel Little Women. Unpublished thesis: Malang MUM Jones, Jr, Edward. 1968. Outline of Literature. New York, Macmillan Company. Kennedy, X. J. 1983. An Introduction to Fiction: Poetry and Drama. 3rd Edition Boston: Little Born and Company. Kenney, Wiliam. 1966. How to analyze fiction. New York. Monarch Press Koesnosoebroto. 19888. The Anatomy of Prose Fiction. Jakarta: Proyek Pengembangan Lembaga Pendidikan dan Tenaga Kerja Long, Wiliam. J. 1945. English Literature. Boston: Ltd & Co. Merrine. 1968. Websters Third New Inter Dictionary. Springfield, Massachusetts USA. Meyer, Michanel. 1990. The Bedford Introduction to Literature. Boston: Martins Press. Moskowitz. 1969. General Psychology. A Care Text in Human Behavior. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. Muchtar Lubis, Taringan. 1984. Prinsip Prinsip Dasar Sastra. Bandung: Angkasa. Pei, Mario. 1974. Grolier International Dictionary of the English Language. The English Language Institute of America, Inc. Sumiati. 1997. An Analysis of Deborahs Expression of Love Against the Odds in Walk in the Could. Unpublished thesis: Malang. UMM.